Surgical research in France is carried out principally at the largest university affiliated hospitals. Most of the major French surgical departments have active research programs. The results of research activities in the surgical specialties are the mainstay of national meetings and international conferences conducted in France under the sponsorship of European surgical associations, such as the French Surgical Association, the Plastic Surgery Society, the National Vascular Surgery College, the Bone Surgery Study Group, the Hand Study Group, the International Organization for Statistical Studies of Esophageal disease, and the research group on Abdominal Wall Studies. Each surgical department organizes at least one convocation annually for the presentation of the results of innovations and surgical accomplishments of the service.
KeywordsSurgical Training Ward Round Esophageal Disease Surgical Research French Laboratory
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