Advertisement

Zusammenfassung

Trotz einer scheinbar klaren Aufgabenstellung muß die Gliederung eines Referats über die Klinik der Innenohrschwerhörigkeiten logische Widersprüche in Kauf nehmen. Weder ist eine Ordnung allein nach der Ursache noch allein nach der Reaktionsform des Innenohres noch etwa allein nach dem Lebensalter möglich. Vielmehr wird man zwar die kindlichen Schwerhörigkeiten und die Altersschwerhörigkeit getrennt besprechen, aber auch die Tieftonschwerhörigkeiten gesondert abhandeln und ursächlich unterscheiden zwischen der ototoxischen, der stoffwechselbedingten oder der lärmbedingten Schwerhörigkeit.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Abramovich SJ, Gregory S, Slemick M, Stewart A (1979) Hearing loss in very low birth weight infants treated with neonatal intensive care. Arch Dis Child 54: 421–426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Adams DA, Kerr AG, Smyth GDL et al. (1983) Congenital syphilitic deafness — a further review. J Laryngol Otol 97: 399–404PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Adler D, Fiehn W, Ritz E (1980) Inhibition of Na+, K+-stimulated ATPase in the cochlea of the guinea pig. A potential cause of disturbed inner ear function in terminal renal failure. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 90: 55–60Google Scholar
  4. Afzelius LE, Aursnes J (1979) Structural changes in the organ of Corti of the guinea pig after obstruction of the arterial blood flow to the inner ear. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 88: 183–186Google Scholar
  5. Alberti P, Symons F, Hyde ML (1979) Occupational hearing loss. The significance of asymmetrical hearing thresholds. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 87: 255–263Google Scholar
  6. Albrecht W (1922) Über die Vererbung der konstitutionell sporadischen Taubstummheit, der hereditären Labyrinthschwerhörigkeit und der Otosclerose. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 110: 15–48Google Scholar
  7. Albrecht W (1931) Über Konstitutionsprobleme in der Pathogenese der Hals-, Nasen-und Ohrenkrankheiten. Z Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 29: 18Google Scholar
  8. Alexander K (1977) Arterienerkrankungen. Fischer, Stuttgart New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Allam F (1976) Ruptur der Membran des runden Fensters (Klinische Studie). Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 55: 544–548Google Scholar
  10. Allen GS, Ahn HS, Preziosi TJ et al. (1983) Cerebral arterial spasm — a controlled trial of nimodipine in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. N Engl J Med 308: 619–624PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Allen JB (1980) Cochlear micromechanics: a physical model of transduction. J Acoust Soc Am 68: 1660–1670PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Alström CH, Hallgren B, Nilsson LB, Asander H (1959) Retinal degeneration combined with obesity, diabetes mellitus, and neurogenous deafness. Acta Psychiatr Scand 129: 1–35Google Scholar
  13. Althaus SR (1981) Perilymph fistulas. Laryngoscope 91: 538–562PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Altmann E, Klemm E, Brandt RH, Schmidt PKH (1980) Erste Ergebnisse der fibrinolytischen Behandlung des Hörsturzes und akuten Vestibularisausfalles. Dtsch Gesundh-Wesen 35: 2038–2040Google Scholar
  15. Anderson H, Wedenberg E (1970) Genetic aspects in hearing impairment in children. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 69: 77–88Google Scholar
  16. Angelborg C, Hultcrantz E, Beausang-Linder M (1979) The cochlear blood flow in relation to noise and cervical sympathectomy. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 25: 41–48PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Angelborg C, Klockhoff J, Stahle J (1977) Urea and hearing in patients with Menière’s disease. Scand Audiol 6: 143–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Anniko M (1976) Damage to Reissner’s membrane in the guinea pig following acute atoxyl intoxication. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 81: 415–423Google Scholar
  19. Anniko M, Wersäll J (1976) Damage to the stria vascularis in the guinea pig by acute atoxil intoxication. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 80: 415–423Google Scholar
  20. Aporti F, Facci L, Pastorello A et al. (1981) Brain cortex gangliosides and (Na, K+)ATPase system of the stria vascularis in guinea pig. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 92: 433–437Google Scholar
  21. Appaix A, Demard F (1970) Oxygénothérapie hyperbare et surdités brutales de perception. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord) 91: 951–972Google Scholar
  22. Applebaum EL, Shambaugh GE Jr (1978) Otospongiosis (otosclerosis): polytomographic and histologic correlation. Laryngoscope 88: 1761–1768PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Aran JM (1971) The electrocochleogram. Recent results in children and some pathological cases. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 198: 128Google Scholar
  24. Aran JM, Charlet de Sauvage R (1976) Clinical value of cochlear microphonic recording. In: Ruben, Elberling, Salomon (eds) Electrocochleography. University Press, Baltimore, pp 55–56Google Scholar
  25. Aran JM, Charlet de Sauvage R (1977) Evolution of CM, SP and AP during etacrynic acid intoxication in the guinea pig. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 83: 153–159Google Scholar
  26. Aran JM, Erre JP, Guilhaume A, Aurousseau C (1982) The comparative ototoxicities of Gentamycin, Tobramycin and Dibekacin in the Guinea pig. A functional and morphological cochlear and vestibular study. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 390Google Scholar
  27. Arenberg IK, Dodson VN, Falls HF, Stern SD (1967) Alport’s syndrome. Re-evaluation of the associated ocular abnormities and report of a family study. J Pediatr Ophthalmol 4: 21–32Google Scholar
  28. Arenberg IK, Goodfriend TL (1980) Indomethacin blocks acute audiologie effects of furosemide in Menière’s disease. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 383–386PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Arenberg IK, Hermann LE, Swanson SN (1977) Prüfung der fluktuierenden Gehörverminderung mit der Glyzerinprobe und mit Kochsalzbelastung. Fül-Orr-Gége-Gyógyaszat 23: 249–253Google Scholar
  30. Arenberg IK, May M, Stroud MH (1974) Perilymphatic fistula: an unusual cause of Menière’s syndrome in a prepubertal child. Laryngoscope 84: 243–246PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Arentsschild O v (1972) Das alternde Ohr. Funktionelle Aspekte. HNO 20: 108–112PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Arnold W (1972) Ultrastrukturelle Untersuchungen zur Pathogenese des serösen Paukenergusses. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 201: 91Google Scholar
  33. Arnold W (1974) Zur Frage der Produktion und Resorption der Perilymphe (Lymphabfluti des Innenohres). Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 53: 774–790Google Scholar
  34. Arnold W (1982) Ototoxizität durch Schleifen-Diuretika. Munch Med Wochenschr 124: 271–274Google Scholar
  35. Arnold W, Ilberg C (1972) Neue Aspekte zur Morphologie und Funktion des runden Fensters. Laryngol Rhino] Otol (Stuttg) 51: 30–399Google Scholar
  36. Arnold W, Morgenstern C, Thorn L, Schinko I (1978) Morphologische und funktionelle Veränderungen am Innenohr nach Vergiftung mit Ethacrynsäure und Atoxyl. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 218: 179–190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Arnold W, Nadol JB Jr, Weidauer H (1981) Ultrastructural histopathology in a case of human ototoxicity due to loop diuretics. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 91: 399–414Google Scholar
  38. Arnold W, Nadol JB, Weidauer H (1981) Temporal bone histopathology in human ototoxicity due to loop diuretics. Scand Audiol 14: 201–213Google Scholar
  39. Arnold W, Vosteen KH (1977) Akute Ertaubung als Folge der Ruptur eines Basilarisaneurysma. HNO 25: 127–130PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Arnold W, Vosteen KH (1979) Zur Physiologie von Perilymphe und Endolymphe. In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (eds) Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde in Praxis und Klinik, 2. Aufl, Bd S Kap4. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  41. Arnold W, Weidauer H, Seelig HP (1976) Experimenteller Beweis einer gemeinsamen Antigenität zwischen Innenohr und Niere. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 212: 99–117PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Asakuma S, Snow JB (1980) Effects of furosemide and ethacrynic acid on the endocochlear direct current potential in normal and kanamycin sulfate-treated guinea pigs. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 88: 188–193PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Asher DL, Sano I (1981) Perilymphatic communication routes in the auditory and vestibular system. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 89: 822–830PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Atzpodien W, Thuemler R, Kremer GJ (1979) Refsum-Syndrom ( Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis ). Therapiewoche 29: 6389–6390Google Scholar
  45. Aupy M, Orgogozo JM, Loisau P et al. (1980) Atteinte multiple des nerfs craniens relevant une periartrite noueuse. Relation avec le syndrome de Cogan. Rev Neurol (Paris) 136: 59–65Google Scholar
  46. Aursnes J (1982) Atotoxic effects of quaternary ammonium compounds. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 93: 421–433Google Scholar
  47. Autio S, Norden NE, Öckermann PA, Riekkinen P, Rapola J, Louhimo T (1973) Mannosidosis: Clinical, fine-structural and biochemic findings in three cases. Acta Paediatr Scand 62: 555–565Google Scholar
  48. Axelsson A, Borg E, Hornstrand Ch (1983) Noise effects on the cochlear vasculature in normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 215: 225Google Scholar
  49. Axelsson A, Jerson T, Lindberg U et al. (1981) Das akustische Trauma bei halbwüchsigen Jugendlichen. Scand Audiol 10: 91–96PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Axelsson A, Jerson T, Lindgren F (1981) Noisy leisure time activities in teenage boys. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 42: 229–233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Axelsson A, Lindgren F (1977) Does pop music cause hearing damage? Audiology 16: 432–437PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Axelsson A, Sigroth K, Vertes D (1978) Hearing in diabetics. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 356: 123Google Scholar
  53. Axelsson A, Vertes D (1982) Histological findings in cochlear vessels after noise. In: Hamernik, Hen- derson, Salvi (eds) New Perspectives on Noise-Induced Hearing Loss. Raven Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  54. Baba K et al. (1980) Sugar and lipoid metabolism in patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing defects. Variation of blood FFA level with 50 g-OGTT. ORL Tokyo 23, Nr. 2, engl. Abstr. 6; ref Zentralbl HNO 124 (1980/81) Nr. 5021Google Scholar
  55. Bagger-Sjöbeck D, Filipek CS, Schacht J (1980) Characteristics and drug responses of cochlear and vestibular adenylate cyclase. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 228: 217–222Google Scholar
  56. Bahgat MS, Shenoi PM (1982) Sudden sensori-neural hearing loss treated by carbon dioxide and oxygen inhalation. A preliminary study. J Laryngol Otol 96: 73–81Google Scholar
  57. Bailey CM, Graham MD, Lawrence M (1982) Recovery from prolonged sensorineural hearing loss. Am J Otol 4: 1–8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Ballantyne CJ (1966) Perceptive deafness in subjects with renal failure treatment with heamodialysis and polybrene. Proc 8. Internat Congr ORL, Tokyo, 402–403Google Scholar
  59. Ballantyne J (1970) Iatrogenic deafness. J Laryngol Otol 84: 967–1010PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Ballantyne J (1973) Ototoxicity: A clinical review. Audiology 12: 325–336PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Bardadin T (1965) The influence of salicylate on the organ of hearing. Otolaryngol Pol 18: 509, 517Google Scholar
  62. Bardadin T (1965) The influence of salicylate on the organ of hearing. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 87: 91Google Scholar
  63. Barolin GS, Hodkewitsch EE, Höfinger E, Scholz H, Bernheimer H, Molzer B (1979) Klinisch-biochemische Verlaufsuntersuchungen bei Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis (Morbus Refsum) Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 47: 53–66Google Scholar
  64. Barr B (1960) Nonorganic hearing problems in school children. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 52: 337–346Google Scholar
  65. Barr B, Andersen H, Wedenberg E (1973) Epidemiology of hearing loss in childhood. Audiology 12: 426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Barr B, Wedenberg E (1965) Prognosis of perceptive hearing loss in children with respect to genesis and the use of hearing aid. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 59: 462–474Google Scholar
  67. Barr DP, Reader GG, Wheeler CH (1950) Cryoglobulinemia. I. Report of two cases with discussion of clinical manifestations, incidence and significance. Ann Intern Med 32: 6–29Google Scholar
  68. Barsano CP, Groot LJ de (1979) Pendred’s syndrome. In: Evered D, Hall WB (eds) Clinics in Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol 8, No 1, Kap 10. Saunders, LondonGoogle Scholar
  69. Batsakis JG, Nishiyama RH (1962) Deafness with sporadic goiter. Pendred’s syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol 76: 401–406PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Battmer RD, Lehnhardt E (1984) Beziehungen zwischen der Dauertonschwelle und dem Einsilberverstehen bei Innenohrhochtonschwerhörigkeit. HNO 32: 69–73PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Bausch J (1983) Wirkung und Nebenwirkung hormonaler Antikonzeptiva im Bereich von Nase, Hals und Ohr. HNO 31: 409–414PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Beagley HA (1974) Can we use the cochlear microphonic in electrocochleography? Rev Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Bord) 95: 531–536Google Scholar
  73. Beagley HA, Gibson WPR (1978) Electrocochleography in adults. In: Naunton, Fernandes (eds) Evoked Electrical Activity in the Auditory Nervous System. Academic Press, New York pp 259, 274Google Scholar
  74. Beal DD (1968) Effect of endolymphatic sac ablation in the rabbit and cat. Acta Otolaryngol 66: 333PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Beal DB, Hemenway WG, Lindsay JR (1967) Inner ear pathology of sudden deafness. Arch Otolaryngol 85: 591–598PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Beaugard ME, Asakuma S, Snow JB (1981) Comparative ototoxicity of chloramphenicol and kanamycin with ethacrynic acid. Arch Otolaryngol 107: 104–109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Beck Chl (1961) Das Pigment der Stria vascularis. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 179: 51–58Google Scholar
  78. Becker W, Matzker J (1961) Akustischer Unfall. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 40: 49Google Scholar
  79. Beckmann G (1962) Das hörgestörte Kind. Der gegenwärtige Stand der Pädoaudiologie aus oto-audiologischer Sicht. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 180: 1Google Scholar
  80. Beentjes BI Jr (1972) The cochlear aquaeduct and the pressure of cerebrospinal and endolabyrinthine fluids. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 73: 112–120Google Scholar
  81. Behbehani A, Kastenbauer E (1978) Zur Ruptur und Läsion der Labyrinthfenster. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 57: 983–986Google Scholar
  82. Beickert P (1956) Plötzlich auftretende einseitige Ertaubung und ihre Behandlung (psychoemotionelle und zervikale Genese). Laryngol Rhinol Otol 35: 384–395Google Scholar
  83. Beickert P (1961) Zur Frage der Empfindungsschwerhörigkeit durch Autoallergie. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 40: 837Google Scholar
  84. Beickert P (1979) Otosklerose (Otospongiose). In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (Hrsg) Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde in Praxis und Klinik, 2. Aufl, Bd 5, Ohr 1, Kap 19. G. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  85. Beickert P, Terayama Y (1965) Reaktionen am Corti-Organ auf Sympathicusinnervation. (Zur Wirkung des Ephedrins.) Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 185: 725–731Google Scholar
  86. Beighton P, Hamersma H (1980) Frontometaphyseal dysplasia: Autosomal dominant or X-linked? J Med Genet 17: 53–56PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Békésy G v (1951) The coarse pattern of the electrical resistance of the cochlea of the guinea pig (electroanatomy of the cochlea). J Acoust Soc Am 23: 18–28Google Scholar
  88. Békésy G v (1951) DC potentials and energy balance of the cochlear partition. J Acoust Soc Am 23: 576Google Scholar
  89. Belal A (1979) The effects of vascular occlusion on the human inner ear. J Laryngol Otol 93: 955–968PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Bentzen O (1961) Skin anomalies in otosclerosis. 7. Congr Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Paris. Excerpta Med Int Congr Series 35: 40–41Google Scholar
  91. Bentzen O (1967) The otosclerotic syndrome. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 224: 124–132Google Scholar
  92. Berg M, Pallasch H (1981) Sudden deafness and vertigo in children and juvenils. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 27: 70–82PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Berger K (1965) Nonorganic hearing loss in children. Laryngoscope 75: 447–457PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Bergholtz LM, Hooper RE, Mehta DC (1977) Electrocochleographic response patterns in a group of patients mainly with presbyacusis. Scand Audiol 6: 3–11PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Bergmann K, Haupt H, Scheibe F, Rogge I (1979) Der Verschluß des Aquaeductus cochleae für Perilymphuntersuchungen am Meerschweinchen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 224: 257–265PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Bergsmark J, Djupesland G (1968) Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis (Refsum’s disease). An audiological examination of two patients. Eur Neurol 1: 122–130Google Scholar
  97. Bergstrom L (1980) Pendred’s syndrome with atypical features. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 89: 135–139PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Bergstrom L (1981) Fragile bones and fragile ears. Clin Orthop 159: 58–63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Bergstrom L, Thompson P, Sondo J et al. (1981) Renal disease. Its pathology, treatment, and effects on the ear. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 567–572Google Scholar
  100. Bergstrom L, Thompson P, Wood RP (1979) New patterns in genetic and congenital otonephropathies. Laryngoscope 89: 177–194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Bernasconi A, Civardi F, Magri M (1983) Osservazioni sul comportamento della funzionalità uditiva in pazienti dializzati. Vortrag 2. Internat. Sympos. on Audiological Medicine, Sirmione 10–13 AprilGoogle Scholar
  102. Bernath, Kellerhals, Jannett (1981) Untersuchung über die sogenannte altersbedingte Innenohrschwerhörigkeit. HNO 29: 39Google Scholar
  103. Berndt H, Wagner H (1979) Influence of thyroid state and improved hypoxia tolerance on noise-induced cochlea damage. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 224: 125–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Bernhard PA (1981) Freedom from ototoxicity in aminoglycoside treated neonates: a mistaken notion. Laryngoscope 91: 1985–1994Google Scholar
  105. Bernstein JM, Silverstein H (1966) Anterior cerebellar and labyrinthine arteries. A study in the cat. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 83: 422–435Google Scholar
  106. Berry RA (1975) Sickle cell anemia: audiological findings. J Am Audiol Soc 1: 61–63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Bertram G, Luckhaupt H (1983) Ergebnisse unspezifisch durchblutungsfördernder Therapiemaßnahmen beim Hörsturz. Vortrag Westdtsch HNO-Ärzte RecklinghausenGoogle Scholar
  108. Bess FH, Josey AF, Humes LF (1979) Performance intensity functions in cochlear and eighth nerve disorders. Am J Otol 1: 27–31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Bichler E, Wieser M (1983) Experimental lipidosis of the inner ear. Morphological and functional results. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 95: 307–313Google Scholar
  110. Biesalski HK, Gross M, Ehrenthal W, Harth H (1981) Bestimmung von Vitamin A (Retinol) und retinolbindendem Protein ( RP) im Serum hörgestörter Kinder. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 631–635Google Scholar
  111. Bilger RC (1958) Intensive determinations of remote masking. J Acoust Soc Am 30: 817–824Google Scholar
  112. Bilger RC, Hirsh IJ (1956) Masking of tone by bands of noise. J Acoust Soc Am 28: 623–630Google Scholar
  113. Blumina MG, Moskovkina AG (1981) Frequency and types of genetic neurosensory hypoacusis inheritance in children. Vestn ORL (Mosk) Nr 3, 21–25Google Scholar
  114. Blumina MG, Moskovkina AG (1981) Frequency and types of genetic neurosensory hypoacusis inheritance in children. Zentralbl Hals-Has-Ohrenheilk 128 (1982) Nr 2251Google Scholar
  115. Blumina MG, Moskovkina AG (1981) A new form of dominant-hereditary neurosenory amplyacousis. Vestn. ORL (Mosk) Nr 5, 12–14d; ref. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 128 Nr 1733Google Scholar
  116. Bocca E (1959) Le problème de la surdité sénile. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 8: 801Google Scholar
  117. Bockmühl F (1983) Mögliche Ursachen des Hochtonverlustes nach Stapesplastik. Vortrag Österreich HNO-Kongr St. Pölten 28.9.-1. 10. 83Google Scholar
  118. Bodo G, Rozsa L, Shea JJ (1983) Temporary loss of hearing after salt loading in glycerol test. Am J Otol 5: 16–19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Boenninghaus HG (1959) Ungewöhnliche Form einer Hörstörung nach Lärmeinwirkung und Fehlbelastung der Halswirbelsäule. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 38: 585Google Scholar
  120. Boenninghaus HG, Feldmann H, Steimann G (1967) Ein Beitrag zur Entstehung von Schwindel und Hörstörung bei Menièrescher Krankheit und Lermoyerschem Syndrom. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 46: 709–727Google Scholar
  121. Boenninghaus HG, Guelzow J (1981) Operationsindikation bei Fensterruptur und Hörsturz. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 49–52Google Scholar
  122. Bohne BA, Clark WW (1982) Growth of hearing loss and cochlear lesion with increasing duration of noise exposure. In: Hamernik, Henderson, Salvi (eds) New perspectives on noise induced hearing loss. Raven Press, New York, pp 283–302Google Scholar
  123. Bonding P (1979) Critical bandwith in loudness summation in sensorineural hearing loss. Br J Audiol 13: 23–30PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Bonding P (1979) Critical bandwith in patients with a hearing loss induced by salicilates. Audiology 18: 133–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Booth CW, Chen K, Nadler HL (1975) Radiological and biochemical abnormalities in mannosidosis. Pediatr Res 9: 312Google Scholar
  126. Booth JB (1982) Medical management of sensorineural hearing loss. I. Late syphilis; cardiovascular system; endocrine system; renal system. J Laryngol Otol 96: 673–684PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Booth JB (1982) Medical management of sensorineural hearing loss. II. Musculo-skeletal system. J Laryngol Otol 96: 773–795PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Borg E (1979) Physiological aspects of the effects of sound on man and animals. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 300: 80–83Google Scholar
