Advertisement

Zusammenfassung

Neben der geschlechtlichen und der ungeschlechtlichen Vermehrung gibt es bei einer nicht geringen Zahl von Pilzen noch eine Fortpflanzung durch vegetativeZellen. Bei einigen Pilzen ist überhaupt nur diese Art der Vermehrung bekannt. Zu der vegetativen Fortpflanzung rechnet man außer Spwßmycel die Bildung von Chlamydosporen. von Sklerotien und von Bulbillen. Über die Bedingungen,unter denen diese Organe entstehen, ist im Vergleich zu unseren Kenntnissen über die Bildung von Gameten oder Sporen noch recht wenig bekannt.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Abeygunawardena, D. V. W., and R. K. S. Wood: Factors affecting the germination of sclerotia and mycelial growth of Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. Trans. Brit, mycol. Soc. 40, 221–231 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allixgton, W. B.: Sclerotial formation in Rhizoctonia solani as affected by nutritional and other factors. Phytopathology 26, 831–844 (1936).Google Scholar
  3. Asthana, R. P.: Studies on sclerotium-forming fungi. I. Sclerotium cepivorum Berk, and S. tuliparum Klebahn. Part 1. Cultural studies. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 26, 93–107 (1947).Google Scholar
  4. Bail, Th.: Über Hefe. Flora (Jena) 40, 417–430, 433-444 (1857).Google Scholar
  5. Bainier, G.: Nouvelles observations sur les zygospores des Mucorinées. Ann. Sci. nat., Sér. VI, Bot. 19, 200–216 (1884).Google Scholar
  6. Brefeld, O.: Mucor racemosus und Hefe, nebst einigen Bemerkungen zur Systematikder Pilze. Flora (Jena) 56, 385–400 (1873).Google Scholar
  7. Untersuchungen aus dem Gesamtgebieteder Mykologie, H. 10. Münster 1891.Google Scholar
  8. Brook, M., and C. G. C. Chesters: The growth of Botrytis einerea Pers., Fusarium caeruleum (Lib.) Sacc, and Phoma foveata Foister in the presence of tetrachloronitrobenzene isomers. Ann. appl. Biol. 45, 498–505 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Burkholder, P. R.: Vitamin deficiencies in yeasts. Amer. J. Bot. 30, 206–311 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Burkholder, P. R., and D. Moyer: Vitamin deficiencies of fifty yeasts and molds. Bull. Torrey bot. Club 70, 372–377 (1943).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chivers, A. H.: A comparative study of Sclerotinia minor Jagger and Sclerotinia intermediaRamsey in culture. Phytopathology 19. 301–309 (1929).Google Scholar
  12. Coker, W. C.: The Saprolegniaceae. Chapel Hill N. C.1923.Google Scholar
  13. Dana, B. F.: Soil cultures for the laboratory production of sclerotia in Phymatotrichum omnivorum. Phytopathology 21, 551–556 (1931).Google Scholar
  14. Demetriades, S. D.: Études sur la biologie du Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) Massee. III. L’action du magnesium et du soufre sur le développement du champignon et la formation de ses sclérotes. Ann. Inst. phyt. Benaki 7, 15–20 (1953).Google Scholar
  15. Études sur la biologie du Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) Massee. IV. L’utilisation des diverses sources d’azote. Ann. Inst. phyt. Benaki 7, 27-35 (1953).Google Scholar
  16. De Monbreun. W. A.: Experimental chronic cutaneous blastomycosis in monkeys. Arch. Derm. Syph. (Chicago) 3.1, 831–854 (1935).Google Scholar
  17. The cultivation and cultural characteristics of Darling’s Histoplasma capsulat urn. Ann. J. trop. Med. 14, 93-125 (1934).Google Scholar
  18. Dowding, E. S.: Histoplasma and brazilian Blastomyces. Mycologia 42. 668–679 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Duncan, J. T.: The epidemiology of fungus diseases. Trans, ryo. Soc. trop. Med. Hyg. 42, 207–216 (1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ezekiel. W., J.T. Taubenhaus and J. F. Fudge: Nutritional requirements of the root-rot fungus Phymatotrichum omnivorum. Plant Physiol. 9, 187–216 (1934).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Fineman, B.C.: A study of the thrush parasite. J. infect. Dis. 28, 185–206 (1921).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hamburger, W. W.: A comparative study of four strains of organisms isolated from four cases of generalized blastomycosis. J. infect. Dis. 4, 201–209 (1907).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Heim, R., A. Brack, H. Kobel, A. Hofmann et R. Cailleux: Déterminisme de la formation des carpophores et des sclérotes dans la culture du Psilocybe mexicana Heim, agaric hallucinogènedu Mexique, et mise en évidence de la psilocybine et de la psilocine. Rev. de Mycol. 23, 106–113 (1958).Google Scholar
  24. Higgins, B. B.: Physiology and parasitism of Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. Phytopathology 17, 417–448 (1927).Google Scholar
  25. Hotson, J. W.: Culture studies of fungi producing bulbils and similar propagative bodies. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts and Sci. 48, 227–306 (1912).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Notes on bulbiferous fungi with a key to described species. Bot. Gaz. 64, 265-284 (1917).Google Scholar
  27. Ingram, M.: An introduction to the biology of yeasts. London 1955.Google Scholar
  28. Jillson. O. F., and W. J. Nickerson: Mutual antagonism between pathogenic fungi. Inhibition of dimorphism in Candida albicans. Mycologia 40, 369–385 (1948).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Klebs, G.: Die Bedingungen der Fortpflanzung bei einigen Algen und Pilzen. Jena 1928.Google Scholar
  30. Langeron, M., et P. Guerra: Orientation de la filamentisation des champignons levuri-formes cultivés sur lames gélosées. Ann. Parasit, hum. comp. 17, 580–589 (1939).Google Scholar
  31. Levine, S., and Z. Ordal: Factors influencing the morphology of Blastomyces dermatitidis. J. Bact. 52, 687–694 (1946).Google Scholar
  32. Lilly, V. G., and H. L. Barnett: Growth rates, vitamin deficiencies and sclerotia formation by some Sclerotiniaceae. Proc. W. Va. Acad. Sci. 20, 69–74 (1948).Google Scholar
  33. Linossier, G., et G. Roux: Recherches biologiques sur le champignon du muguet. Arch. Méd. exp. 2, 222–253 (1890).Google Scholar
  34. Mariat, M. F.: Sur la teneur en acides nucléiques des formes levure et mycélienne de Sporotrichum schenckii. C. R. Acad. Sci. 248. 3468–3469 (1959).Google Scholar
  35. Michelson, I. D.: Blastomycosis, a pathologie and bactériologie study. J. Amer. med. Ass. 91, 1871–1876 (1928).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Milthorpe, F. L.: Studies on Cortichun rolfsii (Sacc.) Curzi (Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc). I. Cultural characters and perfect stage. II. Mechanism of parasitism. Proc. Linnean Soc. 66, 65–75 (1941).Google Scholar
  37. Nickerson, W. J.: Enzymatic control of cell division in microorganisms. Nature (Loud.) 162, 4111, 241–245 (1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nickerson, W. J., and G.A. Edwards: Studies on the physiologic bases of morphogenesis in fungi. I. The respiratory metabolism of dimorphic pathogenic fungi. J. gen. Phys. 33, 41–55 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Nickerson, W. J., and Z. Mankowski: Role of nutrition in the maintenance of the yeast-shape in Candida. Amer. J. Bot. 28, 617–621 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Nickerson, W. J., W. A. Taber and G. Falcone: Physiological bases of morphogenesisin fungi. 5. Effectof selenite and tellurite on cellular division of yeastlike fungi. Canad. J. Microbiol. 2, 575–584 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Nickersox, W. J., and N. J. W. van Rij: The effect of sulfhydryl compounds, penicillin, and cobalt on the cell division mechanism of yeasts. Biochim. biophys. Acta 3, 461–475 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Olive, L. S.: Studies on the morphology and cytology of Itersonilia perplexans Derx. Bull. Torrey bot. Club 79, 126–138 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Page, O. T.: The influence of light and other environmental factors on mycelial growth and sclerotial production by Botrytis squamosa. Canad. J. Bot. 34, 881–890 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Pape, R.: Beiträge zur Biologie und Bekämpfung des Kleekrebses (Sclerotinia trifoliorum Erikss.). Arb. biol. Reichsanst. Land-u. Forstw. Berlin-Dahlem 22, 159–247 (1937).Google Scholar
