Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abrahms, J. E., Allen, G. J.: Comparative effectiveness of situational programming, financial pay-offs and group pressure in weight reduction. Be-hav. Ther. 5, 391 (1974).Google Scholar
  2. Abramson, E. E.: A review of behavioral approaches to weight control. Be-hav. Res. Ther. 11, 547 (1973).Google Scholar
  3. Abramson, E. E., Wunderlich, R. A.: Anxiety, fear and eating: A test of the psychosomatic concept of obesity. J. abnorm. Psychol. 79, 317 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Allon, N.: Fat is a dirty word: Fat as a sociological and social problem. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. I. Proc. 1st Int. Congr. Obesity. London: Newman, 1975.Google Scholar
  5. Allport, G. W.: Entstehung und Umgestaltung der Motive. In: Thomae, H. (Hrsg.): Die Motivation menschlichen Handelns. Köln-Berlin: Kiepenheuer & Witsch, 1966.Google Scholar
  6. Anliker, J., Mayer, J.: An operant conditioning technique for the studying feeding and fasting in normal and obese mice. J. appl. Physiol. 8, 667 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Antons-Brandi, V.: Einstellungen zum Körpergewicht. Z. psychosomat. Med. 18, 81 (1972).Google Scholar
  8. Apley, J., McKeith, R.: The child and his symptoms, a psychosomatic approach. Oxford: Blackwell 1962.Google Scholar
  9. Ashby, W. A., Wilson, G. T.: Behaviour therapy for obesity: Booster sessions and long-term maintenance of weight loss. Behav. Res. Ther. 15, 451 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Ashwell, M., Garrow, J. S.: A survey of three control organisations in the UK. Nutrition 29, 347 (1975).Google Scholar
  11. Atkinson, R. M., Ringuette, E. L.: A survey of biographical and psychological features in extraordinary fatness. Psychosomat. Med. 29, 121 (1967).Google Scholar
  12. Balch, P., Ross, A. W.: A behaviorally oriented didactic-group treatment of obesity: An exploratory study. J. Behav. Ther. exp. Psychiat. 5, 239 (1974).Google Scholar
  13. Bandura, A.: Behavioral modification through modeling procedures. In: Krasner, L., Ullmann, L. P. (eds.): Research in Behavior Modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart, Winston 1965.Google Scholar
  14. Basler, H.-D., Schwoon, D. R.: Methoden der Verhaltenstherapie bei Adipöses. Med. Klin. 68, 1722 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Bastiaans, J.: Psychiatrische Bemerkungen zu Problemen der Fettsucht und Magersucht. Psyche 16, 615 (1962/63).Google Scholar
  16. Bellack, A. S.: A comparison of self-reinforcement and self-monitoring in a weight reduction program. Behav. Ther. 7, 68 (1976).Google Scholar
  17. Bellack, A., Rozensky, R., Schwartz, J.: Self-monitoring as an adjunct to a behavioral weight reduction program. Behav. Ther. 5, 523 (1974 a).Google Scholar
  18. Bellack, A. S., Schwartz, J., Rosensky, R.: The contribution of external control to self-control in a weight reduction program. J. Behav. Ther. exp. Psychiat. 5, 245 (1974b).Google Scholar
  19. Berger, M., Granz, M., Berchtold, P., Krüskemper, G. M., Zimmermann, H.: Verlaufsuntersuchungen zum Langzeit-Effekt der Nulldiät. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 101, 601 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Bernard, J. L.: Rapid treatment of gross obesity by operant techniques. Psychol. Rep. 23, 663 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Blohmke, M., Depner, R., Koschorreck, B., Stelzer, O.: Übergewichtigkeit bei berufstätigen Frauen in Abhängigkeit ausgewählter biologischer und sozialer Faktoren. Arbeitsmed., Sozialmed., Arbeitshygiene 7, 190 (1969).Google Scholar
  22. Blundell, J. E. et al.: The CNS and Feeding. Group Report. In: Silverstone, T. (ed.): Appetite and Food Intake. Berlin: Dahlem Konferenzen. 1976.Google Scholar
  23. Bolte, R., Gleiss, J.: Fettsucht im Kindesalter. Kinder-Ärztl. Prax. 3, 123 (1969).Google Scholar
  24. Bornstein, P. H., Sipprelle, C. N.: Group treatment of obesity by induced anxiety. Behav. Res. Ther. 11, 339 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Brandon, S.: Eating disorders in a child population. Acta paed. Psychiat. 35, 317 (1968).Google Scholar
  26. Brandon, S.: An epidemiological study of eating disturbances. J. Psychosomat. Res. 14, 253 (1970).Google Scholar
  27. Bray, G. A.: The myth of diet in the treatment of obesity. Amer. J. clin. Nutr. 23, 1141 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Bray, G. A.: Peripheral metabolic factors in the regulation of feeding. In: Silverstone, T. (ed.): Appetite and Food Intake. Berlin: Dahlem Konferenzen. 1976.Google Scholar
  29. Brightwell, D. R.: One year follow-up of obese subjects treated with behavior therapy. Dis. nerv. Syst. 37, 593 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Brightwell, D. R., Clancy, J.: Self-training of new eating behavior for weight reduction. Dis. nerv. Syst. 37, 85 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Brillat-Savarin, J. A.: The Physiology of Taste. (Transl. from French by Fisher, M. F.) New York: Knopf 1971.Google Scholar
  32. Brobeck, J. R.: Food intake as a mechanism of temperature regulation. Yale J. biol. Med. 20, 545 (1948).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Brobeck, J. R.: Food and temperature. Rec. Progr. Horm. Res. 16, 439 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Brozek, J.: Book review: Build and blood pressure study. Hum. Biol. 32, 320 (1960).Google Scholar
  35. Bruch, H.: Obesity in childhood. Amer. J. Dis. Childh. 59, 739 (1940).Google Scholar
  36. Bruch, H.: Obesity in childhood and personality development. Amer. J. Or-thopsychiat. 11, 467 (1941).Google Scholar
  37. Bruch, H.: Psychiatric aspects of obesity in children. Amer. J. Psychiat. 99, 752 (1943).Google Scholar
  38. Bruch, H.: The Importance of Overweight. New York: Norton 1957.Google Scholar
  39. Bruch, H.: Conceptual confusion in eating disorders. J. nerv. ment. Dis. 133, 46 (1961a).Google Scholar
  40. Bruch, H.: Transformation of oral impulses in eating disorders: A conceptual approach. Psychiat. Quart. 35, 458 (1961b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Bruch, H.: Thin-fat people. J. Amer. med. Worn. Ass. 28, 187 (1973a).Google Scholar
  42. Bruch, H.: Eating Disorders. New York: Basic Books (1973b).Google Scholar
  43. Buchanan, J.: Five years psychoanalytic study of obesity. Amer. J. Psycho-anal. 33, 30 (1973).Google Scholar
  44. Bullen, B. A., Monello, L. F., Cohen, H., Mayer, J.: Attitudes towards physical activity, food and family in obese and nonobese adolescents. Amer. J. clin. Nutr. 12, 1 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Bullen, B. A., Reed, R. B., Mayer, J.: Physical activity of obese and non-obese adolescent girls appraise by motion picture sampling. Amer. J. clin. Nutr. 14, 211 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Bungard, W., Lück, H. E.: Forschungsartefakte und nicht-reaktive Meßver-fahren. Stuttgart: Teubner 1974.Google Scholar
  47. Burnight, R. G., Marden, P. G.: Social correlates of weight in an aging population. Milbänk Man. Fd. Quart. 45, 75 (1967).Google Scholar
  48. Cabanac, M.: Physiological role of pleasure. Science 173, 1103 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Cabanac, M., Ducleaux, R.: Obesity: Absence of satiety aversion to sucrose. Science 168, 469 (1970).Google Scholar
  50. Cabanac, M., Ducleaux, R., Spector, N.: Sensory feedback in regulation of body weight: Is there a ponderostat? Nature 229, 125 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Cabanac, M., Minare, Y., Adair, E.: Influence of internal factors on the pleasantness of gustative sweet sensation. Comm. Behav. Biol. Part A, 1, 77 (1968).Google Scholar
  52. Cahnman, W. J.: The stigma of overweight — six autobiographies (unveröffentl. Manuskript.). Rutgers University 1975.Google Scholar
  53. Campbell, R. G., Hashim, S. A., Van Itallie, T. B.: Studies of food-intake regulation in man. Responses to variations in nutritive density in lean and obese subjects. New Engl. J. Med. 285, 1402 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Cannon, W. B.: Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear, and Rage. New York: Appleton 1929.Google Scholar
  55. Carlson, A.: The Control of Hunger in Health and Disease. Chicago: University Press of Chicago 1916.Google Scholar
  56. Cattell, R. B.: Handbook for the 16-P-F-Questionnaire. Inst. Pers. Abil. Test., Champaign 1970.Google Scholar
  57. Cautela, J. R.: Treatment of compulsive behavior by covert sensitization. Psychol. Rec. 16, 33 (1966).Google Scholar
  58. Chapman, A. L.: An experiment with group conferences for weight reduction. Pub. Hth. Rep. 68, 439 (1953).Google Scholar
  59. Cioffi, L. A., Spernanza, A.: Physiological and psychological components of the body weight control system in the obese. Bibl. nutr. Dieta 17, 154 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Conrad, E. H.: The effect of social rejection upon hunger, food craving, food consumption and drive reduction value of eating of obese vs. normal individuals. Diss. Abstr. 30, 4787 (1969).Google Scholar
  61. Dämmich, E.: Die Bedeutung der vorgegebenen sichtbaren Nahrungsportion als Stopsignal für die spontane Nahrungsaufnahme. Unveröffentl. Diplom-Arbeit, Psychol. Inst., Göttingen 1977.Google Scholar
  62. Davis, C. M.: Self-selection of diet by newly weaned infants. Amer. J. Dis. Childh. 36, 651 (1928).Google Scholar
  63. Decke, E.: Effects of taste on the eating behavior of obese and normal persons. In: Schachter, S.: Emotion, Obesity, and Crime. New York: Acad. Press 1971.Google Scholar
  64. Decke, E.: Unveröffentl. Daten, zitiert nach Rodin, J., 1975 (b).Google Scholar
  65. Diament, C., Wilson, G. T.: An experimental investigation of the effects of covert sensitization in an analogue eating situation. Behav. Ther. 6, 499 (1975).Google Scholar
  66. Dinoff, M., Rickard, H. C., Colwick, J.: Weight reduction through successive contracts. Amer. J. Orthopsychiat. 42, 110 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Dodd, D. K., Stalling, R. B., Bedell, J.: Grocery purchases as a function of obesity and assumed food deprivation. Int. J. Obesity 1, 43 (1977).Google Scholar
  68. Engelhardt, A.: Metabolische Aspekte der Fettsucht. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 97, 161 (1972).Google Scholar
  69. Evans, F. A.: Treatment of obesity with low calorie diets: Reports of 121 additional cases. Int. Clin. 3, 19 (1938).Google Scholar
  70. Eysenck, H.-J.: The Structure of Human Personality. London: Paul 1960.Google Scholar
  71. Eysenck, H.-J., Rachman, S.: The Causes and Cures of Neurosis. London: Routledge, Kegan, Paul 1965.Google Scholar
  72. Fahrenberg, J., Selg, H.: Das Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventar: FPL Göttingen: Hogrefe 1970.Google Scholar
  73. Feinstein, R., Dole, V. P., Schwartz, I. L.: The use of a formula diet for weight reduction of obese out-patients. Ann. intern. Med. 48, 330 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Fellows, H. H.: Studies of relatively normal obese individuals during and after dietary restrictions. Amer. J. med. Sci. 181, 301 (1931).Google Scholar
  75. Ferster, C.B., Nurnberger, J. I., Levitt, E. E.: The control of eating. J. Mathetics 1, 87 (1962).Google Scholar
  76. Ferstl, R., De Jong, R., Brengelmann, J. C.: Verhaltenstherapie des Übergewichts. Schriftenreihe des Bundesministers für Jugend, Familie und Gesundheit. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer 1978.Google Scholar
  77. Ferstl, R., Jokusch, U., Brengelmann, J. C.: Die verhaltenstherapeutische Behandlung des Übergewichts. Int. J. Hlth. Educ. 18, 119 (1975).Google Scholar
  78. Ferstl, R., Kraemer, S. (Hrsg.): Abhängigkeiten. Fortschr. klin. Psychol. 9, 1 (1976).Google Scholar
  79. Ford, M. J., Scorgie, R. E., Munro, J. F.: Anticipated rate of weight loss during dieting. Int. J. Obesity 1, 239 (1977).Google Scholar
  80. Foreyt, J. P. (ed.): Behavioral Treatments of Obesity. Oxford-New York-Toronto: Pergamon Press 1977.Google Scholar
  81. Foreyt, J. P., Hagen, R. L.: Covert sensitization: Conditioning or suggestion. J. abnorm. Psychol. 82, 17 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Foreyt, J. P., Kennedy, W. A.: Treatment of overweight by aversion therapy. Behav. Res. Ther. 9, 29 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Foreyt, J. P., Parks, J. T.: Behavioral controls for achieving weight loss in the severely retarded. J. Behav. Ther. exp. Psychiat. 6, 27 (1975).Google Scholar
  84. Foxx, R. M.: Social reinforcement of weight reduction: A case report on an obese retarted adolescent. Mental Retard. 10, 21 (1972).Google Scholar
  85. Freed, S. C.: Psychic factors in the development of obesity. J. Amer. med. Ass. 133, 369 (1947).Google Scholar
  86. Freyberger, H., Kark, B.: Gruppentherapie bei Fettsuchtskranken. Münch. med. Wschr. 100, 268 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Frohwirth, R.: Introduction, p. 71. In: Foreyt, J. P. (ed.): Behavioral Treatments of Obesity. Oxford-New York-Toronto: Pergamon Press 1977.Google Scholar
  88. Fuller, J. L.: Genetic aspects of regulation of food intake. Advanc. Psychosomat. Med. 7, 2 (1972).Google Scholar
  89. Garn, S. M.: The origins of obesity. Amer. J. Dis. Childh. 130, 465 (1976).Google Scholar
  90. Garn, S. M., Clark, D. C.: Trends in fatness and the origins of obesity. Pediatrics 57, 443 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Garrow, J. S.: Energy Balance and Obesity in Man. Amsterdam-London: North-Holland 1974.Google Scholar
  92. Garrow, J. S.: Infant feeding and obesity of adults. Bibl. Nutr. Dieta 26, 29 (1978).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Gates, J. C., Huenemann, R. L., Brand, R. L.: Food choice of obese and non-obese persons. J. Amer. diet. Ass. 67, 339 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Gaul, G. J., Craighead, W. E., Mahoney, M. J.: Relation between eating rates and obesity. J. Consult, clin. Psychol. 43, 339 (1975).Google Scholar
  95. Gerson, A. C., Martin, D. G., Hawryluk, G. A.: Field-dependence in two different populations of obese and normal weight subjects. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research Vol. I. London: Newman 1975.Google Scholar
  96. Glass, D. C., Lavin, D. E., Henchy, T., Gordon, A., Mayhew, P., Donohoe, P.: Obesity and persuasibility. J. Person. 37, 407 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Glucksman, M. L.: Psychiatric observations on obesity. Advanc. Psychosomat. Med. 7, 194 (1972).Google Scholar
  98. Glucksman, M. L., Hirsch, J.: The response of obese patients to weight reduction: III. The perception of body size. Psychosomat. Med. 31, 1 (1969).Google Scholar
  99. Goldblatt, P. B., Moore, M. E., Stunkard, A. J.: Social factors in obesity. J. Amer. med. Ass. 192, 1–39 (1965).Google Scholar
  100. Goldman, R., Jaffa, M., Schachter, S.: Yom Kippur, Air France, dormitory food, and the eating behavior of obese and normal persons. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 10, 117 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Gormanous, G. K., Lowe, W. C.: Locus of control and obesity. Psychol. Rep. 37, 30 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Gottschaldt, K.: Über den Einfluß der Erfahrung auf die Wahrnehmung, I. Psychol. Forsch. 8, 261 (1926).Google Scholar
  103. Gottschaldt, K.: Über Personaphänomene. Intern. Z. Psychol. 157, 163 (1954).Google Scholar
  104. Grande, F.: Assessment of body fat in man. In: Bray, G. A. (ed.): Obesity in Perspective. Department of Publ. Health, Education and Welfare. Washington: NIH (Pub. No. 75–708) 1974.Google Scholar
  105. Grant, M.: The group approach for weight control. Group Psychother. 4, 156 (1951).Google Scholar
  106. Gray, H., Kallenbach, D. C.: Obesity treatment: Results on 212 outpatients. J. Amer. diet. Ass. 15, 239 (1939).Google Scholar
  107. Gries, F. A., Berchtold, P., Berger, M.: Adipositas. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1976.Google Scholar
  108. Grinker, J.: Behavioral and metabolic consequences of weight reduction. J. Amer. diet. Ass. 62, 30 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Gurr, M. I., Kirtland, J., Phillip, M., Robinson, M. P.: The consequences of early overnutrition for fat cell size and number: The pig as an experimental model for human obesity. Int. J. Obesity 1, 151 (1977).Google Scholar
  110. Gutezeit, G.: Die Einflußnahme psychischer Faktoren auf die Nahrungsaufnahme des Kindes. Referat DGE-Tagung, Frankfurt 1970.Google Scholar
  111. Hagen, R. L.: Group therapy versus bibliotherapy in weight reduction. Be-hav. Ther. 5, 222 (1974).Google Scholar
  112. Hagen, R. L., Foreyt, J. P., Durham, T. W.: The dropout problem: Reducing attrition in obesity research. Behav. Ther. 7, 463 (1976).Google Scholar
  113. Hall, S. M.: Self-control and therapist control in the behavioral treatment of overweight women. Behav. Res. Ther. 10, 59 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Hall, S. M.: Behavioral treatment of obesity: A two-year follow-up. Behav. Res. Ther. 11, 647 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Hall, S. M., Hall, R. G., Bordon, B. L., Hanson, R. W.: Follow-up strategies in the behavioral treatment of overweight. Behav. Res. Ther. 13, 167 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Hall, S. M., Hall, R. G., De Boer, G., O’Kulitch, P.: Self and external management compared with psychotherapy in the control of obesity. Behav. Res. Ther. 15, 89 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Hall, S. M., Hall, R. G., Hanson, R. W., Bordon, B. L.: Permanence of two self-managed treatments of overweight in university and community populations. J. Consult, clin. Psychol. 42, 781 (1974).Google Scholar
  118. Hamburger, W. W.: Emotional aspects of obesity. Med. Clin. N. Amer. 35, 483 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Hamburger, W. W.: Psychological aspects of obesity. Bull. N.Y. Acad. Med. 33, 771 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Hanson, R. W., Bordon, B. L., Hall, S. M., Hall, R. G.: Use of programmed instruction in the teaching self-management skills to overweight adults. Behav. Ther. 7, 366 (1976).Google Scholar
  121. Harmatz, M. G., Lapuc, P.: Behavior modification of overeating in a psychiatric population. J. Consult, clin. Psychol. 32, 583 (1968).Google Scholar
  122. Harris, M. B.: Self-directed program for weight control: A pilot study. J. abnorm. Psychol. 74, 263 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Harris, M. B., Bruner, C. G.: A comparison of a self-control and a contract procedure for weight control. Behav. Res. Ther. 9, 347 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Harris, M. B., Hallbauer, E. S.: Self-directed weight control through eating and exercise. Behav. Res. Ther. 11, 523 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Hartwig, R.: Zum Einfluß der Energiedichte auf das subjektive Sättigungsgefühl. Göttingen: Med. Diss, in Vorbereitung.Google Scholar
  126. Harvey, H. L., Simmons, W. D.: Weight reduction: A study of the group method. Amer. J. med. Sci. 227, 521 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Hashim, S.A., Van Itallie, T. B.: An automatically monitored food dispensing apparatus for the study of food intake in man. Fed. Proc. 23, 82 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Hashim, S.A., Van Itallie, T. B.: Studies in normal and obese subjects with a monitored food dispensing device. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 131, 654 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Hathaway, S. R., McKinley, J. C.: MMPI-Saarbrücken. Handbuch zur deutschen Ausgabe. Stuttgart-Bern: Huber 1963.Google Scholar
  130. Hautzinger, M.: Beratung und Behandlung von Adipositas durch ein verhaltenstherapeutisches Programm. Med. Mschr. 31, 397 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Hautzinger, M.: Verhaltenstraining bei Übergewicht, Salzburg: Müller 1978.Google Scholar
  132. Heckhausen, H.: Die Interaktion der Sozialisationsvariablen in der Genese des Leistungsmotivs. In: Graumann, C. F. (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Psychologie, Bd. 7: Sozialpsychologie. Göttingen: Hogrefe 1972.Google Scholar
  133. Helm, J.: Über Gestalttheorie und Persönlichkeitspsychologie. In: Lersch, P., Thomae, H. (Hrsg.): Handbuch der Psychologie, Bd. 4: Persönlichkeitsforschung und Persönlichkeitstheorie. Göttingen: Hogrefe 1960.Google Scholar
  134. Helms, W.: Zur Psychogenese der manifesten Adipositas auf der Grundlage der Persönlichkeitsstruktur latent adipöser Probanden. Unveröffentl. Diplom-Arbeit, Psychol. Inst. Göttingen, 1978.Google Scholar
  135. Herman, C. P., Mack, D.: Restrained and unrestrained eating. J. Person. 43, 647 (1976).Google Scholar
  136. Herman, C. P., Polivy, J.: Anxiety, restrained and eating behavior. J. abnorm. Psychol. 84, 666 (1975).Google Scholar
  137. Herrmann, T.: Lehrbuch der empirischen Persönlichkeitsforschung. Göttingen: Hogrefe 1972.Google Scholar
  138. Hill, S. W., McCutcheon, N. B.: Eating responses of obese and non-obese humans during dinner meals. Psychosomat. Med. 37, 395 (1975).Google Scholar
  139. Horan, J. J., Johnson, R. G.: Coverant conditioning through a self-management application of the Premack principle: Its effect on weight reduction. Behav. Ther. exp. Psychiat. 2, 243 (1971).Google Scholar
  140. Horan, J. J., Baker, S. B., Hoffman, A.M., Shute, R. E.: Weight loss through variations in the coverant control paradigm. J. Consult, clin. Psychol. 43, 68 (1975).Google Scholar
  141. Howard, A., Bray, G. A.: The age of obesity. Int. J. Obesity 1, 1 (1977).Google Scholar
  142. Huenemann, R. L., Shapiro, L. R., Hampton, M. C., Mitchell, B.W.: A longitudinal study of gross body composition and body confirmation and their association with food and activity in a teen-age population. Amer. J. clin. Nutr. 18, 325 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Hunt, E. E.: Epidemiological considerations. Advanc. Psychosomat. Med. 7, 148 (1972).Google Scholar
  144. Hunt, J. N., Cash, R., Newland, P.: Energy density of food, gastric emptying and obesity. Lancet 8, 905 (1975).Google Scholar
  145. Hunt, J. N., Stubbs, D. F.: The volume and energy content of meals as determinants of gastric emptying. J. Physiol. 245, 209 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. Ingram, D. H.: Psychoanalytic treatment of the obese person. Amer. J. Psychoanal. 36, 127 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Iversen, T., Juel-Nielsen, N., Quaade, F.: Psychogenetic obesity in children with special reference to Hilde Bruch’s theory. Acta paediat. Scand. 41, 574 (1952).Google Scholar
  148. Jacobs, H., Sharma, K.: Taste vs. calories: Sensory and metabolic signals in the control of food intake. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 157, 1084 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Janda, L. H., Rimm, D. C.: Covert sensitization in the treatment of obesity. J. abnorm. Psychol. 80, 34 (1972).Google Scholar
  150. Janke, W.: Methoden der Induktion von Aktiviertheit. In: Schönpflug, W. (Hrsg.): Methoden der Aktivierungsforschung. Stuttgart-Bern: Huber 1969.Google Scholar
  151. Jeffrey, D. B.: A comparison of the effects of external control and self-control on the modification and maintenance of weight. J. abnorm. Psychol. 83, 404 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. Jeffrey, D. B.: Introduction, p. 299. In: Foreyt, J. P. (ed.): Behavioral Treatments in Obesity. Oxford-New York-Toronto: Pergamon Press 1977.Google Scholar
  153. Jeffrey, D. B., Christensen, E. R., Pappas, J. P.: Developing a behavioral program and therapist manual for the treatment of obesity. J. Amer. Coll. Hlth. Ass. 21, 455 (1973).Google Scholar
  154. Jokusch, U.: Bewertung einer Selbstkontrolltherapie des Übergewichts aufgrund langfristiger Nachkontrollen (unveröffent. Manuskript). München: Inst. Therapieforschung 1976.Google Scholar
  155. Jordan, H. A.: Voluntary intragastric feeding: Oral and gastric contributions to food intake and hunger in man. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 68, 498 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Jordan, H. A.: Weight regulation in man — physiological and psychological factors. Obesity Bariat. Med. 2, 42 (1973).Google Scholar
  157. Jordan, H. A., Wieland, W. F., Zebley, S. P., Stellar, E., Stunkard, A. J.: Direct measurement of food intake in man: A method for the objective study of eating behavior. Psychosomat. Med. 28, 836 (1966).Google Scholar
  158. Jung, C. G.: Psychologische Typen. Zürich: Rascher 1921.Google Scholar
  159. Jung, F.: Appetitverhalten von Vorschulkindern unter experimenteller Kontrolle. Prax. Kinderpsychol. 22, 167 (1973).Google Scholar
  160. Jung, F.: Untersuchungen zur Nahrungsaufnahme von Kindern und Neugeborenen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung psychischer Aktivierung. Math.-Nat. Diss., Univ. Göttingen 1975.Google Scholar
  161. Jung, J., Pudel, V.: Zur Auswirkung von psychischer Aktivierung auf die Nahrungsaufnahme von Kindern. Prax. Kinderpsychol. 26, 85 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Kalish, R. A.: Psychosocial aspects of nutritional behavior; a comparative study. Proc. 7th Int. Congr. Gerontol. Wash. 2, 70 1969.Google Scholar
  163. Kanfer, F. H.: The maintenance of behaviour by self-generated stimuli and reinforcement. In: Jacobs, A., Sachs, L. B. (eds.): Psychology of Private Events. New York — London: Academic Press 1971.Google Scholar
  164. Kanfer, F. H., Phillips, J. S.: Lerntheoretische Grundlagen der Verhaltenstherapie. München: Kindler 1975.Google Scholar
  165. Kaplan, H. I., Kaplan, H. S.: The psychosomatic concept of obesity. J. nerv. Ment. Dis. 125, 181 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. Karp, S.A., Pardes, H.: Psychological differentiation (field dependence) in women. Psychosomat. Med. 27, 238 (1965).Google Scholar
  167. Katz, D.: Hunger und Appetit. Leipzig: Barth 1932.Google Scholar
  168. Kekwick, A., Pawan, G. L.: Calorie intake in relation to body weight changes in the obese. Lancet II, 155 (1956).Google Scholar
  169. Kennedy, W. A., Foreyt, J. P.: Control of eating behavior in an obese patient by avoidance conditioning. Psychol. Rep. 22, 571 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Keyes, A., Brozek, J., Herschel, A., Mickelson, D., Taylor, H.: The Biology of Human Starvation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press 1950.Google Scholar
  171. Keys, J.: Obesity and heart disease. J. chron. Dis. 1, 456 (1955).Google Scholar
  172. Kindermann, F. W. K.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen zur kurzfristigen Sättigungskontrolle beim Menschen. Diss., Univ. Düsseldorf 1976.Google Scholar
  173. Klar, H.: Zur Prophylaxe der psychisch bedingten Fettsucht. Med. Welt 3, 150 (1965).Google Scholar
  174. Klein, B., Steele, R. L., Simon, W. E., Primavera, L. H.: Reinforcement and weight loss in schizophrenics. Psychol. Rep. 30, 581 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Kotkov, B.: Experiences in group psychotherapy with the obese. Psychosomat. Med. 15, 243 (1953).Google Scholar
  176. Kotkov, B., Goodman, M.: The draw-a-person test of obese women. J. clin. Psychol. 9, 362 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Kotkov, B., Murawski, B.: A Rorschach study of the personality structure of obese women. J. clin. Psychol. 8, 391 (1952).Google Scholar
  178. Krauth, J., Lienert, G. A.: Die Konfigurationsfrequenzanalyse und ihre Anwendung in Psychologie und Medizin. Freiburg — München: Alber 1973.Google Scholar
  179. Krotkiewski, M., Sjöström, L., Björntorp, P., Carlgren, G., Garellick, G., Smith, U.: Adipose tissue cellularity in relation to prognosis for weight reduction. Int. J. Obesity 1, 417 (1977).Google Scholar
  180. Krüskemper, G. M., Schlegel, S.: Die Persönlichkeitsstruktur (MMPI) adi-pöser Frauen und ihre Bedeutung für die Initialphase der diätetischen Gewichtsreduktion. Inn. Med. 4, 17 (1977).Google Scholar
  181. Krumbacher, K., Meyer, J.-E.: Das Appetitverhalten des Gesunden unter emotionalem Streß. Z. Psychosomat. Med. 9, 89 (1963).Google Scholar
  182. Kübler, W.: Behandlung der Fettsucht im Kindesalter. Bibl. Nutr. Dieta 26, 36 (1978).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Kurlander, A.B.: Group therapy in reducing. J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 62, 22 (1973).Google Scholar
  184. Le Magnen, J.: Interactions of glucostatic and lipostatic mechanisms in the regulatory control of feeding. In: Hunger — Basic Mechanisms and Clinical Implications. Novin, D., Wyrwicka, W., Bray, G. (eds.). New York: Raven Press 1976.Google Scholar
  185. Leckie, E. V., Withers, R. F.: Obesity and depression. J. Psychosomat. Res. 11, 107 (1967).Google Scholar
  186. Leon, G. R.: Emotional arousal eating patterns, and body image as differential factors associated with varying success in maintenance a weight loss. J. Consult, clin. Psychol. 40, 474 (1973).Google Scholar
  187. Leon, G. R.: Current directions in the treatment of obesity. Psychol. Bull. 83, 557 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. Leon, G. R., Roth, L.: Obesity: psychological causes, correlations and speculations. Psychol. Bull. 84, 117 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Levitz, L. S., Stunkard, A. J.: A therapeutic coalition for obesity: Behavior modification and patient self-help. Amer. J. Psychiat. 131, 423 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Lewin, K.: A Dynamical Theory of Personality. New York-London: McGraw Hill 1935.Google Scholar
  191. Liebermeister, H.: Prognose der Fettsucht. Lebensvers. Med. 25, 80 (1973).Google Scholar
  192. Linton, P. H., Conley, M., Kuechenmeister, C., McClusky, H.: Satiety and obesity. Amer. J. clin. Nutr. 25, 368 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. London, A., Schreiber, E. D.: A controlled study of the effects of group discussions and an anorexiant in outpatient treatment of obesity. Ann. intern. Med. 65, 80 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. Mahoney, M. J.: Self-reward and self-monitoring techniques for weight control. Behav. Ther. 5, 48 (1974).Google Scholar
  195. Mahoney, M. J.: The obese eating style: bites, beliefs, and behavior modification. Addict. Behav. 1, 47 (1975 a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. Mahoney, M. J.: Fat fiction. Behav. Ther. 6, 416 (1975b).Google Scholar
  197. Mahoney, M. J.: Kognitive Verhaltenstherapie. München: Pfeiffer 1977.Google Scholar
  198. Mahoney, M. J., Moura, N. G., Wade, T. C.: Relative efficacy of self-reward, self-punishment, and self-monitoring techniques for weight loss. J. Consult. clin. Psychol. 40, 404 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. Maisch, H.: Theoretical remarks on pathogenesis of misperception of hunger in obese children. In: Regulation of Hunger and Satiety. 7th Congr. Nutr. (Hamburg) 2, 54 (1966).Google Scholar
  200. Maletzky, B. M.: „Assisted“ covert sensitization: a preliminary report. Behav. Ther. 4, 117 (1973).Google Scholar
  201. Mann, G. V.: The influence of obesity on health. New Engl. J. Med. 291, 178 + 226 (1974).Google Scholar
  202. Mann, R. A.: The behavior-therapeutic use of contingency contracting to control an adult behavior problem: Weight control. J. app. Behav. Analys. 5, 99 (1972).Google Scholar
  203. Mann, R. A.: The use of contingency contracting to facilitate durability of behavior change: Weight loss maintenance. Addict. Behav. 1, 245 (1976).Google Scholar
  204. Manno, B., Marston, A. R.: Weight reduction as a function of negative covert reinforcement (sensitization) versus positive covert reinforcement. Behav. Res. Ther. 10, 201 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. March, H.: Untersuchungen zum hyperphagen Reaktionstypus. Z. Psychosomat. Med. 15, 272 (1969).Google Scholar
  206. Marston, A. R., London, P., Cooper, L., Cohen, N.: In vivo observation of the eating behavior of obese and non-obese subjects. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. I. London: Newman 1975.Google Scholar
  207. Martin, D. G., Hawryluk, G. A., Gerson, A.: Obesity, conditionability, and perceived locus of control. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. I. London: Newman 1975.Google Scholar
  208. Martin, J. E., Sachs, D. A.: The effects of a self-control weight loss program on an obese woman. J. Behav. Ther. exp. Psychiat. 4, 155 (1973).Google Scholar
  209. Mason, E.: Obesity in pet dogs. Vet. Rec. 86, 612 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. Matson, J. L.: Social reinforcement by the spouse in weight control: A case study. J. Behav. Ther. exp. Psychiat. 8, 327 (1977).Google Scholar
  211. Mayer, J.: Glucostatic mechanism of regulation of food intake. New Engl. J Med. 249, 13 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. Mayer, J.: Regulation of energy intake and the body weight: The glucostatic theory and the lipostatic hypothesis. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 63, 15 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. Mayer, J., Monello, L. F., Selter, C. C.: Hunger and satiety sensations in man. Postgrad. Med. 37, 97 (1965).Google Scholar
  214. McFarland, D. J.: Feedback Mechanisms in Animal Behavior. London-New York: Acad. Press. 1971.Google Scholar
  215. McKenna, R. J.: Some effects of anxiety level and food cues on the eating behavior of obese and normal weight subjects. A comparison of the Schachterian and the psychosomatic conceptions. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 22, 311 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. McLean Baird, J., Silverstone, T., Grimshaw, J. J., Ashwell, M.: Prevalence of obesity in a London borough. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. I. London: Newman, 1975.Google Scholar
  217. McReynolds, W. T.: Behavior therapy for obesity. Nebraska State Med. J. 61, 196 (1976).Google Scholar
  218. Mendelson, M., Weinberg, N., Stunkard, A. J.: Obesity in man: A clinical study of twenty-five cases. Ann. intern. Med. 54, 660 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. Metzdorff, M.: Untersuchungen zu Schachters Hypothese. Psychol. Dipl.-Arb. Univ. Göttingen 1973.Google Scholar
  220. Meyer, J.-E., Pudel, V.: Experimental studies on food intake in obese and normal weight subjects. J. Psychosomat. Res. 16, 305 (1972).Google Scholar
  221. Meyer, J.-E., Pudel, V.: Die Fettsucht als Störung des Appetitverhaltens. II. Psychosoziale und psychodynamische Aspekte der Fettsucht. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 99, 648 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. Meyer, J.-E., Pudel, V.: Experimental feeding in man: A behavioral approach to obesity. Psychosomat. Med. 39, 153 (1977).Google Scholar
  223. Meyer, J.-E., Tuchelt-Gallwitz, A.: Psychiatrisch-psychologische Untersuchungen an weiblichen Fettsüchtigen. Z. Psychosomat. Med. 13, 73 (1967).Google Scholar
  224. Meyer, J.-E., Tuchelt-Gallwitz, A.: A study on social image, body image and the problem of psychogenetic factors in obesity. Compreh. Psychiat. 9, 148 (1968).Google Scholar
  225. Meyer, V., Chesser, E. S.: Verhaltenstherapie in der klinischen Psychiatric. Stuttgart: Thieme 1971.Google Scholar
  226. Meyer, V., Crisp, A. H.: Aversion therapy in two cases of obesity. Behav. Res. Ther. 2, 143 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  227. Mohl, H., Inzinger, M., Richter, M.: Iß das Richtige. München: Mosaik 1977.Google Scholar
  228. Moore, C. H., Crum, B. C.: Weight reduction in a chronic schizophrenic by means of operant conditioning procedures: A case study. Behav. Res. Ther. 7, 129 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Moore, M. E., Stunkard, A. J., Srole, L.: Obesity, social class and mental illness. J. Amer. med. Ass. 181, 138 (1962).Google Scholar
  230. Morganstern, K. P.: Cigarette smoke as a noxious stimulus in self-managed aversion therapy for compulsive eating: Technique and case illustration. Behav. Ther. 5, 255 (1974).Google Scholar
  231. Munves, E. D.: Dietetic interview or group discussion-decision in reducing? J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 29, 1197 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. Murray, D.C., Harrington, L.G.: Covert aversive sensitization in the treatment of obesity. Psychol. Rep. 30, 560 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. Nisbett, R.E.: Determinants of food intake in human obesity. Science 159, 1254 (1968a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  234. Nisbett, R. E.: Taste, deprivation and weight determinants of eating behavior, J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 10, 107 (1968b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. Nisbett, R. E.: Hunger, obesity, and the ventromedial hypothalamus. Psychol. Rev. 79, 433 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. Nisbett, R. E., Kanouse, D. E.: Obesity, food deprivation and supermarket shopping behavior. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 12, 289 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. Nisbett, R. E., Storms, M. D.: Cognitive and social determinants of food intake. In: Nisbett, R. E., London, H. S. (eds.): Cognitive Alteration of Feeling States. Detroit: Aldine 1971.Google Scholar
  238. Oberwittler, W., Schulte, H., Paravassiliov, K.: Vergleich verschiedener Indices zur Beurteilung des relativen Körpergewichts. Med. Welt 25, 1269 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Oetting, M.: Die Regulation menschlicher Nahrungsaufnahme unter internexterner Reizdiskrepanz. Math.-Nat. Diss., Univ. Göttingen 1977.Google Scholar
  240. Orne, M. T.: On the social psychology of the psychological experiment. Amer. Psychol. 17, 776 (1962).Google Scholar
  241. Osserman, K. E., Dolger, H. O.: Obesity in diabetes: A study of therapy with anorexigenic drugs. Ann. intern. Med. 34, 72 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. Pavlov, I.: Conditioned Reflexes. London: Oxford Univ. Press 1927.Google Scholar
  243. Penick, S. B., Filion, R., Fox, S., Stunkard, A. J.: Behavior modification in the treatment of obesity. Psychosomat. Med. 33, 49 (1971).Google Scholar
  244. Pflanz, M.: Medizinisch-soziologische Aspekte der Fettsucht. Psyche 16, 575 (1962/63).Google Scholar
  245. Pflanz, M.: Soziologische Beziehung des Übergewichts. Vortrag 6. 12.1977, Göttingen.Google Scholar
  246. Pliner, P.: Effect of external cues on the thinking behavior of obese and normal subjects. J. abnorm. Psychol. 82, 233 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  247. Pliner, P.: On the generalizability of the externality hypothesis. In: Schachter, S., Rodin, J. (eds.): Obese humans and rats. Washington D. C.: Erl-baum-Halstead 1974.Google Scholar
  248. Pohle-Flauss, H., Schramml, W. J.: Familiensituation bei fettsüchtigen Kindern. Z. klin. Psychother. 20, 249 (1972).Google Scholar
  249. Price, J., Grinker, J.: Effects of degree of obesity, food deprivation, and palatability on eating behavior of humans. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 85, 265 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  250. Price, J., Sheposh, J. P., Tiano, F. E.: A direct test of Schachter’s internal-external theory of obesity in a naturalistic setting. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. I, London: Newman 1975.Google Scholar
  251. Pudel, V.: Food-Dispenser — eine Methodik zur Untersuchung des spontanen’ Appetitverhaltens. Z. Ernährungswiss. 10, 382 (1971a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. Pudel, V.: Experimentelle Untersuchungen über das menschliche Appetitverhalten unter Streß. Z. Psychosomat. Med. 17, 347 (1971b).Google Scholar
  253. Pudel, V.: Appetitverhalten unter experimenteller Kontrolle. Math.-Nat. Diss., Univ. Göttingen 1972.Google Scholar
  254. Pudel, V.: Der Einfluß vorgetäuschter Kalorien auf das Sättigungsgefühl Übergewichtiger. Z. exp. angew. Psychol. 20, 653 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  255. Pudel, V.: Das Check-List-Protokoll als einfache Methode zur Erfassung der Ernährungsgewohnheiten Adipöser. Intern. Z. Vit. Ernähr. Forsch. 44, 246 (1974).Google Scholar
  256. Pudel, V.: Experimental feeding in man. In: Silverstone, T. (ed.): Appetite and Food Intake. Berlin: Dahlem Konferenzen 1976 (a).Google Scholar
  257. Pudel, V.: Ernährungspsychologische Grundlagen des menschlichen Appetitverhaltens — mit besonderem Bezug zum Lebensalter und zur einfachen Adipositas. Habil. Univ. Göttingen 1976 (b).Google Scholar
  258. Pudel, V.: Adipositas — Bilanzproblem oder Verhaltensstörung. Akt. Ernäh-rungsmed. 2, 47 (1976 c).Google Scholar
  259. Pudel, V.: Human feeding in the laboratory. In: Bray, G. (ed.): Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. II. London: Newman 1978.Google Scholar
  260. Pudel, V., Jung, F.: Psychologische und psychosoziale Faktoren bei der Genese der kindlichen Adipositas. Mschr. Kinderheilk. 123, 255 (1975 a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  261. Pudel, V., Meyer, J.-E.: Die Fettsucht als Störung des Appetitverhaltens. I. Experimentelle Untersuchungen der Appetit- und Sättigungsregulation. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 99, 618 (1974).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  262. Pudel, V., Metzdorff, M., Oetting, M.: Zur Persönlichkeit Adipöser in psychologischen Tests unter Berücksichtigung latent Fettsüchtiger. Z. Psychosomat. Med. 21, 345 (1975b).Google Scholar
  263. Pudel, V., Oetting, M.: Eating in the laboratory: Behavioral aspects of the positive energy balance. Int. J. Obesity 1, 369 (1977).Google Scholar
  264. Quaade, F.: On psychogenetic obesity in children. Acta paed. Scand. 42, 191 (1953).Google Scholar
  265. Rado, S.: The psychoanalysis of pharmacothymia. Psychoanal. Quart. 2, 1 (1933).Google Scholar
  266. Reiss, M.: Determinanten und Verhaltenstherapie bei Übergewicht. Habil. Univ. Münster 1975.Google Scholar
  267. Reiss, M.: Langfristige Erfahrungen mit einem verhaltenstherapeutischen Programm zur Veränderung von Eßgewohnheiten. Ernähr.-Umschau 24, 47 (1977).Google Scholar
  268. Richter, M.: Die Behandlung des Übergewichts mit Hilfe der Selbstkontrollmethode. Forschungsbericht. München: Inst. Therapieforschung 1976.Google Scholar
  269. Ries, W.: Fettsucht. Leipzig: Barth 1970.Google Scholar
  270. Riesman, D.: The lonely crowd. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press 1952.Google Scholar
  271. Rodgers, S., Burnet, R., Goss, A., Phillips, P., Goldney, R., Kimber, C., Thomas, D., Harding, P., Wise, P.: Jaw wiring in treatment of obesity. Lancet I, 1221 (1977).Google Scholar
  272. Rodin, J.: Causes and consequences of time perception differences in overweight and normalweight people. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 31, 898 (1975 a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  273. Rodin, J.: Obesity and external responsiveness. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. I. London: Newman 1975 (b).Google Scholar
  274. Rodin, J.: The relationship between external responsiveness and the development and maintenance of obesity. In: Novin, D., Wyrwicka, W., Bray, G. (eds.): Hunger — Basic Mechanisms and Clinical Implications. New York: Raven Press 1976 (a).Google Scholar
  275. Rodin, J.: The role of perception of internal and external signals on the regulation of feeding in overweight and nonobese individuals. In: Silverstone, T. (ed.): Appetite and Food Intake. Berlin: Dahlem Konferenzen 1976 (b).Google Scholar
  276. Rodin, J., Slochower, J.: Externality in the nonobese: Effects of environmental responsiveness on weight. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 33, 338 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  277. Romanczyk, R. G.: Self-monitoring in the treatment of obesity: Parameters of reactivity. Behav. Ther. 5, 531 (1974).Google Scholar
  278. Romanczyk, R. G., Tracey, D. A., Wilson, G. T., Thorpe, G. L.: Behavioral techniques in the treatment of obesity: A comparative analysis. Behav. Res. Ther. 11, 629 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  279. Rosenthal, R.: Experimenter Effects in Behavioral Research. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts 1966.Google Scholar
  280. Rotter, J. B.: Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychol. Monogr. 80, 1 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  281. Rozensky, R. H., Bellack, A. S.: Individual differences in self-reinforcement style and performance in self- and therapist-controlled weight reduction programs. Behav. Res. Ther. 14, 357 (1976).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  282. Sachs, L. B., Ingram, G. L.: Covert sensitization as a treatment for weight control. Psychol. Rep. 30, 971 (1972).Google Scholar
  283. Schachter, S.: The interaction of cognitive and physiological determinants of emotional state. In: Berkowitz, L. (ed.): Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. New York: Acad. Press 1964.Google Scholar
  284. Schachter, S.: Emotion, Obesity, and Crime. New York: Acad. Press 1971 (a).Google Scholar
  285. Schachter, S.: Some extraordinary facts about humans and rats. Amer. Psychol. 26, 129 (1971b).Google Scholar
  286. Schachter, S., Goldman, R., Gordon, A.: Effects of fear, food deprivation and obesity on eating. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 10, 91 (1968 a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  287. Schachter, S., Gross, L. P.: Manipulated time and eating behavior. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 10, 98 (1968 b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  288. Schmalbach, K.: Eine Familie, „in der man mit 40 Jahren dick wird“. Schweiz. Arch. Neurol. Psychiat. 72, 258 (1973).Google Scholar
  289. Schulte, D.: Feldabhängigkeit in der Wahrnehmung. Psychol. Univers. 27, Meisenheim: Hain 1974.Google Scholar
  290. Schumaker, J. F., Wagner, M. K.: External-cue responsivity as a function of age of onset of obesity. J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 70, 275 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. Schumaker, J. F., Wagner, M. K., Grodnitzky, B. H., Lockwood, G. E.: Eating behaviors and the effectiveness of behavioral training and psychotherapy approaches to weight reduction. Obesity Bariat. Med. 5, 136 (1976).Google Scholar
  292. Seltzer, C. C.: Some re-evaluations of the build and blood pressure study, 1959, as related to ponderal index, somatotype and mortality. New Engl. J. Med. 274, 254 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  293. Selvini, M. P.: Die Bildung des Körperbewußtseins: Die Ernährung des Kindes als Lernprozeß. Psychother. Psychosom. 15, 293 (1967).Google Scholar
  294. Shaw, J. C.: The influence of food type and method of presentation on human ingestive behavior. Doct. diss., Univ. Pennsylvania 1973.Google Scholar
  295. Shipman, W. G.: Body image distortion in obese women. Abstract. Psychoso-mat. Med. 29, 540 (1967).Google Scholar
  296. Shipman, W. G.: Early experiences associated with later obesity. Chicago: Ann. Meet. Midwest. Psychol. Ass. 1968.Google Scholar
  297. Shorovon, J. H., Richardson, J. S.: Sudden obesity and psychological trauma. Brit. med. J. Nr. 4634, 951 (1949).Google Scholar
  298. Silverstone, T.: Psychosocial aspects of obesity. Proc. roy. Soc. Med. 4, 371 (1968).Google Scholar
  299. Silverstone, T.: Appetite and Food Intake. Berlin: Dahlem Konferenzen 1976.Google Scholar
  300. Silverstone, T., Gordon, R. P., Stunkard, A. J.: Social factors in obesity in London. Practitioner 202, 682 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. Sims, E., Goldman, R., Gluck, C., Harton, E., Kelleher, P., Rowe, D.: Experimental obesity in man. Trans. Ass. Amer. Phys. 81, 153 (1968).Google Scholar
  302. Singh, D.: Role of response habits and cognitive factors in determination of behavior of obese humans. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 27, 220 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  303. Snow, D. L., Held, M. L.: Relation between locus of control and the MMPI with obese female adolescents. J. clin. Psychol. 29, 24 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  304. Society of Actuaries: Build and Blood Pressure Study 1959. Chicago 1959.Google Scholar
  305. Spence, K. W., Spence, J. T.: Relation of eyelid conditioning to manifest anxiety, extraversion, and rigidity. J. abnorm. Soc. Psychol. 68, 144 (1964).Google Scholar
  306. Spiegel, T.: Caloric regulation of food intake in man. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 84, 24 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  307. Srole, L., Langner, T. S., Michael, S. T., Opler, M. K., Rennie, T. A.: Mental health in the metropolis: The Midtown Manhattan Study. New York: McGraw-Hill 1962.Google Scholar
  308. Stauder, K. H.: Studien zur Psychologie und Psychotherapie der Fettsüchtigen. Psyche 12, 641 (1959).Google Scholar
  309. Stollak, G. E.: Weight loss obtained under different experimental procedures. Psychotherapy: Therapy, Research and Practice 4, 61 (1967).Google Scholar
  310. Stuart, R. B.: Behavioral control of overeating. Behav. Res. Ther. 5, 357 (1967).Google Scholar
  311. Stuart, R. B.: A three-dimensional program for the treatment of obesity. Behav. Res. Ther. 9, 177 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  312. Stuart, R. B., Davis, B.: Slim Chance in a Fat World. Behavioral control of overeating. Illinois: Champaign 1972.Google Scholar
  313. Stunkard, A. J.: The management of obesity. N.Y. State J. Med. 58, 79 (1958).Google Scholar
  314. Stunkard, A. J.: Obesity and the denial of hunger. Psychosomat. Med. 21, 281 (1959a).Google Scholar
  315. Stunkard, A. J.: Eating patterns and obesity. Psychiat. Quart. 33, 284 (1959b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  316. Stunkard, A. J.: New therapies for the eating disorders: Behavior modification of obesity and anorexia nervosa. Arch. gen. Psychiat. 26, 391 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  317. Stunkard, A. J.: Studies on TOPS: A self-help group for obesity. In: Bray, G. A. (ed.): Obesity in Perspective. Department of Publ. Health, Education and Welfare. Washington: NIH (Pub. No. 75–708) 1974.Google Scholar
  318. Stunkard, A. J.: Obesity and the social environment. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. I. London: Newman 1975.Google Scholar
  319. Stunkard, A. J., D’Aquili, E., Fox, S., Filion, R. D.: Influence of social class on obesity and thinness of children. J. Amer. med. Ass. 221, 579 (1972).Google Scholar
  320. Stunkard, A. J., Burt, V.: Obesity and the body image: II. Age onset disturbances in the body image. Amer. J. Psychiat. 123, 1443 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  321. Stunkard, A. J., Kaplan, D.: Eating in public places: A review of reports of the direct observation of eating behavior. Int. J. Obesity 1, 89 (1977).Google Scholar
  322. Stunkard, A. J., Koch, C.: The interpretation of gastric motility: I. Apparent bias in the reports of hunger by obese persons. Arch. gen. Psychiat. 11, 74 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  323. Stunkard, A. J., Levine, H., Fox, S.: The management of obesity: Patient self-help and medical treatment. Arch. intern. Med. 125, 1067 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  324. Stunkard, A. J., McLaren-Hume, M.: The results of treatment for obesity. A.M.A. Arch. intern. Med. 103, 79 (1959).Google Scholar
  325. Stunkard, A. J., Mendelson, M.: Obesity and the body image: I. Characteristics of disturbances in the body image of some obese persons. Amer. J. Psychiat. 123, 1296 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. Suczek, R. F.: The personality of obese woman. Amer. J. clin. Nutr. 5, 197 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  327. Thorpe, J. G., Schmidt, E., Brown, P. T., Castell, D.: Aversion-relief therapy: A new method for general application. Behav. Res. Ther. 2, 71 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  328. Tolstrup, K.: On psychogenetic obesity in children. Acta paed. Scand. 42, 289 (1953).Google Scholar
  329. Tom, G., Rucker, M.: Fat, full and happy: Effects of food deprivation, external cues and obesity on preference ratings, consumption and buying intentions. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 32, 761 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  330. Tyler, V. O., Straughan, J. H.: Coverant control and breath holding as techniques for the treatment of obesity. Psychol. Rec. 20, 473 (1970).Google Scholar
  331. Upper, D., Newton, J. G.: A weight-reduction program for schizophrenic patients on a token economy unit: Two case studies. J. Behav. Ther. exp. Psychiat. 2, 113 (1971).Google Scholar
  332. Van Itallie, T. B., Campbell, R. C.: Multidisciplinary approach to the problem of obesity. J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 61, 385 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  333. Vann, D. H.: Components of attitudes toward the obese including presumed responsability for the condition. Proc. 78th Ann. Conv. Amer. Psychiat. Ass. p. 695 (1970).Google Scholar
  334. Verband Deutscher Rentenversicherungsträger: Fettsucht in sozial-medizinischer Sicht. Schriftenreihe zur Fortbildung. Frankfurt: Kristandt 1972.Google Scholar
  335. Wagner, M., Hewitt, M. I.: Oral satiety in the obese and non-obese. J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 67, 344 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  336. Walike, B. C., Jordan, H. A., Stellar, E.: Preloading and the regulation of food intake in man. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 68, 327 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  337. Wallis, H.: Psychosomatische Behandlungskonzepte der Adipositas im Kindesalter. Mschr. Kinderheilk. 123, 264 (1975).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. Wander GmbH (Hrsg.): Ernährungstraining. Frankfurt: Wander GmbH 1976.Google Scholar
  339. Warner, K. E., Balagura, S.: Intramural eating patterns of obese and non-obese humans. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 81, 778 (1975).Google Scholar
  340. Weil, W. B.: Current controversies in childhood obesity. J. Pediat. 91, 175 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. Weinberg, N., Mendelson, M., Stunkard, A. J.: A failure to find distinctive personality features in a group of obese men. Amer. J. Psychiat. 117, 1035 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  342. Weiss, A. R.: A behavioral approach to the treatment of adolescent obesity. Behav. Ther. 8, 720 (1977).Google Scholar
  343. Weiss, E., English, O.S.: Psychosomatic Medicine. Philadelphia-London: Saunders 1947.Google Scholar
  344. Werkman, S. L., Greenberg, E. S.: Personality and interest patterns in obese adolecent girls. Psychosomat. Med. 19, 72 (1967).Google Scholar
  345. Wijesinghe, B.: Massed electrical aversion treatment of compulsive eating. J. Behav. Ther. exp. Psychiat. 4, 133 (1973).Google Scholar
  346. Witkin, H. A.: Individual differences in ease of perception of embedded figures. J. Personal. 19, 1 (1950).Google Scholar
  347. Witkin, H. A.: Development of the body concept and psychological differentiation. In: Wagner, S., Werner, H. (eds.): The Body Percept. New York: Randon House 1965.Google Scholar
  348. Wollersheim, J. P.: Effectiveness of group therapy based upon learning principles in the treatment of overweight women. J. abnorm. Psychol. 76, 462 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  349. Wooley, O. W.: Long-term food regulation in the obese and non-obese. Psychosomat. Med. 33, 436 (1971).Google Scholar
  350. Wooley, S. C., Wooley, O. W.: Salivation to the sight and thought of food: A new measure of appetite. Psychosomat. Med. 35, 136 (1973).Google Scholar
  351. Wooley, O. W., Wooley, S. C., Dunham, R. B.: Can calories be perceived and do they affect hunger in obese and nonobese humans. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 80, 250 (1972 a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  352. Wooley, O. W., Wooley, S. C., Dunham, R. B.: Calories and sweet taste: Effects on sucrose preference in the obese and nonobese. Physiol. Behav. 9, 765 (1972b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  353. Wooley, O. W., Wooley, S. C., Turner, K.: The effects of rate of consumption on appetite in the obese and nonobese. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research. Vol. I. London: Newman 1975 (a).Google Scholar
  354. Wooley, O. W., Wooley, S. C., Williams, B. S.: Appetite measure made more sensitive. Abstract. Proc. 2nd Int. Congr. Obesity. Washington D. C. 1978 (a).Google Scholar
  355. Wooley, O. W., Wooley, S. C., Williams, B. S.: Restraint of appetite and sensivity to calories. Abstract. Proc. 2nd. Int. Congr. Obesity. Washington D. C. 1978 (b).Google Scholar
  356. Wooley, O. W., Wooley, S. C., Woods, W. A.: Effects of calories on appetite for palatable food in obese and nonobese humans. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 89, 619 (1975b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  357. Wooley, S. C.: Physiologic versus cognitive factors in short term food regulation in the obese and nonobese. Psychosomat. Med. 34, 62 (1972).Google Scholar
  358. Wooley, S. C. et al.: Psychological aspects of feeding. Group report. In: Silverstone, T. (ed.): Appetite and Food Intake. Dahlem Konferenzen. Berlin: Abakon 1976.Google Scholar
  359. Wooley, S. C.; Tennenbaum, D., Wooley, O. W.: A naturalistic observation of the influence of palatability of food choices of obese and non-obese. Psychosomat. Med. in press (1978 c).Google Scholar
  360. Wooley, S. C., Wooley, O. W., Dunham, R.: Appetitive salivary responses: A study of obese-normal differences. In: Howard, A. (ed.): Recent Advances in Obesity Research, Vol. I. London: Newman 1975 (c).Google Scholar
  361. Young, C. M., Moore, N. S., Berresford, K., Einset, B. M., Waldner, B. G.: The problem of the obese patient. J. Amer. Diet. Ass. 31, 1111 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volker Pudel
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychiatrischen Universitätsklinik GöttingenGöttingenDeutschland

Personalised recommendations