Advertisement

Zusammenfassung

Schon bald nach der Entdeckung der Röntgenstrahlen berichtete der öfters zitierte Despeignes über Rückbildung einer Geschwulst und Linderung der Beschwerden nach Bestrahlung eines Magencarcinoms. Neben ablehnenden Stimmen war immer wieder von günstigen Beeinflussungen, in kleiner Zahl auch von Heilungen zu hören. Trotzdem kann man nicht umhin festzustellen, daß die Strahlentherapie der Magen-Darm-Tumoren von vielen Strahlentherapeuten als Stiefkind behandelt wird und in den Darstellungen der gesamten Strahlentherapie gelegentlich sogar überhaupt keine Erwähnung findet. Mehrere Tatsachen und Beobachtungen fordern aber gebieterisch nach einer neuen kritischen Betrachtung und zwingen zu bedenken, ob die ablehnende Stellung und der derzeitige Defaitismus durch eine Phase systematischer klinischer Versuche oder durch Empfehlung der Bestrahlung in besonderen Situationen abgelöst werden sollte, ja müßte. Die im großen und ganzen ablehnende Haltung war zur Zeit der Behandlung mit konventioneller Strahlung verständlich. Es wäre unwirklich zu bestreiten, daß besonders beim Magencarcinom die Allgemeinwirkungen, speziell beim Versuch kurativer, aber sehr oft auch bei palliativer Behandlung die Patienten schwer belasteten. In Anbetracht der fehlenden oder nur minimalen Heilungsaussicht lehnten die meisten Chirurgen die Strahlentherapie überhaupt ab, aber auch die die Nachbehandlung durchführenden Ärzte und selbst viele Strahlentherapeuten scheuten sich, diese Behandlung zu empfehlen.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

Magen allgemein

  1. Albertini, A. Y.: Historische Geschwulstdiagnostik. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme 1955.Google Scholar
  2. Borrmann, L.: Henke Lubasch, Handbuch der pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie, Bd. IV /1, S. 812–1050. Berlin: Springer 1926.Google Scholar
  3. Broders, A. C.: Carcinoma, grading and practical application. Arch. Path. 2, 376 (1926).Google Scholar
  4. Broders, A. C.: Grading of cancer. Its relation to metastases and prognosis. Tex. J. Med. 29, 520 (1933).Google Scholar
  5. Cottier, H.: Mündliche Mitteilung.Google Scholar
  6. Cude: Mündliche Mitteilung.Google Scholar
  7. Doll, R.: The geographical distribution of cancer. Brit. J. Cancer 23, 1–8 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Eidg. Statistisches Amt: Statistisches Jahrbuch der Schweiz. Basel: Birkhäuser 1964, 1966, 1970.Google Scholar
  9. Forssmann, G.: Über die Röntgendiagnostik und Strahlenbehandlung von Magensarkomen und Retikulumzellensarkomen. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) 24, 343–373 (1943).Google Scholar
  10. Gall, E. A., Mallory, T. B.: Malignant lymphoma: a clinicopathologic survey of 618 cases. Amer. J. Path. 18, 381–415 (1942).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Guiss, L. W.: Endresults for gastric cancer. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. (Suppl.) 98, 313–331 (1951).Google Scholar
  12. Guiss, L. W.: Pathology of gastric neoplasms, in McNeer, G., and Pack, G. T.: Neoplasma of the Stomach. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott 1967.Google Scholar
  13. Hesse, O.: Das Magensarkom. Zbl. Grenzgeb. Med. u. Chir. 15 (1912).Google Scholar
  14. Jaeger, E.: Das extramedulläre Plasmocytom. Diss. Zürich (1942).Google Scholar
  15. Kaufmann, E.: Spezielle pathologische Anatomie. Berlin u. Leipzig: Walter de Gruyter & Co. 1922.Google Scholar
  16. Oberndorfer, S.: Die Geschwülste des Darmes. Henke Lubasch, Handbuch der pathologischen Anatomie, Bd. IV /3, S. 717–953. Berlin: Springer 1929.Google Scholar
  17. Pack, G. T., Mcneer, G.: Sarcoma of the stomach. Ann. Surg. 101, 1206–1224 (1935).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Palmer, E.: The sarcomas of the stomach: A review with reference to gross pathology and gastroscopic manifestation. Amer. J. dig. Dis. 17, 186–195 (1950).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Public Health Service USA: Survival experience of Chemotherapy National Service Center. End Results Evaluation Section. Publ. No 789.Google Scholar
  20. Rouviere, H.: Anatomie des lymphatique de l’homme. Paris: Masson 1932.Google Scholar
  21. Rüedi, J.: Zur Kenntnis des mikrozytenreichen Rundzellensarkoms. Schweiz. Z. allg. Path. 3, Fase. I (1940).Google Scholar
  22. Schlagenhatjfer, F.: Beiträge zur pathologischen Anatomie der Granulomatose des Magendarmtraktes. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. Zbl. allg. Path. path. Anat. 24, 965–966 (1913).Google Scholar
  23. Smith, J. L., Jr., Helwig, E. B.: Malignant lymphoma of the stomach; its diagnosis distinction and biological behaviour. Amer. J. Path. 34, 553 (1958).Google Scholar
  24. Stout, A. P.: Tumors of the stomach. Atlas of tumor pathology. Washington, D. C.: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology 1953.Google Scholar
  25. Stout, A. P.: Surgical treatment of Lymphosarcoma. Proc. of Second National Cancer Conference, vol. 1, p. 573–581. New York: Amer. Cancer Soc. Inc. 1952.Google Scholar
  26. UICC: Illustrierte Tumor-Nomenklatur. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1965.Google Scholar
  27. UICC: Illustrierte Tumor-Nomenklatur, second ed. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1969.Google Scholar
  28. UICC: Cancer incidence in five continents, vol. II. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1970.Google Scholar
  29. Warren, S., Lulenski, C. R.: Primary solitary lymphoid tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Ann. Surg. 115, 1–12 (1942).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Willis, R. A.: The spread of tumours in the human body. London: Churchill 1934.Google Scholar
  31. Willis, R. A.: Pathology of tumours. London: Butterworth Med. Publ. 1948.Google Scholar
  32. Zuppinger, A.: Radiation therapy with high speed electrons. Radiat. Clin. 31, 129–140 (1962).Google Scholar
  33. Zuppinger, A.: Radiation therapy of sarcoma of the bone and soft tissue. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 99, 435–443 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Zuppinger, A.: Treatment by supervoltage machines electron beam therapy. Butterworths: Radiotherapy 250–259 (1967).Google Scholar
  35. Zuppinger, A.: Neuere Grundlagen der Tumortherapie. Praxis 56, 518–522 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Zuppinger, A.: High speed electron therapy. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 99, 932–938 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Zuppinger, A.: Progress in high speed electron therapy. Gann Monogr. 9, 123–132 (1970).Google Scholar
  38. Zuppinger, A.: Elektronen gegen Krebs. Bild d. Wissenschaft 1185–1191 (1969).Google Scholar

Magensarkom

  1. Ackermann, L. V., Regato, J. A. Del: Cancer diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby Co. 1954.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, W., Donaldson, G., Sniffen, R. C., Goodale, F., Jr.: Primary malignant lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract. Ann. Surg. 140, 428–438 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Amreich, A. I.: Dauernd geheiltes metastatisches Ovarialkarzinom. Wien. klin. Wschr. 44, 165–168 (1931).Google Scholar
  4. Archer, V. W., Cooper, G.: Lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 42, 332–340 (1939).Google Scholar
  5. Balaban, I. J.: Zur Frage des primären Magensarkoms. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 49, 513–518 (1934).Google Scholar
  6. Balfour, D. C., McCane, J. C.: Sarcoma of the stomach. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 50, 948–953 (1930).Google Scholar
  7. Berger, I. R., Gay, B. B., Jr., Whorton, C. M.: Malignant lymphoma of the stomach. Radiology 62, 527–535 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Berlin, L.: Gastritis: A medical dilemma. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 88, 627–636 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Borrmann, L.: Henke Lubasch, Handbuch der pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie, Bd. IV /1, S. 812–1050. Berlin: Springer 1926.Google Scholar
  10. Broders, A. C.: Grading of cancer. Its relation to metastases and prognosis. Tex. J. Med. 29, 520 (1933).Google Scholar
  11. Broders, A. C.: Carcinoma, grading and practical application. Arch. Path. 2, 376–381 (1926).Google Scholar
  12. Bürkle, G., Frommhold, W.: Tumorsimulierende Magenerkrankungen und ihre Differentialdiagnose. Fortschr. Roentgenstr. 114, 231–246 (1971).Google Scholar
  13. Burnett, H. W., Herbert, E. A.: The role of irradiation in the treatment of primary malignant lymphoma of the stomach. Radiology 67, 723–728 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Buschke, F., Cantril, S. T.: Secondary lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 49, 450–454 (1943).Google Scholar
  15. Cardon, L., Greenbaum, R. S.: Lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Amer. J. dig. Dis. 12, 339–344 (1945).Google Scholar
  16. Chont, L. K.: Prymary sarcoma of the stomach. Radiology 34, 714–720 (1940).Google Scholar
  17. Daron, N., Richardson, P. B., Raidler, L. K., Ziskid, L.: Plasma cell tumor of the stomach. Radiology 55, 207–213 (1950).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. D’Aunoy, R., Zoeller, A.: Sarcoma of the stomach. Amer. J. Surg. 9, 444–464 (1930).Google Scholar
  19. Deeb, P. H., Stilson, W. L.: Manifestations of lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Radiology 58, 529–535 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Doerr, W.: Spezielle pathologische Anatomie II. Heidelberger Taschentücher. Berlin-Heidelberg-New York: Springer 1970.Google Scholar
  21. Doll, R.: The geographical distribution of cancer. Brit. J. Cancer 23, 1–8 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Dreyer, B., Louw, J. H.: Squamous-cell carcinoma of the stomach. Brit. J. Surg. 44, 425–426 (1956/ 1957 ).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Ennuyer, A., Bataini, P.: Lymphoréticulosarcomes de l’estomac et de l’intestin. Bull. Ass. franç. Cancer 52, 215–240 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Eustermann, G. B.: Gastric syphilis, observations based on 93 cases. J. Amer. med. Ass. 96, 173–179 (1931).Google Scholar
  25. Forssmann, G.: Über die Röntgendiagnostik und Strahlenbehandlung von Magensarkomen und Retikulumzellensarkomen. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) 24, 343–373 (1943).Google Scholar
  26. Frank, A., Nauman, W.: Das Magensarkom, seine klinische, röntgenologische und endoskopische Diagnostik. Gastroenterologia (Basel) 76–77, 127–148 (1950–1951).Google Scholar
  27. Gall, E. A., Mallory, T. B.: Malignant lymphoma: a clinicopathologic survey of 618 cases. Amer. J. Path. 18, 381–415 (1942).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Giberson, R. G., Dockerty, M. B., Gray, H. K.: Leiomyosarcoma of the stomach. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 98, 186–196 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Glenk, M.: Magenwandmetastasen nach Epi-Mesopharynxtumor. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 85, 244–245 (1956).Google Scholar
  30. Grasser, C. H.: Röntgenologische Studie über zwei primäre Retothelsarkome des Magens. Radiol. clin. (Basel) 22, 265–277 (1953).Google Scholar
  31. Gray, H. K., Lofgren, K. A.: The significance of an ulcerating lesion in the stomach after gastroenterostomy. Proc. Mayo Clin. 23, 454–460 (1948).Google Scholar
  32. Gummel, H., Wittig, G., Berndt, H.: Therapieresultate und Prognose des Magenkrebses. Arch. Geschwulstforsch. 29, 274–292 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Hesse, O.: Das Magensarkom. Zbl. Grenzgeb. Med. u. Chir. 15, 1912.Google Scholar
  34. Hohlfelder, H.: Die Röntgentiefentherapie. Leipzig: Georg Thieme 1938.Google Scholar
  35. Jenkinson, E. L., Epperson, K. D., Pfisterer, W. H.: Primary lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 72, 34–44 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Jordan, G.-L., Jr., Bolton, B. F., Heard, J. G., Waldron, G.: Sarcomas of the stomach. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 100, 453–457 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Kadrnka, S., Sierro, A.: Le sarcome primitif de l’estomac, diagnostic clinique et radiologique. Arch. Mai. Appar. dig. 23, 51–87 (1933).Google Scholar
  38. Kaufmann, E.: Spezielle pathologische Anatomie. Berlin u. Leipzig: Walter de Gruyter & Co. 1922.Google Scholar
  39. Kessler, E.: Das Magensarkom. Fortschr. Roentgenol. 50, 247–263 (1934).Google Scholar
