External Aspects of German Unification: The Polish View

  • Andrzej Budziñski
  • John P. Hardt


German unification is of utmost importance for Poland for at least two reasons:
  1. (a)

    It concerns one of Poland’s largest trade partners. United Germany’s share in Polish exports and imports amounts to some 20%. Germany is also Poland’s main creditor, supplier of technology and partner in exchange of capital, labor and tourists;

  2. (b)

    The unification of Germany is taking place at a time of other historical changes in Europe. New democracies are emerging in Eastern Europe — the part of the old continent which for over 40 years was ruled by communist regimes building political and economic walls dividing Europe.



Regional Cooperation Polish View East European Country External Aspect Polish Economy 
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  1. BUDZINSKI, ANDRZEJ (1991), Economic Relations of Poland with the CMEA Member Countries, in: UN Commission for Europe, Reforms in Foreign Economic Relations of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, New York, 146–153.Google Scholar
  2. THE WORLD BANK (1990), Poland. Economic Management for a New Era, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  3. LIPTON, DAVID AND SACHS, JEFFREY (1990), Privatization in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Washington, D.C., 293–342.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrzej Budziñski
  • John P. Hardt

There are no affiliations available

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