Silver Halides

  • K. S. Song
  • Richard T. Williams
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 105)

Abstract

The family of silver halides encompasses one member (AgCl) in which excitons and holes self-trap, and the remainder (AgF, AgBr, AgI) in which excitons and holes do not apparently self-trap. In AgBr, as one well-studied example, hole conduction exhibits polaron characteristics suggesting momentary localization, but neither stable self-trapped holes nor optical spectra characteristic of a STE have been found. The AgCl/AgBr alloy system is an interesting proving ground for ideas on the threshold for self-trapping and its correspondence to various measures of the exciton-phonon coupling strength. Because of this and the fact that the preponderance of pure-crystal data are for AgCl and AgBr, these will be the main subjects of this chapter.

Keywords

Dioxide Microwave Recombination Iodine Fluoride 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 9.1
    J.F. Hamilton: Adv. Phys. 37, 359 (1988) H. Kanzaki: Rev. Solid State Sci. 4, 751 (1990) K. Biedermann: Silver Halide Photographic Materials, in Holographie Recording Materials, ed. by H.M. Smith, Topics Appl. Phys., Vol. 80 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1977) Chap. 2Google Scholar
  2. 9.2
    W. von der Osten: Excitons and exciton relaxation in silver halides, in Polarons and Excitons in Polar Semiconductors and Ionic Crystals, ed. by J.T. Devreese and F. Peeters (Plenum, New York 1984) p. 293Google Scholar
  3. 9.3
    A.B. Kunz: Phys. Rev. B 26, 2070 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 9.4
    H. Overhof: Presented by W. von der Osten: in Landolt-Bornstein New Series III, Vol. 17b, “Semiconductors”, ed. by O. Madelung (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1982)Google Scholar
  5. 9.5
    P.R. Vijayaraghavan, R.M. Nicklow, H.G. Smith. M.K. Wilkinson: Phys. Rev. B 1, 4819(1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 9.6
    H. Kanzaki, S. Sakuragi, S. Hoshino, G. Shirane, Y. Fujii: Solid State Commun. 15, 1547 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 9.7
    Y. Fujii, S. Hoshino, S. Sakuragi, H. Kanzaki, L.W. Lynn, G. Shirane: Phys. Rev. B15, 358 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 9.8
    M. Ueta, H. Kanzaki, K. Kobayashi, Y. Toyozawa, E. Hanamura, Excitonic Processes in Solids, Springer Ser. Solid-State Sci. Vol. 60 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1986) Chap. 6Google Scholar
  9. 9.9
    K. Fisher, H. Bilz, R. Haberkorn, W. Weber: Phys. Status Solidi (b) 54, 285(1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.10
    M. Yanagihara, Y. Kondo, H. Kanzaki: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 52, 4397 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 9.11
    R.J. Elliott: Phys. Rev. 108, 1384 (1957)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 9.12
    H. Kanzaki: Photogr. Sci. Eng. 24, 219 (1980)Google Scholar
  13. 9.13
    F. Urbach: Phys. Rev. 92, 1324 (1953)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 9.14
    H. Kanzaki, S. Sakuragi: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 29, 924 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 9.15
    J.B. Bersukes, V.Z. Polinger: Vibronic Interactions in Molecules and Crystals, Springer Ser. Chem. Phys., Vol. 49 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1989)Google Scholar
  16. 9.16
    H. Yoshioka, M. Yamaga: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 54, 841 (1985) M. Fukui, Y. Hayashi, H. Yoshioka, H. Kanzaki, S. Sakuragi: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 30, 1510 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 9.17
    J. Sierro: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 28, 417 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 9.18
    C.J. Delbecq, W. Hayes, M.C.M. O’Brien, P.H. Yuster: Proc. Roy. Soc. A 271, 243 (1963)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 9.19
    F. Moser, R.S. Van Heyningen, S. Lyu: Solid State Commun. 7, 1609 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 9.20
    M. Fukui, Y. Hayashi, H. Yoshioka: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 34, 1226 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 9.21
    Y. Toyozawa: Prog. Theor. Phys. 26, 29 (1961)MathSciNetADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 9.22
    M. Ueta, H. Kanzaki, K. Kobayashi, Y. Toyozawa, E. Hanamura: Excitonic Processes in Solids, Springer Ser. Solid-State Sci. Vol. 60 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1986) Sect. 4.4Google Scholar
  23. 9.23
    E. Laredo, L.G. Rowan, L. Slifkin: Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 384 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 9.24
    E. Laredo, W.B. Paul, L. Rowan, L. Slifkin: Phys. Rev. B 27, 2470 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 9.25
    W. von der Osten: in Landolt-Börnstein, New Series III, Vol. 17b, Semiconductors, ed. by O. Madelung (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1982) p. 282Google Scholar
  26. 9.26
    M. Yamaga, N. Sugimoto, H. Yoshioka: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 54, 4340 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 9.27
    R. Brandt, F. Brown: Phys. Rev. 181, 1241 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 9.28
    C.L. Marquardt, R.T. Williams, M.N. Kabler: Solid State Commun. 9, 2285 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 9.29
    C.L. Marquardt: Hole self-trapping and recombination luminescence in silver chloride single crystals at low temperatures. Ph.D. Thesis, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (1972)Google Scholar
  30. 9.30
    H. Kanzaki, S. Sakuragi: Solid State Commun. 9, 1667 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 9.31
    J. Windscheif, W. von der Osten: J. Phys. C 13, 6299 (1980)ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 9.32
    K. Nakamura, J. Windscheif, W. von der Osten: Solid State Commun. 39, 381 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 9.33
    W. von der Osten: Light Scattering in Silver Halides, in Light Scattering in Solids VI, ed. by M. Cardona, G. Güntherodt, Topics Appl. Phys., Vol. 68 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1991) Chap. 7Google Scholar
  34. 9.34
    Hanli Liu, G.P. Williams, Jr, R.T. Williams, L.M. Slifkin, C. Childs: Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 37, 722 (1992) (abstract Q29 11, unpublished)Google Scholar
  35. 9.35
    H. Yoshioka, N. Sugimoto, M. Yamaga: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 54, 3990 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 9.36
    W. Hayes, I.B. Owen, P.J. Walker: J. Phys. C 10, 1751 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 9.37
    A.P. Marchetti, D.S. Tinti: Phys. Rev. B 24, 7361 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 9.38
    H. Kanzaki, S. Sakuragi: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 27, 109 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 9.39
    H. Kanzaki, S. Sakuragi, K. Sakamoto: Solid State Commun. 9, 999 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 9.40
    M. Schreiber, Y. Toyozawa: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 51, 1544 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 9.41
    M. Yamaga, N. Sugimoto, H. Yoshioka: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 52, 3637 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 9.42
    M. Yamaga, W. Hayes: J. Phys. C 15, L75 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 9.43
    T. Yokoyama, M. Kobayashi: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 54, 2329 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 9.44
    M. Kobayashi, Y. Ohno, S. Endo, K. Cho, S. Narita: Physica 117B–118B, 272 (1983)Google Scholar
  45. 9.45
    M. Kobayashi, T. Kawamura, S. Endo, K. Cho, S. Narita: Solid State Commun. 48, 33 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 9.46
    A. Sumi, H. Sumi: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn 54, 653 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. Song
    • 1
  • Richard T. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.University of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Wake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA

Personalised recommendations