Diffraction from Periodic Structures

  • Harald Ibach
  • Hans Lüth


A direct imaging of atomic structures is nowadays possible using the high-resolution electron microscope, the field ion microscope, or the tunnel microscope. Nonetheless, when one wishes to determine an unknown structure, or make exact measurements of structural parameters, it is necessary to rely on diffraction experiments. The greater information content of such measurements lies in the fact that the diffraction process is optimally sensitive to the periodic nature of the solid’s atomic structure. Direct imaging techniques, on the other hand, are ideal for investigating point defects, dislocations, and steps, and are also used to study surfaces and interfaces. In other words, they are particularly useful for studying features that represent a disruption of the periodicity.


Nickel Graphite Platinum Cobalt Helium 


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Further Reading

  1. Bacon, G.F.: Neutron Diffraction 2nd edn. (Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford 1962)Google Scholar
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  3. Lovesey, S., Springer, T (eds): Dynamics of Solids and Liquids by Neutron Scattering. Topics Curr. Phys., Vol. 3 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1977)Google Scholar
  4. Pinsker, Z.G.: Dynamical Scattering of X-Rays in Crystals, Springer Ser. in Solid-State Sci., Vol. 3 (Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 1978)Google Scholar
  5. Sellin, A. (ed.): Structure and Collisions of Ions and Atoms, Topics Curr. Phys., Vol. 5 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1978)Google Scholar
  6. Summer Course on Material Science, Antwerp 1969: “Modern Diffraction and Imaging Techniques in Material Science”, ed. by S. Amelinckx, R. Gevers, G. Remaut, J. Van Landuyt (North Holland, Amsterdam 1970)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald Ibach
    • 1
    • 3
  • Hans Lüth
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Grenzflächenforschung und VakuumphysikForschungszentrum Jülich GmbHJülich 1Deutschland
  2. 2.Institut für Schicht- und lonentechnikForschungszentrum Jülich GmbHJülich 1Deutschland
  3. 3.Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische HochschuleAachenGermany

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