The Technological Environment and Organization Boundary Conditions: A Theoretical Discussion of Opening and Closing Phenomena with Design Implications

  • J. T. Bish
  • J. Rheinfrank


Organization theorists have considered ‘technology’ and ‘environment’ to be separate conceptual units affecting and affected by organizational behavior. This paper examines the impact on organizational change of degrees of uncertainty about some ‘Technological Environment’. These constraining boundary conditions are used as a basis for modeling organizational opening/ closing phenomena and to develop organization design guidelines.


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    I. Prigogine, G. Nicolis, R. Herman and T. Lam, Collective Phenomena, 2 (1974).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The World Organisation of General Systems and Cybernetics 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. T. Bish
    • 1
  • J. Rheinfrank
    • 2
  1. 1.c/o J. Cunnyngham, Mershon CenterThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of Industrial DesignThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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