The behaviour of manufactured parts is dependent on the structure and properties both of the bulk material and of the surface. Different processes have been developed to treat surfaces and these include diffusion from the gas phase, electrolysis, laser, plasma, ion beam, cladding and thermal treatment. New compositions and new structures can be obtained with important effects on properties such as wear and corrosion. A second category of process dealing with surfaces is related to thin films, particularly in the fields of electronics and optics and these processes involve important applications such as the field of super-conductivity.
KeywordsVortex Carbide Welding Ferrite Austenite
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