Hydrogen Atoms in Strong Magnetic Fields — in the Laboratory and in the Cosmos

  • G. Wunner
  • W. Schweizer
  • H. Ruder
Conference paper


Recent years have seen tremendous progress in studies of the properties of hydrogen atoms in strong magnetic fields. Decisive stimulus came from the discovery of huge magnetic fields in astrophysical “laboratories”, viz. field strengths of order ~107–109 T in neutron stars and of order ~102–104 T in white dwarf stars. At these field strengths the magnetic forces acting on an atomic electron outweigh the Coulomb binding forces even in low-lying states, and thus atomic structure is completely changed. On the other hand, the rapid advancement of high-resolution laser spectroscopy has made it possible to produce atoms in highly excited states, with principal quantum numbers ranging up to n ≅ 520 (in Ba I) [1], and therefore Rydberg states can be used to investigate the effects of magnetic dominance on atomic structure also in terrestrial laboratories with magnetic fields of a few Tesla, or less.


Entropy Deuterium Bital 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, K. Vietzke, A. König, H. Hieronymus, M. Kohl, H.-J. Grabka, G. Wunner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2947 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Ruder, H. Herold, W. Rösner, and G. Wunner, Physica 127B, 11 (1984)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Friédrich and M. Chu, Phys. Rev. A 28, 1423 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. Rösner, G. Wunner, H. Herold, and H. Ruder, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Phys. 17, 29 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Forster, W. Strupat, W. Rösner, G. Wunner, and H. Herold, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Phys. 17, 1301 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. Ruder, F. Geyer, H. Herold, and G. Wunner, Physics Reports,in press (1987)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. K. Daugherty and J. Ventura, Astron. Astrophys. 61, 723 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. R. P. Angel, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 16, 487 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. C. Praddaude, Phys. Rev. A6, 1321 (1972)ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. R. P. Angel, J. Liebert, and H. S. Stockman, Astrophys. J. 292, 260 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. L. Greenstein, R. J. W. Henry, and R. F. O’Connell, Astrophys. J. 289, L47 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Wunner, W. Rösner, H. Herold, and H. Ruder, Astron. Astrophys. 149, 102 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. L. Greenstein, and M. S. Matthews, Astrophys. J. 126, 14 (1957)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. D. Schmidt, S. C. West, J. Liebert, R. F. Green, and H. S. Stockman, Astrophys. J. 309, 218 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Holle, G. Wiebusch, J. Main, B. Hager, H. Rottke, and K. H. Welge, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2594 (1986); K. H. Welge, these proceedings Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.V. Berry, “The Bakerian Lecture 1987», in Proceedings of the the Royal Society, (1987)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Robnik, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 14, 3195 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Harada and H. Hasegawa, J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 16, L259 (1983)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. B. Delos, S. K. Knudson, and D. W. Noid, Phys. Rev. A 30, 1208 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    O. Bohigas, M. J. Giannono, and C. Schmit, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1, (1984)MathSciNetADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. Wintgen, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Phys. 20, L511 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    W. Schweizer, R. Niemeier, H. Friedrich, G. Wunner, H. Ruder, Phys. Rev. A38 1724 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. S. Taylor, J. Zakrzewski, Phys. Rev. A in press (1988)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. Wunner, U. Woelk, I. Zech, G. Zeller, T. Ertl, F. Geyer, W. Schweizer, and H. Ruder, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3261 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. Wintgen and H. Friedrich, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 571 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. Delande and J.C. Gay, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2006 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. Wintgen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1589 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. L. Du and J. B. Delos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1731 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Y. Alhassid, R. D. Levine, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2879 (1986)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Holy Bible, John 20: 29, Oxford University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    E.J. Heller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1515 (1984)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Wunner
    • 1
  • W. Schweizer
    • 1
  • H. Ruder
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Theoretische AstrophysikUniversität TübingenTübingenFed. Rep. of Germany

Personalised recommendations