Nuclear Spin, Hyperfine Structure

  • Hermann Haken
  • Hans Christoph Wolf


The atomic nucleus generates the central field in which the electrons of the atom move. The nuclear charge number (atomic number) therefore appears in all the equations for spectral energy terms of atoms. In addition, there are other influences of the nucleus on the electronic spectra, the measurement of which generally requires an especially high spectral resolution. Therefore, one refers to a hyperfine structure of the spectral lines. By contrast, the effects of the interactions of the electrons among themselves as well as those of electronic spins with the orbital moments, which we have treated in the preceding chapters, are referred to as fine structure.


Electron Spin Resonance Atomic Nucleus Electron Spin Resonance Spectrum Hyperfine Interaction Nuclear Spin 
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  1. A. Abragam: Principles of Nuclear Magnetism (Oxford University Press 1983)Google Scholar
  2. A. J. Freeman, R.B. Frankel: Hyperfine Interactions (Academic, New York 1967)Google Scholar
  3. H. Kopfermann: Nuclear Moments (Academic, New York 1958)Google Scholar
  4. C.P. Slichter: Principles of Magnetic Resonance, Springer Ser. Solid-State Sci., Vol. 1, 3rd ed. (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1990)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  • Hans Christoph Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität StuttgartStuttgart 80Fed. Rep. of Germany
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartStuttgart 80Fed. Rep. of Germany

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