Der Traum des Alchemisten — zur Analyse einer masochistischen Perversion

  • Léon Wurmser

Zusammenfassung

„Die Analogie mit den sexuellen Perversionen verdeckte die Tatsache, daß der moralische Masochismus die allgemeine und grundlegende Form ist, die den Boden dafür bereitet, daß in einer Minderheit von Personen und unter gewissen Umständen in der psychosexuellen Entwicklung die Perversion entstehen kann“, behauptete vor 45 Jahren Bernard Berliner, der erste bedeutende Masochismusforscher nach Freud.1 Auch ich habe vielmehr den Eindruck, daß die masochistische Charakterneurose weiter verbreitet und grundlegender für das Verständnis ist und die manifeste Perversion eher als eine Reexternalisierung komplexer intrapsychischer und interpersoneller Dynamik aufzufassen ist, statt daß man in ihr die Grundschicht fände. Entsprechend steht denn die Kausalkonstellation einer analysierten Perversion der Komplexität in der Psychodynamik bei „bloß neurotischen“ Fällen in nichts nach — eher im Gegenteil.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    The analogy with the sexual perversions obscured the fact that moral masochism is the general and basic form that furnishes the ground upon which, in a minority of persons and under certain circumstances in psychosexual development, the perversion may evolve“ (Berliner 1947, meine Betonung, S. 459).Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    The defensively idealized, omnipotent, all-good object or self-object is needed to merge with and shore up a defective or bad self’ (Meyers 1988, S. 181).Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    We found that all of the children in our sample dealt with their aggression by denying any sign of hostility between themselves and their mothers and struggled to maintain an idealized image of mother as loving and perfect. This included denial of the mother’s castration, which Bak (1968) considered an important factor in perversions“ (Novick & Novick 1987, S. 365).Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    The violent claim for love gives the masochist the feeling that he has a right to punish his love object. This drive to punish the love object impresses me as much more important than the,need for punishment“ (1947, S.466).Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    Die Novicks schreiben: „Denial was a major defense in our masochistic patients. Denial was maintained by omnipotent fantasy in which everything painful was turned into a sign of special favor, uniqueness, and magical power“ (1991, S. 315).Google Scholar
  6. 14.
    Dazu Glenn: „The traumata, involving illness and surgery, enhanced a feeling of deficiency in the patients… They tried to make up for their deficiencies by narcissistic symbiotic union with a powerful person… the sense of completion then may involve union with the preoedipal omnipotent mother or father or, on a more advanced level, with an omnipotent oedipal father whose penis and masculinity the patient acquires“ (1984, S. 383).Google Scholar
  7. 15.
    This idealization [in perversion] represents the denial of anal regression in perversion, and the denial of castration anxiety by idealizing a partial, safer, limited aspect of sexual behavior“ (S. 349).Google Scholar
  8. 16.
    Glenn: „The patient identified with both parties in their squabbles. He accepted the role of attacker and attacked, and defensively shifted between sadistic and masochistic positions“ (1984, S.361).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Léon Wurmser
    • 1
  1. 1.TowsonUSA

Personalised recommendations