Uprooting and After...

  • Ch Zwingmann
  • M. Pfister-Ammende


During the first half of the 20th century more than 100 million people of the Northern hemisphere left their homeland or were forcefully separated from it; they migrated, they were displaced or deported, they fled from persecution. The question has been raised whether there should be a distinction between voluntary and involuntary migration since emigration is mostly the result of an involuntary situation, i.e. a conflict. Such a conflict may be caused by external circumstances and pressure or by inner psychological factors resulting from the personality structure of the individual.


Home Country Foreign Worker International View Rural Migrant External Circumstance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Zwingmann, Ch., and Pfister-Ammende, M., Uprooting and After.…General Review.Google Scholar
  2. A.F.S.C., 1971, (American Friends Service Committee) Indo-China 1971. White Paper on Requirements for Peace in Southeast Asia.Google Scholar
  3. Brengelmann, J. and Revenstorff, D., 1970, “Persönlichkeit und Entwurzelung” Max-Planck-Institut für Psychiatrie, Psychologische Abt., München.Google Scholar
  4. Kraepelin, E., 1921, Ueber Entwurzelung. Zeitschr. f.d. ges. Neurolog. & Psychiatrie, 63.Google Scholar
  5. Malzberg, B., 1936, Mental Disease among Foreign-Born and Native Whites in New York State. Amer. J. Psychiat. 93, 127–137.Google Scholar
  6. Malzberg, B., 1956 & Lee, E.S.: Migration and mental disease. New York.Google Scholar
  7. Ødegaard, Ø., 1932, Emigration and Insanity. Acta Psychiatr. et Neurolog. Copenhagen, Levin and Munksgard, Suppl. 4.Google Scholar
  8. WHO, 1970, (World Health Organization) The Adaptation of Migrants to Urban Conditons. WHO/RECS/OSHS/70.11. mimeogr.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ch Zwingmann
  • M. Pfister-Ammende

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations