• Ulrich Förstner
  • Gottfried T. W. Wittmann


Since the Industrial Revolution, the efforts of removing pollutants from the natural environment have not been able to keep pace with the increasing amount of waste materials and a growing population that further aggravates the situation. This has often resulted in the transformation of lakes, rivers, and coastal waters into sewage depots where the natural biologic balance is severely upset and in some cases totally disrupted.


Trace Metal Aquatic Ecosystem Waste Material Industrial Revolution Natural Groundwater 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Förstner
    • 1
  • Gottfried T. W. Wittmann
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für SedimentforschungUniversität HeidelbergHeidelberg 1Germany
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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