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The Role of RTD Policy and the Adequate Policy Mix — Comprehensive Policy Approaches and Problems of Implementation

  • Erkki Ormala
Conference paper
Part of the Technology, Innovation and Policy (ISI) book series (3217, volume 6)

Abstract

RTD policies were traditionally oriented towards creating scientific results — strengthening the national (or global) science base. The increasing understanding of the importance of knowledge for economic and social development oriented the focus of the RTD policies more towards the problems of dissemination and utilization of knowledge in the 1980’s. New concepts such as the systems model of innovation, national systems of innovation, the distribution power of innovation systems etc. together with a better understanding of knowledge, i.e. the distinction between tacit and codified knowledge, expanded the scope of RTD policies further in the 1990’s. Networking and absorptive capacity of firms became important issues in the RTD policies. A new concept of innovation policy was developed to complement the traditional RTD policy.

Keywords

Environmental Policy Innovation Policy Environmental Good Policy Area Public Procurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erkki Ormala

There are no affiliations available

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