Advertisement

Die chirurgische Behandlung chronischer Arterienverschlüsse der unteren Extremität, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Wiederherstellungschirurgie und ihrer strömungstechnischen Probleme

  • Walter Rieben
Part of the Ergebnisse der Chirurgie und Orthopädie book series (ERGEB.CHIRURGIE, volume 43)

Zusammenfassung

Die peripheren Arterienerkrankungen haben ihrer Häufigkeit und ständigen Zunahme wegen wesentlich an Bedeutung gewonnen. Durch die stürmischen Fortschritte in der Gefäßchirurgie sind die Behandlungsaussichten der Verschlüsse an Aorta, Aa. iliacae und den Stammarterien der unteren Extremität entscheidend gebessert worden. Gestützt auf eine Reihe von Pionierarbeiten vornehmlich aus der Jahrhundertwende (34, 130, 150, 151, 94, 199, 88, 250, 26, 259, 264, 277, 191 u. a.) setzten erst im letzten Jahrzehnt erfolgreiche Bemühungen ein, verschlossene Arterien zu rekanalisieren oder durch ein Transplantat zu überbrücken. Grundlegend hierfür waren die Arbeiten von Dos Santos (1947) und Kunlin (1949).

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. 1.
    Allen, E., N. Barker and E. Hines: Peripheral vascular disease. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders Company 1955Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Allgöwer, M.: Gefäßprothesen aus Polyvinylalkohol. Helv. chir. Acta 23, 342–349 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McAllister, F. F.: Experiences with replacement of segments of diseased femoral and popliteal arteries. Surgery 38, 964–969 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Anzola, J., T. H. Palmer and C. S. Welch: Long femoral and ileo-femoral grafts. Surg. Forum 243–251 (1952).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Arnulf, G.: Chirurgie artérielle, technique, indications, résultats. Paris: Masson & Cie. 1950.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Aschoff, L.: Über Thrombose. Vorträge über Pathologie, S. 230. 1925. Zit. nach H. Müller-Mohnssen (187).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Austin, D. J., and J. E. Thompson: Treatment of peripheral arteriosclerotic disease by arterial homografting. Amer. Surg. 22, 1163–1167 (1956).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    De Bakey, M. E., O. Creech and J. P. Woodhall: Evaluation of sympathectomy in arteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease. J. Amer. med. Ass. 144, 1227–1231 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    De Bakey, M. E., E.S. Crawford, O. Creech jr. and D. A. Cooley: Arterial homografts for peripheral arteriosclerotic occlusive disease. Circulation 15, 21–30 (1957).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    De Bakey, M. E., E.S. Crawford, D. A. Cooley and G.C. Morris: Surgical consideration of occlusive disease of the abdominal aorta and iliac and femoral arteries, analysis of 803 cases. Ann. Surg. 148, 306–324 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    De Bakey, M. E., D. A. Cooley and G. C. Morris: Clinical application of a new flexible knitted dacron arterial substitute. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 77, 713–724 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    De Bakey, M. E.: Advances in vascular surgery. Med. News (N.Y.) Jan. 28 (1959).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Barker, W. F.: Distal operative angiography as an aid in end-arterectomy. Surgery 36, 233–236 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Barker, W. F., and J.A. Cannon: Late results following endarterectomy. West. J. Surg. 63, 562–566 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Barker, W. F.: Lateral arterial anastomosis. A point of technique. Angiology 10, 90 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bazy, L.: L’endartériectomie pour artérite oblitérante les membres inférieurs. J. int. Chir. 9, 95–115 (1949).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Beaconsfield, P.: A. Effect of exercise of muscle blood flow in normal and symathectomized limbs. B. Collateral circulation before and after sympthectomy. Ann. Surg. 140, 786–795 (1954).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Berge, T., and E. Johansen: Late results in the treatment of peripheral arterial insufficiency of the lower leg with lumbar sympathectomy. Angiology 9, 342–348 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Berry, R. E., C. T. Flotte and F. A. Coller: A critical evaluation of lumbar sympathectomy for peripheral arteriosclerotic vascular disease. Surgery 37, 115–129 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Betz: (Persönl. Mitt, an H. Müller-Mohnssen.) Beitr. path. Anat. 117, 308 (1957).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Binkley, F. M., and E. J. Wylie: Surgical approaches to the popliteal artery. Amer. J. Surg. 96, 213–220 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bittner, W., u. H. Stephan: Unsere Indikation zur Sympathektomie unter Würdigung der Erfahrungen der letzten zehn Jahre. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 288, 603–627 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Blakemore, W. S., H. B. Lehr and B. Roberts: Experience with arterial homograft bank. Report of one hundred consecutive arterial homografts. J. Amer. med. Ass. 162, 1220–1222 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Block, W.: Haben Sympathikusoperationen bei Durchblutungsstörungen noch ihre Berechtigung? Zbl. Chir. 83, 413–414 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Block, W.: Durchblutungsstörungen aus örtlich abgegrenzter Ursache. Ergebn. Chir. Orthop. 42, 1–55 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Borst u. Enderlen: Über Transplantation von Gefäßen und ganzen Organen. Dtsch. Z. Chir. 99 (1) 54–163 (1909).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Boyd, A., A. H. Ratcliff, R. P. Jepson and G. W. James: Intermittent claudication a clinical study. J. Bone Jt Surg. B 31, 325–355 (1949).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Braus, H.: Anatomie des Menschen. Berlin: Springer 1934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Brown, R., Ch. Huggins and D. Koth: An experimental revaluation of the problem of small vessels replacement. Surgery 43, 63–75 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Butcher jr., H. R., and J. R. Robinson: Experiences with arterial grafting for major arterial occlusive disease. Amer. J. Surg. 95, 25–30 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cannon, J. A., and W. F. Barker: Successful management of obstructive femoral arteriosclerosis by endarterectomy. Experience with a semiclosed technique in selected cases. Surgery 38, 48–60 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Cannon, J. A.: The rationale of endarterectomy. West. J. Surg. 64, 321–328 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Cannon, J., W. F. Barker and I. G. Kawakami: Femoral popliteal endarterectomy in the treatment of obliterative artherosclerotic disease. Surgery 43, 76–93 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Carrel, A.: La technique opératoire des anastomoses vasculaires et la transplantation des viscères. Lyon méd. 98, 859–864 (1902).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Cockett, F. B.: Common peripheral vascular conditions. Med. Wld (Lond.) vol. 83, 530 (1955).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Cohn, D. L.: Optimal systems: II. The vascular system. Bull. Math. Biophys. 17, 219 (1955). Zit. nach H. Müller-Mohnssen (187).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Coller, F. A., K. N. Campbell, B. M. Harris and R. E. Berry: The early results of sympathectomy in far advanced arteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease. Surgery 26, 30–40 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Conn, J. H., and K. Sparkuhl: Arterial homografts. Experience with end-to-side vascular anastomosis. Amer. J. Surg. 94, 695–704 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    McCook, J., B. Milanés-Lopéz, F. Castillo, P. Carillo, E. Uguet and M. Pérez: Thromboendarterectomy in segmental arteriosclerotic thrombosis. Angiology 9, 24–30 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Cooke, F. N., C.W. Hughes, E. J. Jahnke and S. F. Seeley: Homologous arterial grafts and autogenous vein grafts used to bridge large arterial defects in man. A report of 14 cases. Surgery 33, 183–189 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Cortesi, N., e L. Miselli: La ganglectomia lombare nella terapia chirurgica delle artercpatie obliterati croniche degli arti inferiori. Risultati clinichi e rilievi semeiologici strumentali a distanza da 2 a 10 anni dall’intervento. Omnia ther. (Pisa) 8, 281–299 (1957).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Coulter, N. A., and J. R. Pappenheimer: Development of turbulence in flowing blood. Amer. J. Physiol. 158, 401–408 (1949).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Cranley, J. J., L. G. Herrmann and R. M. Preuniger: Evaluation of factors which influence the circulation in extremities with obliterative arterial disease. Surgery 34, 1076–1089 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Crawford, E. S., and M.E. de Bakey: The by-pass operation in the treatment of arteriosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremities. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 101, 529–535 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Crawford, E. S., O. Creech jr., D. A. Cooley and M. E. de Bakey: Use of arterial homografts in 90 peripheral arterial lesions. Tex. St. J. Med. 51, 700–703 (1955a).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Crawford, E. S., O. Creech jr., D. A. Cooley and M.E. de Bakey: Treatment of arteriosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremities by excision and graft replacement or by-pass. Surgery 38, 981–992 (1955b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Crawford, E. S., and M. E. de Bakey: The retrograde flush procedure in embloectomv and thrombectomy. Surgery 40, 737–746 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Crawford, E. S., O. Creech jr., D. A. Cooley and M.E. de Bakey: Treatment of arteriosclerosis occlusive disease in 101 lower extremities by arterial grafting. Sth. med. J. (Bgham, Ala.) 49, 665–670 (1956).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Crawford, E. S., M. E. de Bakey and D. A. Cooley: Clinical use of synthetic arterial substitutes in three hundred and seventeen patients. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 76, 261–270 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Creech jr., O., G. L. Jordan jr., M. E. de Bakey, R. C. Overton and B. Halpert: The effect of chronic hypercholesterolemia on canine aortic transplants. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 101, 607–614 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Creech jr., O., M. E. de Bakey, D. A. Cooley and B. Halpert: Structural alterations in human aortic homografts one to two and one half years after transplantation. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 103, 147–154 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Creech jr., O., E. S. Crawford, D. A. Cooley and M. E. de Bakey: By-pass procedure in treatment of arteriosclerotic occlusion of iliac and femoral arteries. Geriatrics 11, 284–288 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Creech jr., O., R. A. Deterling jr., S. Edwards, O.C. Julian, R. R. Linton and H. B. Shumacker jr.: Vascular prostheses. Report of the committee for the study of vascular prostheses of the society for vascular surgery. Surgery 41, 62–80 (1957).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Creech jr., O., M. E. de Bakey and R. Culotta: Digital blood flow following reconstructive arterial surgery. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 74, 5–19 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Crystal, D. K., C. L. Wagner and A. W. Lobb: Vascular grafting in the replacement of arterial aneurysm and occlusive disease. Amer. J. Surg. 92, 255–260 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    McCune, W. S., and B. Blades: The viability of long blood vessel grafts. Ann. Surg. 134, 769–781 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Deterling jr., R. A., and S. B. Bhonslay: An evaluation of synthetic materials and fabrics suitable for blood vessel replacement. Surgery 38, 71–89 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Deterling jr., R. A.: The current status of blood vessel replacement. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 104, 227–232 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Deterling jr., R. A.: Experience with permanent by-pass grafts in treatment of occlusive arterial disease. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 76, 247–260 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Deucher, F.: Persönliche Mitteilung.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Dible, J. H.: In peripheral vascular disorders von P. Martin, R. B. Lynn, J. H. Dible and I. Aird. London: Livingstone 1956.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Diez, J.: Eine neue Methode der Sympathektomie zur Behandlung trophischer und gangränöser Affektionen der Glieder. Arch, de la conferencia de med. del hosp. Ramos Mejia 8, 130 (1924). Ref. Zentr.-Org. ges. Chir. 33, 208.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Dimtza, A.: Die Chirurgie des sympathischen Nervensystems. Helv. chir. Acta 12, 35–71 (1945).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Dimtza, A.: Arterienoperationen bei peripheren Zirkulationsstörungen. Helv. chir. Acta 19, 259–265 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Dimtza, A.: Prognose und Lebenserwartung bei Arterienthrombosen der Extremitäten. Periodische Mitt. der Schweiz. Lebensversicherungs-Ges. an die Schweizer Ärzte, Nr 37, 688–693 (1959).Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Dubost, Ch.: Les greffes artérielles. J. int. Chir. 13, 304–312 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Dunlop, G. R., and R. Santos: Adductor-canal thrombosis. Trans. New Engl. surg. Soc. 37, 51–64 (1956).Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Dunlop, G. R., and R. Santos: Adductor-canal thrombosis. New Engl. J. Med. 256, 577–580 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Dye jr., W. S., J. H. Olwin and O. C. Julian: Further considerations on indications for and limitations of direct surgery in arteriosclerosis. Circulation 8, 708–714 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Dye jr., W. S., W. J. Grove, J. H. Olwin and O. C. Julian: Two-to four-year behavior of vein grafts in the lower extremities. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 72, 64–68 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Eastcott, H.H.: Arterial grafting for the ischaemic lower limb. Hunterian Lecture. Ann. roy. Coll. Surg. Engl. 13, 177–198 (1953).Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Edwards, E. A.: Atypical manifestations of peripheral arteriosclerosis. New Engl. J. Med. 247, 627–631 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Edwards, E. A., A. J. McAdams and C. Grande: Events leading to amputations in patients with arteriosclerosis. New Engl. J. Med. 249, 514–519 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Edwards, E. A., and C. Crane: Lumbar sympathectomy for arterio-sclerosis. Status of one hundred patients five years after operation. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 72, 32–37 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Edwards, E. A.: Choice of therapy for peripheral arteriosclerosis. New Engl. J. Med. 256, 875–880 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Edwards, E. A.: Evaluation of arterial reconstruction and sympathectomy by direct stimulation ergometry. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 76, 200–209 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Edwards, W. S., and J. S. Tapp: Chemically treated nylon tubes as arterial grafts. Surgery 38, 61–70 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Edwards, W. S., A. Rich and E. Peter: Efficiency of new „Intima“linig arterial grafts in preventing thrombosis. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 105, 177–178 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Edwards, W. S., and C. Lyons: Three years’ experience with peripheral arterial grafts of crimped nylon and teflon. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 107, 62–68 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Eiseman, B., W. G. Rainer, W. G. Malette and E. R. Huffman: Indications for direct arterial and aortic surgery in obliterative disease. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 73, 411–417 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Estes, J. E.: Surgical therapy of occlusive peripheral arterio-sclerosis. Angiology 9, 114–125 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Fontaine, R., P. Buck, R. Riveaux, M. Kim et J. Hubinot: Sur le traitement des oblitérations artérielles. De la valeur respective des thrombectomies et thrombendartériectomies, des shunts artério-veineux et des greffes vasculaires (autogreffes veineuses fraîches). Lyon chir. 46, 73 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Fontaine, R., M. Kim u. R. Kieny: Die chirurgische Behandlung der peripheren Durchblutungsstörungen. Helv. chir. Acta 21, 499–533 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Fontaine, R., et Ch. Dubost: Les greffes vasculaires. Ass. franç. de Chir. 56e Congr. franç. de Chir., Paris 1954.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Frangigli, P., et Ch. Hahn: Greffes vasculaires. Helv. chir. Acta 23, 373–376 (1956).Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Franke, H.: Probleme der modernen Chirurgie peripherer Gefäße. Bruns’ Beitr. klin. Chir. 186, 483–502 (1953).Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Frymark, W. B., and J.M. Sullivan: Lumbar sympathectomy for arteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease. Ann. Surg. 138, 759–764 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Gask, C. E.: Zit. nach Ch. Rob 1913 (221).Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Giberti, G., R. Vecchiati e G. Martinelli: Considerazioni sul trattamento chirurgico delle vasculopatie periferiche degli arti inferiori. Risultati clinichi immediati ed adistanza in 114 gangliectomie del simpatico lombare. Boll. Soc. med.-chir. Modena 57, 896–926. (1957).Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Gibson, A. H.: On the flow of water through pipes and passages having converging or diverging boundaries. Proc. roy. Soc. A 83, 366–378 (1910).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Gibson, A. H.: On the resistance to flow of water through pipes or passages having divergent boundaries. Trans, roy. Soc. Edinb. 48, 97–116 (1911–1912).Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Gillhespy, R. O.: Intermittent claudication. Brit. med. J. 1957 II, No 5060, 1543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Girvin, G. W., M.C. Wilhelm and K. A. Merendino: The use of teflon fabrics as arterial grafts: an experimental study in dogs. Amer. J. Surg. 92, 240–247 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Gluck, T.: Die moderne Chirurgie des Circulationsapparates. Beri. klin. Wschr. 70, 1–29 (1898).Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Goetz, R. H.: On the measurement of the collateral circulation with special reference to the indications for sympathectomy. Angiology 1, 201–228 (1950).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Göthman, B.: Experimental and clinical studies on the reconstruction of arterial defects. Acta chir. scand. Suppl. 218 (1956).Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Gottlob, R.: Die arteriellen Durchblutungsstörungen der unteren Extremität. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 272, 1–20 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Grimson, K. S., G. J. d’Angelo, A. A. Zavaleta and A. P. Hustead: Lower thoracic and lumbar sympathectomy for arterio-sclerotic obliterative disease of the lower aorta and iliac arteries. Surgery 37, 146–155 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Grimson, K. S.: Treatment of intermittent claudication, editorial. J. Amer. med. Ass. 163, 186–188 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Grund, G.: Die Behandlung von Gefäßverschlüssen der Aorta und Hauptarterien. Dtsch. med. J. 6, 551–554 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Güntert, W., u. E. A. Zimmer: Grundlagen für die Messung der Strömungsgeschwindigkeit des Blutes mittels einer röntgenkymographischen Meßmethode. Basel: S. Karger 1957.Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Hallen, L. G.: Methods of preservation and fate of homologous arterial grafts. Acta chir. scand. Suppl. 204 (1955).Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Harris, E. J., H. B. Shumacker, H. Siderys, T. C. Moore and P. F. Grimce: Pliable plastic aortic grafts. Experimental comparison of a number of materials. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 71, 449–459 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Harrison, J. H.: Limitations to knitted synthetic tubes as vascular prosthesis. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 74, 557–561 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Harrison, J. H.: Synthetic materials as vascular prosthesis. I. A comparative study of small vessels of nylon, dacron, orlon, ivalon sponge and teflon. Amer. J. Surg. 95, 3–15 (1958a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Harrison, J. H.: Synthetic materials as vascular prosthesis. II. A comparative study of nylon, dacron, orlon, ivalon sponge and teflon in large blood vessels with tensile strength studies. Amer. J. Surg. 95, 16–24 (1958b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Heberer, G.: Forschritte und Probleme der Wiederherstellungschirurgie großer Arterien. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 287, 276–305 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Heintze, H. G.: Spätergebnisse nach lumbalen Grenzstrangresektionen. Zbl. Chir. 79, 100–105 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Hiertonn, T.: Arterial homografts. Acta orthop. scand. 10 (1952).Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Herget, R.: Über den Einfluß der Resektion eines thrombosierten Arterienabschnittes auf periphere Durchblutungsstörungen. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 268, 266–281 (1951a).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Herget, R.: Früh- und Spätergebnisse nach Grenzstrangresektion bei Endangitis obliterans und Arteriosklerose. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 268, 394–408 (1951b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Herrmann, L. G., and C. G. Bollack: Bridging defects in large arteries. A problem for arteriogenesis. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 71, 486–490 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Hines, E. A., and N. W. Barker: Arteriosclerosis obliterans. A clinical and pathologic study. Amer. J. med. Sci. 200, 717–730 (1940).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Hirsch, S.: Über den gegenwärtigen Stand der Frage der Arteriosklerose. Medizinische 43, 1495–1499 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Hitchcock, C. R., F.E. Johnson, J. U. Bascom and T.O. Murphy: Comparative results of various types of grafts and shunts in the treatment of occlusive peripheral vascular disease. Angiology 10, 11–19 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Holle, G.: Lokalisationsfragen bei Arteriosklerose unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Schenkelarterie. Zbl. Chir. 79, 1641–1650 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Holman, E., and R. Hahn: The application of the Z-plasty technic to hollow cylinder anastomosis. Ann. Surg. 138, 344–350 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Holman, E.: On circumscribed dilatation of an artery immediately distal to a partially occluded band: Poststenotic dilatation. Surgery 36, 3–24 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Holman, E.: The development of arterial aneurysms. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 100, 599–611 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Horton, R. E.: Use of grafts in treatment of arteriosclerosis of lower limbs. Brit. med. J. 1, 81–82 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Hoye, S. J., and R. Warren: Follow-up studies of iliofemoral arterial reconstruction in arteriosclerosis obliterans. New Engl. J. Med. 254, 102–106 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Hufnagel, Ch. A.: The use of rigid and flexible plastic prosthesis for arterial replacement. Surgery 37, 165–174 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Hughes, C. W.: The primary repair of wounds of major arteries. An analysis of experience in Korea in 1953. Ann. Surg. 141, 297–303 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Humphries, A. W., V. G. Dewolfe and F. A. Lefevre: Analysis of one hundred twenty consecutive cases of major arterial grafts. J. Amer. med. Ass. 161, 953–956 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Humphries, A. W., V. G. Dewolfe and F. A. Lefevre: Major arterial grafting in one hundred sixty-nine consecutive cases. A preliminary report on incidence of success and failure. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 74, 65–70 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Humphries, A. W., V. G. Dewolfe and F. A. Lefevre: Reversibility of pregangrene in the severly ischaemic limb. J. Bone Jt Surg. A 40, 983–993 (1958).Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Humphries, A. W.: Arterial grafts reduce loss of ischemic limbs. Med. News (N.Y.) Febr. 10 (1958).Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Jacobson, J. H., and F. F. McAllister: The harmful effect of arterial grafting on existing collateral circulation. Surgery 42, 148–155 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Jahnke, E. J., and S. F. Seeley: Acute vascular injuries in the Korean war. Ann. Surg. 138, 158–177 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Jassinowski, A.: Ein Beitrag zur Lehre von der Gefäßnaht. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 42, 816–841 (1891).Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Jones, T. I., and W. A. Dale: Study of peripheral autogenous vein grafts. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 76, 294–309 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Judmaier, F.: Die operative Behandlung obliterierender Arterienerkrankungen und ihre Indikation. Münch, med. Wschr. 97, 813–817 (1955).Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Judmaier, F.: Präventive chirurgische Maßnahmen bei arteriellen Gefäßverschlüssen. Vortrag 76. Tagg der Dtsch. Ges. Chir. 1959.Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Julian, O. C., W. J. Grove, W. S. Dye, J. Olwin and P. H. Jordan: Direct surgery of arteriosclerosis. Ann. Surg. 136, 459–474 (1952).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Julian, O. C., W. S. Dye, W. J. Grove and J. Olwin: Direct surgery in segmental arteriosclerosis. J. Bone Jt Surg. A 35, 905–916 (1953).Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Julian, O. C., R. A. Deterling jr., W. S. Dye, S. Bhonslay, W. J. Grove, M. L. Belio and H. Javid: Dacron tube and bifurcation arterial prostheses produced to specification. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 78, 260–270 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Kautzky, R., u. Fr. Brussatis: Venentransplantation und Thromboendarteriektomie als Behandlung der Claudicatio intermittens. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 283, 375–427 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Kelly, P. J., D. C. Dahlin and J. M. Janes: Clinicopathological study of ninety-four limbs amputated for occlusive vascular disease. J. Bone Jt Surg. A 40, 72–78 (1958).Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Kirtley, J. A., S. Y. Garrett and R. S. Martin: An evaluation of lumbar sympathectomy in 200 consecutive cases of peripheral vascular disorders. Surgery 33, 256–267 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Koncz, J.: Begrenzung der Anzeigestellung zur Sympathektomie bei peripheren Durchblutungsstörungen. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 269, 223–246 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Kremer, K.: Chirurgie der Arterien. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme 1959.Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Kremer, K.: Herstellung, Aufbewahrung und Anwendungsbereich der alloplastischen Gefäßtransplantate. Dtsch. med. Wschr. 84, 594–597, 608–609 (1959).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Kunlin, J.: Le traitement de l’ischémic artéritique par la greffe veineuse longue. Rev. Chir. (Paris) 70, 206–235 (1951).Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Kunlin, J.: El problema del injerto vascular en la arteritis de los miembros. Angiología 10, 1–6 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Laufman, H., R. Hohe, V. Bernhard and O. Trippel: End-to-side by-pass homograft without resection in segmental arterial occlusion. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 73, 418–431 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Laufman, H.: Diskussionsbemerkung. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 76, 259 (1958).Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Learmonth, J.: The surgery of the sympathetic nervous system. Lancet 1950 II, 505–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Leriche, R.: De la résection du carrefour aorta-iliaque avec double sympathectomie lombaire pour thrombose artéritique de l’aorte: Le syndrome de l’oblitération terminoaortique par artérite. Presse méd. 48, 601–604 (1940).Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Leriche, R.: Quatorze essais de thrombectomie artérielle suivant la méthode de Jean Cid dos Santos, thromboendartériectomie désobstruante. Mém. Acad. Chir. 74, 100–107 (1948).Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Lexer, E.: Die ideale Operation des arteriellen und des arteriovenösen Aneurysma. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 83, 459–477 (1907).Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Lexer, E.: Ideale Aneurysmaoperation und Gefäßtransplantation. Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir. 42, 113–116 (1913).Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Lindbom, A.: Arteriosclerosis and arterial thrombosis in the lower limb; a roentgenological study. Acta radiol. (Stockh.) Suppl. 80 (1950).Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Linder, F.: Arterienresektion und Transplantation. Zbl. Chir. 83, 407–413 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Linton, R. R., and C. V. Menendez: Arterial homografts: a comparison of the results with end-to-end and end-to-side vascular anastomoses. Ann. Surg. 142, 568–583 (1955).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Linton, R. R.: Some paratical considerations in the surgery of blood vessels grafts. Surgery 38, 817–834 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    Linton, R. R.: Diskussionsbemerkung. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 74, 77 (1957a).Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Linton, R. R.: Diskussionsbemerkung. Surgery 41, 171 (1957b).Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Linton, R. R.: Diskussionsbemerkung. Ann. Surg. 148, 340 (1958).Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Listerud, M. B., and H. N. Harkins: A clinical analysis of experiences with lumbar sympathectomy at the King county hospital. West. J. Surg. 64, 189–195 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Lloyd, H. E. D.: Prognosis of intermittent claudication. Brit. med. J. 1957H, No 5055, 1242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Loose, K. E.: Die Arterienresektion im Rahmen sympathicus-chirurgischer Therapie bei peripheren Durchblutungsstörungen. Chirurg 21, 352–356 (1950).Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Lord jr., J. W., and P. W. Stone: The use of autologous venous grafts in the peripheral arterial system. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 74, 71–79 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Luke, J. C.: The value of lumbar sympathectomy in intermittent claudication. Surgery 41, 165–171 (1957a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Luke, J. C.: The value of surgery in the treatment of the arteriosclerotic leg. Postgrad. Med. 22, 10–20 (1957b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Luke, J. C.: Diskussionsbemerkung. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 76, 260 (1958).Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Lüscher, E. F.: Die physiologische Bedeutung der Thrombocyten. Schweiz, med. Wschr. 86, 345–351 (1956).Google Scholar
  167. 167.
    McMahon, Ch. E.: Follow-up observation and evaluation of sympathectomies in obliterative arterial disease. Amer. J. Surg. 90, 306–316 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Malan, E., A. Puglionisi, F. Aschieri, G. Tattoni and C. Malchiodi: Arterial circulation in obliterative arterial disease of the limbs. II. Arterial pressure. Angiology 7, 495–498 (1956a).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Malan, E., A. Puglionisi, F. Aschieri, G. Tattoni and C. Malchiodi: Arterial circulation in obliterative arterial disease of the limbs. III. Circulation time. Angiology 7, 499–502 (1956b).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Mandl, R.: Blockade und Chirurgie des Sympathikus. Wien: Springer 1953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Mandl, R.: Persönliche Erfahrungen zur Svmpathikuschirurgie. Langenbecks Arch, klin. Chir. 276, 95–97 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Mann, F. C., J. F. Herrick, H. E. Essex and E. J. Baldes: The effect on the blood flow of descreasing the lumen of an blood vessel. Surgery 4, 249–252 (1938).Google Scholar
  173. 173.
    Martin, P., R. B. Lynn, J. H. Dible and I. Aird: Peripheral vascular disorders. London: Livingstone 1956.Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Martin, P., and H. Gaylis: Peripheral artery grafting: description of an operation. Brit. med. J. 2, 371–376 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Martin, P.: Pathological anatomy of artherosclerosis and its relation to peripheral artery grafting. Angiology 9, 349–352 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Martorell, F.: Arterial grafts in arterosclerosis obliterans. Angiology 9, 250 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Massarelli, J. J., and J. E. Estes: Atherosclerotic occlusion of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries: a study of 105 patients. Ann. intern. Med. 47, 1125–1137 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Mavor, G. E.: Intermittent claudication and sympathectomy. Lancet 1955 II, 794–796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Mavor, G. E.: Shunt arterial homografts. An experimental study with a note on clinical implications. Brit. J. Surg. 44, 99–102 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Meng, J., u. W. Rieben: Zur Sauerstoffbehandlung bei peripheren Durchblutungsstörungen. Schweiz, med. Wschr. 87, 525–528 (1957).Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Miller, H. H., H. D. Callow, G. S. Welch and Ch. E. McMahon: The fate of artery grafts in small arteries. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 92, 581–588 (1951).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Moore, R. C., A. Riberi and H. Kajikuri: Freeze-dried and alcohol preserved homografts for replacement of small arteries. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 103, 155–162 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Morton, J., and E. Mahoney: A long-term study of externally supported venous and arterial heterografts. Surgery 43, 381–387 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Müller, A.: Experimentelles zur Hydromechanik und Hämodynamik. Z. ges. exp. Med. 39, 157–275 (1924).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Müller, A.: Die Strömungsverhältnisse in einem Krümmer mit kleinem Krümmungsradius. Arch. Kreisl.-Forsch. 19, 281–312 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Müller, E., u. H. Otto: Untersuchungen über Art und Bedeutung strömungsmechanischer Vorgänge bei der Coronarthrombose nach Coronarsklerose. Virchows Arch. path. Anat. 328, 353–363 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Müller-Mohnssen, H.: Über hydrodynamische Ursachen der Arteriosklerose- und Thromboselokalisation in den Coronararterien. Beitr. path. Anat. 117, 283–314 (1957).Google Scholar
  188. 188.
    Murphy, T. O., J. J. Haglin, C. W. Lillihei and R. L. Varco: The role of surgery in the treatment of arteriosclerosis of the mayor vessels. Minn. Med. 39, 703–709 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Nelson, A. R., and I. R. Trimple: A critique on the therapeutic value of lumbar sympathectomy. Surgery 39, 797–804 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    Neuhaus, G., u. W. Schmitz: Hämodynamische Untersuchungen nach homoio- und alloplastischen Aortentransplantationen. Bull. Soc. int. Chir. 17, 59–63 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Omi, K.: Beiträge zur idealen Aneurysma-Operation. Über die zirkuläre Gefäßnaht und über die Transplantation der Gefäße an Menschen. Dtsch. Z. Chir. 118, 172–190 (1912).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Osrove, L. L.: Evaluation of lumbar sympathectomy in advanced arteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease complicated by gangrene. Amer. J. Surg. 89, 600–603 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Owen, K. O., and C.G. Rob: Technique for by-pass operations in femoral arterial disease. Brit. med. J. 1956 II, 273–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Palumbo, L., T. Gordeon, W. Gray and M. A. Claman: Lumbar sympathectomy in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases. Comparision of results of two series. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 74, 596–601 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Palumbo, L., G. W. Gray and M. A. Claman: Lumbar sympathectomy for peripheral arteriosclerosis. Amer. J. Surg. 94, 478–481 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Pässler, H. W.: Technik und Ergebnisse chirurgischer Eingriffe am sympathischen Nervensystem. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 276, 97–100 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Pate, J. W., and Ph. N. Sawyer: Some elastic characteristics of fresh and freeze-dried aortic grafts. Amer. J. Surg. 86, 653–658 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Payne, H., N. Rudy and T. Winsor: The by-pass graft; its use in arterial occlusive disease. Amer. J. Surg. 94, 171–182 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Payr, E.: Beiträge zur Technik der Blutgefäß- und Nervennaht nebst Mitteilungen über die Verwendung eines resorbierbaren Metalles in der Chirurgie. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 62, 67–93 (1900).Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Petry, G., u. G. Heberer: Die Neubildung der Gefäßwand auf der Grundlage synthetischer Arterienprothesen. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 286, 249–290 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Phelan, J. T., and J. F. Herrick: Some rhéologie principles as applied to vascular surgery. Proc. Mayo Clin. 33, 108–114 (1958).Google Scholar
  202. 202.
    Phelan, J. T., R. J. Botham, W. P. Young and E. R. Schmidt: The effect of suture material in determining the patency of small artery grafts. Surgery 43, 969–973 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Phelan, J. T.: Some mechanics of fluid flow to be considered in the construction of an artery graft anastomosis. Angiology 9, 242–244 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    Popkin, R. J.: Sympathectomies in peripheral vascular diseases: Follow-up studies to twenty years. Angiology 8, 156–160 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Pratt, G.: The surgical problem in replacement aortic and arterial grafts. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 107, 107–114 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Rappert, E.: Hat die periarterielle Sympathektomie heute noch eine Berechtigung? Zbl. Chir. 80, 504–510 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Ratschow, M.: Die peripheren Durchblutungsstörungen, 5. Aufl. Dresden: Theodor Steinkopff 1953.Google Scholar
  208. 208.
    Ratschow, M.: Gefäßkrankheiten, unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der peripheren Durchblutungsstörungen. Münch, med. Wschr. 98, Nr 15, 16, 17, 18 (1956).Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Ratschow, M.: Kritische Betrachtungen zu den konservativen und halbkonservativen Behandlungsmethoden bei Angioorganopathien. Medizinische 15, 507–511 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Reboul, H., et P. Laubry: Quelques précisions sur la technique et les résultats immédiats et longues des endartériectomies. Déducations sur leurs indications. Acta chir. belg. 49, 569–579 (1950).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Reynolds, O.: An experimental investigation of the circumstances which determine whether the motion of water shall be direct or sinuous, and of the law of resistance in parallel channels. Phil. Trans. B 174, 935–982 (1883).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Richards, R. L.: Prognosis of intermittent claudication. Brit. med. J. 1957 II, No 5053, 1091–1093.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Richter, H.: Der Druckabfall in gekrümmten glatten Rohrleitungen. VDI-Forsch.-Heft 338, 1–30 (1933).Google Scholar
  214. 214.
