Tunneling Ionization of Atoms

  • Nikolai B. Delone
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
Part of the Atoms+Plasmas book series (SSAOPP, volume 13)


Electric Field Strength Polarization Plane Ionization Probability Electron Momentum Ponderomotive Force 
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As we said in Chap. 1, the condition for tunneling ionization to occur is the inequality γ 2«1, where γ = ω(2E i)1/2/F is the adiabaticity parameter. Recall that ω and F are the radiation frequency and the electric field amplitude for the electromagnetic radiation, and is the binding energy of the initial atomic state. Although the adiabaticity parameter arose in the description of nonlinear ionization from a short-range potential well (Chap. 3), recently it was shown that it is also applicable to the case of a hydrogen atom. This result is an argument for applying the adiabaticity parameter to complex atoms as well.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai B. Delone
    • 1
  • Vladimir P. Krainov
    • 2
  1. 1.General Physics InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Theoretical PhysicsMoscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgopzudny Moscow RegionRussia

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