Urban Ecology pp 401-403 | Cite as

Urban Poverty and the Environment in Botswana

  • Aloysius Clemence Mosha


Over the years, Botswana, in southern Africa, has recorded good and impressive economic growth through its production of minerals and the cattle industry. Its successes have surpassed those of the neighbouring countries. Urban areas have been the main beneficiaries of economic success, and urbanisation has been extremely rapid. While population in designated urban areas now comprises 24% of the total population, more rural areas have acquired an urban character, with 45% of the population fulfilling the relevant demographic criteria. However, not all the urban people have been beneficiaries of the rapid economic growth, and urban poverty is slowly and noticeably creeping in. The latest Income and Expenditure Survey carried out in 1993/94 shows that for the country as a whole 59% of households live below the Poverty Datum Line(PDL) and in the urban areas the index was 30% (Central Statistical Office, Gaborone 1995).


Informal Sector Urban Agriculture Urban Poverty Urban Character Urban People 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aloysius Clemence Mosha
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BotswanaGaboroneBotswana

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