    Rieben, W., u. J. Meng: Fortschritte in der Behandlung peripherer arterieller Verschlußerkrankungen. Helv. chir. Acta 24, 403–410 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Rieben, W.: Zur Diagnostik und Therapie peripherer arterieller Verschlußerkrankungen. Ther. Umsch. 14, 178–181 (1957a).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Rieben, W.: Zur Technik der Embolektomie. Helv. chir. Acta 24, 588–594 (1957b).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Rieben, W.: Periphere arterielle Embolien. Schweiz, med. Wschr. 87, 1385–1389 (1957c).Google Scholar
  218. 218.
    Rob, Ch.: Advances in surgery. Practitioner 171, 352–360 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Rob, Ch., H. H. G. Eastcott and K. Owen: The reconstruction of arteries. Brit. J. Surg. 43, 449–466 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Rob, Ch.: Place of direct surgery in treatment of obliterative arterial disease. Brit, med. J. 1956, No 5000, 1027–1029.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Rob, Ch.: The indications for restorative surgery in arterial disease. J. roy. Coll. Surg. Edinb. 2, 268–278 (1957a).Google Scholar
  222. 222.
    Rob, Ch.: Die Indikationsstellung zur operativen Wiederherstellung der Aorta und der größeren Arterien. Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir. 287, 305–311 (1957b).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. 223.
    Roberts, B., and G. W. Peskin: Operative management of arterial obstruction. Surg. Clin. N. Amer. vol. 37, 1683–1697 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Roberts, B., and D. Hoffman: Arterial grafting in severely ischemic legs. J. Amer. med. Ass. 166, 1316–1322 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. 225.
    Royle, N. D.: The treatment of spastic paralysis by sympathetic ramisection. Experimental basis and clinical results. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 39, 701–720 (1924).Google Scholar
  226. 226.
    Samuels, S.: Problems in modern cardiovascular therapy. Intermittent claudication. Angiology 9, 245–249 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Sanger, P. W., F. H. Taylor, R. E. McCall, R. Duchnese and G. le Page: Seamless synthetic arterial grafts. J. Amer. med. Ass. 160, 1403–1404 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Dos Santos, J. C.: Sur la désobstruction des thromboses artérielles anciennes. Mém. Acad. Chir. 73, 409–411 (1947).Google Scholar
  229. 229.
    Sauvage, L. R., and H. N. Harkins: Experimental vascular grafts: An evaluation relating to types, means of preservation and methods of suture in the growing pig. Surgery 33, 587–635 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  230. 230.
    Sauvage, L. R., and S. A. Wesolowski: The influence of suture method upon the incidence of thrombosis in arterv-artery, vein-vein and arterv-vein-arterv anastomoses. Surgery 36, 227–232 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Sauvage, L. R., and S. A. Wesolowski: The heahng and fate of arterial grafts. Surgerv 38, 1090–1130 (1955).Google Scholar
  232. 232.
    Sawyer, P. N., and J. W. Pate: Bio-electric phenomena as etiological agents in intravascular thrombosis. Surgery 34, 491–499 (1953).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Schenk jr., W. G., J. H. Cosgriff jr. and J. G. Gray: Hemodynamic changes resulting from blood vessel grafts and prostheses. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 103, 213–220 (1956).Google Scholar
  234. 234.
    Schenk jr., W. G., and J. G. Stephens: Intra-arterial pressure studies in peripheral arterial reconstructions. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 76, 424–428 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  235. 235.
    Schmitz, E. J., L. R. Sauvage, E. A. Kanar and H.N. Harkins: Plication. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 63, 461–467 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Schmitz, E. J., L. R. Sauvage, E. A. Kanar, E. H. Storer and H. N. Harkins: The influence of length of diameter disproportion on the incidence of complications in autogenous venous grafts implanted in the abdominal aorta. Surgery 33, 190–206 (1933).Google Scholar
  237. 237.
    Schönitz, A.: Die Arterienresektion in der Behandlung der Durchblutungsstörungen. Dtsch. med. J. 8, 69–74 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Seeley, S. F., C. W. Hughes and E. J. Jahnke jr.: Surgery of the popliteal artery. Ann. Surg. 138, 712–717 (1953).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Senn, A., P. Lundsgaard-Hansen u. R. Wälti: Die heutigen Möglichkeiten der Aviederherstellenden Arterienchirurgie. Schweiz, med. Wschr. 88, 275–280 (1958).Google Scholar
  240. 240.
    Shaw, R. S., and R. Wheelock: Blood vessel grafts in treatment of chronic occlusive disease in femoral artery. Surgery 37, 94–104 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Shumacker, H. B., and H. King: The use of pliable plastic tubes as aortic substitutes in man. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 99, 287–294 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Shumacker, H. B.: Surgical management of peripheral ischemic disorders. Amer. J. Med. 23, 730–739 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. 243.
    Silbert, S., and H. Zazeela: Prognosis in arteriosclerotic peripheral vascular disease. J. Amer. med. Ass. 166, 1816–1821 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. 244.
    Singer, H.: Beobachtungen beim Verschluß der Oberschenkelarterie. Zbl. Chir. 82, 1510–1516 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. 245.
    Smith, R. G., M. Gullickson and D. A. Campbell: Some limitations of lumbar sympathectomy in arteriosclerosis obliterans. Early results in 100 consecutive cases. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 64, 103–107 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    Smithwick, R. H.: Lumbar sympathectomy in the treatment of obliterative vascular disease of the lower extremities. Surgery 42, 415–430, 567–578 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Soltész, L.: Die Bedeutung der Arteriektomie in der Behandlung der Arteriosklerosis obliterans. Zbl. Chir. 80, 701–706 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. 248.
    Spaulding, W. B.: The prognosis of patients with intermittent claudication. Canad. med. Ass. J. 75, 105–111 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Stammers, F. A. R.: Peripheral arterial disease. J. Bone Jt Surg. B 36, 209–217 (1954).Google Scholar
  250. 250.
    Stich, R., M. Makkas u. C. E. Dowman: Beiträge zur Gefäßchirurgie; zirkuläre Arteriennaht und Gefäßtransplantation. Bruns’ Beitr. klin. Chir. 53, 113–160 (1907).Google Scholar
  251. 251.
    Stefanics, J., P. Görgö, S. Papp u. L. Ranky: Lumbale Sympathektomie bei obliterierender Arteriosklerosis der unteren Extremität. Zbl. Chir. 79, 737–750 (1954).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Szilagyi, D. E., and P. R. Overhulse: Segmental aorto-iliac and femoral arterial occlusion: treatment by resection and arterial graft replacement. J. Amer. med. Ass. 157, 426–433 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. 253.
    Szilagyi, D. E., J. G. Withcomb and R. F. Smith: The causes of late failures in grafting therapy of peripheral occlusive arterial disease. Ann. Surg. 144, 611–634 (1956).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. 254.
    Szilagyi, D. E., Cl. P. Shonnard, J. Lopez and R. Smith: The replacement of long and narrow arterial segments. An experimental study of heterografts and seamless woven nylon and teflon prostheses. Surgery 40, 1043–1059 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  255. 255.
    Szilagyi, D. E., R. T. McDonald, R. F. Smith and J. G. Whitcomb: Biologic fate of human arterial homografts. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 75, 506–529 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  256. 256.
    Szilagyi, D.E., J. G. Whitcomb and C. P. Shonnard: Replacement of long and narrow arterial segments. II. Experimental studies with an elastic („Helanca“) seamless woven nylon prosthesis. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 74, 944–953 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. 257.
    Takats, G. de, E. F. Fowler, P. Jordan and T. C. Risley: Sympathectomy in the treatment of peripheral vascular sclerosis. J. Amer. med. Ass. 131, 495–499 (1946).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    Takats, G. de: Revascularisation of arteriosclerotic extremity. Arch. Surg. (Chicago) 70, 5–16 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Tavernier, L., et E. Perrin: Greffe artérielle hétéroplastique. Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Lyon 117, 533–546 (1911).Google Scholar
  260. 260.
    Taylor, G. I.: The criterion for turbulence in curved pipes. Proc. roy. Soc. 84, 243–249 (1929).Google Scholar
  261. 261.
    Telford, E. D., and H.T. Simmons: Sympathectomy in peripheral arteriosclerosis. Brit. med. J. 1946, No. 4445, 386–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. 262.
    Totten, H. P.: Peripheral arteriosclerosis. Observations relating to surgical treatment. J. int. Coll. Surg. 23, 275–289 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  263. 263.
    Le Veen, H. H., and J. R. Barberio: Tissue reaction to plastics used in surgery with special reference to teflon. Ann. Surg. 129, 74–84 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    villard, F., L. Tavernier et E. Perrin: Recherches expérimentales sur les greffes vasculaires. Lyon chir. 6, 144–171 (1911).Google Scholar
  265. 265.
    Voorhees jr., A. B., A. Jaretzki and A. H. Blakemore: The use of tubes constructed from Vinyon „N“cloth in bridging arterial defects. Ann. Surg. 135, 332–336 (1952).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  266. 266.
    Waibel, P.: Die Wiederherstellungschirurgie organischer peripherer Gefäßerkrankungen. Schweiz, med. Wschr. 89, 391–397 (1959).Google Scholar
  267. 267.
    Wanke, R.: Arterielle Gefäßkrankheiten und Sympathikuschirurgie. Münch, med. Wschr. 95, 388–392 (1953).Google Scholar
  268. 268.
    Warren, R.: The diagnosis and treatment of chronic obliterative arterial disease of the extremities. Practitioner 175, 248–253 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Warren, R.: Evaluation of thrombendarterectomy for arterio-sclerosis obliterans of the femoral artery. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 104, 571–578 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  270. 270.
    Weis, J.: Über eine Sonderstellung der Arteria femoralis bei den obliterierenden Gefäßerkrankungen. Münch, med. Wschr. 92, 179–184 (1950).Google Scholar
  271. 271.
    Wesolowski, S. A., L. R. Sauvage, R. S. Pinc and C. C. Fries: Dynamics of blood flow in graft disproportions and in normal blood vessels. Surg. Forum 6, 227–233 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Wesolowski, S. A., and L. R. Sauvage: Heterologous aortic grafts with special reference to recipient site, ethylene oxide freezedry preparation and species. Ann. Surg. 145, 187–198 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  273. 273.
    Wylie, E. J., and J. S. McGuinness: The recognition and treatment of arteriosclerotic stenosis of major arteries. Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 97, 425–433 (1955).Google Scholar
  274. 274.
    Wylie, E. J., and R. Gardener: Thromboendarterectomy, a clinical appraisal. Surgery 37, 415–426 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  275. 275.
    Wylie, E. J., J. S. McGuinness and F.M. Binkley: Peripheral arteriosclerosis. Arterial grafting procedures. Indications and results. Arteriosclerotic arterial occlusion. Calif. Med. 87, 149–154 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. 276.
    Wylie, E. J., and L. Goldman: The role of aortography in the determination of operability in arteriosclerosis of the lower extremities. Ann. Surg. 148, 325–339 (1958).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. 277.
    Yamanouchi, H.: Über die zirkulären Gefäßnähte und Arterienvenen-Anastomosen sowie über die Gefäßtransplantationen. Dtsch. Z. Chir. 112, 1–118 (1911).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. 278.
    Yeager, G. H., and R. A. Cowley: Anatomical observations on the lumbar sympathetics with evaluation of the sympathectomies in organic peripheral vascular disease. Ann. Surg. 127, 953–966 (1948).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  279. 279.
    Yeager, G. H., R. A. Cowley and H. P. Curtis: Lumbar sympathectomy in organic peripheral vascular disease. Amer. J. Surg. 21, 233–237 (1955).Google Scholar
  280. 280.
    Ziffren, S. E.: The surgical treatment of occlusive peripheral arterial disease. Angiology 8, 489–503 (1957).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag OHG / Berlin · Göttingen · Heidelberg 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Rieben

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations