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A general hospital diagnostic database on jaundice

  • S. F. O’Beirn
  • F. H. Given
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Medical Informatics book series (LNMED, volume 28)

Abstract

Several authors have compiled diagnostic data bases on jaundice (1–4). The frequencies of the diseases varies considerably between these reports depending on the specialty of the authors. The objective of the Galway database was to provide a diagnostic aid to the admitting doctor in a general hospital on clinical evidence available at the time, improve the doctor’s case-taking skills by requiring him to use a proforma, and by providing him immediately with a percentage accuracy-labelled diagnosis to compare with his own, and, by displaying percentage-wise the accuracy of the diagnosis base on his findings, to give confidence in the use of special tests, or even in some cases to dispense with them. It was collected over 7 1/2 years from medical and surgical admissions to the Regional University Hospital, Galway (5). The intern on admissions completed a proforma of symptoms, signs and ward tests on cases presenting that week.

Keywords

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Diagnostic Usefulness Objective Medical Ductal Tumour Surgical Admission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Martin, W.B., Apostolakos, P.C., Roazen, H. Clinical versus act- urial prediction in the differential diagnosis of jaundice. Am. J. Med. Sci. 240, 571–578, 1960.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Knill-Jones, R.P., Stern, R.B., Grimes, D.H., Maxwell, J.D., Thompson, J.D., Williams, R. Use of sequential bayesian model in diagnosis of jaundice by computer. Brit. Med. J. 1, 530–533, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fraser, P.M., Franklin, D.A. Mathematical models for the diagnosis of liver disease. Quart. J. of Med. 43, 73–78. 1974.Google Scholar
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    Hilden, J., Matzen, P., Malchow-Muller, A., Bryant, S. and The COMIK Group. Precision requirements in a study of computer-aided diagnosis of jaundice (the COMIK study). Skand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest. 40, Suppl. 25–28, 1980.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    O Berin, S.F., Given, F.H. and Lavelle, S.M. Compiling a data base on jaundice in a general hospital (In press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. F. O’Beirn
    • 1
  • F. H. Given
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of SurgeryUniversity CollegeGalwayIreland

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