Technological Abatement VS. Locational Adjustment: A Time-Space Dilemma

  • Manoucher Parvin
  • Gus W. Grammas
Part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series (LNE, volume 126)

Abstract

The account of material waste as the by-product of production and consumption activities, within the context of input-output or mathematical programming models, was initiated by Leontief [15], Kohn [12, 13], Muller [16], Kneese and Bower [10], and extended by other authors with the most recent additions of Cohen and Hurter [3],Chatterji [2], Parvin [17], and Parvin and Grammas [18]. Discussing the strategies of air pollution control, Kohn [14] suggests the advantages of “locational adjustment” of emitters (or alternatively the relocation of receptors) in contrast to “expensive technological abatement.” It is not difficult to point to specific situations where locational adjustment does in fact comprise optimum short-run regional pollution control policy. However, with the existing technological structure and expanding economic activities, the waste assimilative capacity of the ecology for certain by-products has been surpassed. Furthermore, belated public recognition of fossil fuel shortages on the one hand and environmental repercussions of unlimited growth on the other, has introduced new difficulties that locational adjustment cannot help if increased fuel use per unit output is required. The optimization condition achieved by locational adjustment is generally in divergence with temporal and global optimization since the spatial distribution of economic activities is not time invariant. In fact, the danger of widespread use of such a solution is that it diverts scientific and economic resources from the more fundamental and universal solution which is technological abatement.

Keywords

Zinc Combustion Dioxide Attenuation Cadmium 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manoucher Parvin
  • Gus W. Grammas

There are no affiliations available

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