An Integrated Urban Framework for Cities, their Inhabitants and their Environment in the Information Society
During the last 100 years cities have increasingly mirrored the necessities and attitude of the industrial age. Now „Europe is shifting towards an information-based economy, where networks and network infrastructure play as significant a role as did the rail networks in transforming the European economies in the last century.“ ISPO 1994 The growing information potential, in particular the number of participants in information networks, is dramatically changing the economy and life styles which, in turn, is affecting structures, and the role and importance of cities (see e.g. Knight 1995). The comparative advantages of rural areas compared to cities change, as elaborated by Wuermeling (1995). Mitchell (1996) questions whether cities have a future as „teleworking“ can partially replace commuting as it allows one to work, trade or act from any distance. Urban conglomerations are often no longer attractive to citizens although they still provide more and better jobs than rural areas; urban-rural interactions adapt to the change in lifestyles.
KeywordsMigration Manifold Europe Income OECD
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