Failure Mechanisms and Fracture Toughness of Different Polymer Composite Systems

  • K. Friedrich
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Engineering book series (LNENG, volume 59)

Abstract

The fracture properties of engineering polymers and composites are strongly affected by two major areas of influence. The first one covers the microstructural parameters of the materials, whereas the second one includes the external testing conditions. In this contribution, it is mainly outlined how area one can determine the fracture characteristics. An introductory section illustrates the variety of microstructural details, for example molecular structure and semicrystalline polymer morphology, and filler related factors, such as volume fraction of reinforcing fibers, their orientation etc. In the following part, effects of these parameters on fracture mechanical properties are discussed. It is distinguished between the fracture behavior of unfilled engineering polymers, of short fiber reinforced, injection molded thermoplastics, and of continuous fiber composite laminates. In the latter group, special emphasis is given to the effect of new, high temperature resistant thermoplastic matrices, for instance PEEK, on the interlaminar fracture energy of the composites.

Keywords

Sulfide Mold Polyethylene Epoxy Rubber 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Friedrich
    • 1
  1. 1.Polymer & Composites GroupTechnical University Hamburg-HarburgHamburg, 90West-Germany

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