Advertisement

Introduction

  • Ulrich Hauptmanns
  • Wolfgang Werner

Abstract

Risk, that is the possibility of suffering damage, is inseparably associated with human existence. On one hand it results from natural causes like illness or from natural disasters like earthquakes, floods or volcanic eruptions; on the other hand it is a side effect of man’s technological achievements. The risk resulting from the utilization of technical installations is not only the subject of research in engineering itself, but also in jurisprudence and sociology [1–5]. In engineering the chief aim is to identify sources of risk, to quantify the risk resulting from them, and to develop and implement measures to reduce it. Legislation has the responsibility to protect man and property from the risks of technical installations; sociology deals with the effects of technology on human life forms and with the problems of acceptance of engineering risks.

Keywords

Event Sequence Annual Frequency Damage Category Expected Frequency Complementary Cumulative Distribution Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Blümel, W.; Wagner, H.: Technische Risiken und Recht. KfK 3275 (1981)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lukes, R. (Hrsg.): Gefahren und Gefahrenbeurteilung im Recht Bd.I–II. Köln, Berlin, Bonn, München 1980Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bochmann, H.-P.: Gefahrenabwehr und Schadensvorsorge bei der Auslegung von Kernkraftwerken (Vortrag beim 7. Atomrechtssymposium). Göttingen 16–17. März 1983. Schriftenreihe Recht, Technik, Wirtschaft Bd. 31, Köln 1983Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Renn, O.: Wahrnehmung und Akzeptanz technischer Risiken Bd. I–IV. Jül-Spez-97 (1981)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rowe, W.D.: An anatomy of risk. New York, London, Sydney, Toronto 1977Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hartwig, S. (Hrsg.): Große technische Gefahrenpotentiale — Risikoanalysen und Sicherheitsfragen —. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1983Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    LPG, A study — A comparative analysis of the risks inherent in the storage, transshipment, transport and use of LPG and motor spirit. TNO, Apeldoorn 1983Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goldschmidt, L.; Beck, G.; Bill, F.: The Danish Energy Authorities’ use of risk analysis. SRE Symposium 1987, Helsingor, Denmark, Oct. 1987Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Risk Assessment — A Study Group Report. The Royal Society. London 1983Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Inman, W.H.W.: Risks in medical intervention; in: M.G. Cooper (Ed.) Risk — man-made hazards to man. Oxford 1985Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kaplan, S.; Garrick, B.J.: On the quantitative definition of risk. Risk Analysis, Vol 1, No. 1 (1981) 11–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Deutsche Risikostudie Kernkraftwerke. Eine Untersuchung zu dem durch Störfälle in Kernkraftwerken verursachten Risiko. Köln 1979Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Reactor safety study — An assessment of accident risks in US commercial nuclear power plants. WASH 1400 (NUREG-75/014) 1975Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Deutsche Risikostudie Kernkraftwerke-Phase B. Köln 1990Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Severe accident risks: An assessment of five US nuclear power plants. NUREG-1150 (Vols 1 and 2, June 1989, Second draft for peer review)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sizewell B — Probabilistic safety study. WCAP 9991 Rev. 1Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Risikoorientierte Analyse zum SNR-300. GRS-51, Köln 1982Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    HTGR accident initiation and progression analysis status report. ERDA-Report, GA-A-13617, I–VII, General Atomic Company, 1975–1976Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sicherheitsstudie für HTR — Konzepte unter deutschen Standortbedingungen. Hauptband zur Phase IB, Jül-Spez-136 (1981)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Canvey: An investigation of potential hazards from operations in the Canvey Island, Thurrock Area. Health and Safety Executive, London 1978Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Risk analysis of six potentially hazardous industrial objects in the Rijnmond Area — A pilot study. A report to the Rijnmond Public Authority. Dordrecht, Holland / Boston, USA / London, England 1982Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Hauptmanns
    • 1
  • Wolfgang Werner
    • 1
  1. 1.Gesellschaft für ReaktorsicherheitGRSmbHKöln 1Deutschland

Personalised recommendations