Detection and measurement of ionizing radiation
Some of the basic principles and phenomena already discussed in Section A will be briefly reconsidered in relation to the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation. The fundamental mechanism of radiation detection is the dissipation of radiation energy in some medium in a form capable of physical or chemical measurement. Except at relatively high intensities, degeneration of the absorbed radiation energy into heat affords an insufficiently sensitive means of measurement. Transformation of the radiation energy, however, into energy of ionization and excitation of the medium can result in extremely sensitive detection by electrical, photometric or chemical methods.
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