In this section carbohydrates will be taken to include mono-, di-, oligo- and polysaccharides and their naturally-occurring esters, the sugar alcohols and related hydroxy acids, excepting antibiotics. The mechanisms of photosynthesis in the formation of C3–C7 monosaccharides are discussed in this volume1 and in volume V of this encyclopedia. The lower plants will include bacteria, algae, fungi, lichens and bryophytes.


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© Springer-Verlag oHG. Berlin · Göttingen · Heidelberg 1958

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  • E. Gordon Young

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