The Photon

  • Hermann Haken
  • Hans Christoph Wolf


The fact that Hght can be regarded as a wave phenomenon was experimentally shown in the 17th and 18th centuries by the Dutch physicist Huygens and the English physician Young with the aid of interference experiments. In the 19th century, the physical nature of these waves came to light: they are electromagnetic waves, described by Maxwell’s equations. They are characterised by the field vectors E and B of the electric and the magnetic field and exhibit a periodicity with the frequency ω.


Work Function Thermal Radiation Occupation Number Scattered Radiation Compton Scattering 
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  1. R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, M. Sands: Lectures on Physics Addison-Wesley, New York 1980)Google Scholar
  2. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz: Statistical Physics, 3rd ed. (Pergamon, Oxford 1982)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heildelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hermann Haken
    • 1
  • Hans Christoph Wolf
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität StuttgartStuttgart 80Fed. Rep. of Germany
  2. 2.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartStuttgart 80Fed. Rep. of Germany

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