Advertisement

Functional Components of Systems Controlling Behavior in Some Primitive Animals

  • Robert K. Josephson
Conference paper

Abstract

The ultimate goal of a behavorial physiologist is to erect a complete, causal explanation for the total behavior of the organism which he is studying. The nature of the explanation which would be considered adequate depends to a large extent on the interests of the investigator and the level at which he works. For a behaviorist an acceptable explanation might be composed of concepts such as drives, consummatory acts and innate releasing mechanisms, while an electrophysiologist might want an explanation in terms like spike initiating loci, accommodation, and excitatory post-synaptic potentials. But at any level the goal of completely explaining the behavior of an animal is in most cases rather unrealistic. The complexity of the behavior of most animals precludes the possibility of complete analysis, at least in the near future, and investigators generally must content themselves with analyzing portions of the total behavioral repertoire; treating subsystems which ideally are complex enough to be interesting yet simple enough to be analyzable. The results considered in this paper come from work with coelenterates, animals which I feel are exceptional in that a complete analysis of their behavior is perhaps not an unrealistic goal.

Keywords

Conducting System Stimulus Interval Trigger System Spontaneous Behavior Potential Pacemaker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bullock, T. H. The origins of patterned nervous discharge. Behaviour, 17:48–59, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fehmi, L. G. and T. H. Bullock. Discrimination among temporal patterns of stimulation in a computer model of a coelenterate nerve net. Kybernetik, 3:240–249, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Harmon, L. D. and E. R. Lewis. Neural modeling. Physiol. Rev., 46:513–591, 1966.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Horridge, G. A. The co-ordination of the protective retraction of coral polyps. Phil. Trans., B, 240:495–529, 1957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Horridge, G. A. The nerves and muscles of medusae. VI. The rhythm. J. Exp. Biol., 36:72–91, 1959.Google Scholar
  6. Josephson, R. K. Three parallel conducting systems in the stalk of a hydroid. J. Exp. Biol., 42:139–152, 1965a.Google Scholar
  7. Josephson, R. K. The coordination of potential pacemakers in the hydroid Tubularia. Amer. Zool., 5:483–490, 1965b.Google Scholar
  8. Josephson, R. K. Neuromuscular transmission in a sea anemone. J. Exp. Biol., 45:305–319, 1966.Google Scholar
  9. Josephson, R. K. and G. O. Mackie. Mutiple pacemakers and the behaviour of the hydroid Tubularia. Google Scholar
  10. Josephson, R. K. R. F. Reiss and R. M. Worthy. A simulation study of a diffuse conducting system based on coelenterate nerve nets. J. Theoret. Biol., 1:460–487, 1961.Google Scholar
  11. Mackie, G. O. Conduction in the nerve-free epithelia of siphonophores. Amer. Zool., 5:439–453, 1965.Google Scholar
  12. Moore, G. P., D. H. Perkel and J. P. Segundo. Statistical analysis and functional interpretation of neuronal spike data. Ann. Rev. Physiol., 28:493–522, 1966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pantin, C. F. A. The nerve net of the Actinozoa. I. Facilitation. J. Exp. Biol., 12:119–138, 1935.Google Scholar
  14. Pantin, C. F. A. Capabilities of the coelenterate behavior machine. Amer. Zool, 5:581–589, 1965.Google Scholar
  15. Passano, L. M. and C. B. McCullough. Co-ordinating systems and behaviour in Hydra. I. Pacemaker system of the periodic contractions. J. Exp. Biol., 41:643–664, 1964.Google Scholar
  16. Passano, L. M. and C. B. McCullough. Co-ordinating systems and behaviour in Hydra. II. The rhythmic potential system. J. Exp. Biol., 42:205–231, 1965.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert K. Josephson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations