The Normal Histology of the Endometrium

  • Gisela Dallenbach-Hellweg


The endometrium of the corpus is composed of two layers : the basalis (the layer from which the endometrium regenerates after menstrual shedding) and the overlying functionalis. In the second half of the menstrual cycle, the functionalis may be differentiated into the superficial compacta and the underlying spongiosa, which extends to the basalis. During the menstrual cycle the endometrium varies from 1 mm (postmenstrual) to about 8 mm at the end of the third week. Every layer consists of two major components: the epithelial component, either as glands or as superficial epithelium, and the mesenchymal component of stromal cells with pluripotential properties.


Permeability Ischemia Cellular Respiration Polysaccharide Histamine 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gisela Dallenbach-Hellweg
    • 1
  1. 1.University Hospital for Women of Mannheim (University of Heidelberg)Germany

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