Coagulation Treatment and Surgery in Retinoblastoma
Photo- and cryocoagulation in eyes with retinoblastoma are used for small tumors not affecting the optic nerve or macular area and may help to avoid radiation treatment in selected cases. Surgical removal of the eye is indicated if there is no hope of useful vision even with conservative treatment. Retinoblastoma requires stage-related treatment and the aforementioned treatment techniques should be given strong consideration in appropriate cases in view of the possible side-effects of radiation therapy. However, as most patients present with advanced disease and in view of the necessity to preserve at least some vision in bilaterally affected patients, these treatment modalities are most often used in conjunction with radiation treatment.
KeywordsRetina Glaucoma Xenon Dura Univer
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Heinrich T (1989) Das Metastasierungsrisiko bei Retinoblastom. Thesis, Universität, Essen (FRG)Google Scholar
- Höpping W, Bunke-Schmidt A (1986) Light coagulation and cryotherapy. In: Biodi FC (ed) Retinoblastinoma. Churchill Livingstone, New York (contemporary issues in ophthalmology, vol 2)Google Scholar
- Höpping W, Meyer-Schwickerath G (1964) Light coagulation treatment in retinoblastoma. In: Boniuk M (ed) Ocular and adnexal tumors. New and controversai aspects. C.V. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 192–196Google Scholar
- Messmer EP, Sauerwein W, Heinrich T et al. (1990) New and recurrent tumor foci following local treatment as well as external beam radiation in eyes of patients with hereditary retinoblastoma. Graefe’s Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol (to be published)Google Scholar
- Meyer-Schwickerath G, Helferich E (1958) Zur Therapie des Retinoblastoms. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 132:806–816Google Scholar
- Murphree AL (1989) Retinoblastoma. In: Ryan S (ed) Retina. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 517–556Google Scholar
- Schipper J (1980) Retinoblastoma. A medical and experimental study. Thesis, Rijks-Universität, Utrecht (NL)Google Scholar
- von Graefe A (1864) Zur Casuistic der Tumoren. Graefe’s Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 10:176–220Google Scholar