Advertisement

Radiation as the Sole Mode of Treatment in Carcinoma of the Breast

  • Robert Amalric
  • Jean-Maurice Spitalier
Part of the Handbuch der Medizinischen Radiologie / Encyclopedia of Medical Radiology book series (HDBRADIOL, volume 19 / 2)

Abstract

In this chapter, we will deal with external irradiation used alone as primary treatment for breast cancer, without previous tumorectomy and without systematic postirradiation mastectomy; surgery is discussed only in connection with failure of radiotherapy and recurrences.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abbatucci, J.S.: Les radiolésions après irradiation pour cancer du sein. J. Radiol. Electrol. 56, 798–804 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Abbatucci, J.S.: Application de la N.S.D. en clinique. J. Radiol. Electrol. 57, 817–825 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Abbatucci, J.S., Quint, R., Bloquel, J., Roussel, A., Urbajtel, M.: Techniques de cobalthérapie radicale, 2ème éd. Paris: Expansion Scientifique 1972Google Scholar
  4. Amalric, R.: Les techniques d’irradiation exclusive des cancers du sein. Technique du Centre Anticancéreux de Marseille. J. Radiol. Electrol. 56, 445 (1975)Google Scholar
  5. Amalric, R., Spitalier, J.M.: Césiumthérapie curative des cancers du sein. Paris: Masson 1973aGoogle Scholar
  6. Amalric, R., Spitalier, J.M.: Kurative Cäsium 137 Teletherapie des Brustkrebses. Strahlentherapie 145, 513–517 (1973b)Google Scholar
  7. Amalric, R., Spitalier, J.M.: La surveillance téléthermographique des cancers du sein irradiés. J. Gynecol. Obstet. Biol. Reprod. (Paris) 4, 895–900 (1975)Google Scholar
  8. Amalric, R., Robert, F., Pollet, J.F., Spitalier, J.M., Ayme, Y., Brandone, H.: Césiumthérapie curative des carcinomes mammaires opérables. Radiazioni di Alta Energia 10, 83–110 (1971)Google Scholar
  9. Amalric, R., Robert, F., Scigle, J., Spitalier, J.M., Brandone, H., Ayme, Y.: Radiothérapie curative seule à espérance conservatrice des cancers du sein opérables. Résultats de 5 ans. Radiazioni di Alta Energia 14, 95–100 (1975)Google Scholar
  10. Amalric, R., Clement, R., Santamaria, F., Ayme, Y., Brandone, H., Clerc, S., Pollet, J.F. d’Estienne d’Orves, J.F., Spitalier, J.M.: Radiothérapie curative à espérance conservatrice des cancers du sein opérables (403 de 5 ans). Bull. Cancer 63, 239–248 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Amalric, R., Santamaria, F., Robert, F., Altschuler, C., Spitalier, J.M., Brandone, H., Ayme, Y., Pollet, J.F.: Radiothérapie curative seule des cancers du sein opérables. Méd. Hyg. 36, 4136–4138 (1978)Google Scholar
  12. Archambault, M., Griem, M.L., Lochman, D.J.: Results of ultrafractionation radiation therapy in breast carcinoma. Am. J. Roentgenol. 91, 62–66 (1964)Google Scholar
  13. Atkins, H.L.: Massive dose technique in radiation therapy of inoperable carcinoma of the breast. Am. J. Roentgenol. 91, 80–89 (1964)Google Scholar
  14. Atkins, H.: The treatment of breast cancer. Lancaster: M.T.P. 1974Google Scholar
  15. Baclesse, F.: Roentgen therapy as sole method of treatment of cancer of breast. Am. J. Roentgenol. 62, 311–319 (1949)Google Scholar
  16. Baclesse, F.: Cancer du sein; Roentgenthérapie seule. J. Radiol. Electrol. 40, 444–446 (1959)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Baclesse, F.: Five years results in 431 breast cancers treated solely by roentgen rays. Ann. Surg. 161, 103–104 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Baclesse, F.: Können mit Kobalt 60 „kurativ“ bestrahlte Mammakarzinome noch operiert werden? Strahlentherapie 131, 1419 (1966)Google Scholar
  19. Baclesse, F.: Conventional irradiation versus cobalt 60 therapy in breast cancer. J.A.M.A. 199, 10 (1967)Google Scholar
  20. Baclesse, F.: Les résultats à 5 ans de la cobalthérapie seule ou pré-opératoire dans les cancers mammaires du stade III. J. Radiol. Electrol. 48, 757 (1967a)Google Scholar
  21. Baclesse, F., Gricouroff, G., Tailhefer, A.: Essai de roentgenthérapie du cancer du sein suivie d’opération large. Résultats histologiques. Bull. Cancer 28, 729–743 (1939)Google Scholar
