Cybernetic Approach to Escape Learning in Toads

  • N. A. Schmajuk
  • E. T. Segura


A cybernetic approach to escape learning in toads is attempted. Different behavioural patterns, which appear during the learning process, have been defined and expressed as transfers between selected visual inputs and motor responses. These transfers were changed until the best solution to the escape problem was reached. The learning process of escaping was simulated on a digital computer and the toad’s behaviour adequately reproduced.


Motor Response Visual Input Digital Computer Current Topic Oriented Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    N. A. Schmajuk, E. T. Segura and R. Schabelman, “Escaping learning in toads” (In preparation) (1977).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. J. Mackintosh, The Psychology of Animal Learning (Academic Press, London, 1974).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hilgard and Marquis, Conditioning and Learning Ed. G. A. Kimble (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The World Organisation of General Systems and Cybernetics 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. A. Schmajuk
    • 1
  • E. T. Segura
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto De Biologia Y Medicina ExperimentalBuenos AiresArgentina

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