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Protein symplexes (Conjugated proteins)

  • Felix Haurowitz
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Part of the Handbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie / Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (532, volume 8)

Abstract

Although we know that proteins combine with various non-proteins substances, very little is known about the products formed. Even if a “conjugated protein” can be isolated, we are not always sure whether it is present as such in the living cell or whether it is an artifact produced by the methods of isolation and purification. It is customary to classify conjugated proteins according to the nature of the “prosthetic group”. Accordingly, the following types of conjugated proteins will be discussed in this chapter: (A) glycoproteins, (B) nucleoproteins, (C) lipoproteins, (D) chloroplastin, (E) ironporphyrin complexes (cytochromes, cytochrome oxidase, catalase, peroxidase, leghemoglobin), (F) metal proteins, (G) flavoproteins, and (H) tetrapyrryl-proteins (phycoerythrin, phycocyanin). This classification has merely practical purposes; it must not give the impression that the different classes of “conjugated proteins” are equally well established. Some of the “conjugated proteins” are certainly stoichiometric compounds of a protein with a definite prosthetic group; others seem to be artifacts, the composition of which depends on the isolation procedure. Most of the conjugated proteins were discovered in animal tissues. Until recently, hardly anything was known on protein symplexes occurring in plants. Indeed, only animal products were discussed in the section on conjugated proteins of the „Handbuch der Pflanzenanalyse“ (Bergmann and Zervas 1933).

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© Springer-Verlag oHG. Berlin · Göttingen · Heidelberg 1958

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  • Felix Haurowitz

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