  22. Baclesse, F., Nezelof, C., Vilde, F.: Cancer du sein. Association cobalthérapie à hautes doses — chirurgie. Confrontations des résultats histologiques, cliniques et évolutifs. Eur. J. Cancer 5, 219–229 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Barker, J.L., Nelson, A.J., Montague, E.D.: Inflammatory carcinoma of the breast. Radiology 121, 173–176 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Barth, G., Schneider, W.: Nouvelles possibilités de la radiothérapie du cancer du sein à l’aide des rayons convergents. Strahlentherapie 87, 77–82 (1952)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Bataini, J.P., Ennuyer, A.: Place et intérêt du faisceau d’électrons accélérés dans la radiothérapie des cancers mammaires. J. Radiol. Electrol. 48, 782 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Bataini, J.P., Ennuyer, A.: Intérêt du faisceau d’électrons accélérés dans la radiothérapie des cancers mammaires. Bull. Cancer 56, 67–72 (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Bataini, J.P., Ennuyer, A.: L’électronthérapie dans les cancers mammaires. J. Radiol. Electrol. 52, 608–610 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Bataini, J.P., Ennuyer, A., Dhermain, P.: Radiothérapie exclusive du cancer du sein. Bull. Cancer 59, 135–160 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Bataini, J.P., Picco, C., Martin, M., Calle, R.: Relation between time-dose and local control of operable breast cancer treated by tumorectomy and radiotherapy or by radical radiotherapy alone. Cancer 42, 2059–2065 (1978)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Berven, E.: Die Strahlenbehandlung des Mammakarzinoms. Fortschr. Röntgenstrahlen 75, 10–25 (1951)Google Scholar
  31. Blomgren, H., Berg, R., Wasserman, J., Glas, U.: Effect of radiotherapy on blood lymphocytes population in mammary carcinoma. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 1, 177–188 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Blumenschein, G.R., Montague, E.D., Eckles, N.E., Hortobagyi, G.N., Barker, J.L.: Sequential combined modality therapy for inflammatory breast cancer. Breast 2, 16–20 (1976)Google Scholar
  33. Bonadonna, G., Rossi, A., Valagussa, P., Banfi, A., Veronesi, U.: The C.M.F program for operable breast cancer with positive axillary nodes. Updated analysis on the disease-free interval, site of relapse and drug tolerance. Cancer 39, 2904–2915 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Bortolotti, G., Guglianti, P.: Etude statistique et observations critiques sur 105 cas de carcinome de la mamelle traités avec la seule roentgenthérapie. Radiol. Med. 43, 770–789 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Bouchard, J.: Radiation therapy in carcinoma of the breast. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 49, 382–387 (1943)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Bouchard, J.: Advanced cancer of the breast treated primarily with irradiation. Radiology 84, 823–842 (1965)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Brady, L.W.: Cancer of the breast: Treatment today. Front. Radiat. Ther. Oncol. 11, 1–19 (1976)Google Scholar
  38. Brandone, H., Ayme, Y., Amalric, R., Spitalier, J.M.: Amputation radicale première du sein pour carcinome. Résultats. Chirurgie 98, 59–62 (1972)Google Scholar
  39. Brown, G.S., Kramer, S., Brady, L., Tobin, D.A.: Primary irradiation of stage I and stage II adenocarcinoma of the breast. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 2, 1145–1148 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Calle, R.: La radiothérapie loco-régionale seule. Résultats. Principes d’irradiation. In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. C. Gros (ed.), pp. 83–100. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  41. Calle, R.: The role of radiation therapy in the locoregional treatment of breast cancer. In: Récents results in cancer research. G.St-Arneault, P. Band, L. Israel (eds.), pp. 164–175. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1976Google Scholar
  42. Calle, R., Pilleron, J.P.: Chirurgie du sein après cobalt-thérapie à doses cancéricides. J. Radiol. Electrol. 48, 764–765 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Calle, R., Pilleron, J.P.: Use of radiation as primary treatment for operable breast cancer. Report on the 12th International Cancer Congress, Buenos Aires, 1978 (in press). Oxford: Pergamon Press 1979Google Scholar
  44. Calle, R., Fletcher, G., Pierquin, B.: Epithelioma du sein. Radiothérapie locorégionale seule. Méd. Hyg. 1021, 1166–1169 (1972)Google Scholar
  45. Calle, R., Fletcher, G., Pierquin, B.: Les bases de la radiothérapie curative des epitheliomas mammaires. J. Radiol. Electrol. 54, 929–938 (1973a)Google Scholar
  46. Calle, R., Pilleron, J.P., Schlienger, P.: Thérapeutique à visée conservatrice des epitheliomas mammaires. Bull. Cancer 60, 217–234 (1973b)Google Scholar
  47. Calle, R., Schlienger, P., Vilcoq, J.R.: Séquelles et complications secondaires à l’irradiation esclusive des epitheliomas mammaires. J. Radiol. Electrol. 56, 813–814 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Calle, R., Schlienger, P., Vilcoq, J.R.: Place et limites des thérapeutiques à visée conservatrice des epitheliomas mammaires. Bull. Cancer 64, 633–648 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Calle, R., Pilleron, J.P., Schlienger, P., Vilcoq, J.R.: Conservative management of operable breast cancer. Ten years experience at the Foundation Curie. Cancer 42, 2045–2053 (1978)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Chassagne, D., Raynal, M., Pierquin, B.: Technique d’endocuriethérapie par iridium 192 avec tubes plastiques dans les tumeurs mammaires. J. Radiol. Electrol. 44, 269–271 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Chauvergne, J., Durand, M., Hoerni, B., Cohen, P., Lagarde, C.: La chimiothérapie d’induction dans les cancers du sein à haut risque. Bull. Cancer, 66, 9–16 (1979)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Chu, F.: Experience with electron irradiation on breast cancer. Symposium on high energy electrons, Montreux, 1964. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1965Google Scholar
  53. Chu, F.: The role of electron-beam therapy in the treatment of breast cancer. Front. Radiat. Ther. Oncol. 2, 224–237 (1968)Google Scholar
  54. Chu, F., Scheer, A.C., Gaspar-Landero, J.: Electronbeam therapy in the management of carcinoma of the breast. Radiology 75, 559–567 (1960)Google Scholar
  55. Chu, F., Nisce, L., Laughlin, J.S.: Treatment of breast cancer with high energy electrons produced by 24 MeV betatron. Radiology 81, 871–880 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Chu, F., Nisce, L., Baker, A., Sattar, A., Laughlin, J.S.: Electron-beam therapy of cancer of the breast. Radiology 89, 216–223 (1967)Google Scholar
  57. Chu, A., Wood, W., Doucette, J.: Radical radiation of inflammatory breast carcinoma. Int. J. Radiation Oncol. Biol. Phys. 4, Suppl. 2, 172 (1978)Google Scholar
  58. Clinical Staging System for carcinoma of the breast (revision). American Joint Committee on Cancer Staging and End Results Reporting, Chicago, 1973Google Scholar
  59. Cochran, D.Q., Holtz, S., Powers, W.E.: The rapid palliative treatment of breast carcinoma. A preliminary report. Am. J. Roentgenol. 81, 479–484 (1959)Google Scholar
  60. Contesso, G., Rouesse, J., Fontaine, F., Petit, J.Y.: Les disséminations intramammaires des cancers du sein. Bull. Cancer 64, 5–16 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Cova, P., Maestro, A., Tosi, G.: Radiotherapy of breast tumours by means of high energy electron beam alone. Symposium on high energy electrons, Montreux, 1964. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1965Google Scholar
  62. Crile, G. Jr. Cooperman, A., Esselstyn, C.B., Hermann, R.E.: Results of partial mastectomy (173 patients followed five to ten years) (in press) (1979)Google Scholar
  63. Daban, A., Schneider, M., Calle, R.: Exploration immunitaire dans le cancer du sein. Bull. Cancer 62, 21–28 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Dana, M.: Radiothérapie du cancer du sein. Feuillets d’Electroradiologie 4, N∘ 20 (1964)Google Scholar
  65. Dana, M., Malaval, G.: Cancer du sein. Techniques thérapeutiques. Feuillets d’Electroradiologie 8, N∘ 47 (1968)Google Scholar
  66. Dancot, H., Henry, J., Lauwers, L.: Le traitement du cancer du sein par les rayons X employés seuls. Acta Chir. Belg. 59, 481–500 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Decroix, Y., Calle, R.: Place de l’irradiation dans le traitement loco-régional des cancers du sein non métastasés. J. Gynecol. Obstet. Biol. Reprod. (Paris) 7, 163–174 (1978)Google Scholar
  68. Delouche, G., Boucher-Laborderie, J., Picard, J.D., Le Houerou, G., Bachelot, F., Gest, J.: Le traitement conservateur des cancers du sein opérables. In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. C. Gros (ed.), pp. 270–278. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  69. Delouche, G., Rambert, P., Gest, J.: Les techniques d’irradiation exclusive des cancers du sein. Technique du Centre René Huguenin (Saint Cloud). J. Radiol. Electrol. 56, 446–447 (1975)Google Scholar
