A Statistical Study of Specific Petrochemical Features of Some Spilitic Rock Series

  • W. Narebski
Part of the International Union of Geological Sciences book series (2817, volume 4)


The paper presents a statistical examination of sets of chemical analyses of six spilitic rock series of different geographic position and age. It is shown that the frequency distribution patterns of the major elements generally correspond with normality, while most trace elements display the lognormal distribution pattern. All spilitic associations under examination differ in petrochemical features from other related rock series, representing statistically specific populations. Nevertheless, the obtained statistical data strongly suggest various origins of individual spilitic rock series. Thus the writer fully supports the opinion of the polygenesis of spilites, i.e., that they may be the products of magmatic, metasomatic and metamorphic processes. Basing on a quantitative analysis of the spilite reaction, a new reaction scheme is proposed, applicable to interpreting the origin of secondary varieties of these rocks. It is also suggested to restrict the term “spilite” to initial volcanites exhibiting specific chemical, mineral and textural features.


Frequency Distribution Basic Rock Fractional Crystallization Oxide Content Parent Magma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ABRAMOVICH, I.I., VYSOKOOSTROVSKAYA, E.B., DOROFEYEVA, E.F. (1963): On manganese-iron ratio in magmatic rocks. Geokhimya 1963, 11, 996–1001 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. ABRAMOVICH, I.I., VYSOKOOSTROVSKAYA, E.B. (1964): Titanium-iron ratio in rocks of heterogeneous magmas. Geokhimya 1964, 7, 641–645 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. AHRENS, L.H. (1954): The lognormal distribution of the elements. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 5, 49–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. AHRENS, L.H. (1963): Lognormal-type distributions in igneous rocks-V. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 27, 877–890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. AHRENS, L.H. (1964): Element distributions in igneous rocks-VII. A reconnaissance survey of the distribution of SiO2 in granitic and basaltic rocks. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 28, 271–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. AHRENS, L.H. (1966): Element distribution in specific igneous rocks-VIII. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 30, 109–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. AMSTUTZ, G.C. (1954): Geologie und Petrographie der Ergußgesteine im Verrucano des Glarner Freiberges. Vulkaninstitut Immanuel Friedländer, Publ. 5, Zürich, 150.Google Scholar
  8. AMSTUTZ, G.C. (1968): Spilites and spilitic rocks: in Basalts, the Poldervaart Treatise on rocks of basaltic composition. Ed. H.H. Hess, Iritersci. Publ., vol. 2, 737–753.Google Scholar
  9. BATTEY, M.H. (1956): The petrogenesis of a spilitic rock series from New Zealand. Geol. Mag., vol. 93, 89–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. BIRKENMAJER, K., NARĘBSKI, W. (1960): Precambrian amphibolite complex and granitization phenomena in Wedel Jarlsberg Land, Vestspitsbergen. Studia Geol. Polon., vol. 4, 37–82.Google Scholar
  11. BONDARENKO, V.N. (1967): Statistical methods of examinations of volcanogenic complexes. “Nedra” Moscow, 134 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. BUTLER, J.R. (1964): Concentration trends and frequency distribution patterns in igneous rock types. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol.28, 2013–2024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. CLARKE, F.W., WASHINGTON, H.S. (1924): The composition of the earth crust. U.S. Geol. Surv. Profess. Papers 127.Google Scholar
  14. DEWEY, H., FLETT, J.S. (1911): British pillow lavas and the rocks associated with them. Geol. Mag. 563, Doc. 5, vol. 8, 202–209, 241–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. DZIEDZICOWA, H. (1958): Metasomatism of the Permian “Melaphyres” from Swierki (Lower Silesia). Ann. Soc. Geol. Pologne, vol. 28, 79–106.Google Scholar
  16. ESKOLA, P., VUORISTO, U., RANKAMA, K. (1937): An experimental illustration of the spilite reaction. Comm. Geol. Finl. Bull, No. 119, 61–68.Google Scholar
  17. GJELSVIK, T. (1958): Extremely soda rich rocks in the Karelian zone, Finnmarksvidda, Northern Norway. A contribution to the discussion of the spilite problem. Geol. Fören. Stockholm Förh, vol. 80, 381–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. GRIFFITHS, J.C. (1962): Statistical methods in sedimentary petrography. In: Milner H.B., Sedimentary petrography, vol. I, 565–617.Google Scholar
  19. HENTSCHEL, H. (1960): Basischer Magmatismus in der Geosynklinale. Geol. Rundsch., vol. 50, 33–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. IVANOV, D.N., KOSKO, M.K. (1965): Linear parageneses of the main rock-forming elements of the andesite-basalts of Kamchatka. Doklady Akad. Nauk USSR, vol. 164, 6, 1363–1365 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  21. JAFFEE, F.C. (1955): Les ophiolites et les roches connexes dela region du Col des Gets (Chablais, Haut Savois). Schweiz. Min. Petr. Mitt., vol. 35, 1–150.Google Scholar
  22. JIZBA, J.V. (1959): Frequency distribution of elements in rocks. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 16, 79–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. JUTEAU, Th., ROCCI, G. (1966): Etude chimique du massif volcanique dévonien de Schirmeck (Vosges Septentrionales). Evolution d’une série spilite-kératophyre. Sci. de la Terre, vol. XI, 1, 68–104, Nancy.Google Scholar
  24. KUTOLIN, V.A. (1967): Certain problems involved in petrochemistry and petrology of basalts. Doklady Akad. Nauk USSR, vol. 176, 3, 683.Google Scholar
  25. KUTOLIN, V.A. (1968): Statistical petrochemical criteria of formational appartenance for basalts and dolerites. Doklady Akad. Nazk USSR, vol. 178, 2, 434–437 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  26. LEBIEDINSKII, V.I. (1964): Genesis and classification of the spilitekeratophyre formation. Petrographic processes and the problems of petrogenesis. Reports Soviet Geol. XXII Sess. Intern. Geol. Congr., Probl. 16, Moscow, 31–43 (in Russian, English abstract).Google Scholar
  27. LEBIEDINSKII, V.I., MAKAROV, N.N. (1962): Volcanism of the Upper Crimea. Izd. A.N. USSR, Kiev, 207.Google Scholar
  28. LOEVINSON-LESSING, F.J. (1925): On the separation of basalts and andesites. Izvestia Geol. Kom., vol. 44, 4.Google Scholar
  29. MERILÄINEN, K. (1961): Albite diabases and albitites in Enontekiö and Kittilä, Finland. Bull. Comm. Geol. Finlande No. 19 5, 75.Google Scholar
  30. MüLLER, R.L., KAHN, J.S. (1962): Statistical analysis in the geological sciences. 483, J. Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  31. NARĘBSKI, W. (1964): Petrochemistry of pillow lavas of the Kaczawa Mountains and some general petrogenetical problems of spilites. Prace Muzeum Ziemi (Travaux de Musée de la Terre), vol. 7, 69–206, Warszawa.Google Scholar
  32. NARĘBSKI, W. (1966): Geochemistry of elements of the iron group in amphibolites of the Hecla Hoek Succession in Wedel Jarlsberg Land, Vestspitsbergen. Arch. Mineral., vol. XXVI, 1–2, 167–214, Warszawa.Google Scholar
  33. NARĘBSKI, W. (1968a): Über die petrogenetische Bedeutung von Spurenelement-Paragenesen der Eisengruppe in den initialen Vulkaniten einiger kaledonischer Geosynklinalen. Freiberg. Forschungsh. C 231, 259–265, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  34. NARĘBSKI, W. (1968): Geochemistry and the problem of origin of metabasic rocks of the Rudawy Janowickie Mts (E Karkonosze). Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. ser. sci. geol. geogr. vol. XVI, 1, 1–7, Warszawa.Google Scholar
  35. NIGGLI, P. (1923): Anwendungen der mathematischen Statistik auf Probleme der Mineralogie und Petrologie. N.J. Miner. Beil. Bd. XLVIII, 167–222.Google Scholar
  36. PODOLSKII, J.V. (1962): Linear parageneses of the major elements in alkaline rocks of the central part of the Kola penninsula. Doklady A.N. USSR, vol. 146, 2, 443–446 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  37. PODOLSKII, J.V. (1963): Linear parageneses of the major elements in rocks of the spilite keratophyre formation. Doklady A.N. USSR, vol. 152, 4, 975–978 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  38. RICHARDSON, W.A., SNEESBY, G. (1922): The frequency distribution of igneous rocks. Miner. Mag., vol. 19, No. 97, 303–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. RITTMANN, A. (1967): Die Bimodalität des Vulkanismus und die Herkunft der Magmen. Geol. Rundsch. Bd. 57, 1, 277–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. ROCCI, G., JUTEAU, Th. (1968): Spilite-keratophyres et ophiolites; influence de la traversée d’un socle sialique sur le magmatisme initial. Geol. en Mijnbouw. vol. 47, 5, 330–339.Google Scholar
  41. RODIONOV, D.A. (1964): Frequency distribution functions of elements and minerals in igneous rocks. Nauka, Moscow, 101 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  42. ROGERS, J.J., ADAMS, J.A.S. (1963): Lognormality of thorium concentrations in the Convay granite. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 27, 7, 775–783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. SCHIDLOWSKI, M., STAHL, W., AMSTUTZ, G.C. (1970): Oxygen and carbon isotope abundances in carbonates of spilitic rocks from Glarus, Switzerland. Die Naturwissenschaften 57, 542–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. SCHIDLOWSKI, M., STAHL, W. (1971): Kohlenstoff- und Sauerstoff-Isotopenuntersuchungen an der Karbonatfraktion alpiner Spilite und Serpentinite sowie von Weilburgiten des Lahn-Dill-Gebietes. N. Jb. Miner. Abh. 115, 252–278.Google Scholar
  45. SHARAPOV, I.P. (1965): Application of mathematical statistics in geology. Nedra, Moscow, 259 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  46. SHARFMAN, V.S. (1968): On the average chemical composition of spilites. Doklady A.N. USSR, vol. 180, 1, 202–203 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  47. SHAW, D.M. (1961): Element distribution laws in geochemistry. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 23, 2, 116–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. SHAW, D.M., BANKIER, J.D. (1953): Statistical methods applied to geochemistry. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 5, 111–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. SHTEINBERG, D.S. (1964): On the chemical classification of effusive rocks. Trudy Inst. Geol. Uralsk. Fil. A.N. USSR wyp 72, 106, Sverdlovsk (in Russian).Google Scholar
  50. SUNDIUS, N. (1930): On the spilite rock. Geol. Mag. 67, 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. TEISSEYRE, J. (1968): On the Old-Paleozoic volcanism in the West Sudetes. Acta Geol. Polon, vol. XVIII, 1, 239–256, Warszawa.Google Scholar
  52. TEISSEYRE, J. (1968b): On the age and petrogenesis of metavolcanic rocks of the Rudawy Janowickie and Lasocki Ridge. Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci. ser. sci. geol. geogr., vol. XVI, 1, 9–15, Warszawa.Google Scholar
  53. TURNER, F.J. (19 48): Mineral and structural evolution of metamorphic rocks. Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 30.Google Scholar
  54. TURNER, F.J., VERHOOGEN, J. (1960): Igneous and metamorphic petrology. 2nd ed., New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  55. VALLANCE, T.G. (1960): Concerning spilites. Linnean Soc. N.S. Wales Proc., vol. 85, 1, 8–52.Google Scholar
  56. VIELINSKII, V.V. (1968): Cambrian volcanism of the West Sayans. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 153 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  57. VOLK, W. (1958): Applied statistics for engineers. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  58. VISTELIUS, A.B. (1958): Paragenesis of sodium, potassium and uranium in volcanic rocks of Lassen Volcanic National Park, California. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta vol. 14, 29–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. VISTELIUS, A.B. (1960): Skew frequency distributions and fundamental law of geochemical processes. Jour. Geol., vol. 68, 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. VUAGNAT, M. (1946): Sur quelques diabases suisses. Contribution à l’étude du problème des spilites et des pillow lavas. Min. Petr. Mitt., vol. 26, 116–228.Google Scholar
  61. VUAGNAT, M. (1949): Variolites et spilites. Comparaison entre quelques pillow lavas brittaniques et alpines. Arch. Sci. Fasc. 2, Genève, 223–236.Google Scholar
  62. WELLS, A.K. (1923): The nomenclature of the spilitic suite. Pt. II: The problem of spilites. Geol. Mag., vol. 60, 62–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. ZAWARITSKII, V.A. (1946): The spilite-keratophyre formation in the region of Blyava deposit in the Ural Mountains. Trudy Inst. Geol. Nauk 71, Moscow, 1–83 (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Narebski

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations