Advertisement

Molecular Structure

  • Sune Svanberg
Part of the Springer Series on Atoms + Plasmas book series (SSAOPP, volume 6)

Abstract

A molecule is formed by the binding of two or more atoms in such a way that the total energy is lower than the sum of the energies of the constituents. The bonds are normally of ionic or covalent nature. Particularly weak bonds occur in van der Waals molecules. The energy-level diagrams of molecules are significantly more complicated than those of atoms since, apart from energy levels corresponding to different electronic arrangements, there are also different states corresponding to vibrational and rotational motion. The structure is schematically shown in Fig. 3.1. This chapter will mainly be concerned with diatomic molecules.

Keywords

Angular Momentum Vibrational Level Diatomic Molecule Polyatomic Molecule SchrOdinger Equation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 3.1
    C.E. Banwell: Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, London 1983)Google Scholar
  2. 3.2
    G.B. Barrow: The Structure of Molecules (Benjamin, New York 1963)Google Scholar
  3. 3.3
    J.I. Steinfeld: Molecules and Radiation, 2nd. ed. (MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. 1985)Google Scholar
  4. 3.4
    G.W. King: Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York 1964)Google Scholar
  5. 3.5
    M. Weissbluth: Atoms And Molecules (Academic, New York 1978)Google Scholar
  6. 3.6
    W.G. Richards, P.R. Scott: Structure and Spectra of Molecules (Wiley, Chichester 1985)Google Scholar
  7. 3.7
    D.A. Muarrie: Quantum Chemistry (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford 1983) Chap. 10Google Scholar
  8. 3.8
    A.C. Hurley: Introduction to the Electron Theory of Small Molecules (Academic, London 1976)Google Scholar
  9. 3.9
    R. Meeny, B.T. Pickup: Quantum theory of molecular electronic structure. Rep. Prog. Phys. 43, 1065 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 3.10
    A. Hinchliffe: Ab Initio Determination of Molecular Electronic Structure (Hilger, Bristol 1987)Google Scholar
  11. 3.11
    G. Herzberg: Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure, I The Spectra of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, Princeton 1963)Google Scholar
  12. 3.12
    G. Herzberg: Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. II Infrared and Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, Princeton 1965)Google Scholar
  13. 3.13
    G. Herzberg: Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. III Electronic Spectra and Electronic Structure of Polyatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand, Princeton 1966)Google Scholar
  14. 3.14
    K.P. Ruber, G. Herzberg: Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure. IV Constants of Diatomic Molecules (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York 1979)Google Scholar
  15. H. Lefebre-Brion, R.W. Field: Perturbations in the Spectra of Diatomic Molecules (Academic, Orlando 1986)Google Scholar
  16. 3.15
    L.M. Sverdlov, M.A. Kovner, E.P. Krainov: Vibrational Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem 1974)Google Scholar
  17. 3.16
    R.F. Hout, Jr.: Pictorial Approach to Molecular Structure and Reactivity (Wiley, New York 1984)Google Scholar
  18. 3.17
    R.W.B. Pearse, A.G. Gaydon: The Identification of Molecular Spectra (Chapman and Hall, London 1950)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sune Svanberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsLund Institute of TechnologyLundSweden

Personalised recommendations