Urinary cytology is mostly used for the detection of malignant tumors of the urinary tract. This excepts tumors from the kidney and prostate parenchyma, which as a rule cannot be detected by means of cells in urine. Since this chiefly involves cancers originating from transitional epithelium, we have the experience that above all
can usually be earlier detected cytologically than with conventional diagnostic aids such as X-ray and endoscopy.
tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter, and
carcinoma-in-situ (anywhere in the urinary tract)
© Springer-Verlag, Berlin · Heidelberg 1977