  40. Koga, S.: Postoperative Fernresultate von Magenkrebs in seinem Frühstadium und sein Rezidiv. Chirurg 41, 553–560 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Konjetzny, G. E.: Das Magensarkom. Ergebn. Chir. Orthop. 14, 256–324 (1921).Google Scholar
  42. Konjetzny, G. E.: Zur Frühdiagnose und Frühoperation des Magenkrebses. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 264, 331–333 (1950).Google Scholar
  43. Kuhlencordt, F.: Das Carcinoma in situ des Magens und der kleine Magenkrebs. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 47, 2111–2115 /2127 (1959).Google Scholar
  44. Kuhlencordt, F.: Nachuntersuchungen beim sogenannten kleinen Magenkrebs. II. Weltkongr. f. Gastroenterologie, München 1962, II, 585–589 (1963).Google Scholar
  45. Madding, G. F.: Hodgkin disease of the stomach: Report of six cases. Proc. Mayo Clin. 13, 618–623 (1938).Google Scholar
  46. Madding, G. F., Walters, W.: Lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Arch. Surg. 40, 120–134 (1940).Google Scholar
  47. Mainzer, F., Amberg, J. R., Margulis, A. R.: Superficial carcinoma of the stomach. Radiology 93, 109–116 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Marshall, S. F., Adamson, N. E., Jr.: Malignant tumors of the stomach. Surg. Clinics of N. America 39, 699–701 (1959).Google Scholar
  49. Marshall, S. F., Adamson, N. E., Jr.: Sarcoma of the stomach. Tumors of lymphatic and reticuloendothelial origin (62 cases). Surg. Clin. N. Amer. 39, 711–718 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Marshall, S. F., Meissner, W. A.: Sarcoma of the stomach. Amer. J. Surg. 131, 824–837 (1950).Google Scholar
  51. Martin, W. C.: Lymphoblastoma of the gastro-intestinal tract. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 36, 881–891 (1936).Google Scholar
  52. McPeak, E., Warren, S.: Histologic features of carcinoma of the cardioesophageal junction and cardia. Amer. J. Path. 24, 971–1001 (1948).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Menetrier, P.: Les polyadenomes gastrique et leurs rapport avec les cancers de l’estomac. Arch, de physiol. norm, et path. 1, 236–262 (1888).Google Scholar
  54. Naumann, W.: Zur Röntgendiagnostik des Magensarkoms. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 75, 72–78 (1951).Google Scholar
  55. Mcneer, G., Pack, G. T.: Neoplasms of the stomach. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company 1967.Google Scholar
  56. Oberling, Ch.: Les reticulosarcomes et les reticuloendotheliomes de la moelle osseuse (sarcomes d’Ewing). Bull. Ass. fit. Cancer 17, 259 (1928).Google Scholar
  57. Ochsner, S., Ochsner, A.: Sarcoma of the stomach. Analysis of 17 cases. Amer. Surg. 142, 804–809 (1955).Google Scholar
  58. Pack, G. T., McNeer, G.: Sarcoma of the stomach. Ann. Surg. 101, 1206–1224 (1935).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Palmer, E.: The sarcomas of the stomach: A review with reference to gross pathology and gastroscopic manifestation. Amer. J. dig. Dis. 17, 186–195 (1950).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Portmann, V. V., Dunne, E. F., Hazard, J. B.: Manifestation of Hodgkin’s disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 72, 772–787 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Pund, E. R., Stelling, F. H.: Lymphosarcoma; report of 3 apparently cured cases. Amer. J. Surg. 52, 50–54 (1941).Google Scholar
  62. Redd, B. L.: Lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 82, 634–650 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Reese, D. F., Hodgson, J. R., Dockerty, M. B.: Giant hypertrophy of the gastric mucosa (Menetrier’s disease): A correlation of the roentgenographic, pathologic and clinical findings. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 88, 619–626 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Schindler, R.: Die gastroskopische Diagnose des diffusen Lymphosarkoms des Magens. Klin. Wschr. 1/2, No 42 (1922).Google Scholar
  65. Schlesinger, H.: Unterscheidet sich das Magensarkom klinisch vom Karzinom? Wien. klin. Wschr. 29, 785–791 (1916).Google Scholar
  66. Sherrick, D. W., Hodgson, J. R., Dockerty, M. B.: The roentgenologic diagnosis of primary hastric lymphoma. Radiology 84, 925–932 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Smith, J. L., Jr., Helwig, E. B.: Malignant lymphoma of the stomach; its diagnosis distinction and biological behaviour. Amer. J. Path. 34, 553 (1958).Google Scholar
  68. Snoddy, W. T.: Primary lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Gastroenterology 20, 537–553 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Spellberg, M. A., Zivin, S.: Lymphosarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract. Ann. Surg. 119, 108–123 (1944).Google Scholar
  70. Symmers, D.: Giant follicular lymphadenopathy with or without splenomegaly. Arch. Path. 26, 603–647 (1938).Google Scholar
  71. Stout, A. P.: Surgical treatment of lymphosarcoma. Proc. of Second National Cancer Conference, vol. 1, p. 573–581. New York: Amer. Cancer Soc. Inc. 1952.Google Scholar
  72. Stout, A. P.: Tumors of the stomach. Atlas of tumor pathology. Washington, D. C.: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology 1953.Google Scholar
  73. Taylor, E. S.: Primary lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Amer. Surg. 110, 200–221 (1939).Google Scholar
  74. Thomson, T. J., Haase, S.: Reticulosarcoma of stomach successfully treated with nitrogen mustard. Brit. J. Radiol. 29, 95–98 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Thorbjarnarson, B., Beal, J. M., Pearce, J. M.: Primary malignant lymphoid tumors of the stomach. Cancer (Philad.) 9, 712–717 (1956).Google Scholar
  76. Voegtlin, C.: Program for study of cancer of stomach. J. nat. Cancer Inst. 1, 539–558 (1940/41).Google Scholar
  77. Voegtlin, C.: A program for the study of cancer of the stomach. Surg. Clin. N. Amer. 27, 1100–1105 (1947).Google Scholar
  78. Walther, H. E.: Krebsmetastasen. Basel: Schwabe & Co. 1948.Google Scholar
  79. Warren, S., Lulenski, C. R.: Primary solitary lymphoid tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Ann. Surg. 115, 1–12 (1942).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Wintrobe, M. M.: Conditions chiefly affecting lymph nodes and the speen. Clin. Hematology 1, 1099–1181 (1961).Google Scholar
  81. Wolferth, Ch. C., Jr., Brady, L. W., Enterline, H. T., Blakemore, W. S.: Primary lymphosarcoma of the stomach. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 109, 755–761 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Zuppinger, A., Läser, S.: Die Röntgenuntersuchung des Magens mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Tumordiagnostik. Radiol, clin. (Basel) 22, 400–412 (1953).Google Scholar
  83. Zuppinger, A., Wegmüller, W.: Differenzierte Tumorhäufigkeit. Radiol, clin. (Basel) 20, 430–442 (1951).Google Scholar

Magencarcinom

  1. Ackermann, L. V., Del Regato, J. A.: Cancer. St. Louis: C. V. Mosby Co. 1962.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, H. D., Hare, H. F., Trump, J. G., Wirt, L. D., Granke, R. C.: The treatment of carcinoma of the esophagus and cardia by resection and postoperative supervoltage roentgen rays. Amer. Surg. 138, 631–642 (1953).Google Scholar
  3. Allison, P., Berrie, J.: The treatment of malignant obstruction of the cardia. Brit. J. Surg. 37, 1–21 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Barth, G.: Erfahrungen von Ergebnissen mit der Nahbestrahlung operativ freigelegter Tumoren. Strahlentherapie 91, 481–527 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Barth, G., Wachsmann, F.: Zur Methode der Nahbestrahlung operativ freigelegter Tumoren. Strahlentherapie 77, 585–598 (1948).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bauer, K. H.: Das Krebsproblem, S. 733–735. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer 1963.Google Scholar
  7. Beck, K.: On external roentgen treatment of internal structures. (Even... treatment.) N. Y. med. J. 27 (1909).Google Scholar
  8. Borrmann, L.: Henke Lubasch, Handbuch der pathologischen Anatomie und Histologie, Bd. IV /1, S. 825. Berlin: Springer 1926.Google Scholar
  9. Bowden, L.: Surgery of locally recurrent gastric cancer. McNeer and Pack, Neoplasms of the stomach. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott 1967.Google Scholar
  10. Brandl, W.: Die Pendelbestrahlung des Magenkarzinoms. Strahlentherapie 87, 185–194 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Chaoul, H., Neumann, W.: Die Röntgenbestrahlung der Magen-Darm-Karzinome. Strahlentherapie 69, 536–553 (1941).Google Scholar
  12. Childs, D. S., Moertel, Ch. G., Holbrook, M. A., Reitemeier, R. J., Colby, M. Y., Jr.: Treatment of malignant neoplasms of gastrointestinal tract with a combination of 5-Fluoracil and Radiation. Radiology 84, 843–848 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Coller, F. A., Kay, E. B., McIntyre, R. S.: Regional lymphatic metastases of carcinoma of the stomach. Arch. Surg. 48, 748–761 (1941).Google Scholar
  14. Desjardin, A. U.: Action of roentgen rays and radium on the gastrointestinal tract. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 26, 1–40 (1931).Google Scholar
  15. Despeignes, V.: Observation concernant un cas de cancer de l’estomac traité par les rayons Röntgen. Lyon méd. 82, 428 und 503 (1896).Google Scholar
  16. Donn, F., Mcneer, G.: Metastasis of gastric cancer to other organs, p. 426–440. In: A. McNeer and G. T. Pack. Neoplasms of the stomach. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott 1967.Google Scholar
  17. Dreyer, B., Louw, J. H.: Squamous-cell carcinoma of the stomach. Brit. J. Surg. 44, 425–426 (1956/ 57).Google Scholar
  18. Fairchild, G. C., Shorter, A.: Direct irradiation of cancer of stomach and other viscera exposed temporarily at operation. Lancet 1945 II, 522–526.Google Scholar
  19. Fairchild, G. C., Shorter, A.: Irradiation of gastric cancer. Brit. J. Radiol. 20, 511–522 (1947).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Falkson, G., Sandison, A. G., Jacobs, E. L., Fichardt, T.: Combined telecobalt and 5-Fluorouracil therapy in cancer of the stomach. S. Afr. med. J. 87, 712–717 (1963).Google Scholar
  21. Färber, J. E.: Incurabel cancer. British Ministry of Health Reports on Public Health and Medical Subjects 66, 26 (1931).Google Scholar
  22. Finsterer, H.: Zur Therapie inoperabler Magen- und Darmkarzinome mit Freilegung und nachfolgender Röntgenbestrahlung. Strahlentherapie 6, 205–213 (1915).Google Scholar
  23. Fried, C.: Four more years’ experience with Roentgen therapy of inoperable gastric cancer. Rev. Cirurg. S. Paulo 10, 76–126 (1945).Google Scholar
  24. Gray, H. K., Lofgren, K. A.: The significance of an ulcerating lesion in the stomach after gastroenterostomy. Proc. Mayo Clin. 23, 454–460 (1948).Google Scholar
  25. Greenwood, M.: A report on the natural duration of cancer. Ministry of Health, Reports on Public Health and Medical Subjects, 33. London: His Majesty’s Stat. Off. 1926.Google Scholar
  26. Gremmel, H., Schulte, W., Vieten, H.: Karzinome nach Magenoperationen wegen nicht blastomatöser Erkrankung. Fortschr. Röntgenstr. 90, 342–350 (1959).Google Scholar
  27. Guiss, L. W.: Endresults for gastric cancer. Surg. Gyn. Obstet. (Suppl.) 93, 313–331 (1951).Google Scholar
  28. Gummel, H., Wittig, G., Berndt, H.: Therapie-resultate und Prognose des Magenkrebses. Arch. Geschwulstforsch. 29, 274–292 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Helsingen, N., Hillestad, L.: Cancer development in the gastric stump after partial gastrectomy for ulcer. Amer. Surg. 148, 173–179 (1956).Google Scholar
  30. Hitchcook, C. R., McLean, L. D., Sullivan, W. A.: The secretary and clinical aspects of achlorhydria and gastric atrophy as precursors of gastric cancer. J. nat. Cancer Inst. 18, 795–811 (1957).Google Scholar
  31. Hogg, L., Pack, G. T.: The controversial relationship between blood group A and gastric cancer. Gastroenterology 32, 797–806 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Hohlfelder, H.: Die Röntgentiefentherapie. Leipzig: Georg Thieme 1938.Google Scholar
  33. Koga, S.: Postoperative Fernresultate von Magenkrebs in seinem Frühstadium und sein Rezidiv. Chirurg 41, 553–560 (1970).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Konjetzny, G. E.: Zur Frühdiagnose und Früh-operation des Magenkrebses. Langenbecks Arch, klin. Chir. 264, 331–333 (1950).Google Scholar
  35. Krause, P.: Kritischer Bericht über die Grundlagen und Erfahrungen mit der Röntgentherapie bei Karzinomen des Magen-Darm. Strahlentherapie 47, 125–136 (1933).Google Scholar
  36. Kühlmeyer, R., Rokitansky, O.: Das Magenstumpfkarzinom als Spätproblem der Ulkuschirurgie. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 278, 361–375 (1954).Google Scholar
  37. Kuhlencordt, F.: Das Carcinoma in situ des Magens und der kleine Magenkrebs. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 47, 2111–2115 /2127 (1959).Google Scholar
  38. Kuhlencordt, F.: Nachuntersuchungen beim sogenannten kleinen Magenkrebs. II. Weltkongr. f. Gastroenterologie, München 1962, II, 585–589 (1963).Google Scholar
  39. Mainzer, F., Amberg, J. R., Margulis, A. R.: Superficial carcinoma of the stomach. Radiology 98, 109–116 (1969).Google Scholar
  40. Marshall, S. F., Adamson, N. E., Jr.: Carcinoma of the stomach. Follow-up results in a series of 1708 patients. Surg. Clin. N. Amer. 39, 703–710 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. McNeer, G., Joly, D. J., Berg, J. W.: The significance of adenomatous polyps. Neoplasm of the stomach (McNeer and Pack). Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. 1967.Google Scholar
  42. McNeer, G., Pack, G. T.: Neoplasm of the stomach. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Co. 1967.Google Scholar
  43. McPeak, E., Warren, S.: Histologic features of carcinoma of the cardioesophageal junction and cardia. Amer. J. Path. 24, 971–1001 (1948).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Mosbech, J., Videbaek, A.: Mortality from and risk of gastric carcinoma among patients with pernicious anaemia. Brit. med. J. 1950 II, 391–394.Google Scholar
  45. Murakami, K.: The early detection of gastric cancer by mass survey. XII Internat. Congr. of Radiology, Tokyo 1969, National Board of Management, S. 166.Google Scholar
  46. Murphy, W. T.: Radiation therapy. Philadelphia-London: W. B. Saunders 1967.Google Scholar
  47. Murray, J. P.: XII Int. Congr. of Radiology, Tokyo 1969, National Board of Management, p. 165.Google Scholar
  48. Nakayama, K.: Pre-operative irradiation in the treatment of patients with carcinoma of the oesophagus and some other sites. J. Fac. Radiol. 15, 232–241 (1964).Google Scholar
  49. Nathanson, I. T., Welch, C. E.: Life expectancy and incidence of malignant disease. III. Carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract. Amer. J. Cancer 31, 457–466 (1937).Google Scholar
  50. Nathanson, I. T., Welch, C. E.: Gastroenterology 29, 526 (1955).Google Scholar
  51. Nissen, R.: Klinische “Frühdiagnose” des Magenkarzinoms. Chirurg 33, 205–209 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Oppolzer, R. V.: Über das Magenkarzinom. Lebensdauer und Schicksal von 859 Fällen der Jahre 1926–1935 der Klinik v. Eiselsberg-Ranzi. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 192, 55–93 (1938).Google Scholar
  53. Ottenjann, R., Heckel, M.: Gezielte endoskopische Gastrobiopsie bei Riesenfalten der Magenschleimhaut. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 90, 1510–1515 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Pisani, G., Nuvolone, U.: La telecobaltoterapia del carcinoma gastrico inoperabile. Radioter. Radiobiol. Fis. med. 17, 21–29 (1962).Google Scholar
  55. Pollard, H. M., Henley, K. S.: The natural history of survival in carcinoma of the stomach, treated and untreated. Gastroenterology 29, 526–535 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Rapant, V.: Operative Mortalität und Spätergebnisse nach subtotalen und totalen Resektionen beim Magen- und Cardiakarzinom. Chirurg 29, 529–533 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Regelsberger, H.: Zur Behandlung des inoperablen Magenkarzinoms. Strahlentherapie 61, 201–232 (1938).Google Scholar
  58. Rigler, L. G., Kaplan, H. S., Fink, D. L.: Pernicious anemia and the early diagnosis of tumors of the stomach. J. Amer. med. Ass. 128, 426–432 (1945).Google Scholar
  59. Rouviere, H.: Anatomie des lymphatiques de l’homme. Paris: Masson 1932.Google Scholar
  60. Samuel, E.: XII Int. Congr. of Radiologa Tokyo, 1969. National Board of Management, S. 164.Google Scholar
  61. Sauerbrey, R., Reinhold, H.: Zur Strahlentherapie des Magenkarzinoms. Strahlentherapie 121, 193–199 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Schell, R. F., Dockerty, M. B., Comfort, M. W.: Carcinoma of the stomach associated with pernicious anemia. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 98 (I), 710–720 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Schinz, H. R.: Zürcher Erfahrungen bei der Bestrahlung von Malignomen der drüsigen Bauchorgane ohne Geschlechtsdrüsen (1919–1935). Strahlentherapie 60, 170–177 (1938).Google Scholar
  64. Schinz, H. R.: Lehrbuch der Röntgendiagnostik. Allgemeine Grundlagen, Bd. I. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme 1965.Google Scholar
  65. Schmerz, K.: Über die Karzinombildung am Gastro-Enterostomosering. Bruns’ Beitr. (F. Bandmann) 186, 210–221 (1953).Google Scholar
  66. Schwarz: XXXII. Tag. der Vereinig. Nordwestdtsch. Chirurgen, 18. u. 19. 6. 1926, Bremen. Zbl. Chir. 58, 3000–3001 (1926).Google Scholar
  67. Segi, M., Kurihara, M., Matsuyama, T.: Cancer mortality for selected sites in 24 countries. Sendai (Japan) Department of Public Health. Tohoku Univ. School of Med. 1969.Google Scholar
  68. Shimkin, M. B.: Duration of life in untreated cancer. Cancer (Philad.) 4, 1–8 (1951).Google Scholar
  69. Sunderland, D. A.: The lymphatic spread of gastric cancer. In: Pack U. McNeer, S. 48.Google Scholar
  70. Trapezuikov, N. N.: Results of surgical treatment of cancer of the stomach. Brit. med. J. 5156, 857–859 (1959).Google Scholar
  71. Voegtlin, C.: A program for the study of cancer of the stomach. J. nat. Cancer Inst. 1, 539–558 (1941).Google Scholar
  72. Walters, W. W., Berkson, J.: An improvement of 180 per cent in the five-year survival rate of patients with carcinoma of the stomach. Ann. Surg. 137, 884–890 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Walther, H. E.: Krebsmetastasen. Basel: Schwabe & Co. 1948.Google Scholar
  74. Welch, C. E.: Carcinoma of the stomach. Surg. Clin. N. Amer. 27, 1100–1105 (1947).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Welch, C. E., Burke, J. F.: An appraisal of the treatment of gastric ulcer. Surgery 44, 943–958 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Werner, R., Caan, A.: Über die Wirkung von Röntgenstrahlen auf Geschwülste. Münch, med. Wschr. 57, 1384–1385 (1910).Google Scholar
  77. Zamcheck, N., Grable, E., Ley, A., Norman, L.: Occurence of gastric cancer among patients with pernicious Anemia at the Boston City Hospital. New Engl. J. Med. 252, 1103–1110 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Zuppinger, A., Läser, S.: Die Röntgenuntersuchung des Magens mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Tumordiagnostik. Radiol, clin. (Basel) 22, 400–412 (1953).Google Scholar
  79. Zuppinger, A., Wegmüller, W.: Differenzierte Tumorhäufigkeit. Radiol, clin. (Basel) 20, 430–442 (1951).Google Scholar

Dünndarmtumoren

  1. Ackermann, L. V., Regato, J. A., Del: Cancer. St. Louis: The Mosby Co. 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, A. W., Donaldson, G., Sniffen, R. C., Goodale, F., Jr.: Ann. Surg. 140, 428–438 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Berger, L., Koppelmann, H.: Primary carcinoma of the duodenum. Ann. Surg. 116, 738–750 (1942).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Biebl, M.: Intestinal lymphogranulomatosis. Dtsch. Z. Chir. 198, 104–108 (1926).Google Scholar
  5. Billingsley, J. S., Bartholomew, L. G., Child, D. S.: A study of radiation therapy in carcinoma of the pancreas. Proc. Mayo Clin. 33, 426–430 (1958).Google Scholar
  6. Bini, G., Parves, A.: Sulla linfogranulomatosis gastrointestinale promitiva. Pathologica 32, 89–111 (1940).Google Scholar
  7. Burns, G. M., Shields, A. B.: Resection of carcinoma of duodenum following irradiation. Northw. Med. (Seattle) 62, 425–427 (1963).Google Scholar
  8. Chanoine, F.: Tumeurs malignes primitives du jéjuno-iléon. Acta gastro-ent. belg. 18, 163–199 (1955).Google Scholar
  9. Charache, H.: Primary lymphosarcoma of the intestine. Amer. J. Surg. 27, 171–173 (1935).Google Scholar
  10. Charache, H.: Primary lymphosarcoma of the intestine in a boy of seven. Follow-up of nine years. Amer. J. Surg. 59, 601 (1943).Google Scholar
  11. Cherigie, E., Hillemand, P., Proux, C., Bourdon, R.: L’intestin grêle normal et pathologique. Paris: Expansion Scientifique éd. (1957).Google Scholar
  12. Cherigie, E., Pradel, J.: Les lymphosarcomes de l’intestin grêle. Ann. Radiol. 4, 295–304 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Chont, L. K.: Sarcomas of the small intestine and reference to their radiosensitivity. Radiology 36, 86–97 (1941).Google Scholar
  14. Cooke, H. H.: Carcinoid tumors of the small intestine. Arch. Surg. 22, 586–597 (1931).Google Scholar
  15. Corner, Fairbanks: Zit. nach Chanoine.Google Scholar
  16. Cutler, G. D., Stark, R. B., Scott, H. W., Jr.: Lymphosarcoma of the bowel in childhood. New Engl. J. Med. 232, 665–670 (1945).Google Scholar
  17. Deeb, P. H., Stilson, W. L.: Roentgenologic manifestions of Lymphosarcoma of the small bowel. Radiology 63, 235–240 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Dixon, C. F., Lichtmann, A. L., McDonalds, J. R.: Malignant lesions of the duodenum. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 83, 83–93 (1946).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Dockerty, M. B., Ashbtjrn, F. S.: Carcinoid tumors (so called) of the ileum and report of 13 cases in which there was metastasis. Arch. Surg. 47, 221–246 (1943).Google Scholar
  20. Drope, H.: Zur Kenntnis der Lymphogranulomatose des Verdauungsschlauches. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 259, 147–159 (1926).Google Scholar
  21. Duncan, A. J.: Case of scirrhus of abdominal organs in a young child. Edinb. med. J. 31 (pt. 2), 1127–1129 (1886).Google Scholar
  22. Dtjndon, C. C.: Primary tumors of the small intestine. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 59, 492–504 (1948).Google Scholar
  23. Emmet, J. M., Dreyfijss, M. L.: Malignant tumors of the small bowel. Ann. Surg. 123, 859–865 (1946).Google Scholar
  24. Faulkner, J. W., Dockerty, M. B.: Lymphosarcoma of the small intestine. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 95, 76–84 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Foster, J. H.: A ten-year-experience with carcinoma of the pancreas. Arch. Surg. 94, 322–325 (1967).Google Scholar
  26. Golden, R.: Radiologic examination of the small intestine. Springfield 111., 1959. Philadelphia-London-Montreal: J. B. Lippincott Co. 1945.Google Scholar
  27. Gyr, K.: Ergebnisse der chirurgischen Therapie der periampullären Karzinome. Schwiwo 99, 249–253 (1969).Google Scholar
  28. Innes, J.: Carcinoma of the duodenum with report of a case. Clin. Radiol. 14, 361–364 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Irvine, W. T., Johnstone, J. M.: Lymphosarcoma of the small intestine with special reference to perforating tumors. Brit. J. Surg. 42, 591–618 (1955).Google Scholar
  30. Jenkin, R. D., Sonley, M. J., Stephens, C. A.: Primary gastrointestinal tract lymphoma in childhood. Radiology 92, 763–767 (1969).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Kasemeyer, E.: Tumorinvagination des Darms. Dtsch. Z. Chir. 118, 205–264 (1912).Google Scholar
  32. Kaufmann, E.: Spezielle pathologische Anatomie. Berlin u. Leipzig: Walter de Gruyter & Co. 1922.Google Scholar
  33. Kleinerman, J., Yardumian, K., Tamaki, H. T.: Primary carcinoma of duodenum. Ann. intern. Med. 32, 451–465 (1950).Google Scholar
  34. Konjetzny, G. E.: Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 264, 331–333 (1950).Google Scholar
  35. Lexer: Magensarkom. Verhandig. d. Gesellsch. f. wissenschaftl. Klinik, Königsberg 1910.Google Scholar
  36. Lunn, G. M.: Carcinoma of the duodenum. Brit. J. Surg. 40, 5–12 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Marcuse, P. M., Stout, A. P.: Primary lymphosarcoma of the small intestine. Cancer (Philad.) 3, 459–474 (1950).Google Scholar
  38. McDougal, W. J.: Carcinoma of the small intestine. Amer. J. Surg. 66, 119–122 (1944).Google Scholar
  39. McSwain, B., Beal, J. M.: Lymphosarcoma of the gastro-intestinal tract. Ann. Surg. 119, 108–123 (1944).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Medinger, F. G.: Malignant tumors of the small intestine. A study of their incidence and diagnostic characteristics. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 69, 299–305 (1939).Google Scholar
  41. Morris, P. J., Nordi, G. L.: Pancreaticoduodenal cancer (Experience from 1951 to 1960 with a look ahead and behind). Arch. Surg. 92, 834–837 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Morse, R. W., Cole, L. G.: The anatomy of the small intestine as observed roentgenographically. Radiology 8, 149–153 (1927).Google Scholar
  43. Murray, J. P.: Limitation of the early detection of gastric cancer. XII. Internat. Congr. of Radiology, Tokyo 1969, S. 164–166. National Board of Management.Google Scholar
  44. Oberndorfer, S.: Die Geschwülste des Darmes. Henke/Lubarsch, Bd. IV/3. Berlin: Springer 1929.Google Scholar
  45. Portmann, U. V., Dunne, E. F., Hazard, J. B.: Manifestation of Hodgkin’s disease of the gastro-intestinal tract. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 72, 773–787 (1954).Google Scholar
  46. Present, A. J.: Primary lymphosarcoma of the duodenum. Amer. Roentgenol. 41, 545–548 (1939).Google Scholar
  47. Prevot, R.: Grundriß der Röntgenologie des Magendarmkanals. Hamburg: H. H. Nölke 1948.Google Scholar
  48. Prey, D., Foster, J. M., Jr., Dennis, W.: Primary sarcoma of the duodenum. Arch. Surg. 30, 675–684 (1935).Google Scholar
  49. Pridgen, J. E., Mayo, Ch. W., Dockerty, M. B.: Carcinoma of the jejunum and ileum exclusive of carcinoid-tumors. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 90, 513–524 (1950).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Rankin, F. W., Newell, C. E.: Cit. bei Dundon, C. C.Google Scholar
  51. Rowe, E. W., Neely, J. M.: Primary malignancy of small intestine. Radiology 28, 325–338 (1937).Google Scholar
  52. Raiford, T. S.: Tumor of the small intestine: Their diagnosis with special reference to the X-ray appearence. Radiology 16, 253–270 (1931).Google Scholar
  53. Samuel, E.: Limitation of the early detection of gastric cancer, p. 164–166. XII. Internat. Congr. of Radiology, Tokyo, 1969.Google Scholar
  54. Schindler, R.: On hypertrophic glandular gastritis, hypertrophic gastropathy and pariental cell mass. Gastroenterology 44/45, 77–83 (1963).Google Scholar
  55. Schlaeger, R.: Examination of the small intestine, in Alimentary tract. Roentgenology, p. 589–604 (Margulis and Burhenne), vol. II. St. Louis: Mosby Co. 1967.Google Scholar
  56. Schlagenhaufer, F.: Beiträge zur path. Anatomie der Granulomatose des Magendarmtraktes. Virchows Arch. path. Anat.Google Scholar
  57. Schwartz, N. H., Swingle, R. C., Raymond, E. A.: Malignant tumors of the duodenum. Report of two cases. Arch, intern. Med. 7, 410–417 (1951).Google Scholar
  58. Spellberg, M. A., Zivin, S.: Lymphosarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract. Arch, intern. Med. 83, 135–149 (1949).Google Scholar
  59. Speeze, Cit. Nach Chanoine.Google Scholar
  60. Starr, G. F., Dockerty, M. B.: Leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas of the small intestine. Cancer (Philad.) 8, 101–111 (1955).Google Scholar
  61. Stein, Tumors Of The Small Intestine. Amer. J. Dig. Dis. 4, 517 (1937).Google Scholar
  62. Sugarbaker, E. D., Crayer, L. F.: Lymphosarcoma; study of 196 cases with biopsy. J. Amer. med. Ass. 115, 17–23 (1940).Google Scholar
  63. Ullman, A., Abeshouse, B. S.: Lymphosarcoma of the small and large intestine. Ann. Surg. 95, 878–915 (1932).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Usher, F. C., Dixon, C. F.: Lymphosarcoma of the intestines. Gastroenterology 1, 160–178 (1943).Google Scholar
  65. Vuori, V. A.: Primary malignant tumours of the small intestine. Acta chir. Scand. 137, 555–561 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Walther, H. E.: Krebsmetastasen. Basel: Schwabe & Co. 1948.Google Scholar
  67. Warren, K. W., Cattell, R. B., Blackhtjrn, J. P., Nora, P. F.: A long-term appraisal of pancreaticoduodenal resection for Peri-ampullary carcinoma. Ann. Surg. 155, 653–662 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Weber, H. M., Kirklin, B. R.: Roentgenologic manifestation of tumors of the small intestine. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 47, 243–253 (1942).Google Scholar
  69. Werner, R., Caan, A.: Über die Wirkung von Röntgenstrahlen auf Geschwülste. Münch, med. Wschr. 57, 1384–1385 (1910).Google Scholar
  70. Willis, R. A.: Pathology of tumours. London: Butterworths Medical Publications 1948.Google Scholar

Coloncarcinome

  1. Ackermann, L. V., Regato, J. A. Del: Cancer. St. Louis: The Mosby Co. 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Agostino, V. M. D., Nickson, J. J.: Preoperative X-ray therapy in a simulated colon carcinoma. Radiology 74, 816–819 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Allen, A. W., Donaldson, G., Sniffen, R. C., Goodale, F., Jr.: Primary malignant lymphoma of the gastro-intestinal tract. Ann. Surg. 140, 428–438 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bacon, H. E.: Anus, rectum, sigmoid, colon (diagnosis and treatment), 1. Aufl. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Comp. 1938.Google Scholar
  5. Balofsky, S. L.: Advanced gastrointestinal carcinoma. Roentgen, rads, and riddles. A Symposium on Supervoltage Radiation Therapy. US Atomic Energy Commission 415–417 (1959).Google Scholar
  6. Berson, E. J., Berger, L.: Multiple carcinomas of the large intestin. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 80, 75–84 (1945).Google Scholar
  7. Berven, E.: Radiological treatment of cancer of the rectum. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) 20, 373–390 (1939).Google Scholar
  8. Broders, A. C., Btjie, L. A., Laird, D. R.: Prognosis in carcinoma of the rectum. J. Amer. med. Ass. 115, 1066–1071 (1940).Google Scholar
  9. Coller, F. A., Kay, E. B., McIntyre, R. S.: Regional lymphatic metastasis of carcinoma of the colon. Ann. Surg. 114, 56–67 (1941).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Cottier, H.: Colitis regionalis und Crohnsche Krankheit. Helv. Med. Acta 20, 490–501 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Delahay, R. O., Isnard, J., Pyard, M.: Les lymphosarcomes du coecum. J. Radiologie 44, 625 — 634 (1963).Google Scholar
  12. Doub, H. P., Pratt, J. P., Jones, H. C.: Combined irradiation and surgery in the treatment of carcinoma of the pelvic. Radiology 37, 575–580 (1941).Google Scholar
  13. Dukes, C. E.: Discussion on the pathology and treatment of carcinoma of the colon. Proc. roy. Soc. Med. 38, 381–384 (1945).Google Scholar
  14. Economotj, S. G., Mrazek, R., Soijthwick, H., Mcdonald, G. O., Slaughter, D., Cole, W.: Prophylactic measures in the spread of carcinoma of the colon and rectum. Dis. Colon Rect. 2, 98–108 (1959).Google Scholar
  15. Ennuyer, A., Bataini, P.: Lymphoréticulosarcomes de l’estomac et de l’intestin. Bull. Ass. franç. Cancer 52, 215–240 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Erdmann, J. F., Morris, J. H.: Polyposis of the colon. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 40, 460–468 (1925).Google Scholar
  17. Flesch-Thebesius, M.: Dauerheilung eines Rectum-Carcinoms durch Röntgenbestrahlung (Kasuistischer Beitrag). Strahlentherapie 80, 213–214 (1949).Google Scholar
  18. Fletcher, W. S., Allen, C. V., Englebert Dunphy, J.: Preoperative irradiation for carcinoma of the colon and rectum. Amer. J. Surg. 109, 77 (1965).Google Scholar
  19. Glinski, L. K.: Zur Kenntnis der Dickdarm-Lymphosarcome. Anat. u. Physiol. 167, 373–382 (1902).Google Scholar
  20. Gondard, L.: A propos de trois cas de carcinome rectal traités par contact thérapie. J. Radiol. Électrol. 82, 743–747 (1951).Google Scholar
  21. Henschke, U.: Radiation therapy of cancer of colum and rectum. Dis. Colon Rect. 2, 84–91 (1959).Google Scholar
  22. Higgins, G. A., Dwight, R. W., Walsh, W. S., Humphrey, E. W.: Preoperative radiation therapy as an adjuvant to surgery for carcinoma of the colon and rectum. Amer. J. Surg. 115, 241–246 (1968).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Hines, M. O., Hanley, P. H., Ray, J. E., Rush, B. M.: Polyps of the colon and rectum in children: Experience with 27 cases. Dis. Colon Rect. 2, 161–165 (1959).Google Scholar
  24. Hohlfelder, H.: Die Röntgentiefentherapie. Leipzig: Georg Thieme 1938.Google Scholar
  25. Hultborn, K. A.: The causal relationship between benign epithelial tumors and adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum. Acta radiol. (Stockh.), Suppl. 113, 5–17 (1954).Google Scholar
  26. Jüngling, O.: Polyposis intestin. Hereditäre Verhältnisse und Beziehungen zum Carcinom. Bruns’ Beitr. klin. Chir. 3, 76 (1928).Google Scholar
  27. Mayo, Ch. W., De Weerd, J. H., Jackman, R. J.: Diffuse familial polyposis of the colon. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 93, 87–96 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Murdock, M. G., Kramer, S.: Cobalt-60 therapy in the management of perineal recurrence from carcinoma of rectum and colon. Amer. J. Radiol. 91, 149–154 (1964).Google Scholar
  29. Nealon, F. F.: Management of the patient with cancer. Philadelphia-London: W. B. Saunders Comp. 1965.Google Scholar
  30. Ottenjann, R.: Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der Gastroenterologie. Med. Klin. 57, 809–813 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Peskin, G. W., Mashall, J. O.: Carcinoids, the malignant carcinoid syndrome and 5-Hydroxytryptamine (Serotonin). Amer. J. med. Sci. 237, 224–237 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Peskin, G. W., Orloff, M.: A clinical study of 25 patients with carcinoid of the rectum. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 109, 673–682 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Portmann, U. V., Dunne, E. F., Hazard, J. B.: Manifestations of Hodgkin’s disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Amer. J. Roentgenol. 72, 773–787 (1954).Google Scholar
  34. Puzin, I., Susnow, D. A.: Lymphosarcoma of the rectosigmoid. Amer. J. Surg. 93, 477–480 (1957).Google Scholar
  35. Quan, St. H. Q.: Preoperative radiation for carcinoma of rectum. N. Y. St. J. Med. 66, 2243–2247 (1966).Google Scholar
  36. Reifferscheid, M.: Das Spatschicksal des Colitis-ulcerosa-Kranken. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 298, 558–570 (1959/60).Google Scholar
  37. Ruff, C. C., Dockerty, M. B., Frick, R. E., Wangh, J. M.: Preoperative radiation-therapy for adeno-carcinoma of the rectum and rectosigmoid. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 112, 715–723 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Schlagenhaufer, F.: (Selbstbericht.) uber Granulomatosis des Magendarmtraktes. Zbl. allg. Path, path. Anat. 24, 965–966 (1913).Google Scholar
  39. Segi, M., Kurihara, M., Matsuyama, T.: Cancer mortality for selected sites in 24 countryes, Sendai, Japan, Department of Public Health. Tohoku University School of Medecine, Aug. 1969.Google Scholar
  40. Shedden, W. M., Dresser, R.: Carcinoma of the colon (exclusiv of the rectum). Amer. J. Roentgenol. 43, 715–727 (1940).Google Scholar
  41. Smith, J. L., Helwig, E. B.: Malignant lymphoma of the stomach. Amer. J. Path. 34, 553 (1958).Google Scholar
  42. Sorensen, B. L., Stancke, B.: Survival after radical surgery for sigmoid and rectal cancer in Denmark. Acta clin, scand. 184, 392–397 (1968).Google Scholar
  43. Stearns,M.W., Jr., Deddish,M.R., Quan, St.H. Q.: Preoperative roentgen therapy for cancer of the rectum. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 109, 225–229(1959).Google Scholar
  44. Taylor, F. W.: Cancer of colon and rectum. A study of rules of metastases and death. Surgery 52, 305–308 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. UICC: Cancer incidence in five continents. Vol. I I, 1970.Google Scholar
  46. Ullmann, A., Abeshouse, B. S.: Lymphosarcoma of the small and large intestines. Ann. Surg. 95, 878–915 (1932).Google Scholar
  47. Wang, C. C., Daland, E. M., Gephart, Th.: Carcinoma of the sigmoid colon. Report of two inoperable cases with favourable results five or more years following radiation therapy. J. Fac. Radiol. (Lond.) 10, 50–53 (1959).Google Scholar
  48. Wang, C. C., Schulz, M. D.: The role of the radiation therapy in the management of carcinoma of the sigmoid, rectosigmoid and rectum. Radiology 79, 1–5 (1962).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Willis, R. A.: Pathology of tumours. London: Butterworths Medical Publications 1948.Google Scholar
  50. Wolf, B. S., Marshak, R. H.: Roentgen features of diffuse lymphosarcoma of the colon. Radiology 75, 733–740 (1960).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Wychulis, A. R., Beahrs, O. H., Woolner, L. B.: Malignant lymphoma of the colon (a study of 69 cases). Arch. Surg. 93, 215–225 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Zuppinger

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations