PasRo pp 4-17 | Cite as

Basic Facilities for Robot Programming

  • Christian Blume
  • Wilfried Jakob


Industrial robots are machines whose functions can be programmed and which can be put to general use in production areas. This is not an exact definition and many numerical control (NC)-machines comply with it. To clarify the term “general use”, this presumes the following features:
  • the aibility to move a gripper or tool to any point of the working area (random positioning)

  • the choice of any orientation of the gripper or tool at a given point (random orientation)

  • to pick up and put down almost any object or tool (within physical constraints)


Industrial Robot Robot Move Move Point Robot Position Tool Center Point 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. [2.1]
    Paul, R.: Robot Manipulators. Cambridge, The MIT Press, 1981.Google Scholar
  2. [2.2]
    Lozano-Perez, T.: Robot Programming. MIT, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, December, 1982.Google Scholar
  3. [2.3]
    Lieberman, L., Wesley, M.: AUTOPASS: An Automatic Programming System for Computer Controlled Mechanical Assembly. IBM J. Res. Dev., 21.4.1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Blume
    • 1
  • Wilfried Jakob
    • 2
  1. 1.Ettlingen 1Germany
  2. 2.Berlin 41Germany

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