Spezielle Anwendungsgebiete

  • Harald Suhr
Part of the Organische Chemie in Einzeldarstellungen book series (ORGCHEMIE, volume 8)

Zusammenfassung

Wie in Kap. I gezeigt wurde, ist die Absorption von elektromagnetischen Wellen durch Materie im Magnetfeld proportional der Differenz der Besetzungszahlen der verschiedenen Terme. Da diese Differenz wiederum der Gesamtzahl der Kerne des betreffenden Isotops in der zu untersuchenden Probe proportional ist, hängt die Größe der Resonanzsignale von den eingesetzten Konzentrationen ab. Die Proportionalität zwischen Signalgröße und Anzahl der Kerne wird in der Nähe des Sättigungsbereiches nicht mehr erfüllt. Aus diesem Grunde dürfen bei quantitativen Untersuchungen nicht zu hohe Energien eingestrahlt werden. Vor jeder Bestimmung sollte festgestellt werden, bei welcher Energie Sättigung eintritt, und die Durchführung der Messungen sollte genügend weit unterhalb der Sättigungsgrenze erfolgen. Die Ausmessung der Signale kann nach verschiedenen Verfahren durchgeführt werden. Es ist dabei Voraussetzung, daß die Signale der chemisch verschiedenen Atome vollständig getrennt oder zumindest in verschiedene Gruppen aufgespalten werden können. Besteht das Spektrum aus wenigen scharfen Linien, so bietet die Signalhöhe ein bequemes, allerdings nicht sehr genaues Maß für die Konzentration. Einen zuverlässigeren Wert bekommt man durch die Bestimmung der Fläche unter dem Signal, entweder durch Berechnung nach einer einfachen Näherungsformel, wie Höhe mal Halbwertsbreite, oder durch Ausmessen mit einem Planimeter.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag, Berlin · Heidelberg 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald Suhr
    • 1
  1. 1.Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen FakultätUniversität TübingenDeutschland

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