  70. Del Vecchio, E., Morace, V.: La terapia radiante del cancro délia mammella. Radiazioni di Alta Energia 7, 147–200 (1968)Google Scholar
  71. Dickson, R.J.: Radiotherapy as a primary treatment for breast carcinoma. In: Breast cancer. A.C.-W. Montague, G.L. Stonesifer, E.F. Lewison (eds.), pp. 383–386. New York: Liss 1977Google Scholar
  72. Diethelm, L.: A propos de la radiothérapie dans le cancer du sein opérable. Strahlentherapie 83, 327–338 (1950)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Edelman, A., Holtz, S., Powers, W.E.: Rapid radiotherapy for inoperable carcinoma of the breast. Am. J. Roentgenol. 93, 585–599 (1965)Google Scholar
  74. Ellis, F.: The relationship of biological effect to dose time fractionation factors in radiotherapy. Curr. Top. Radiat. Res. 4, 357–397 (1968)Google Scholar
  75. Ennuyer, A., Bataini, J.P.: Néoplasmes mammaires et péri-mammaires. Radiothérapie. Encyclopédie Médico-Chirurgicale, Gynécologie, p. 1–6. Paris: E.M.C. Publ. 870 A40 1961Google Scholar
  76. Evans, W.A., Leucutia, T.: Deep roentgen-ray therapy of mammary carcinoma. Am. J. Roentgenol. 42, 866–881 (1939)Google Scholar
  77. Fisher, B., Wolmark, N.: New concepts in the management of primary breast cancer. Cancer 36, Suppl. 627–632 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Fletcher, G.H.: Control by irradiation of peripheral lymphatic disease in breast cancer. Am. J. Roentgenol. 111, 115–118 (1971)Google Scholar
  79. Fletcher, G.H.: Local results of irradiation in the primary management of localized breast cancer. Cancer 29, 545–551 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Fletcher, G.H.: Textbook of Radiotherapy, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger 1973Google Scholar
  81. Fletcher, G.H.: History of Baclesse’s place in radiotherapy of breast cancer. In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. C. Gros (ed.), pp. 67–69. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  82. Fletcher, G.H., Montague, E.D.: Radical irradiation of advanced breast cancer. Am. J. Roentgenol. 93, 573–584 (1965)Google Scholar
  83. Fontaine, F., Sarrazin, D., Rosenwald, Y.C., Grelot, D.: Amélioration technique et dosimétrique d’une irradiation du cancer du sein. Ann. Radiol. (Paris) 19, 185–192 (1976)Google Scholar
  84. Frischbier, H.J., Kuttig, H.: La télécobaltthérapie du cancer du sein. Strahlentherapie 120, 512–524 (1963)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Frischbier, H.J., Lohbeck, H.U.: Strahlenschäden nach Elektronen thérapie beim Mammakarzinom. Strahlentherapie 139, 684 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Frischbier, H.J., Schreer, I.: Radiotherapy of breast cancer. Gynaekologe 10, 169–174 (1977)Google Scholar
  87. Garsou, J.: Remarques sur quelques aspects physiques de l’irradiation du sein. J. Beige Radiol. 59, 377–381 (1976)Google Scholar
  88. Gary-Bobo, J., Laurent, J.C., Ramos, R., Bonaccorsi, J.: L’irradiation seule des cancers du sein. In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. C. Gros (ed.), pp. 118–120. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  89. Gautherie, M., Armand, M.O., Gros, C.: Thermogénèse des epitheliomas mammaires. IV. Etude lors d’évolutions spontanées de l’influence de la vitesse de croissance et des corrélations avec la probabilité de dissémination lymphatique. Biomedicine 22, 328–336 (1975a)Google Scholar
  90. Gautherie, M., Haehnel, P., Gros, C.: Thermogénèse des epitheliomas mammaires. V. Etude des effets de la radiothérapie (CO Co) et des corrélations avec l’espérance de stérilisation. Biomedicine 22, 416–427 (1975b)Google Scholar
  91. Gest, J., Delouche, G.: La radiothérapie concentrée. Résultats immédiats et possibilités. J. Radiol. Electrol. 47, 812–817 (1966)Google Scholar
  92. Ghossein, N.A., Stacey, P., Alpert, S., Ager, P.J., Krishnaswamy, V.: Local control of breast cancer with tumorectomy plus radiotherapy or radiotherapy alone. Radiology 121, 455–459 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Golding, P.: The treatment of inoperable carcinoma of the breast in Portsmouth 1960–69. Proc. R. Soc. Med. 69, 701–703 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Grant, W., Cundiff, J.H., Hanson, W.F.: Use of auxiliary collimating devices in the treatment for breast cancer with 60 Co teletherapy units. I. Dosimetric considerations. Am. J. Roentgenol. 127, 649–652 (1976)Google Scholar
  95. Griscom, N.T., Wang, C.C.: Radiation therapy of inoperable breast carcinoma. Radiology 79, 18–23 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Gros, C.: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  97. Gros, C.: Les techniques d’irradiation exclusive des cancers du sein. Technique du C.H.U. de Strasbourg. J. Radiol. Electrol. 56, 446 (1975)Google Scholar
  98. Guttmann, R. J.: Radiotherapy in the treatment of primary operable carcinoma of the breast with proved lymph node metastases. Approach and results. Am. J. Roentgenol. 89, 58–63 (1963)Google Scholar
  99. Guttmann, R.J.: Radiotherapy in locally advanced cancer of the breast. Cancer 20, 1046–1050 (1967)Google Scholar
  100. Haagensen, C.D.: Disease of the breast, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders 1971Google Scholar
  101. Hanson, W.F., Grant, W.: Use of auxiliary collimating devices in the treatment for breast cancer with 60 Co teletherapy units. II. Dose to the skin. Am. J. Roentgenol. 127, 653–657 (1976)Google Scholar
  102. Harris, J.R., Levene, M.B., Hellman, S., Weber, E.: Definitive radiation therapy for stages I and II carcinoma of the breast. Proc. Am. Assoc. Cancer Res. 19, 314 (1978a)Google Scholar
  103. Harris, J.R., Levene, M.B., Hellman, S.: Results of treating stage I and II carcinoma of the breast with primary radiation therapy. Cancer Treat. Rep. 62, 985–991 (1978b)Google Scholar
  104. Hellman, S.: The place of radiation in the definite management of carcinoma of the breast. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 2, 369–370 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Herfarth, Ch., Tagnon, H., Schwaiger, M., Peiper, H.J., Forrest, A.P.M., Fisher, B., Amalric, R.: Therapy of breast cancer. Panel Discussion. Langenbecks Arch. Chir. 346, 65–79 (1978)Google Scholar
  106. Hess, F., Lohr, H.H.: Die Strahlentherapie des Mammakarzinoms. Radiologe 13, 457–464 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Hochman, A., Robinson, E.: Eighty-two cases of mammary cancer treated exclusively with roentgen therapy. Cancer 13, 670–673 (1960)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Horrigan, W.D., Atkins, H.L., Du V., Tapley, N.: Massive dose rapid palliative radiotherapy. A preliminary report. Radiology 78, 439–444 (1962)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Hünig, R., Sauer, R., Schwegler, N.: Die Strahlentherapie im Rahmen der kurativen Behandlung des Mammakarzinoms. Ther. Umsch. 33, 798–807 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Kagan, A.R., Nussbaum, H., Reddi, P.R.: Le rôle de l’irradiation dans le cancer du sein. J. Surg. Oncol. 5, 35–44 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. Kärcher, K.H.: Indications spéciales concernant le traitement par électrons du carcinome mammaire. J. Radiol. Electrol. 48, 781 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Keynes, G.: Conservative treatment of cancer of the breast. Br. Med. J. 2, 643–647 (1937)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Lalanne, C.M., Hourtoule, F.G, Juret, P., Sarrazin, D.: Radiothérapie pré-opératoire et radiations seules dans le traitement du cancer du sein. J. Radiol. Electrol. 48, 763 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Langland, A.O, Kerr, G.R., Shan, S.: The management of locally advanced breast cancer by radiotherapy. Clin. Oncol. 2, 365–371 (1976)Google Scholar
  115. Lenz, M.: Roentgentherapy of cancer of the breast and regional metastases: preoperative and non-operated cases. Radiology 38, 686–696 (1942)Google Scholar
  116. Lenz, M.: Tumor dosage and results in roentgentherapy of cancer of the breast. Am. J. Roentgenol. 56, 67–74 (1946)Google Scholar
  117. Levene, M.B, Harris, J.R., Hellman, S.: Treatment of carcinoma of the breast by radiation therapy. Cancer 39, 2840–2845 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Levene, M.B, Harris, J.R., Hellman, S.: Primary radiation therapy for operable carcinoma of the breast. Surg. Clin. North Am. 58, 767–776 (1978)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Loeffler, R.K.: A technique for the local and regional control of carcinoma of the breast using 25 MeV X radiation. Cancer 36, 1496–1505 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Maisin, J, Maisin, H.: Le traitement du cancer du sein par curiethérapie et roentgen thérapie. Acta Radiol. 28, 593–610 (1947)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Maisin, J, Estas, P., Line, D.: Le traitement du cancer du sein par le radium et les rayons X. Bull. Cancer 29, 712–728 (1939)Google Scholar
