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Röntgendiagnostik des Magen-Darmtraktes beim Neugeborenen und jungen Säugling

  • H. G. Wolf
Part of the Handbuch der Medizinischen Radiologie / Encyclopedia of Medical Radiology book series (HDBRADIOL, volume 11 / 2)

Zusammenfassung

In den letzten Jahren hat die Röntgenuntersuchung des Abdomens beim Neugeborenen und Säugling aus zwei Gründen besonderes Interesse gefunden. Erstens stellen die Bildungsfehler des Magen-Darmtraktes den Hauptanteil der chirurgischen Eingriffe beim Neugeborenen dar, wobei durch die modernen Erkenntnisse der prä- und postoperativen Betreuung, aber auch durch die Verbesserung der Anaesthesieverfahren und Operationsmethoden beachtliche Behandlungserfolge erzielt werden konnten. Zweitens handelt es sich fast immer um diagnostische Notfallsituationen, deren Klärung sowohl zeitlich als auch aus Gründen des Strahlenschutzes (Hope u. O’Hara) mit möglichst einfachen Methoden angestrebt werden sollte. Auch die nicht seltene Kombination mit anderen Bildungsfehlern, etwa des Herzens oder des Urogenitaltraktes, sowie die relativ große Zahl von Frühgeborenen macht eine wenig eingreifende Untersuchungsmethodik notwendig.

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