The uptake of salts by plant cells

  • Paul J. Kramer
Part of the Handbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie / Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (532, volume 2)


The uptake of materials from their environment is one of the most characteristic and important processes of living organisms. The plant as a whole absorbs water, gases and solutes from the soil, water and air around it. The organs of the plant absorb from each other and the cells within each organ are continually involved in the exchange of a variety of materials. Some of this movement is by mass flow, some by diffusion, and some involves active transport and accumulation against concentration gradients. Most of the uptake of solutes seems to occur by the activities of individual cells and the basic processes can therefore best be discussed in terms of cells and tissues rather than of organs or entire plants. Relatively little attention will be given to absorption by intact, growing plants because that topic will be discussed in detail in other chapters of this series.


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  • Paul J. Kramer

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