  122. Maisin, J, Maisin, H, Deckers, Ch.: Palliative radiotherapy and the treatment of advanced or incurable cancer. In: Radiation Therapy of malignant tumours. A. Zuppinger, G.S. van der Plaats (eds.), pp. 482–483. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1967Google Scholar
  123. Maisin, H.E., Braeken, G, Wambersie, A., Keusters, J.: Résultats comparés des traitements radiologiques et radio-chirurgicaux des cancers du sein de stades I et IL Radiol. Clin. Biol. 42, 177 (1973)Google Scholar
  124. Martin, C.L.: Traitement du cancer inopérable du sein par la radiothérapie. Surgery 19, 132–148 (1946)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. McCullough, J.A.L., Leddy, I.T., Desjardins, A.L.: Roentgenthérapie des cancers inopérables du sein. Am. J. Roentgenol. 42, 534–535 (1939)Google Scholar
  126. McDermot, R.S.: Cobalt 60 beamtherapy: Post-irradiations effects in breast cancer patients, J. Can. Assoc. Radiol. 22, 195–198 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. McWhirter, R.: Simple mastectomy and radical radiationtherapy in cancer of the breast. Front. Radiat. Ther. Oncol. 5, 198–205 (1970)Google Scholar
  128. Meyer, H.: L’état actuel de la radiothérapie du cancer du sein. Strahlentherapie 87, 35–40 (1952)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Meyer, K.K, Weawer, D.R., Luet, W.C., Boselli, B.D.: Lymphocyte immune deficiency following irradiation for carcinoma of the breast. Front. Radiat. Ther. Oncol. 7, 179–189 (1972)Google Scholar
  130. Montague, A.C.W., Stonesifer, G.L., Lewison, E.F.: Breast cancer. In: Progress in clinical and biological research. Vol. 12, New York: Liss 1977Google Scholar
  131. Montague, E.D.: Physical and clinical parameters in the management of advanced breast cancer with radiation therapy alone. Am. J. Roentgenol. 99, 995–1001 (1967)Google Scholar
  132. Montague, E.D.: Radiation management of advanced breast cancer. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 4, 305–307 (1978)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Mustakallio, S.: Conservative treatment of breast carcinoma. Review of 25 years follow-up. Clin. Radiol. 23, 110–116 (1972)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Nelson, A. J., Montague, E.D.: Management of localized carcinoma of the breast. J.A.M.A. 231, 189–191 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Papillon, J.: La place de la radiothérapie loco-régionale dans le traitement du cancer du sein. J. Radiol. Electrol. 44, 216 (1963)Google Scholar
  136. Paterson, R.: Treatment of malignant disease by radiotherapy, 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins 1963Google Scholar
  137. Paunier, J.P., Holzner, E.: Le traitement conservateur du cancer du sein. Méd. Hyg. 36, 4129–4130 (1978)Google Scholar
  138. Pendergrass, E.P., Hodes, PJ.: Further observations on carcinoma of the breast. Am. J. Roentgenol. 42, 393–402 (1939)Google Scholar
  139. Peters, M.V.: Radiation therapy in the management of breast cancer. Proc. Natl. Cancer Conf. 6, 163–174 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Von Pfuhl, O.R., Miola, U.J., De Campos, J.C.: Radiotherapy as a conservative treatment of breast cancer. Rev. Bras. Cancerol. 27, 5–12 (1977)Google Scholar
  141. Piemonte, M.: Criteri di terapia radiante del cancro della mammella. Minerva Chir. 31, 1337–1342 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Pierquin, B.: Précis de curiethérapie. Paris: Masson 1964Google Scholar
  143. Pierquin, B.: Les techniques d’irradiation exclusive des cancers du sein. Technique du C.H.U. Henri-Mondor (Créteil). J. Radiol. Electrol. 56, 447 (1975)Google Scholar
  144. Pierquin, B, Baillet, F., Wilson, J.F.: Radiation therapy in the management of primary breast cancer. Am. J. Roentgenol. 127, 645–648 (1976)Google Scholar
  145. Pierquin, B, Mueller, W, Baillet, F., Maylin, C., Raynal, M, Otmezguine, Y.: Radiothérapie radicale des cancers du sein. Expérience du Créteil. Bull. Cancer 64, 649–658 (1977)Google Scholar
  146. Pilleron, P., Calle, R., Schlienger, P., Durand, J.C.: Chirurgie des epitheliomas mammaires après cobalthérapie à intention curative. Bull. Cancer 56, 467–482, (1969)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Pluygers, E., Beauduin, M.: Assessing growth activity in the primary tumor. In: Secondary spread in breast cancer. Stoll, B.A. (ed.), pp. 15–30. Heineman Medical and Year Book Medical 1977Google Scholar
  148. Pluygers, E., Beauduin, M, Rombaut, M.: Diagnostic en 2 étapes et traitement conservateur du cancer du sein. Schweiz, Med. Wochenschr. 107, 974–980 (1977)Google Scholar
  149. Poisson, R., Larose, C., Charlebois, S., Pagacz, A., Mercier, J., Lawson, R.N.: Preliminary report on the individualised non-mutilating treatment of operable breast cancer. Clin. Oncol. 2, 55–71 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Prosnitz, L.R., Goldenberg, I.S.: Radiation therapy as primary treatment for early stage carcinoma of the breast. Cancer 35, 1587–1596 (15)Google Scholar
  151. Prosnitz, L.R., Goldenberg, I.S., Packard, R.A., Levene, M.B, Harris, J., Hellman, S., Wallner, P.E., Brady, L.W., Mansfield, C.M., Kramer, S.: Radiation therapy as initial treatment for early stage cancer of the breast without mastectomy. Cancer 39, 917–923 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. Puck, T.T., Marcus, P.I.: Action of X-rays on mammalian cells. J. Exp. Med. 103, 653–666 (1956)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. Robbins, G.F.: Classification of breast carcinoma. Changing concepts. Int. J. Rad. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 2, 1191–1200 (1977)Google Scholar
  154. Robert, F., Amalric, R., Spitalier, J.M., Clement, R.: Césiumthérapie des cancers du sein. J. Radiol. Electrol. 48, 780 (1967)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Sambrook, D.K., Ivey, J.R.: Locally advanced breast cancer treated initially by external radiation (250 kV X-rays). In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. C. Gros (ed.), pp. 190–197. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  156. Sauer, R., Hünig, R.: Indikationen zur Strahlentherapie des Mammakarzinoms. Praxis 63, 105–108 (1974)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Schottenfeld, D., Nash, A.G., Robbins, G.F., Beattie, E.J.: Ten years results of the treatment of primary operable breast carcinoma. A summary of 304 patients evaluated by the T.N.M. System. Cancer 38, 1001–1007 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Shukovsky, L.J., Fletcher, G.H., Montague, E.D., Whithers, H.R.: Experience with twice daily fractionation in clinical radiotherapy. Am. J. Roentgenol. 126, 155–162 (1976)Google Scholar
  159. Siegelmann, S.S., Bostein, C.: High energy electron beam therapy in breast carcinoma. Radiology 84, 1096–1099 (1965)Google Scholar
  160. Snelling, D.: Conservative treatment of carcinoma of the breast (1945–1972). Present techniques and future management. In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. C. Gros (ed.), pp. 181–186. Paris: Masson 1974aGoogle Scholar
  161. Snelling, D.: Radiotherapy. In: The treatment of breast cancer. Lancaster: M.T.P. 1974bGoogle Scholar
  162. Spitalier, J.M., Amalric, R., Clement, R., Santamaria, F., Robert, F., Roux, G., Pollet, J.F.: Résultats du traitement conservateur des carcinomes mammaires opérables par césiumthérapie curative. J. Radiol. Electrol. 52, 876 (1971)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Spitalier, J.M.: Place actuelle de la chirurgie dans le traitement curatif des cancers du sein. Rev. Fr. Gynecol. 68, 419–427 (1973)Google Scholar
  164. Spitalier, J.M., Amalric, R.: Thermography and strategy in oncology. Acta Thermographica 1, 151–154 (1976)Google Scholar
  165. Spitalier, J.M., Amalric, R.: Treatment of operable mammary carcinoma of the breast at the cancer institute of Marseilles. In: Breast Disease. D.J. Marchant, I. Nyirjesy (eds.). New York: Grune & Stratton 1979.Google Scholar
  166. Spitalier, J.M., Pollet, J.F., Scigle, J., Robert, F., Amalric, R.: Cesiumtherapy of operable breast cancer. 5-year results. Proc. XIIIth Int. Congr. Radiol., Madrid, 1973. Amsterdam: Excerpta Medica 1974Google Scholar
  167. Spitalier, J.M., Robert, F., Scigle, J., Amalric, R.: Césiumthérapie curative des cancers du sein de petite taille. Nouv. Presse Méd. 4, 2249–2251 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Spitalier, J.M., Brandone, H., Ayme, Y., Amalric, R., Santamaria, F., Scigle, J.: Cesiumtherapy of breast cancer. A five-year report on 400 consecutive patients. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 2, 231–235 (1977a)Google Scholar
  169. Spitalier, J.M., Brandone, H., Ayme, Y., Pollet, J.F., Amalric, R., Santamaria, F., Seigle, J., Robert, F.: Traitement curatif à espérance conservatrice des cancers du sein opérables (705 cas de 5 ans). Helv. Chir. Acta 44, 629–638 (1977b)Google Scholar
  170. Spitalier, J.M., Brandone, H., Ayme, Y., Pollet, J.F., Amalric, R., Robert, F., Altschuler, C., Amalric, F.: Chirurgies secondaires après traitements curatifs à espérance conservatrice des cancers du sein opérables. Méd. Hyg. 36, 4141–4145 (1978)Google Scholar
  171. Stjernswärd, J.: Immunological changes after radiotherapy for mammary carcinoma. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 122, 883–894 (1972)Google Scholar
  172. Stjernswärd, J.: Adjuvant radiotherapy trials in breast cancer. Cancer 39, 2846–2867 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. Stoll, B.A.: Rapid palliative irradiation of inoperable breast cancer. Clin. Radiol. 15, 175–178 (1964)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. Strickland, P.: The management of carcinoma of the breast. Br. J. Surg. 60, 569–573 (1973)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Strickland, P.: Inoperable breast cancer and its treatment by radiation alone. In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. C. Gros (ed.), pp. 115–117. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  176. Svoboda, V.: Conservative treatment of carcinoma of the breast (1945–1969). In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. C. Gros (ed.), pp. 121–126. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  177. Tapley, N. du V.: Clinical applications of the electron beam. New York: Wiley & Sons 1976Google Scholar
  178. T.N.M.: Classification of malignant tumors. Unio Internationalis Contra Cancrum, Geneva, 1969 and 1974Google Scholar
  179. Turpin, J., Goffm, J.C., Piron, A., Henry, J.: La radiothérapie loco-régionale seule dans le cancer du sein. In: Thérapeutiques non mutilantes des cancéreuses du sein. Paris: Masson 1974Google Scholar
  180. Vaeth, J.M.: Breast cancer. Front. Radiat. Ther. Oncol. 11, (1976)Google Scholar
  181. Veraguth, P.: La contribution de la radiothérapie dans le traitement loco-régional du cancer du sein. Schweiz. Med. Wochenschr. 107, 997–1002 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. Veraguth, P.: Curative radiotherapy of early breast cancer. In: Breast cancer. A.C.W. Montague, G.L. Stonesifer, E.F. Lewison (eds.), pp. 367–375. New York: Liss 1977bGoogle Scholar
  183. Veraguth, P.: Contribution de l’électronthérapie et de la curiethérapie intersticielle (endocuriethérapie) dans le carcinome du sein opérable. Méd. Hyg. 36, 4146–4150 (1978)Google Scholar
  184. Wang, C.C., Griscom, N.T.: Inflammatory carcinoma of the breast: Results following orthovoltage and supervoltage radiation therapy. Clin. Radiol. 15, 168–174 (1964)Google Scholar
  185. Warter, F., Dale, M., Gros, D.: Results of radical radiotherapy of cancer of the breast (467 cases). Schweiz. Med. Wochenschr. 107, 1002–1005 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Weber, E., Hellman, S.: Radiation as primary treatment for local control of breast carcinoma. J.A.M.A. 234, 608–611 (1975)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. Würthner, K., Seeger, W.: Répartition de doses et technique d’irradiation dans le cas du traitement radiothérapique du carcinome mammaire dans le stade I. Strahlenkunde 149, 29–40 (1975)Google Scholar
  188. Yarom, J., Assa, J., Robinson, E.: The survival of inoperable breast cancer treated with radiotherapy and radiotherapy followed by mastectomy. J. Surg. Oncol. 9, 203–205 (1977)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Zucali, R., Uslenghi, C., Kenda, R., Bonadonna, G.: Natural history and survival of inoperable breast cancer treated with radiotherapy and radiotherapy followed by radical mastectomy. Cancer 37, 1422–1431 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Zuppinger, A., Van der Plaats, G.J.: Radiation therapy of malignant tumours. In: Handbuch der medizinischen Radiologie, Bd. XVIII. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1967Google Scholar
  191. Zuppinger, A., Walther, E.: Die Strahlentherapie des Mammakarzinoms. Schweiz. Z. Gynaekol. Geburtshilfe 3, 299–310 (1972)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Amalric
  • Jean-Maurice Spitalier

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations