Herzkatheterung und Angiokardiographie

  • J. Petersen
  • H. Roskamm
  • L. Görnandt


Nachdem im Jahr 1929 Forssmann als erster im Selbstversuch einen Katheter über eine Armvene in den rechten Vorhof eingeführt hatte, ist die Methode der Rechts- und Linksherzkatheterung insbesondere durch die Arbeiten von Cournand (1947) zu einer Routinemethode in der prä- und postoperativen Vitienuntersuchung geworden.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arvidsson, H.: Angiocardiographic determination of left ventricular volume. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) 56, 321 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Austen, G., Edwards, J. E., Frye, R. L., Gensini, G. G., Gorr, V. L., Griffith, L. S. C., Mcgoon, D. C., Murphy, M. L., Roe, B. B.: A reporting system on patients evaluated for coronary artery disease. Ciculation 51, 7 (1975).Google Scholar
  3. Banka, V. S., Bodenheimer, M. M., Shah, R., Helfant, R. H.: Intervention ventriculography. Comparative value of nitroglycerin, post-extra-systolic potentiation and nitroglycerin plus post-extrasystolic potentiation. Circulation 53, 632 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bardeen, C. R.: Determination of the size of the heart by means of the x-rays. Amer. J. Anat. 23, 423 (1918).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bargeron, L. M. jr., Elliot, P., Solo, B., Bream, P-R., Cumy, G. C.: Axial cineangiography in congenital heart disease. Circulation 56, 1075 (1977).Google Scholar
  6. Bayer, O., Loggen, F., Walter, H.: Die Herzkatheterisierung bei angeborenen and erworbenen Herzfehlern. Stuttgart: Thieme 1967.Google Scholar
  7. Bentivoglio, L. G., Yang, S. S., Maranhao, V., Goldberg, H.: From cardiac catheterization data to hemodynamic parameters. Philadelphia: Davis 1972.Google Scholar
  8. Benzing, G. III, Stockert, J., Nave, E., Samuel Kaplan, H. D.: Evaluation of left ventricular performance. Circumferential fiber shortening and tension. Circulation 49, 925 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Braunwald, E., Swan, H. J. C.: Cooperative of study on cardiac catheterization. Circulation 37, (Suppl. III) 1 (1968).Google Scholar
  10. Carroll, R. J., Verani, M. S., Falsetti, H. L.: The effect of collateral circulation on segmental left ventricular contraction. Circulation 50, 709 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Chaitman, B. R., Bristow, J. D., Rahimtoola, S. H.: Left ventricular wall motion assessed by using fixed external reference systems. Circulation 48, 1043 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Chapman, C. B., Baker, O., Reynolds, J., Bonte, F. J.: Use of biplane cinefluorography for measurement of ventricular volume. Circulation 18, 1105 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Cohen, M. V.: Modified orifice equation for the calculation of mitral valve area. Amer. Heart J. 84, 839 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cournand, A.: Cardiac catheterization in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease. A report. Int. Congr. Pediat. N. Y. 1947.Google Scholar
  15. Dodge, H. T.: Determination of left ventricular volume and mass. Radio!. Clin. N. Amer. 9, 459 (1971).Google Scholar
  16. Dodge, H. T., Sandler, H.: Clinical application of angiocardiography. In: Cardiac Mechanics Physiological, clinical and mathematical considerations. (I. Mirsky, D. Ghista, H. Sandler, eds.), p. 171. New York: Wiley & Sons 1974.Google Scholar
  17. Dodge, H. T., Tannenbaum, H. L.: Left ventricular volume in normal man and alterations with disease. Circulation 14, 927 (1956).Google Scholar
  18. Dodge, H. T., Sandler, H., Ballew, D. W., Lord, J. D.: The use of biplane angiocardiography for the measurement of left ventricular volume in man. Amer. Heart J. 60, 762 (1960).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dodge, H. T., Sandler, H., Baxley, W. A., Hawley, R. R.: Usefulness and limitations of radiographic methods for determining left ventricular volume. Amer. J. Cardiol. 18, 10 (1966).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Eckberg, D. L., Gault, J. H., Bouchard, R. L., Karliner, J. S., Ross, J. jr.: Mechanics of left ventricular contraction in chronic severe mitral regurgitaiton. Circulation 47, 1252 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Ekelund, L. D., Holmgren, A.: Central hemodynamics during exercise. Circulat. Res. 20 /21, 1 (1967).Google Scholar
  22. Falsetti, H. L., Mates, R. E., Grant, C., Greene, D. G., Bunuell, I. L.: Left ventricular wall stress calculated from one-plane cineangiography: An approach to force-velocity analysis in man Circulat. Res. 26, 71 (1970).Google Scholar
  23. Feild, B. J., Russell, R. O., Dowling, J. T., Rackeley, Ch. E.: Regional left ventricular performance in the year following myocardial infarction. Circulation 46, 679 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Ferlinz, J., Gorlin, R., Cohn, P. F., Herman, M. V.: Right ventricular performance in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation 52, 608 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Forssmann, W.: Die Sondierung des rechten Herzens. Klin. Wschr. 2, 2085 (1929).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Fry, D. L.: Physiologic recording by modern instruments with particular reference to pressure recording. Physiol. Rev. 40, 753 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Gabe, I. T.: In: Cardiovascular fluid dynamics (D. H. Bergel, Hsg.). New York: Academic Press 1972.Google Scholar
  28. Gault, J. H., Ross, J., Braunwald, E.: Contractile state of the left ventricle in man. Instantaneous tension-velocity-length relations in patients with and without disease of the left ventricular myocardium. Circulat. Res. 22, 451 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Gersh, B. J., Hahn, C. E. W., Prys-Roberts, C.: Physical criteria for measurement of left ventricular pressure and its first derivative. Cardiovasc. Res. 5, 32 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Gorlin, R., Gorlin, S. G.: Hydraulic formula for calculation of the area of the stenotic mitral valve, other cardiac valves, central circulatory shunts. Amer. Heart J. 41, 1 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Greene, D. G., Carlisle, R., Grant, C., Bunnell, I. L.: Estimation of left ventricular volume by one-plane cineangiography. Circulation 35, 61 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Grossman, W.: Cardiac catheterization and angiography. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger 1976.Google Scholar
  33. Hagemann, K., Meyer, J.: Kontrastmitteldarstellung des linken Ventrikels nach Injektion in den rechten Vorhof. Klin. Wschr. 56, 351 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Harris, L. D., Clayton, P. D., Marshall, H. W., Warner, H. R.: A technique for the detection of asynergistic motion in the left ventricle. Comp. biomed. Res. 7, 380 (1974).Google Scholar
  35. Helfant, R. H., Pine, R., Meister, S. G., Feldman, M. S., Trout, R. G., Banka, V. S.: Nitroglycerin to unmask reversible asynergy. Correlation with post-coronary-bypass ventriculography. Circulation 50, 108 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Herman, M. V., Heinle, R. A., Klein, M. D., Gorlin, R.: Localized disorders in myocardial contraction. Asynergy and its role in congestive heart failure. New Engl. J. Med. 277, 222 (1967).Google Scholar
  37. Hernandez-Lattuf, P. R., Quinones, M. A., Gaasch, W. H.: Usefulness and limitations of circumferential fibre shortening velocity in evaluating segmental disorders of left ventricular contraction. Brit. Heart J. 36, 1167 (1974).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Holmgren, A., Pernow, B.: Spectrophotometric measurement of oxygen saturation of blood in the determination of cardiac output. A comparison with the van Slyke method. Scand. J. clin. Lab. Invest. 11, 193 (1959).Google Scholar
  39. Hood, W. P., Smith, L. R., Amende, I., Simon, R., Lichtlen, P. R.: Application of a computerized system for analysis of regional left ventricular function. Computers in Cardiology, S. 359. Rotterdam. Kongreß 29.9.-1. 10. 1977.Google Scholar
  40. Hugenholtz, R. G., Ellison, R. C., Urschel, Ch. W., Mirsky, I., Sonnenblick, E. H.: Myocardial force-velocity relationships in clinical heart disease. Circulation 41, 191 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Just, H.: Herzkatheter-Diagnostik. Mannheim: Boehringer 1976.Google Scholar
  42. Kaltenbach, M.: Nomenklatur and Dokumentation koronarangiographischer Befunde. In: Vom Belastungs-EKG zur Koronarangiographie (M. Kaltenbach, H. Roskamm, Hrsg.), S.189. Berlin — Heidelberg — New York: Springer 1980 (to be printed).Google Scholar
  43. Karliner, J. S., Gault, J. H., Eckberg, D., Mullins, Ch. B., Ross, J.: Mean velocity of fiber shortening. A simplified measure of left ventricular myocardial contractility. Circulation 44, 323 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Kennedy, J. W., Baxley, W. A., Figley, M. M., Dodge, H. T.,Blackmorv, J. R.: Quantitative angiocardiography. II.: The normal left ventricle in man. Circualtion 34, 272 (1966).Google Scholar
  45. Kennedy, J. W., Trenholme, S. E., Kasser, I. S.: Left ventricular volume and mass from single-plane cineangiocardiogram. A comparison of antero-posterior and right anterior oblique methods. Amer. Heart J. 80, 343 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Leighton, R. F., Wilt, S. M., Lewis, R. P.: Detection of hypokinesis by a quantitative analysis of left ventricular cineangiograms. Circulation 50, 121 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Macgregor, D. C., Covell, P. D., Marshall, H. W., Warner, H. R.: A technique for the detection of asynergistic motion in the left ventricle. Comp. biomed. Res. 7, 380 (1974).Google Scholar
  48. Mahler, F., Ross, J. jr., O’rourke, R. A., Covell, J. W.: Effects of changes in preload, afterload and inotropic state on ejection and isovolumic phase measures of contractility in the conscious dog. Amer. J. Cardiol. 35, 626 (1975).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Mason, D. T., Spannjr., J. F., Zelis, R.: Quantification of the contractile state of the intact human heart. Amer. J. Cardiol. 26, 248 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Mcanulty, J. H., Hattenhauer, M. T., Rösch, J., Kloster, F. E., Rahimtoola, S. H.: Improvement in left ventricular wall motion following nitroglycerin. Circulation 51, 140 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Mirsky, I., Bent, P.: V. as an index of contractile state in man. Circulation 44, 486 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Nakhjavan, F. K., Gangaiah, N., Goldberg, H.: Comparison of ejection fraction and zonal mean velocity of myocardial fiber shortening. Circulation 52, 264 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Pasternak, A., Gorlin, R., Sonnenblick, E. H., Haft, I. I., Kemp, H. G.: Abnormalities of ventricular motion induced by atrial pacing in coronary artery disease. Circulation 45, 1195 (1972).Google Scholar
  54. Patel, J. D., Mason, D. T., Ross, J., Braunwald, E.: Harmonic analysis of pressure pulses obtained from heart and great vessels of man. Amer. Heart J. 69, 785 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Quinones, M. A., Gaasch, W. H., Cole, J. S., Alexander, J. K.: Echocardiographic determinations of left ventricular stress velocity relations in man. With reference to the effects of loading and contractility. Circulation 51, 689 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Quinones, M. A., Gaasch, W. H., Alexander, J. K.: Influence of acute changes in preload, afterload, contractile state and heart rate on ejection and isovolumic indices of myocardial contractility in man. Circulation 53, 293 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Rackley, Ch. E., Dodge, H. T., Coble, Y. D., Hay, R. E.: A method for determining left ventricular mass in man. Circulation 29, 666 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Rickards, A., Seabra-Gomes, R., Thurston, P.: The assessment of regional abnormalities of the left ventricle by angiography. Europ. J. Cardiol. 5, 167 (1977).Google Scholar
  59. Reddy, S. P., Curtiss, E. I., O’toole, J. D., et al.: Peversibility of left ventricular asynergy by nitroglycerin in coronary artery disease. Amer. Heart J. 90, 479 (1975).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Rogers, W. J., Smith, L. E., Hood, W. P. jr., Mantle, J. A., Rackley, C. E., Russell, R. O. jr.: Effect of filming projection and interobserver variability on angiographic biplane left ventricular volume determination. Circulation 59, 96 (1979).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Ross, J. jr., Peterson, K. L.: On the assessment of cardiac isotropic state. Circulation 47, 435 (1973).Google Scholar
  62. Rushmer, R. F.: Cardiovascular dynamics. Philadelphia — London — Toronto: Saunders 1970.Google Scholar
  63. Seldinger, S. J.: Catheter replacement of the needle in percutaneous arteriography. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) 39, 368 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Sniderman, A. D., Marpole, D., Fallen, E. L.: Regional contraction patterns in the normal and ischemic left ventricle in man. Amer. J. Cardiol. 31, 484 (1973).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Snow, J. A., Baker, L. D., Leshin, S. J.: Validation of the single plane cineangiographic determination of canine left ventricular volume. II: Left ventricular dilatation. Fed. Proc. 28, 517 (1969).Google Scholar
  66. Sonnenblick, E. H.: Series elastic and contractile elements in heart muscle: Changes in muscle length. Amer. J. Physiol. 207, 1331 (1964).Google Scholar
  67. Timoshenko, S. P., Woinowsky-Krieger, S.: Theory of plates and shells. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill 1959.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Petersen
  • H. Roskamm
  • L. Görnandt

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations