Laparoscopic Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux and Hiatal Hernia
Erosive esophagitis, stricture, and/or Barrett’s esophagus.
Dependence upon proton pump inhibitors for relief of symptoms in the absence of documented mucosal injury (particularly those less than 50 years of age).
Atypical or respiratory symptoms with a good response to medical treatment.
Risk factors that predict a poor response to medical therapy (Table 16.1).
KeywordsCatheter Mercury Assure Barium Perforation
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