Petrogenesis of Spilites Occurring at Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, India

  • A. M. Patwardhan
  • A. Bhandari
Part of the International Union of Geological Sciences book series (2817, volume 4)

Abstract

The subject of the present paper is the petrogenesis of the Sukheti Khad exposures of the Mandi Traps described earlier by McMAHON (1882) and FUCHS (1967). An effort has been made to define the suite to which they belong on the basis of detailed petrographic study and chemical data. McMAHON (1883), GUPTA (1966) and KANWAR (1968) have briefly referred to the petrographic and structural disposition of similar rocks occurring in Dalhousie and Dharamsala areas of the same province.

Keywords

Crystallization Quartz Magnesia Zeolite Calcite 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AMSTUTZ, G.C. (1954): Geologie und Petrographie der Ergußgesteine im Verrucano des Glarner Freiberges. Vulkaninstitut Immanuel Friedländer Publ. 5, 150, Zürich.Google Scholar
  2. AMSTUTZ, G.C. (1958): Spilitic rocks and mineral deposits. Bull. Missouri School of Mines, Tech. Series No. 96, 11.Google Scholar
  3. AMSTUTZ, G.C. (1965): Some comments on the genesis of ores; Symposium. Problems of magmatic ore deposition II, 147–150, Prague.Google Scholar
  4. AMSTUTZ, G.C. (1968): Spilites and spilitic rocks. In: Basalts, 2, 737–753. Ed. Hess and Poldervaart.Google Scholar
  5. BAMBA, T., SAWA, T. (1967): Spilite and associated manganiferous hematite deposits of the Tokoro district, Hokkaido, Japan. Geol. Survey Japan Rep. 221, 1–21.Google Scholar
  6. BARTH, V. (1966): The initial volcanism in the Devonian of Moravia. Paleovolcan. Bohemian massif (Praha), 115–125.Google Scholar
  7. BATTEY, M.H. (1956): The petrogenesis of a spilitic rock series from New Zealand. Geol. Mag. 93, 89–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. BENSON, W.N. (1915): The dolerites, spilites and keratophyres of the Nundle district. Linnean Society N.S. Wales Proc. 40, 121–173.Google Scholar
  9. BURRI, C., NIGGLI, P. (1945): Die jungen Eruptivgesteine des Mediterranen Orogens. V.III, Vulkaninstitut Immanuel Friedländer, 654, Zürich.Google Scholar
  10. COX, A.H. (1915): The geology of the district between Abereidy and Abercastle (Pembrokenshire). Q.J.G.S. (Lond.) 71, 328.Google Scholar
  11. CORNWALL, H.R. (1951): Differentiation in magmas of Keweenawan series. Journ. Geol. 59, 151–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. DUSCHATKO, R., POLDERVAART, A. (1955): Spilite intrusion near Ladron peak, Socorro County, New Mexico. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 66, 1097–1108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. ESKOLA, P. (1925): On the petrology of eastern Fennoscandia I. The minderal development of basic rocks in the Karelian Formation. Fennia 45, 1–93.Google Scholar
  14. FAIRBAIRN, H.W. (1934): Spilites and average metabasalts. Am. Journ. Sci. 27, 92–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. FIALA, F. (1966): Some results of the recent investigations of the Algonkian Volcanism in the Barrandian and the Zelezne hory areas. In Paleovolcanites of the Bohemian massif. Praha, 9–29.Google Scholar
  16. FIALA, F. (1967): Algonkian pillow lavas and variolites in the Barrandian area. Geologie 12, 7–64.Google Scholar
  17. FLAHERTY, G.F. (1934): Spilitic rocks of southeastern New-Brunswick (Canada). Jour. Geol. 42, 875.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. FUCHS, G. (1967): Zum Bau des Himalayas. Springer: Wien-New York, 211.Google Scholar
  19. GUPTA, L.N. (1966): Darrang Traps and enclosed quartzofelspathic inclusions of the Dharamsala area. Indian Mineralogist. 7, 55–60.Google Scholar
  20. KANWAR, R.C. (1968): Some observations on the traps occurring near Ghanyara, H.P., India. Vasundhara 4, 55–59.Google Scholar
  21. KRISHNAN, M.S. (1960): Geology of India and Burma. Higgingbothams. 604. Madras.Google Scholar
  22. KUNO, H. (19 59): Origin of Cenozoic petrographic provinces of Japan and surrounding areas. Bull. Volcanogique, Ser. 2,20, 37–76.Google Scholar
  23. LEHMANN, E. (1949): The keratophyr-weilburgit problem. Heidelberg. Beiträge Min. und Petr. 2, 1–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. LEHMANN, E. (1952): The significance of hydrothermal stage in the formation of igneous rocks. Geol. Mag. 89, 61–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. LEHMANN, E. (1965): Non metasomatic chlorite in igneous rocks. Geol. Mag. 102, 24–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. MATHUR, L.R., EVANS, P. (1964): Oil in India. Brochure. Int. Geol. Congr. 22nd session, 85, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  27. MCMAHON, C.A. (1883): On microscopic structures of some Dalhousie rocks. Rec. Geol. Survey, India 16, pt. 3, 35–49.Google Scholar
  28. MCMAHON, C.A. (1882): Traps of Mandi. Rec. Geol. Survey, India 15, 155–164.Google Scholar
  29. MIDDLETON, G.V. (1960): Spilitic rocks in southwest Devonshire. Geol. Mag. 97, 192–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. NICHOLLS, G.D. (1959): Autometasomatism in the lower spilites of the Builth Volcanic series. Q.J.G.S. (Lond.) 114, 137–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. NIGGLI, E. (1944): Das westliche Tavetscher Zwischenmassiv und der angrenzende Nordrand des Gotthardmassivs. Schweiz. Min. Petr. Mitt. 24, 58–301.Google Scholar
  32. NIGGLI, P. (1952): The chemistry of the Keweenawan lavas. Am. Journ. Sci. (Bowen Volume), 381–441.Google Scholar
  33. REED, J.J. (1950): Spilites, serpentines and associated rocks of the Mossburn dist., Southland (New Zealand). Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z. Wellington, 78, 106–126.Google Scholar
  34. REED, J.J. (1957): Petrology of the lower Mesozoic rocks of the Wellington, New Zealand. Bull. Geol. Survey N.Z. 57, 34–39.Google Scholar
  35. RITTMANN, A. (1958): Geosynclinal volcanism, ophiolites and Barramiya rocks. Egyptian Journ. Geol. 2, 61–65.Google Scholar
  36. DE ROEVER, W.P. (1940): Über Spilite und verwandte Gesteine von Timor. Koninklijke Nederlandische Akad. Wetenchappen. Proc. XLIII, 5, 1–7.Google Scholar
  37. DE ROEVER, W.P. (1940a): Geological investigations in the southwestern Moetics Region (Netherlands Timor). Diss. Amsterdam, 244.Google Scholar
  38. DE ROEVER, W.P. (1941): Die permischen Alkaligesteine und die Ophiolithe des Timorschen Faltengebirges. Proc. Nederland. Akad. Wetenchappen. XLIV, 8, 1–4.Google Scholar
  39. SCOTT, B. (19 51): A note on the occurrence of intergrowth between diopsidic augite and albite, and of hydrogrossular from King Island, Tasmania. Geol. Mag. 88, 429–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. SRIKANTIA, S.V., SHARMA, R.P. (1969): Shali formation — a note on the stratigraphic sequence. Bull. Geol. Soc. India. 6, 94.Google Scholar
  41. SUNDIUS, N. (1930): On spilitic rocks. Geol. Mag. 67, 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. VALLANCE, T.G. (1960): Concerning spilites. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales. IXXXV, 8–52.Google Scholar
  43. VALLANCE, T.G. (1965): On the chemistry of pillow lavas and the origin of spilites. Min. Mag. 34, 471–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. VALLANCE, T.G. (1968): Recognition of specific magmatic character in some Palaeozoic mafic lavas in N.S. Wales. Special Publ. Geol. Soc.Google Scholar
  45. VALLANCE, T.G. (1969): Spilites again: some consequences of degradation of basalts. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. Wales. 94, 8–51.Google Scholar
  46. VAN OVEREEM, A.J.A. (1948): A section through the Dalformation (S.W. Sweden). Leiden, Holland, 131.Google Scholar
  47. VON ECKERMANN, H. (1938): A contribution to the knowledge of late sodic differentiates of basic eruptives. Jour. Geol. 46, 412–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. VUAGNAT, M. (1949): Variolites et spilites. Archiv. Sci. 2, Fasc. 2, 223–236, Geneve.Google Scholar
  49. WADIA, D.N. (1961): Geology of India. 536. McMillan: New York -London.Google Scholar
  50. WELLS, A.K. (1923): The nomenclature of the spilitic suite. II. The problem of the spilites. Geol. Mag. 60, 62–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. WEST, W.D. (1938): General report for 1937. Rec. Geol. Survey India 73, 96.Google Scholar
  52. YODER, H.S., Jr. (1967): Spilites and serpentinites. Yearb. Carnegie Instn. Washington, 65, 269–279.Google Scholar
  53. ZAVARITSKY, V.A. (1946, 1960): The spilite-keratophyre formation in the region of the Blyava deposit in the Ural mountains. Trudy Inst. Geol. Nauk. 71, 1–83.Google Scholar
  54. ZAVARITSKY, V.A. (1946, 1960): The spilite-keratophyre formation in the region of the Blyava deposit in the Ural mountains. Petr. Ber. 24, 1–83.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Patwardhan
  • A. Bhandari

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations