Atoms in an Electric Field

  • Hermann Haken
  • Hans Christoph Wolf


In 1913, Stark observed a splitting of the lines of the Balmer series of hydrogen (8.2) in an electric field. He was studying the light emission of H atoms in the field of a condenser (Figs. 15.1, 2). Since then, frequency shifts in optical spectra in the presence of eletric fields have been generally called the Stark effect.


Matrix Element Harmonic Oscillator Radiation Field Electric Field Strength Occupation Number 
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  1. R. P. Feynman: Quantum Electrodynamics (Benjamin, New York 1961)Google Scholar
  2. W. Heitler: The Quantum Theory of Radiation, 3rd ed (Clarendon Press, Oxford 1954)MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. N. F. Ryde: Atoms and Molecules in Electric Fields (Almqvist and Wicksell, Stockholm 1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  • Hans Christoph Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität StuttgartStuttgart 80Fed. Rep. of Germany
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartStuttgart 80Fed. Rep. of Germany

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