  45. Pasteur, M. L.: Études sur la bière. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  46. Paul, W. R. C.: A comparative morphologicaland physiological study of a number of strains of Botrytis cinerea Pers., with special reference to their virulence. Trans. Brit, mycol. Soc. 14, 118–134 (1929).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ramsey, G. B.: Sclerotinia species causing decay of vegetables under transit and market conditions. J. agric. Res. 31, 597–632 (1925).Google Scholar
  48. Reess, M.: Botanische Untersuchungen über die Alkoholgärungspilze. Leipzig 1870.Google Scholar
  49. Ricketts, H. T.: Oidiomycosis (blasto-mycosis) of the skin and its fungi. J. med. Res. 6, 373–547 (1901).Google Scholar
  50. Robbins, W. J., and F. Kavanagh: Vitamin B1 or its intermediates and the growth of certain fungi. Amer. J. Bot, 25, 229–236 (1938).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Rogers, C. H.: Relation of moisture and temperature to growth of the cotton root-rot fungus. J. agric. Res. 58, 701–709 (1939).Google Scholar
  52. Salvin, S. B.: Multiple budding in Sporotrichum schenckii Matruchot. J. invest. Derm. 69, 315–320 (1947).Google Scholar
  53. Phase-determining factors in Blastomyces dermatitidis. Mycologia 31, 311-319 (1949).Google Scholar
  54. Cysteine and related compounds in the growth of the yeastlike phase of Histoplasma capsidatum. J. infect. Dis. 84, 275-283 (1949).Google Scholar
  55. Sanford, G. B.: Factors influencing formation of sclerotia by Rhizoctonia solani. Phytopathology 46, 281–284 (1956).Google Scholar
  56. Sawyer, W. H.: Observations on some entomogenous members of the Ento-mophthoraceae in artificial culture. Amer. J. Bot, 16, 87–121 (1921).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Sörgel, G.: Über den Entwicklungsgang von Mycosphaerella pinodes (Berk, et Blox.) Stone. II. Der Einfluß der Wasserstoffionenkonzentration auf die Ausbildung der Fortpflanzungsorgane. Arch. Mikrobiol. 19, 372–397 (1953).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Stover, R. H.: Effect of nutrition on growth and chlamydo-spore formation in brown and gray cultures of Tliielaviopsis basicola. Canad. J. Bot, 34. 459–472 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Talice, R, V.: Sur la filamentisation des monilia. Ann. Parasit, 8, 394–410 (1930).Google Scholar
  60. Townsend, B. B.: Nutritional factors influencing the production of sclerotia by certain fungi. Ann. Bot. 21, 153–166 (1957).Google Scholar
  61. Tieghem, Th. van: Nouvelles recherches sur les Mucorinées. Ann. Sci. nat., Sér. VI 17 (1873).Google Scholar
  62. Venkat Ram, C. S.: Soil bacteria and chlamydospore formation in Fusarium solani. Nature (Lond.) 170, 4334, 889 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Wehmer, C.: Die chinesische Hefe und der sogenannte Amylomyces. Zbl. Bact., II. Abt. 6, 353–365 (1900).Google Scholar
  64. Wolf, F. T.: Nutrition and metabolism of the tobacco wilt Fusarium. Bull. Torrey bot. Club 82, 343–354 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Zikes, H.: Über den Einfluß der Temperatur auf verschiedene Funktionen der Hefe. Teil II. Zbl. Bact,, II. Abt, 50, 385–410 (1920).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg Sörgel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations