Neurochirurgie, Psychiatrie

  • K. Borchert

Zusammenfassung

Mehr als bei anderen Grundleiden ist das ZNS durch das perioperative Trauma mit seinen Komplikationen bei neurochirurgischen Eingriffen zusätzlichen Belastungen ausgesetzt.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    Aritake K, Brock M (1985) Ischemic brain edema: Influence of ischemia duration on edema formation. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 424–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brendel R, Rothhammer A, Brinker T (1987) Luftembolie bei Operationen in sitzender Position. Anästh Intensivmed 28: 271–274Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chan PH, Longar S, Fishman A (1985) Oxygen-free radicals: Potential edema mediators in brain injury. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 317–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cohadon F, Desbordes P (1985) Brain edema, brain water, and aging. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 329–335Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Colley PS (1983) Intracranial aneurysm-anesthesia. In: Newfield P, Cottrell JA (eds) Handbook of neuroanesthesia. Little/Brown, Boston Toronto, pp 183–208Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cottrell JE, Newfield P, Giffin JP, Shwiry B (1983) Spinal cord injury. In: Newfield P, Cottrell JA (eds) Handbook of neuroanaesthesie. Little/Brown, Boston Toronto, pp 338–352Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cowley RA, Trump B (1982) Pathophysiology of shock, anoxia and ischemia. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore London, pp 555Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Demopovlvs HB, Flamm ES, Pietronigro DD, Seligman ML (1986) Free radical pathology and antioxidants in regional cerebral ischemia and central nervous systems trauma. In: Cottrell JE, Turndorf H (eds) Anesthesia and neurosurgery. Mosby, St. Louis Toronto, pp 246–279Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Frost EAM (1983) Ischemic cerebrovascular disease. In: Newfield P, Cottrell JA (eds) Handbook of neuroanesthesia. Little/Brown, Boston Toronto, pp 208–226Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fujimoto T, Suzuki H, Tanoue K, Fukushima Y, Yamazaki H (1985) Cerebrovascular injuries and brain edema following activation of platelets. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 310–316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Grundy LB (1986) Clinical experiences with intraoperative monitoring of evoked potentials. In: Cottrell JA, Turndorf H (eds) Anesthesia and neurosurgery. Mosby, St. Louis Toronto, pp 453–486Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Harp JR, Shvpak RC, Hagerdal M (1986) Brain oxygen consumption. In: Cottrell JA, Turndorf H (eds) Anesthesia and neurosurgery. Mosby, St. Louis TorontoGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hartmann A, Hossmann KA, Czernicki Z, Barbosa-Coutinho LM, Ebhardt G, Menzel J (1985) Effect of dexa-methasone on regional cerebral blood flow and on serum protein extravasation in experimental brain infarcts in monkeys. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 646–651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hayashi N, Tsubokawa T, Kimura S, Makiyama Y, Toeda M (1985) Simultaneons topographic analysis of brain edema. Parenchymal energy metabolisms and intracellular calcium during cerebral ischemia. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 258–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hayes RL, Pechvra CM, Povlishock JT, Becker DP (1985) Changes in blood-brain barrier function associated with conditioned fear in rats. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M, (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 224–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hoff JT (1986) Cerebral protection. J Neurosurg 65: 579–591PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hossmann KA (1985) The pathophysiology of ischemic brain swelling. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 365–384Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jennett S (1985) Pulmonary function in the head-injured patient. In: Fitch W, Barker J (eds) Head injury and the anaesthesist. Elsevier, Amsterdam New York OxfordGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Klatzo J (1985) Concepts of ischemic injury associated with brain edema. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kuchiwaki H, Takada S, Misu N, Ishiguri H, Ikeda A, Kageyama N, Watari H (1985) Evaluation of steroid treatment of high-energy metabolism of ischemic brain edema in vivo by means of a topical magnetic resonance (TMR-32) spectrometer. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 185–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lantos PL, Luthert PJ, Deane BR (1985) Vascular permeability and cerebral oedema in experimental brain tumors. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 41–47Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Larsen R (1985) Anästhesie. Urban & Schwarzenberg, München Wien BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Mihm FG (1983) Barbiturates for intracranial hypertension and focal and global ischemia. In: Newfield P, Cottrell JA (eds) Handbook of neuroanaesthesia. Little/ Brown, Boston Toronto, pp 60–100Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Morooka H, Nishimoto A (1985) The role of adrenergic activity and histamine in ischemic brain edema. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 302–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mrsulja BB, Djuricic BM, Ueki Y, Cahn R, Cvejic V, Martinez H, Micic DV, Spatz M (1985) Cerebral bloodflow, energy utilization, serotonin metabolism. (NaK), ATPase activity and postischemic brain swelling. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 170–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nabuse S, Horikawa Y, Tanaka C, Hirakawa K, Nishikawa H, Watari H (1985) Protective effects of glycerol and perfluorodemical in experimental cerebral ischemia demonstrated by in VIVO 31P-NMR. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 276–285Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Post KD, Newfield P (1983) Transsphenoidal procedures. In: Newfield P, Cottrell JA (eds) Handbook of neuroanaesthesia. Little/Brown, Boston Toronto, pp 260–282Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Rapoport SJ (1985) A model for brain edema. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 59–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Richling G (1987) Der gegenwärtige Stand in der Behandlung des Hirnüdems. Anaesthesist 36: 191–196PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rosner JM, Coleyl (1987) Cerebral perfusion pressure: A hemodynamic mechanism of mannitol and the post-mannitol hemogram. Neurosurgery 21: 147–156PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Rossi F, Bianca VD, Grzceskowiak M, Zeni L (1986) Mechanisms of oxygen free radicals production in granulocytes. In: Novelli GP, Ursini F (eds) Oxygen free radicals in shock. Karger, asel, pp 15–28 (Int. Workshop Florence 1985)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Samuels SJ (1986) Anesthesia for supratentorial tumor. In: Cottrell JA, Turndorf H (eds) Anesthesia and neurosurgery. Mosby, St. Louis Toronto, pp 114–130Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sasaki T, Kassell NF, Yamashita M, Fujiwara S, Zucca-rello M (1985) Disturbances of cerebral arterial permeability and blood-brain-barriere following experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 215–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Schoeppner H, Bunte H, Habel G, Lingemann B, Pir-cher J, Rühland D (1987) Perioperatives elektrophysiologisches Monitoring (EEG, CSA, SSEP) am Beispiel der Karotischirurgie. In: Henschel WF (Hrsg) Anaesthesiologie — klinisches Fach auf drei Säulen. Zuckschwerdt, München Bern Wien San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Seitelberger F, Lassmann H, Kitz K, Petsche U, Baran H, Hornykiewicz O (1985) Experimental model of cytotoxic brain edema: systemic administration of kainic acid. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 250–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Shibata S, Fukushima M, Inove M, Mori K (1985) Ultra-structure of capillary permeability in human brain tumors — gliomas associated with cerebral edema (low density areal). In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 137–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Siesjü BK (1985) Membrane events leading to glia swelling and brain edema. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 200–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Spring A, Spring G, Kirchner E (1980) Postoperative Blutdruckreaktionen nach neurochirurgischen Operationen in Hypotension. Anästh Intensiv Notfallmed 15: 1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Takahashi K, Bodsch W (1985) Selective inhibition of protein synthesis after severe forebrain ischemia of gerbil brain. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 418–423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Todd NV, Picozzi P, Crockard HA, Russell RR (1985) The duration of ischemia influences ischemic and postischemic brain edema. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 410–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Tomita M, Gotoh F, Kobari M, Shinohara T, Terayama Y, Mihara B, Turcani P (1985) Restriction of cellular swelling and spontaneous increase in the osmolality of the intracellular fluid in a simplistic cell model. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 245–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Tyson GW, Jane JA (1987) Pathophysiology of head injury. In: Cowely RA, Trump BE (eds) Pathophysiology of shock, anoxia and ischemia. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore London, p 570Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Unterberg A, Qautermann C, Müller-Esterl W, Baeth-mann A (1985) Inhibition of the Kallikrein-Kinin System in vasogenic brain edema. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 295–298Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Unterberg A, Wahl M, Baethmann A (1985) Arachinodic acid induces opening of the blood-barrier. In: Inaba Y, Katzo I, Spatz M (eds) Brain edema. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, pp 159–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Wiedemann K, Krier C (1987) Behandlung des schweren Schädel-Hirn-Traumas. In: Henschel WF (Hrsg) Anaesthesiologie — klinisches Fach auf drei Säulen. Zuckschwerdt, München Bern Wien San FranciscoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Borchert

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations