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Acne pp 204-207 | Cite as

Masculinizing Syndromes

  • Gerd Plewig
  • Albert M. Kligman

Abstract

Acne is a frequent but not inevitable manifestation of masculinizing disorders. Many different syndromes are now recognized and can be accurately diagnosed by the powerful tools of modern endocrinology. All have in common the excessive production of androgens. The main sources are abnormalities of the ovaries and adrenals, neoplasms and hyperplasias being by far the commonest. Awareness has grown that androgen stimulation often derives from ectopic sources. For instance, bronchial carcinomas may secrete polypeptides such as ACTH which may in turn stimulate abnormal amounts of androgen production in the adrenal cortex. Testosterone is of course the most potent of these but other adrenal androgens are commonly at fault.

Keywords

Adrenal Cortex Wedge Resection Sebaceous Gland Adrenal Androgen Androgen Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Freinkel, R.K., Freinkel, N.: Dermatologic manifestations of endocrine disorders. In: Dermatology in general medicine (eds. T.B. Fitzpatrick, et al.), p. 1434–1459. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company 1971.Google Scholar
  2. Janovski, N.A., Paramanandhan, T.L.: Ovarian tumors. Ovarian tumors of sex differentiated (sex cord) mesenchymal origin (potentially steroid producing ovarian tumors), chapt. 4, p. 61–65. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme 1973.Google Scholar
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  4. Segre, E.J.: Androgens, virilization and the hirsute female. Springfield: Thomas 1967.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerd Plewig
    • 1
  • Albert M. Kligman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity of MunichMunich 2Germany
  2. 2.School of Medicine, Duhring LaboratoriesUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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