Basic Working Principles of Electronic Distance Meters

  • J. M. Rüeger


EDM instruments are classified according to the type of carrier wave employed. Instruments using light or IR waves are classified as electro-optical instruments. Instruments based on radio waves are generally called microwave instruments. Because of the different structure of these two types of instruments, they will be discussed separately.


Quartz Microwave Lithium Recombination Epoxy 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Rüeger
    • 1
  1. 1.School of SurveyingUniversity of New South WalesKensingtonAustralia

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