Das Lipoidsyndrom und die essentielle Hyperlipämie

  • Günter Schulze
Conference paper
Part of the Ergebnisse der Inneren Medizin und Kinderheilkunde book series (KINDERHEILK. NF, volume 10)

Zusammenfassung

Der Fettstoffwechsel schließt den anabolischen und katabolischen Umbau der Phosphatide, der Sterine, der Glykohpide und den der eigentlichen Fette in sich ein. Die Fette als solche sind ein wichtiger Faktor insofern, als sie den größten Anteil der gestapelten, energieliefernden Nahrung im Organismus darstellen. Die Fettdepots enthalten mehr als 90% Fett in Form von Neutralfett (Triglycerid). Im Gegensatz zum Kohlehydrat und Protein, die zur Stapelung viel Wasser benötigen und als Energielieferanten etwa nur halb so wirksam sind wie Fett, kann letzteres fast ohne Wasser gespeichert werden und gewinnt damit die Bedeutung einer gebundenen Energieansammlung auf engstem Raum. Phospholipide, Glykolipide und Sterine werden nicht gespeichert und finden sich somit auch nicht in den Fettdepots; sie werden aber in fast allen Organen gefunden als notwendige Bestandteile der Zellstruktur.

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