  129. Borg E, Nilsson R, Engström B (1983) Effect of the acoustic reflex on inner ear damage induced by industrial noise. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 96: 361–369Google Scholar
  130. Bornemann H, Bornemann C, Franke KD, Hundeshagen H (1982) Cochleomeatale Szintigraphie zur Darstellung von Tumoren des inneren Gehörgangs. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 235: 501–502Google Scholar
  131. Bosatra A, Poli P, Bianchi M, Calabrese S, Giansante C (1983) Platelet aggregation and coagulation-factors in cases of acute cochleo-vestibular syndromes. Vortrag 2. internat. Sympos. on Audiological Medicine, Sirmione 10–13 AprilGoogle Scholar
  132. Bosher SK (1981) The nature of the ototoxic actions of ethacrynic acid upon the mammilian endolymph system. I. Functional aspects. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 89: 407–418Google Scholar
  133. Bosher SK, Smith C, Warren RL (1973) The effects of ethacrynic acid upon the cochlear endolymph and stria vascularis. Acta Otolaryngol 75: 184PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Brama I, Fainaru M (1980) Inner ear involvement in Behcet’s disease. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 215–217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Brenner JR, Spring BD, Sebastian A, McSherry EM, Genant H, Palubinskas AJ, Morris RC (1982) Incidence of radiographically evident bone disease, nephrocalcinosis, and nephrolithiasis in various types of renal tubular acidosis. N Engl J Med 307: 217–221PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Brinkman WFB (1979) Does presbyacusis exist? Ned Tjidschr Gerontol 10: 139–143Google Scholar
  137. Brodehl J (1982) Hereditäre Nephropathie Alport. In: Losse, Renner (Hrsg) Klinische Nephrologie in zwei Bänden, Bd III, Kapitel 52. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  138. Brookes GB (1983) Vitamin D deficiency — a new cause of cochlear deafness. J Laryngol Otol 97: 405–420PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Brown JJ, Brummett RE, Fox KE et al. (1980) Combined effects of noise and kanamycin. Cochlear pathology and pharmacology. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 744–750PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Brown JJ, Vernon JA, Fenwick JA (1982) Reduction of acoustically-induced auditory impairment by inhalation of carbogen gas. I. Permanent noise-induced cochlear damage. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 93: 319–328Google Scholar
  141. Brummett RE (1980) Drug-induced ototoxicity. Drugs 19: 412–428PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Brummett RE (1983) Ototoxicity resulting from the combined administration of potent diuretics and other agents. Scand Audiol 14: 215–224Google Scholar
  143. Brummett R, Smith CA, Ueno Y, Cameron S, Richter R (1977) The delayed effects of ethacrynic acid on the stria vascularis of guinea pigs. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 83: 98–112Google Scholar
  144. Brunell PA, Brickmann A, O’Hare D (1968) Ineffectiveness of isolation of patients as a method of preventing the spread to mumps: Failure to the mumps-skin-test to predict immune status. N Engl J Med 279: 1357–1361Google Scholar
  145. Brusis T, Kesternich P, Lang R (1982) Das Gehör von Hypertonikern. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 235: 637–639Google Scholar
  146. Brusis T, Busmann R, Carstens V (1981) Das Gehör bei Koronarkranken. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 231: 672–674Google Scholar
  147. Buch NH, Tygstrup J, Järgensen MB (1966) Erythroblastosis fetalis and the hearing organ. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 61: 387–397Google Scholar
  148. Bujara K, Bruck U, Dreyer M et al. (1982) Optikusatrophie, Typ I-Diabetes mellitus und Schallemp-findungsstörung. Ein familiäres Syndrom. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 180: 559–562PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Bumm P, Krüger B, Lang E (1980) Überschwellige Befunde des Ton-und Sprachgehörs bei Presbyakusis. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 223: 397–399Google Scholar
  150. Burdick ChK (1981) Hearing loss from low-frequency noise. In: Hamernik, Henderson, Salvi (eds) New perspectives on noise-induced hearing loss. Raven Press, New York, pp 321–329Google Scholar
  151. Burdick ChK, Patterson JH, Mozo BT, Camp RT Jr (1977) Threshold shifts in chinchillas exposed to low-frequency noise. J Acoust Soc Am 61: 78AGoogle Scholar
  152. Burgeat M, Hirsh IJ (1961) Shifts in masking with time. J Acoust Soc Am 33: 963–965Google Scholar
  153. Butt H, Berghorn K (1980) Familiäres Auftreten eines QT-Syndroms mit und ohne Schwerhörigkeit. Herz Kreisl 12: 89–92Google Scholar
  154. Buttler RA, Albrite JP (1956) The pitch-discriminate function of the pathological ear. Arch Otolaryngo163: 411Google Scholar
  155. Byl F (1974) Thirty-two cases of sudden profound hearing loss (SPHL) occurring in 1973; incidence and prognostic findings. Talk presented at 79th Annual Meeting American of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, Dallas, Oct 6–10, 1974Google Scholar
  156. Byl FM (1977) Seventy-six cases of presumed sudden hearing loss occuring in 1973; prognosis and incidence. Laryngoscope 87: 817PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Bystrzanowska T, Fitowski Z, Swiesiulska H (1971) The effect of age on the auditory fatigue. Otolaryngol Pol25: 17–24Google Scholar
  158. Bystrzanowska T, Fitowski Z, Swiesiulska H (1971) The effect of age on the auditory fatigue. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 104 (1971/72) 499Google Scholar
  159. Cancura W (1983) Diskussion zum Vortrag Bockmühl. Österreich HNO-Kongr St. Pölten 28.9.-1.10. 1983Google Scholar
  160. Carfi F, Siclari S, Liuzzo A et al. (1980) L’incidenza della ipertensione arteriora essenziale nella determinazione di turbe funzionali dell’ orecchio interno. Nuova Clin ORL 32: 135–137Google Scholar
  161. Carfi F, Siclari S, Liuzzo A et al. (1980) L’incidenza della ipertensione arteriora essenziale nella determinazione di turbe funzionali dell’ orecchio interno. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 126 (1981) Nr 3402Google Scholar
  162. Carlborg B (1981) On physiological and experimental variation on the perilymphatic pressure in the cat. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 91: 19–28Google Scholar
  163. Carlborg B, Densert B, Densert O (1982) Functional patency of the cochlear aqueduct. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 91: 209–215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Carlier E, Pujol R (1980) Supra-normal sensitivity to ototoxic antibiotic of the developing rat cochlea. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 226: 129–133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Carotti A, Mitri T de, Novello G, Anibaldi G (1983) The dislipidemic disease as risk factor in auditory function damage. Vortrag 2. Internat. Sympos. on Audiological Medicine, Sirmione, 10–13 AprilGoogle Scholar
  166. Carter NL (1980) Eye colour and susceptibility to noise-induced permanent threshold shift. Audiology 19: 86–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. Caruso VG, Winkelmann P, Correia MJ, Miltenberger GE, Love JT (1977) Otologic and neurologic injuries in divers: Clinical study on nine commercial and two sport divers. Laryngoscope 87: 508Google Scholar
  168. Cassidy B, Brown K, Cohen M, De Maria W (1965) Hereditary renal dysfunction and deafness. Pediatrics 35: 967–979Google Scholar
  169. Causse JB (1980) Etiology and therapy of cochlear drops following stapedectomy. Am J Otol 1: 221–224PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Causse J, Causse JB (1980) Note thérapeutique concernant l’utilisation du fluorure de sodium dans l’otospongiose. Cah ORL Chir Cervicofac 15:427–428, 430–432, ref Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 125 (1981) Nr 1915Google Scholar
  171. Causse JR, Cause JB (1980) L’otospongiose, maladie familiale. Sa detection precoce. Son traitement medical. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac 97: 325–351Google Scholar
  172. Caussé R (1949) Action toxique vestibulaire et cochléaire de la streptomycine au point de vue expérimental. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac 10 /11: 518Google Scholar
  173. Cervellera G, Quaranta A, Amoroso C (1980) Clinical experience with remote masking. Audiology 19: 404–410PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. Cervellera G, Quaranta A, Cassano P (1978) Le „remote masking“: un test de surdité de transmission cochléaire. Audiology 17: 317–323PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Chan V, Wang C, Yeung RTT (1979) Dissociated thyroxine, triiodothyronine and reverse triiodothyronine levels in patients with familial goiter due to iodide organification defects. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 11: 257–265Google Scholar
  176. Char DH, Cogan DG, Sullivan WR (1975) Immunological study of non-syphilitic interstitial keratitis with vestibuloauditoy symptoms. Am J Ophthalmol 80: 491Google Scholar
  177. Cheson BD, Jarevoy MR (1977) Cogan’s syndrome and BW17 revisited. N Engl J Med 297: 62PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. Chiricosta A, Jindal SL, Metuzals J, Koch B (1970) Nephropathia with hematuria ( Alport’s syndrome ). Can Med Assoc J 102: 396–401Google Scholar
  179. Chobaut JC, Bertrand D, Raffoux C et al. (1982) HLA antigens in otosclerosis. Am J Otol 3: 241–242PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. Chole R (1978) Experimental studies on the role of vitamin A in the guinea pig cochlea. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 86: 595Google Scholar
  181. Chole RA (1980) Autoradiographic localization of vitamin A in the stria vascularis of the rat cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 106: 745Google Scholar
  182. Chou JTY, Hellenbrecht D (1979) Further studies of the membrane potential of the stria cells of the guinea pig in vitro. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 88: 187–197Google Scholar
  183. Chüden HG (1979) Ruptur der runden Fenstermembran. HNO 27: 227–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. Chüden HG (1983) Hearing disorders in renal diseases. Vortrag 2. Internat. Sympos. on Audiological Medicine, Sirmione, 10–13 AprilGoogle Scholar
  185. Chüden HG, Mickte W, Stehr K (1978) Hörstörungen bei endemischer Mumpserkrankung. Laryng Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 57: 745–750Google Scholar
  186. Chung DY (1980) Meanings of a double-notch audiogram. Scand Audiol 9: 29–32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. Chung DY, Gannon PR, Wilson GN, Mason K (1981) Shooting, sensorineural hearing loss, and worker’s compensation. J Occupat Med 23: 480–484Google Scholar
  188. Chung DY, Wilson GN, Gannon RP (1983) Lateral differences in susceptibily to noise damage. Audiology 22: 199–205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Churg J, Sherman RL (1973) Pathologic characteristics of hereditary nephritis. Arch Pathol Lab Med 95: 374–379Google Scholar
  190. Clare NM, Montiel MM, Lifschitz MD, Bannayan GA (1979) Alport’s syndrome associated with macrothromboipathic thrombocytopenia. Am J Clin Pathol 72: 111–117PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. Clark SK, Rees TS (1977) Posttraumatic endolymphatic hydrops. Arch Otolaryngol 103: 725–726PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. Clark WW, Bohne BA (1978) Animal model for the 4-kHz tonal dip. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 51: 1–16Google Scholar
  193. Claux J, Coll J (1979) La place des abiotrophies dans l’etiologie des surdités de l’enfant. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 28: 55PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. Coats AC, Alford BR (1981) Meniére’s disease and the summating potential. Arch Otolaryngol 107: 469–473PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Cody DT, Sones DA (1971) relapsing polychondritis: audiovestibular manifestations. Laryngoscope 81: 1208–1222Google Scholar
  196. Cogan DG (1945) Syndrome of nonsyphilitic interstitial keratitis and vestibuloauditory symptoms. Arch Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 33: 145Google Scholar
  197. Cohen T, Brand-Auraban A, Karshai C, Jacobi A, Gay J, Tsitsianov J, Shapiro T, Jatziv S, Ashkenazi A (1973) Familial infantile renale tubular acidosis and congenital nerve deafness: an autosomal recessive syndrome. Clin Genet 4: 275–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Colclasure JB, Graham SS (1981) Intracranial aneurysm occurring as sensorineural hearing loss. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 89: 283–287PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. Coles RRA (1976) Cochleo-vestibular disturbances in diving. Audiology 15: 273–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. Comis SD, Leng G, Pratt SR (1981) The effects of furosemid, bumetanide and piretanide on the guinea pig cochlea and auditory nerve. Scand Audiol Suppl 14: 85–94PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Conrad ME Jr, Crosby WH (1960) Massive nitrogen Mustard therapy in Hodgkin’s disease with protection of bone marrow by tourniquets. Blood 16: 1089–1103PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. Corso JF (1977) Presbyacusis, hearing aids and aging. Audiology 16: 146–163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. Corso JF (1980) Age correction factor in noise-induced hearing loss: a quantitative model. Audiology 19: 221–232PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. Costa OA (1967) Inner ear pathology in experimental diabetes. Laryngoscope 77: 68–75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. Cram DL, Resneck JS, Jackson WB (1979) A congenital ichthyosiform syndrome with deafness and keratitis. Arch Dermatol 115: 467–471PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. Crammond GW, Gabb P (1980) Impaired hearing in the elderly. Br Med J 280: 612PubMedGoogle Scholar
  207. Cremers CWRJ (1979) Autosomal recessive non-syndromal progressive sensorineural deafness in childhood. A separate clinical and genetic entity. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 1: 193–199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. Cremers CWRJ, Monnens LAH, Marres EHMA (1980) Renal tubular acidosis and sensorineural deafness. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 287–289PubMedGoogle Scholar
  209. Crifo S, Antonelli M, Gagliardi M et al. (1980) Ototoxicity of aminoglycoside antibiotics in long-term treatment for cystic fibrosis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2: 251–253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. Crowe SJ, Guild SR, Polvogt LM (1934) Observations on the pathology of high-tone deafness. Bull John Hopkins Hosp 54: 315Google Scholar
  211. Cummings ChW (1968) Experimental observations on the ototoxicity of nitrogen mustard. Laryngoscope 78: 530–538PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. Cunningham DR, Goetzinger CP (1974) Extra-high frequency hearing loss and hyperlipidemia. Audiology 13: 470–484PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. Dahle AJ, McCollister FP, Stagno S et al. (1979) Progressive hearing impairment in children with congenital cytomegalovirus. J Speech Hear Disord 44: 220–229PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. Dallos P, Santos-Sacchi JS, Flock A (1982) Intracellular recordings from cochlear outer hair cells. Science 218: 582–584PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. Dallos P, Wang ChY (1974) Bioelectric correlates of kanamycin intoxication. Audiology 13: 277–289PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. Dauman R, Cros AM, Mehsen M, Cazals Y (1983) Hemodilution in sudden deafness: first results. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 238: 97–102PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. Davey PG, Jabeen FJ, Harpur ES, Shenoi PM, Geddes AM (1983) A controlled study of the reliability of pure tone audiometry for the detection of gentamicin auditory toxicity. J Laryngol Otol 97: 27–36PubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. Davies MG, Marks R, Dykes PJ, Reynolds D (1977) Epidermal abnormalities in Refsum’s disease. Br J Dermatol 97: 401–406PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. Davis EC, Nilo ER (1964) Hearing improvement induced by phlebotomy in polycythemia. Laryngoscope 75: 1847–1852Google Scholar
  220. Davis GL (1979) Congenital cytomegalovirus and hearing loss: Clinical and experimental observations. Laryngoscope 89: 1681–1688PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. Davis GL (1981) In vitro models of viral-induced congenital deafness. Am J Otol 3: 156–160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. Davis H (1957) Biophysics and physiology of the inner ear. Physiol Rev 37: 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. Davis RR, Brummett RE, Bendrick TW et al. (1982) The ototoxic interaction of viomycin, capreomycin and polymycin B with ethacrynic acid. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 93: 211–217Google Scholar
  224. Dawes JDK, Watson RT (1979) Perilymph fistula. Clin Otolaryngol 4: 291–302PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. Deatherage BH, Bilger RC, Eldredge DH (1957) Remote masking in selected frequency regions. J Acoust Soc Am 29: 512–514Google Scholar
  226. Deatherage BH, Davis H, Eldredge DH (1957) Physiological evidence of the masking of low frequencies. J Acoust Soc Am 29: 132–137Google Scholar
  227. Debruyne F, Vaderschueren-Lodeweyckx M, Bastijns P (1983) Hearing in congenital hypothyreoidism. Audiology 22: 404–409PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. Deer BC, Hunter-Duvar J (1982) Salicylate ototoxicity in the chinchilla: a behavioral and electron microscopic study. J Otolaryngol 11: 260–264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Del Carpio J, Espinoza LR, Osterland CK (1976) Cogan’s syndrome and HLA BW 17. N Engl J Med 295: 1262Google Scholar
  230. Demaertelaere L, van Opstal M (1981) Behandlung von akustischen Traumen mit hyperbarem Sauerstoff. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 3: 303–314Google Scholar
  231. Demaertelaere L, van Opstal M (1981) Behandlung von akustischen Traumen mit hyperbarem Sauerstoff. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 128 (1982) Nr 3841Google Scholar
  232. Dencker L, Lindqvist NG, Ullberg S (1973) Mechanism of drug-induced chronic lesions role of drug accumulation on the melanin of the inner ear. Experientia 29: 1362–1367PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. Densert O, Carlborg B, Stagg J (1978) Pressure-regulating mechanisms in the inner ear. ORL 40: 319–324Google Scholar
  234. Densert O, Carlborg B, Stagg J (1981) Transmission of low frequency steps to the perilymphatic fluid. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 91: 55–64Google Scholar
  235. Deol MS (1970) The relationship between abnormalities of pigmentation and of the inner ear. Proc Roy Soc Lond A 175: 201–217Google Scholar
  236. Desjardins R, Guerguergian AJ, Dube J et al. (1982) Meningitis and congenital fistula of the internal ear. J Otolaryngol 11: 97–100PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. Desrochers CS, Schacht J (1982) Neomycin concentrations in inner ear tissues and other organs of the guinea pig after chronic drug administration. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 93: 233–236Google Scholar
  238. Dey FL (1970) Auditory fatigue and predicted permanent hearing defects from rock-and-roll music. N Engl J Med 282: 467–470PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Diamant H (1958) The toxic action of some compounds on the inner ear and its vestibular connections. An experimental investigation with reference to nitrogen mustards and sodium arsanilate (atoxyl). Arch Otolaryngol 67: 546Google Scholar
  240. Dieroff HG (1973) Zum Wert der Richtungsaudiometrie für die Abgrenzung zentraler Hörschadensanteile bei der Lärmschwerhörigkeit. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 52: 681–686Google Scholar
  241. Dieroff HG (1975) Lärmschwerhörigkeit. Leitfaden der Lärmhörschadenverhütung in der Industrie. Urban and Schwarzenberg, München-Berlin-WienGoogle Scholar
  242. Dieroff HG (1976) Erfahrungen mit der Hochfrequenzaudiometrie und ihre Einsatzmöglichkeit. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 55: 739–743Google Scholar
  243. Dieroff HG (1976) Possibilities of improving the diagnosis of noise-induced hearing damage by means of directional audiometry, the dichotic speech discrimination test, and the EEG. Audiology 15: 152–162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  244. Dieroff HG (1976) Der Nachweis der aufsteigenden Degeneration des Hörnerven bei der Lärmschädigung durch audiometrische Methoden. Z Gesamte Hyg 22: 360–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. Dieroff HG (1979) Der unterschiedliche Schadmechanismus bei Dauer-und Impulslärmbelastung in der Industrie und seine Bedeutung für die Praxis. Z Gesamte Hyg 25: 143–147PubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. Dieroff HG (1979) Unterschied im Hörschadenmechanismus bei Dauer-und Impulslärm. OAL-Fachtagung 1979 „Lärmbekämpfung Medizin, Technik, Recht“, pp 4–11Google Scholar
  247. Dieroff HG (1982) Zum derzeitigen Entwicklungsstand der Hochfrequenzaudiometrie und deren Anwendungsmöglichkeit. HNO-Praxis 7: 1–8Google Scholar
  248. Dieroff HG (1982) Behavior of high-frequency hearing in noise. Audiology 21: 83–92PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. Dieroff HG (1982) Zum Problem der Frühveränderung im Innenohr durch Lärmexposition und das Verhalten der Schwelle im Normalhörbereich. XII. AICB-Kongreß „Erfolge und Prognosen der Lärmbekämpfung“, pp 61–64Google Scholar
  250. Dietzel K, Kleinfeldt D, Dahl D (1971) Klinische und tierexperimentelle Untersuchungen über die Leistungssteigerung des Innenohrs nach Stellatum-Blockade. Wiss Z Univ Halle 20: 34–37Google Scholar
  251. Dilling JM, Makishim T, Snow JB (1973) Effect of ethacrynic acid on endolymphatic DC potential. Arch Otolaryngol 98: 183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. Dishoeck HAE van, Biermann TA (1957) Sudden perceptive deafness ad viral infection (report of the first hundred patients). Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 66: 963–980Google Scholar
  253. Djupesland G, Flottorp G, Degré M, Stien R, Skrede S (1979) Cochlear hearing loss and viral infection. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 87: 247–254Google Scholar
  254. Dodson HC, Banister LH (1982) The effects of combined gentamycin and white noise on the spiral organ of young guinea pigs. A structural study. Acta Otolaryngol 94: 193, 202Google Scholar
  255. Dokianakis G, Ferekidis E, Pantazopoulos P (1978) Hypothyreose und Schwerhörigkeit. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219: 351–353PubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. Donaldson JA (1979) Heparin therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Arch Otolaryngol 105: 351–352PubMedGoogle Scholar
  257. Donckerwolcke RA, Bierrliet JP van, Koorevaar G, Kuijten RH, Stekelenburg GJ van (1976) The syndrome of renal tubular acidosis and nerve deafness. Acta Paediatr Scand 65: 100–104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  258. Druss JG, Maybaum JL (1934) Periarteritis nodosa of the temporal bone. Arch Otolaryngol 19: 502, 507Google Scholar
  259. D’Souza SW, McCartney E, Nolan M, Taylor IG (1981) Hearing, speech, and language in survivors of severe perinatal asphyxia. Arch Dis Child 56: 245–252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. Duclos JC, Dubreuil C (1979) Les aspects actuels de la surdité professionnelle. Bull Audiophonol Besancon 9: 129–155Google Scholar
  261. Dunger DP, Brenton DP, Cain AR (1980) Renal tubular acidosis and nerve deafness. Arch Dis Child 55: 221–225PubMedGoogle Scholar
  262. Durska-Zarzewska A, Zarzewski A (1971) Hörprüfungs-Spätergebnisse bei Patienten nach Therapie mit hohen Streptomycindosen. Wiss Z Univ Halle 20: 164–167Google Scholar
  263. Duvall AJ, Sanit PA, Hukee MJ (1980) Cochlear fluid balance. A clinical research overview. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 89: 335–341Google Scholar
  264. Eeckhaut J van den, Mangen R, Depover R, Freund M, Meyer R de (1983) Genetic inheritance of perceptive deafness associated with hypertension and hyperlipidemia in a family of ten adults and seventeen adults. Vortrag 2. Internat. Sympos. on Audiological Medicine. Sirmione 10–13 AprilGoogle Scholar
  265. Eggemann G, Bruchmüller W (1968) Die Kohlensäureanhydrase im Innenohr des Meerschweinchens und ihre Hemmung. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 190: 450–456Google Scholar
  266. Eggermont JJ (1974) The temperature dependency of cochlear adaptation and masking in guinea pig. Audiology 13: 147–161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  267. Eggermont JJ (1976) Electrocochleography. In: Keidel, Neff (eds) Handbook of sensory physiology, vol V, part 3. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 625–705Google Scholar
  268. Eggermont JJ (1976) Electrophysiological study of the normal and pathological human cochlea. I. Presynaptic potential. Rev Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Bord) 99: 487–495Google Scholar
  269. Eggermont JJ (1976) Electrophysiological study of the normal and pathological human cochlea. III. Neural responses. Rev Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Bord) 99: 497–506Google Scholar
  270. Eggermont JJ (1976) Summating potentials in electrocochleography: Relation to hearing disorders. In: Ruben, Elberling, Salomon (eds) Electrocochleography. University Park Press, Baltimore, pp 67–87Google Scholar
  271. Eggermont JJ (1977) Electrocochleography and recruitment. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 86: 138–149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. Eggermont JJ (1977) Summating potential in Menière’s disease. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 222: 63–75Google Scholar
  273. Eggermont JJ, Odenthal DM (1974) Action potentials and summating potentials in the normal human cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 316: 39Google Scholar
  274. Eggermont JJ, Odenthal DW, Spoor A (1973) Frequency selective masking in electrocochleography. Presented at X. World Congr. of ORL, Venice, Italy. Excerpta Medica Congr. Series 276: 132Google Scholar
  275. Ehrly AM (1981) Gesamtblutviskosität, Erythrocytenverformbarkeit und Erythrocytenaggregation. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 106: 35PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. Eibach H, Börger U (1980) Therapeutic results in acute acoustic trauma. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 226: 177–186PubMedGoogle Scholar
  277. Eichhorn M, Martin G (1984) Verlauf und Prognose beim Hörsturz. HNO 32: (im Druck)Google Scholar
  278. Eisdorfer C, Wilkie F (1972) Auditory changes in the aged: A followup study. J Am Geriatr Soc 20: 377382Google Scholar
  279. Eiseman ML, Sharma GK (1979) The Wildervanck syndrome: Cervico-oculoacoustic dysplasia. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 87: 892–897Google Scholar
  280. Elberling C, Salomon G (1973) Cochlear microphonics recorded from the ear canal in man. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 75: 489–495Google Scholar
  281. Elies W (1978) Differentialdiagnostische Erwägungen zum Morbus Menière: Die basiläre Impression. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219: 358–359PubMedGoogle Scholar
  282. Elies W (1983) Beiträge zu Ätiologie und Pathogenese ein-und doppelseitiger cochleo-vestibulärer Störungen. Habilitationsschrift AachenGoogle Scholar
  283. Elies W (1983) Ein Fall von erfolgreicher Dexa-Methasonbehandlung bei beidseitiger, chronisch-progredienter Innenohrschwerhörigkeit. HNO 31: 443–444PubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. Elies W, Mitzkat K, Bosch T (1980) Cochleo-vestibuläre Befunde bei,,HWS-Syndrom“ und idiopathischer Skoliose. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 227: 496–499Google Scholar
  285. Elies W, Plester D (1980) Basilar impression. A differential diagnosis of Menière’s disease. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 232–233Google Scholar
  286. Elffes W, Wolff G, Seuffer R (1981) LiquoreiweiBbefunde bei Hörsturz und chronisch progredienter Innenohrschwerhörigkeit. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 231: 679Google Scholar
  287. Elverland H, Mair IWS (1983) Recurrent meningitis, congenital anacusis and Mondini anomaly. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 95: 147–151Google Scholar
  288. Emmett JR, Shea JJ (1979) Diatrizoate meglumine (hypaque) treatment for sudden hearing loss. Laryngoscope 89: 1229–1238PubMedGoogle Scholar
  289. Emmett JR, Shea JJ (1980) Traumatic perilymph fistula. Laryngoscope 90: 1513–1520PubMedGoogle Scholar
  290. Epstein CJ, Sahud MA, Piel CF, Goodman JR, Bernfield MR, Kushnev JH, Albin AR (1972) Hereditary macrothrombozythopathia and deafness. Am J Med 52: 299–310PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. Evans EF (1972) Does frequency sharpening occur in the cochlea? Sympos. on Hearing Theory, IPO Eindhoven, pp 27–34Google Scholar
  292. Evans EF (1974) The effects of hypoxia on the tuning of single fibres in the cochlear nerve. J Physiol (Lond) 238: 65–67Google Scholar
  293. Evans EF (1975) The sharpening of cochlear frequency selectivity in the normal and abnormal cochlea. Audiology 14: 419–442PubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. Evans EF (1978) Peripheral auditory processing in normal and abnormal ears: Physiological considerations for attempts to compensate for auditory deficits by acoustic and electrical prosthesis. Scand Audiol 1978: 9–47Google Scholar
  295. Eviatar L, Eviatar A (1981) Aminoglycoside ototoxicity in the neonatal period: Possible etiologic factor in delayed postural control. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 89: 818–821Google Scholar
  296. Falbe-Hansen J (1941) Clinical studies on the effect of salicylate acid and quinine on the human ear. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 44: 50–74Google Scholar
  297. Falser N (1981) Experimental infection of the guinea pig inner ear with Toxoplasma gondii. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 233: 219–225PubMedGoogle Scholar
  298. Farmer JC, Thomas WG, Youngblood DG, Bennett PB (1976) Inner ear decompression sickness. Laryngoscope 86: 1315–1327PubMedGoogle Scholar
  299. Farrior B (1966, 1967, 1968) zit nach Farrior und Endicott (1971)Google Scholar
  300. Farrior B, Endicott JN (1971) Congenital mixed deafness: Cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea. Ablation of the aquaeduct of the cochlea. Laryngoscope 81: 684–699PubMedGoogle Scholar
  301. Fastl H, Schorn K (1981) Discrimination of level differences by hearing-impaired patients. Audiology 20: 488–502PubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. Federspil P (1972) Über das Haarzellschädigungsmuster nach parenteraler Gentamycin-Applikation beim Meerschweinchen. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 51: 845–866Google Scholar
  303. Federspil P (1979) Antibiotikaschäden des Ohres, dargestellt am Beispiel des Gentamyzins. JA Barth, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  304. Federspil P (1981) Experimentelle Untersuchungen zur Ototoxizität der Aminoglykosid-Antibiotika und ihre klinische Bedeutung. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 553–557Google Scholar
  305. Federspil P (1982) Ototoxizität von Antibiotika unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Lokalbehandlung. In: Ganz H, Schätzle W (Hrsg) HNO Praxis Heute, Nr 2. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, S 1–33Google Scholar
  306. Federspil P, Schätzle W, Kayser M, Sack K (1980) Zur Minderung der Ototoxizität und Nephrotoxizität des Tobramycins. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 223: 238–240Google Scholar
  307. Fee GA (1968) Traumatic perilymphatic fistulas. Arch Otolaryngol 88: 477–480PubMedGoogle Scholar
  308. Feinmesser M, Sohmer H (1965) Influence of streptomycin and dihydrostreptomycin on the cochlear potentials of the guinea pig. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 74: 48–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  309. Feinmesser M, Weisser MJ, Levi H, Weiss S (1980) Bullous myringitis: Its relation to sensorineural hearing loss. J Laryngol Otol 94: 643–647Google Scholar
  310. Feldmann H (1960) Untersuchungen zur Diskrimination differenter Schallbilder bei simultaner, monauraler und binauraler Darbietung. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 176: 601–605Google Scholar
  311. Feldmann H (1980) Das Refsum-Syndrom, klinische und audiologische Befunde einer eigenen Beobachtung. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 227: 379–382Google Scholar
  312. Feldmann H (1981) Refsum-Syndrom. Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis in der Sicht des HNO-Arztes. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 235–240Google Scholar
  313. Feldmann H (1981) Sudden hearing loss: A clinical survey. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 27: 40–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  314. Feldmann H (1981) Der symptomatische Hörsturz. Vortrag/Tagung 60. Geburtstag von Prof. Boenninghaus 30. 4. 81 (unveröff)Google Scholar
  315. Ferekidis E, Papafrangos K, Symvoulidis A, Candiloros D, Pantazopoulos P (1980) Über die urämische Hörstörung. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 223: 235–237Google Scholar
  316. Ferguson AC, Rance CP (1972) Hereditary nephropathy with nerve deafness (Alport’s syndrome) Am J Dis Child 124: 84–88PubMedGoogle Scholar
  317. Fiebach A, Plath P (1983) Differentialdiagnostische Überlegungen zum Hörsturz: Ruptur der runden Fenstermembran. HNO 32: 132–135Google Scholar
  318. Fiedler H (1984) Klinische Studie über die Verwendung von Urografin in der Behandlung des Hörsturzes: Notwendige Voruntersuchungen, Resultate und Kritik. HNO 32 (im Druck)Google Scholar
  319. Fikentscher R, Albrecht R, Jakobi H (1982) Beziehungen zwischen Innenohrfunktion und verschiedenen klinischen Merkmalen bei Otosklerose. HNO-Praxis 7: 109–113Google Scholar
  320. Finitzo-Hieber T, McCracken GH, Roeser RJ, Allen DA, Chrane DF, Morrow J (1979) Ototoxicity in neonates treated with gentamicin and kanamycin: Results of a four-year controlled follow-up study. Pediatrics 63: 443–450Google Scholar
  321. Fiorino FG, Bonani G, Coletti V, Facchinetti R, Sittoni V (1983) Hearing abnormalities in diabetes mellitus. Vortrag 2. Internat. Sympos. on Audiological Medicine, Sirmione 10–13 AprilGoogle Scholar
  322. Fisch L (1959) Deafness as part of an hereditary syndrome. J Laryngol Otol 73: 355PubMedGoogle Scholar
  323. Flach M, Uhlemann B, Knothe J, Steinert R (1969) Elektrophysiologische Untersuchungen zur Frage einer Innenohrschädigung durch örtliche Anwendung proteolytischer Fermente (a-Chymotrypsin). Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 195: 17–24Google Scholar
  324. Fleischer K (1956) Histologische und audiometrische Studie über alternsbedingten Struktur-und Funktionswandel des Innenohres. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 170: 142–167Google Scholar
  325. Fleischer K (1972) Das alternde Ohr: Morphologische Aspekte. HNO 20: 103–107PubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. Flint EF (1983) Severe childhood deafness in Glasgow, 1965–1979. J Laryngol Otol 97: 421–425PubMedGoogle Scholar
  327. Flottorp G, Foss I (1979) Development of hearing in hereditarily deaf white mink (Hedlund) and normal mink (standard) and the subsequent deterioration of the auditory response in Hedlund mink Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 87: 16–27Google Scholar
  328. Forman-Franco B, Karayalcin G, Mandel DD, Abramsom AL (1982) The evaluation of auditory function in homozygous sickle cell disease. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 90: 850–856PubMedGoogle Scholar
  329. Forquer BD (1979) The stability of and the relation between the acoustic reflex and uncomfortable loudness levels. J Am Audiol Soc 5: 55–59Google Scholar
  330. Fotin AG, Ageeva SA (1981) Audition damage aspects in hypothyrosis. Vestn ORL (Mosk) Nr 3: 1821Google Scholar
  331. Fotin AG, Ageeva SA (1981) Audition damage aspects in hypothyrosis. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 128 (1982) Nr 2250Google Scholar
  332. Fowler EP (1950) Sudden deafness. Ann Otol Rhinol Otol 66: 980–987Google Scholar
  333. Fox KE, Brummett RE, Brown R, Himes D (1980) A comparative study of the ototoxicity of gentamicin and gentamicin C1. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 44–49PubMedGoogle Scholar
  334. Francois J (1979) Albinism. Ophthalmologica 178: 19–31Google Scholar
  335. Franke K (1978) The structure of the round window membrane studied by thin-section-freeze-fracture and scanning electron microscopic techniques. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219: 362–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  336. Franke K (1979) Fine structure of tissue lining the cochlear perilymphatic space against the bony labyrinthine capsule. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 222: 161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  337. Fraser GR (1964) Profound childhood deafness. J Med Genet 1: 118PubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. Fraser GR (1965) Association of congenital deafness with goiter (Pendred’s syndrome). A study of 207 families. Ann Hum Genet 28: 201–249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  339. Fraser GR (1971) The role of genetic factors in the causation of human deafness. Audiology 10: 212–221PubMedGoogle Scholar
  340. Fraser GR (1974) Epidemiology of profound childhood deafness. Audiology 13: 335–341PubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. Fraser JG, Harborow PC (1975) Labyrinthine window rupture. J Laryngol Otol 89: 1–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  342. Freeman J (1979) Progressive sensorineural hearing loss and cochlear otosclerosis: A prospective study. Laryngoscope 89: 1487–1521PubMedGoogle Scholar
  343. Freeman P (1975) Rupture of the round window membrane. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 29: 783–794PubMedGoogle Scholar
  344. Freeman P (1978) Rupture of the round window membrane. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 11: 81–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  345. Frei J (1980) Gehörschäden durch elektroverstärkte Musik. 7. Audio-Symposium 1980. Bommer-INTL AG Rexton, Zürich, pp 143–151Google Scholar
  346. Friedman EM, Luban NLC, Herer GL, Williams I (1980) Sickle cell anemia and hearing. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 89: 342–347PubMedGoogle Scholar
  347. Friedrich G, Pilger E (1981) Lipoproteinmuster bei cochleovestibulären Störungen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 232: 101–105PubMedGoogle Scholar
  348. Friedrich G, Wolf G (1984) Prognostisch relevante Faktoren beim Hörsturz. HNO 32: 74–80PubMedGoogle Scholar
  349. Fritz W, Hörmann K, Brassow W, Koehn W (1980) Zur Ätiologie des Hörsturzes. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 227: 370–372Google Scholar
  350. Fritze W (1981) Eine Methode zur Prognose des chronischen Lärmschadens. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 512–516Google Scholar
  351. Fritze W, Gedlicka W (1982) Ein Verfahren zur Prognose des chronischen Lärmschadens. Österreich HNO-Kongr 1981: 226–228Google Scholar
  352. Frühwald H, Köllner W, Prohaska O (1979) Lokale p02-Messungen in der Perilymphe der Meerschweinchenkochlea bei Sauerstoff-und Sauerstoff-/Kohlendioxyd-Inhalationen. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 58: 731–736Google Scholar
  353. Fues CP, Heumann H, Steinbach E (1983) Schädigung des Innenohres beim Kaninchen durch Anwendung von 2-Cyanoacryl im Mittelohr. Arch Otorhinolaryngol Suppl I1 /1983: 183–186Google Scholar
  354. Fujita S, Fujiwara N, Ohba N (1980) Norrie’s disease: Report of cases in two Japanese families. Jap J Ophthalmol 24: 22–28Google Scholar
  355. Fujita S, Hayden RC Jr (1969) Alport’s syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol 90: 75–88Google Scholar
  356. Fukaya T, Nomura Y (1983) Experimental round window rupture with middle ear effusion. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 393: 20–24Google Scholar
  357. Galetti G, Mattiolo R, Bergamini G et al. (1931) Revisione critica della istomorfologia della malattia di Menière e ipotesi sulla sede e sui meccanismi del fenomeno del recruitment. Otorinolaringologia (Torino) 31: 89, 94Google Scholar
  358. Galetti G, Mattiolo R, Bergamini G et al. (1931) Revisione critica della istomorfologia della malattia di Menière e ipotesi sulla sede e sui meccanismi del fenomeno del recruitment. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 128 (1982) Nr 929Google Scholar
  359. Galle E, Siegel G (1979) The permeability of 51Cr between cerebrospinal fluid and internal ear. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 224: 85–88PubMedGoogle Scholar
  360. Ganguin G, Rempt E (1970) Streptomycinbehandlung in der Schwangerschaft und ihre Auswirkung auf das Gehör des Kindes. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 49: 496–503Google Scholar
  361. Gedda L, Gruno G (1974) Aspetti genetici della presbyacusia. Acta Genet Med Gemellol 23: 303–305Google Scholar
  362. Gersdorf MCH (1978) Modifications du réflexe acoustico-facial chez l’homme en fonction de l’age, par étude impédancemetrique. Audiology 17: 260–270Google Scholar
  363. Gerwin JM, LaCoste P (1981) The acoustic stapedial reflexe as a prognostic indicator in sudden onset sensorineural hearing loss. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 90: 857–861Google Scholar
  364. Gibberd FB (1980) Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis (Refsum’s disease) and its management with plasma exchange. Plasma Ther 1: 17–26Google Scholar
  365. Gibberd FB, Billimoria NGR, Page NGR, Retsas S (1979) Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis ( Refsum’s disease) treated by diet and plasma-exchange. Lancet 1: 575–578Google Scholar
  366. Gibbin KP, Davis CG (1981) A hearing survey in diabetes mellitus. Clin Otolaryngol 6: 345–350PubMedGoogle Scholar
  367. Gibson WPR, Moffat DA, Ramsden RT (1977) Clinical electrocochleography in the diagnosis and management of Meniére’s disorder. Audiology 16: 389–401PubMedGoogle Scholar
  368. Giebel W (1982) Das dynamische Verhalten der Innenohrflüssigkeiten. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 61: 481–488Google Scholar
  369. Gignoux M, Martin H, Cajfinger H (1966) Troubles cochleo-vestibulaires après tentative de suicide a l’aspirine. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 15: 631–635Google Scholar
  370. Gilad O, Glorig A (1979) Presbyacusis: The aging ear. J Am Audiol Soc 4: 195–206Google Scholar
  371. Gladney JH, Shepherd DJC (1970) Labyrinthine dysfunction in latent and early manifest diabetes. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 79: 984–991PubMedGoogle Scholar
  372. Glorig A (1973) Clinical manifestations of ototoxicity and noise. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 20: 213Google Scholar
  373. Glorig A, Davis H (1961) Age, noise and hearing loss. Ann Otol Rhino] Laryngol 70: 556–571Google Scholar
  374. Glorig A, Roberts J (1965) Hearing levels of adults by age and sex. United States 1960, 1962 NationalGoogle Scholar
  375. Center for Health Statistics HEW Series 11, No 11, US Government Printing Office, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  376. Gofman L, Bàtsi I (1980) Hereditary nephritis and impaired hearing. Fill-Orr-Gége-Gyógyàszat 26: 142–147Google Scholar
  377. Gofman L, Bàtsi I (1980) Hereditary nephritis and impaired hearing. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 125 (1981) Nr 1893Google Scholar
  378. Goldstein JL, Fialkow PJ (1973) The Alström syndrome. Medicine 52: 53–71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  379. Goodhill V (1971) Sudden deafness and round window rupture. Laryngoscope 81: 1462PubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. Goodhill V (1980) Traumatic fistulae. J Laryngol Otol 94: 123–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  381. Goodhill V (1981) Intranasal forces and labyrinthine deformations and fistulae. Rhinology 19: 187–193PubMedGoogle Scholar
  382. Goodhill V, Harris I, Brockmann SJ, Hants O (1973) Sudden deafness and labyrinthine window ruptures. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 82: 2–12PubMedGoogle Scholar
  383. Gorlin RJ, Tisner TJ, Feinstein S, Duvall AJ (1979) Usher’s syndrome type III. Arch Otolaryngol 105: 353–354PubMedGoogle Scholar
  384. Gorlina AA, Kuminov OD, Chupyi LV (1980) Hyperbaric oxygenation in multiple modality treatment of neurosensory amblyacusis of vascular genesis. Vestn ORL (Mos) Nr 5: 12–14Google Scholar
  385. Gorlina AA, Kuminov OD, Chupyi LV (1980) Hyperbaric oxygenation in multiple modality treatment of neurosensory amblyacusis of vascular genesis. Zentralbl HalsNas-Ohrenheilk 126 (1981) Nr 2594Google Scholar
  386. Gosselin EJ, Yanick P Jr (1976) Audiologic and metabolic findings in 90 patients with fluctuant hearing loss. J Am Audiol Soc 2: 15–18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  387. Goulon M, Gajdos PU, Chesneau AM, Raphael JC (1977) Maladie de Refsum, Thiebaut, Klenk et Kahlke. Etude anatomo-clinique d’un cas. Ann Med Interne (Paris) 128: 869–876Google Scholar
  388. Goyer RA, Reynold J Jr, Burke J, Burkholder P (1968) Hereditary renal disease with neurosensory hearing loss, prolinuria, and ichthyosis. Am J Med Sci 256: 166–179PubMedGoogle Scholar
  389. Granitz DW, Byers VW (1976) Typing of Békésy audiograms. Audiology 15: 215–221PubMedGoogle Scholar
  390. Gray HW, Hooper LA, Greig WR (1973) An evaluation of the twenty-minute perchlorate discharge test. J Clin Endocrinol 37: 351–355Google Scholar
  391. Gray RF, Barton RPE (1981) Round window rupture. J Laryngol Otol 95: 165–177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  392. Gregg JB, Shaeffer JH (1964) Unilateral inner ear deafness complicating infectious mononucleosis. South Dakota J Med Pharm 17: 22–23Google Scholar
  393. Grisanti G (1967) Presbiacusia, memoria tonale e capacità discriminative di frequenza. Atti Clin ORL Univ Palermo 12; ref Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 98 (1969) 507Google Scholar
  394. Groot LJ de, Stamburry JB (1959) The syndrom of genital goiter with Butanol insoluble serum. Am J Med 27: 586Google Scholar
  395. Gross I, Hahn K, Biesalski HK (1981) Die Diagnose des Pendred-Syndroms bei Kindern mit Hilfe des Depletions-Testes mit 23-Jod. HNO 29: 95–97PubMedGoogle Scholar
  396. Gross M (1981) Differentialdiagnose der Syndrome mit Schwerhörigkeit und Retinopathia pigmento-sa. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 446–449Google Scholar
  397. Gross M, Arndt-Hauser Ä (1982) HLA-Antigene und Schallempfindungsschwerhörigkeit. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 61: 316–318Google Scholar
  398. Großenbacher R (1976) Pathologie des runden Fensters bei akuter Ertaubung. HNO 24: 227–232PubMedGoogle Scholar
  399. Grundfast KM, Bluestone CD (1978) Sudden or fluctuating hearing loss and vertigo in children due to perilymph fistula. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 87: 761–771PubMedGoogle Scholar
  400. Gryczynski M (1981) Age effect on differentiation of small changes in tone frequency. Otolaryngol Pol 35: 35–41PubMedGoogle Scholar
  401. Gryczynski M (1981) Age effect on differentiation of small changes in tone frequency. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 128 (1982) Nr 1785Google Scholar
  402. Gstaltner H (1961) Forme fruste einer Parotitis epidemica mit plötzlicher Ertaubung. Mschr Ohrenheilk 95: 425–428PubMedGoogle Scholar
  403. Gülzow J (1980) Die Ruptur der runden Fenstermembran. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 227: 365–367Google Scholar
  404. Guibaud P, Parchioux B, Langue J et al. (1979) Acidose renale tubulaire distale avec surdité. A propos de 3 observations. Bordeaux Med 12: 865–869Google Scholar
  405. Guindi GM (1981) Congenital labyrintho-tympanic fistula: A recently recognized entity in children. J Otolaryngol 10: 67–71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  406. Guindi GM (1981) Congenital labyrintho-tympanic fistula: A recently recognized entity in children. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 12 (1982) Nr 1735Google Scholar
  407. Gussen R (1976) Sudden deafness of vascular origin: A human temporal bone study. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 85: 94–100PubMedGoogle Scholar
  408. Gussen R (1977) Polyarteritis nodosa and deafness: A human temporal bone study. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 217: 263–271PubMedGoogle Scholar
  409. Gussen R (1981) Sudden hearing loss associated with cochlear membrane rupture. Two human temporal bone reports. Arch Otolaryngol 107: 598–600PubMedGoogle Scholar
  410. Habu K, Kuroda T, Hirayama H (1979) Correlation between the changes of neuro-otological and neurological findings of the patients with organic mercury compounds poisoning during long term process. Otol Fukuoka 25: 1363–1370Google Scholar
  411. Habu K, Kuroda T, Hirayama H (1979) Correlation between the changes of neuro-otological and neurological findings of the patients with organic mercury compounds poisoning during long term process. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 123 (1980) Nr 3293Google Scholar
  412. Hallermann W, Plath P (1971) Der Einfluß des Alters auf die Diskriminationsfähigkeit des Hörorgans. HNO 19: 26–32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  413. Hallpike CS (1967) Observations on the structural basis of two rare varieties of hereditary deafness in myotactic, kinesthetic and vestibular mechanisms. Ciba Foundation Symposium p 285, hrsg AVS de Reuch, J. Knight Churchill, LondonGoogle Scholar
  414. Hamann KF (1981) Mögliche virale Genese von Innenohrerkrankungen. Laryngol Rhinol Otol 60: 591–592Google Scholar
  415. Hamernik RP, Henderson D, Coling D, Salvi R (1981) Influence of vibration on asymptotic threshold shift produced by impulse noise. Audiology 20: 250–269Google Scholar
  416. Hamet P, Kuchel O, Nowaczynski W, Rojo-Ortega JM, Saski C, Genest J (1973) Hypertension with adrenal, genital, and renal defects. Arch Int Med 131: 563–569Google Scholar
  417. Hammer H (1974) Cellular hypersensitivity to ureal pigment confirmed by leucocyte migration tests in sympathetic ophthalmia and the Vogt-Koyanagy-Harada-syndrome. Br J Ophthalmol 58: 773–776PubMedGoogle Scholar
  418. Handrock M (1978) Die Reaktionsform der Kochlea beim experimentell induzierten Hörsturz. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 57: 881–891Google Scholar
  419. Handrock M (1982) Ototoxische Medikamente. Vortrag 16. Fortbildungsveranstaltung für HNO-Ärzte, Essen 30. 10. 1982Google Scholar
  420. Handrock M, Fischer RL (1979) Die Bedeutung des Sympathikotonus auf den temporären und bleibenden Hörverlust nach Beschallung. Z Hörgeräte-Akustik; Sonderheft 1979, 18: 45–52Google Scholar
  421. Handrock M, Fisher R, Ising H, Dombrowski M (1981) Die Bedeutung des Magnesiumstoffwechsels für die Entstehung der Lärmschwerhörigkeit. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 231: 707–710Google Scholar
  422. Handrock M, Matthias R (1982) Nikotin, eine ototoxische Substanz? Arch Otorhinolaryngol 235: 659–662Google Scholar
  423. Hannley M, Jerger J (1981) PB rollover and the acoustic reflex. Audiology 20: 251–258PubMedGoogle Scholar
  424. Hansen E, Bachen NI, Flage T (1979) Refsum’s disease. Eye manifestations in a patient treated with low phytol acid diet. Acta Ophthalmol 57: 899–913Google Scholar
  425. Hanzelik E, Pepperkorn M (1969) Deafness after ethacrynic acid. Lancet 1: 416PubMedGoogle Scholar
  426. Harada T, Sando I, Myers EN (1979) Temporal bone histopathology in deafness due to cryptococcal meningitis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 88: 630–636PubMedGoogle Scholar
  427. Harada T, Sando I, Stool SE, Myers EN (1980) Temporal bone histopathologic features in Fanconi’s anemia syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 275–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  428. Harnack GA v, Horst W, Lenz W (1961) Das erbliche Syndrom: Innenohrschwerhörigkeit und Jodfehl-Verwertung mit Kropf. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 88: 2421–2428Google Scholar
  429. Harrison RV, Evans EF (1979) Some aspects of temporal coding by single cochlear fibres from regions of cochlear hair cell degeneration in the guinea pig. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 224: 71–78PubMedGoogle Scholar
  430. Haubrich J (1975) Tierexperimentelle histologisch-histochemische Untersuchungen zur Formalgenese der hypothyreotisch bedingten Schwerhörigkeit. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 332: 1–56Google Scholar
  431. Haug HP, Giebel W, Breuninger H (1978) Die Ausbreitung von Tetrazyklin im Innenohr nach unterschiedlicher Applikation im Mittelohr. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 218: 229–238PubMedGoogle Scholar
  432. Hauser J (1974) Néphropathie chronique héreditaire avec surdité et atteinte oculaire. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 104: 762–772Google Scholar
  433. Hawkins JE Jr (1973) Comparative otopathology: Aging, noise, and ototoxic drugs. Adv. Otorhinolaryngol 20: 125–141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  434. Hawkins JE, Johnson LG, Aran JM (1969) Comparative test of gentamycin ototoxicity. J Infect Dis 119: 417–426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  435. Hawkins JE, Marques DM, Clark CS, Preston RE (1975) Ototoxic potentation between ethacrynic and aminoglycoside antibiotics in guinea pigs. J Acoust Soc Am 1: 60Google Scholar
  436. Hayes D, Jerger J (1979) Aging and the use of hearing aids. Scand Audiol 8: 33–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  437. Hayes E, Babin R, Platz C (1980) The otologic manifestation of mucopolysaccharidoses. Am J Otol 2: 65–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  438. Haynes BF, Kaiser-Kupfer MI, Mason P, Fauci AS (1980) Cogan’s syndrome: Studies in thirteen patients, long-term follow up, and a review of the literature. Medicine (Baltimore) 59: 426–441Google Scholar
  439. Haynes BF, Pikus A, Kaiser-Kupfer M, Fauci AS (1981) Successful treatment of sudden hearing loss in Cogan’s syndrome with corticosteroids. Arthrit Rheumat 24: 501–503Google Scholar
  440. Heermann J, Dammad H, Sperna H (1976) Perilymphschwall aus Perforation des runden Fensters nach leichtem Schädeltrauma bei vermutlich weitem Aquaeductus cochleae. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg)55: 549–550Google Scholar
  441. Heidland A, Wigand ME (1970) Deafness from furosemid. Ann Intern Med 73: 858PubMedGoogle Scholar
  442. Heidland A, Wigand ME (1976) Einfluß hoher Furosemiddosen auf die Gehörfunktion bei Urämie. KIM Wochenschr 48: 1052–1056Google Scholar
  443. Heinemann MH, Soloway SM, Lesser RL (1980) Cogan’s syndrome. Ann Ophthalmol 12: 667–674Google Scholar
  444. Helle R (1983) Bestimmung der psychoakustischen Tuningkurven — ein Verfahren zur Messung des Frequenz-Selektions-Vermögens des Gehörs. Audiol Akust 22: 30–50Google Scholar
  445. Helson L, Okoukws E, Aubon L, Cvitkovic E (1978) Cis-platinum ototoxicity. Clin Toxicol 13: 469–478PubMedGoogle Scholar
  446. Henderson D, Hamernik RP (1982) Asymptotic threshold shift from impulse noise. In: Hamernik, Henderson, Salvi (eds) New Perspectives on Noise-Induced Hearing Loss. Raven Press, New York, pp 265–281Google Scholar
  447. Hennebert D (1955) L’integration de la preception auditive et l’audition alternante. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 9: 344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  448. Henry KR, Guess MB, Chole RA (1983) Hyperthermia increases aminoglycoside ototoxicity. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 95: 323–327Google Scholar
  449. Hesch RFD (1982) Therapeutische Überlegungen zu vaskulären Innenohrerkrankungen. HNO 30: 365–374PubMedGoogle Scholar
  450. Heyden HW v, Schröder M, Scherpe A et al. (1984) Ergebnisse der primären Chemotherapie bei 44 Patienten mit fortgeschrittenen Plattenepithelkarzinomen des Kopf-Hals-Bereiches. HNO 32 (im Druck)Google Scholar
  451. Hildesheimer M, Rubinstein M, Nuttal AM et al. (1982) Influence of blood viscosity on cochlear action potentials and oxygenation. Hearing Res 8: 187–198Google Scholar
  452. Himelfarb M, Kroin J, Strelioff D (1979) Evidence for intracochlear impedance changes following ethacrynic acid administration. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 87: 880, 887Google Scholar
  453. Hirashima N (1978) Treatment of sudden deafness with sodium salts of triiodobenzoic acid derivates. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 87: 29–31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  454. Hirasugi Y, Yatomi T, Yagi M et al. (1979) A case of fluctuating hearing loss. Audiol Jap 22: 239–242Google Scholar
  455. Höft J (1969) Die Permeabilität und die Beeinflussung der Permeabilität der Membran des runden Fensters durch Pantocain (Tetracain). Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 193: 128–137Google Scholar
  456. Hörmann K, Held KR (1980) Zur Abklärung genetisch bedingter Schwerhörigkeit. 5 Fälle von Pendred-Syndrom. HNO 28: 206–208PubMedGoogle Scholar
  457. Hörmann K, Fritz W, Lemke Th (1980) Viskosität des Blutes unter Hörsturztherapie. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 277: 383, 385Google Scholar
  458. Hoke M (1973) Über den Nachweis der Mikrofonpotentiale beim Menschen. Habilitationsschrift MünsterGoogle Scholar
  459. Hoke M (1976) Cochlear microphonics in man and its probable importance in objective audiometry. In: Ruben, Elberling, Salomon (eds) Electrocochleography. University Park Press, Balitmore, pp 41–54Google Scholar
  460. Hoke M, Lütkenhöner B (1981) Electrophysiological finding in patient with sudden deafness: A survey. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 27: 83–99PubMedGoogle Scholar
  461. Hommerich K, Intracranieller Druck und Cochlearfunktion. In: Schaefer H (Hrsg) Einzeldarstellungen aus der theoretischen und klinischen Medizin. A. Hüthig Verlag, Heidelberg, Bd 17Google Scholar
  462. Hood JD, Poole JP, Freedman L (1976) The influence of eye colour upon temporary threshold shift. Audiology 15: 449–464PubMedGoogle Scholar
  463. Hoshino T, Ishii T, Kodama A, Kato I (1980) Temporal bone findings in a case of sudden deafness and relapsing polychondritis. Acta Otolaryngol 90: 257–261PubMedGoogle Scholar
  464. House HP (1967) The fistula problem in otosclerotic surgery. Laryngoscope 77: 1410–1426PubMedGoogle Scholar
  465. Howarth AE, Lloyd HED (1966) Perceptive deafness in hypothyreodism. Brit Med J II, 431–433Google Scholar
  466. Hudspeth AJ (1983) Die Haarzellen des Innenohres. Spektrum der Wissenschaft, pp 108–109Google Scholar
  467. Hülse M, Boll B (1979) Literatur-Dokumentation zur Presbyacusis. Forschungsbericht Nr. 222 der Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Unfallforschung DortmundGoogle Scholar
  468. Hülse M, Irion H (1982) La presbyacousie, une maladie bien définie? Audiophonol (Besancon) 15: 225–237Google Scholar
  469. Hülse M, Meyer JH (1981) Psychogene Taubheit, ein differentialdiagnostisches Problem des Hörsturzes. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 53–58Google Scholar
  470. Huizing EH, Wijngaart WSIM van den, Verschuure J (1983) A follow-up study in a family with dominant progressive inner ear deafness. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 95: 620–626Google Scholar
  471. Hultcrantz E (1979) The effect of noise on cochlear blood flow in the conscious rabbit. Acta Physiol Scand 106: 29–37PubMedGoogle Scholar
  472. Hultcrantz E, Angelborg C, Beausang-Linder M (1979) Noise and cochlear blood flow. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 224: 103–106PubMedGoogle Scholar
  473. Hultcrantz E, Larsen HC, Angelborg C (1980) The effects of CO2-breathing on cochlear blood flow. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 228: 211–215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  474. Hultcrantz E, Larsen HC, Angelborg C (1980) Effects of CO2 inhalation on cochlear blood circulation. ORL 42: 304–312PubMedGoogle Scholar
  475. Hultcrantz E, Nuttall AL, Brown MCh, Lawrence M (1982) The effect of cervical sympathectomy on cochlear electrophysiology. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 94: 439–444Google Scholar
  476. Humphries KN, Ashcroft PB, Douek EE (1977) Extra-tympanic electrocochleography. Acta otorhinolaryngol 83: 303–309Google Scholar
  477. Hutchinson JH, Howell RA (1953) Cryoglobulinemia: Report of a Case associated with gangrene of the digits. Ann Intern Med 39: 350–357Google Scholar
  478. Hvidberg-Hansen J, Balslev-Jorgensen M (1968) The inner ear in Pendred’s syndrome. Acta Otolaryngol(Stockh)66: 129–135Google Scholar
  479. Hyde ML, Alberti PW, Morgan PP, Symons F, Cummings F (1980) Puretone thresholds estimation from acoustic reflex thresholds — a myth? Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 89: 345–357Google Scholar
  480. Igarashi H (1982) An aspect of treatment of sensorineural hearing defect. Otorhinolaryngol (Tokyo) 25: 42–47Google Scholar
  481. Igarashi H (1982) An aspect of treatment of sensorineural hearing defect. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 129 (1983) Nr 2077Google Scholar
  482. Igarashi M, Macrae D, O-Uchi T et al. (1981) Cochleo-saccular degeneration in one of three sisters with hereditary deafness, absent gastric motility, small bowel diverticulitis and progressive sensory neuropathy. ORL 43: 4–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  483. Igarashi M, Weber SC, Alford BR, Coats AC, Jerger J (1975) Temporal bone findings in cryotococcal meningitis. Arch Otolaryngol 101: 577–583PubMedGoogle Scholar
  484. Ijaiya K, Roth B, Gladtke E, Puyn U (1979) Diabetes insipidus, Diabetes mellitus, Optikusatrophie and Schwerhörigkeit: DIDMOAD-Syndrom. Klin Pädiatr 191: 572–577Google Scholar
  485. Ilberg C v (1968) Elektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen über Diffusion and Resorption von Thoriumdioxyd an der Meerschweinchenschnecke. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 190:425,426; 192: 16, 384Google Scholar
  486. Ilberg C v (1968) Elektronenmikroskopische Überprüfung der Zugangswege zum Cortischen Organ. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 191: 540Google Scholar
  487. Ilium P (1972) The Mondini type of cochlear malformation. A survey of the literature. Arch Otolaryngol 96: 305–311Google Scholar
  488. Ilium P, Kiaer HW, Hvidberg-Hansen J, Sondergaard G (1972) Fifteen cases of Pendred’s syndrome: Congenital deafness and sporadic goiter. Arch Otolaryngol 96: 297–304Google Scholar
  489. Insley J, Astley R (1974) A bone dysplasie with deafness. Br J Radiol 47: 241–251Google Scholar
  490. Ising H, Günther T, Handrock M et al. (1981) Magnesium and Lärmwirkungen. Magnesium-Bulletin Vol. 3/1 a: 155–164Google Scholar
  491. Ising H, Handrock M, Günther T, Fischer R, Dombrowski M (1982) Increased noise trauma in guinea pig through Magnesium deficiency. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 236: 139–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  492. Jacklin HN (1980) Falciform fold, retinal detachment, and Norrie’s disease. Am J Ophthalmol 90: 76–80PubMedGoogle Scholar
  493. Jackson GG (1977) Present status of aminoglycoside antibiotics and their safe, effective use. Clin Ther 1: 371Google Scholar
  494. Jacobson JT, Mencher GT (1981) Intensive care nursery noise and its influence on newborn hearing screening. Int J Pediat ORL 3: 45–54Google Scholar
  495. Jaffe BF (1967) Sudden deafness — an otologic emergency. Arch Otolaryngol 86: 55–60Google Scholar
  496. Jaffe BF (1970) Sudden deafness, a local manifestation of systemic disorders: Fat emboli, hypercoagulation and infections. Laryngoscope 80: 788–801PubMedGoogle Scholar
  497. Jaffe BF (1978) Viral causes of inner ear deafness. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 11: 63–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  498. Jahn AF, Noyek AM (1981) Hereditary hearing losses with delayed onset: Mechanism of expression. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 14: 69–64Google Scholar
  499. Jahnke K, Gorgas K (1974) The permeability of blood vessels in the guinea pig: I. Vessels of the modiolus and spiral vessel. Anat Embryol 146: 21Google Scholar
  500. Jahnke V (1979) Pränatale Ursachen kindlicher Innenohrschwerhörigkeit. Laryngol Rhinol Otol 58: 811–816Google Scholar
  501. Jahnke V, Maas B, Mödder G (1979) Hypakusis bei erworbener Hypothyreose. HNO 27: 1–6PubMedGoogle Scholar
  502. Jakobi H, Kuhl KD, Haberland EJ (1979) Verbesserung der Innenohrfunktion nach ATP-Infusion bei Tieren. HNO-Praxis 4: 182–187Google Scholar
  503. Jakobi H, Spinar H, Stawinski St, Kleszcz A (1975) Erste Beobachtungen bei kombinierter ATP-Sauerstoff-Überdruckbehandlung von Hörstürzen. Laryngol Rhinol Otol 54: 891–895Google Scholar
  504. Jankowski W, Birecki W, Ziemski Z (1971) Einige lokal angewandte Pharmaka und biochemische Störungen des Stoffwechsels der Corti-Zellen. Wiss Z Univ Halle 20: 191–198Google Scholar
  505. Jarvis JF (1966) A case of bilateral permanent deafness following acetylsalicylate acid. J Laryngol Otol 80: 318–320PubMedGoogle Scholar
  506. Jatho K, Hellmann H (1972) Zur Frage des Lärm-und Klangtraumas des Orchestermusikers. HNO 20: 21–29PubMedGoogle Scholar
  507. Jenkins HA, Pollak AM, Fisch U (1981) Polyarteritis nodosa as a cause of sudden deafness. A human temporal bone study. Am J Otolaryngol 2Google Scholar
  508. Jensen JH, Bentzen O, Groes P (1982) Hearing loss in children with abnormal corneal thickness. Audiology 21: 177–183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  509. Jensma H (1979) Acute labyrinth-window rupture. Clin Otolaryngol 4: 474Google Scholar
  510. Jerger J (1960) Békésy-audiometry in analysis of auditory disorders. J Speech Res 3: 275–287Google Scholar
  511. Jerger J (1973) Modern Development in Audiology. 2. Aufl. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  512. Jerger J (1973) Audiological findings in aging. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 20: 115–124PubMedGoogle Scholar
  513. Jerger J, Alford B, Coats AM, French B (1966) Effects of very low frequency tones on auditory thresholds. J Speech Hear Res 9: 150–160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  514. Jerger S, Jerger J (1983) Evaluation of diagnostic audiometric tests. Audiology 22: 144–161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  515. Jin KH, Handa T, Ishihara T, Yoshii F (1979) Cockayne syndrome: Report of two siblings and review of the literature in Japan. Brain Develop 1: 305–312Google Scholar
  516. Joachims HZ, Eliachar J (1982) Cochlear hearing loss following rubella in an adult. Scand Audiol 11: 89–90PubMedGoogle Scholar
  517. Joachims Z, Babisch W, Ising H, Günther T, Handrock M (1983) Dependence of noise-induced hearing loss upon perilymph magnesium concentration. J Acoust Soc Am 74: 104–108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  518. Johanson A, Blizzard R (1971) A syndrome of congenital aplasia of the alae nasi, deafness, hypothyreoidism, dwarfism, absent permanent teeth, and malabsorption. J Pediatr 79: 982–987PubMedGoogle Scholar
  519. Johnson KR (1970) Audiological manifestations in juvenile-onset diabetes. Thesis for PH D, Michigan State University USA. Zit. n. Strauß (1982)Google Scholar
  520. Johnson RL, Spoendlin HH (1966) Structural evidence of secretion in the stria vascularis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 75: 127–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  521. Johnsson LG, Hawkins JE Jr (1976) Degeneration patterns in human ears exposed to noise. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 85: 725–739PubMedGoogle Scholar
  522. Johnsson LG, Arenberg IK (1981) Cochlear abnormalities in Alport’s syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol 107: 304–349Google Scholar
  523. Jokinen K (1979) Presbyacusis. III. Perstimulatory threshold adaptation. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 69: 324Google Scholar
  524. Jokinen K (1980) Presbyacusis. VI. Masking of speech. Acta Otolaryngol 76: 426–430Google Scholar
  525. Juhn SK (1977) Experimental alterations of physiological state of inner ear fluids. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngo186: 689–697Google Scholar
  526. Juhn SK, Prado S, Rybak L (1979) Effect of urae on osmolality of perilymph. Arch Otolaryngol 105: 538–541PubMedGoogle Scholar
  527. Jung WK, Schön FJ (1983) Methoden und Ergebnisse zur Kontrolle der Diuretikawirkung am Innenohr. Arch Otorhinolaryngol. ( Kongr. Ber. im Druck )Google Scholar
  528. Kaaijk CHJ (1977) Longitudinal study of hearing loss in childhood. Relationship between hearing impairment, poor learning and family background. Audiology 16: 132–145PubMedGoogle Scholar
  529. Kacker SK, Bajaj JS (1973) Audiometric profile in an Indian family with Alport’s syndrome. Audiology 12: 28–33PubMedGoogle Scholar
  530. Kaiser-Kupfer MI, Mittal KK, Del Valle LA, Haynes BF (1978) The HLA antigens in Cogan’s syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol 86: 314–316PubMedGoogle Scholar
  531. Kamei T et al. (1980) Unilateral congenital anomalies of the inner ear. Otolaryngol (Tokyo) 53: 7–13Google Scholar
  532. Kamei T et al. (1980) Unilateral congenital anomalies of the inner ear. Zentralbi Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 125 (1981) Nr 1901Google Scholar
  533. Kaneko Y, Nakagawa T, Tanaka K (1970) Reissner’s membranes after kanamycin administration. Arch Otolaryngol 92: 457–462PubMedGoogle Scholar
  534. Kankkunen A (1982) Pre-school children with impaired hearing in Göteborg 1964–1980. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 391Google Scholar
  535. Kantor TG (1981) Corticosteroids in Cogan’s syndrome. Arthrit Rheumat 24: 1588Google Scholar
  536. Kanzaki J, O-Uchi T (1981) Bilateral progressive sensorineural hearing loss of unknown etiology. ORL 43: 195–203PubMedGoogle Scholar
  537. Kanzaki J, O-Uchi T (1981) Steroid-responsive bilateral sensorineural hearing loss and immune complexes. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 230: 5–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  538. Kanzaki J, 0-Uchi T (1983) The progression of hearing loss in the early stages of sudden deafness. Arch Otolaryngol 238: 149–156Google Scholar
  539. Kapur YP (1965) Ototoxicity of acetylsalicylic acid. Arch Otolaryngol 81: 134–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  540. Kapur YP, Patt Ai (1967) Hearing in Todas of South India. Arch Otolaryngol 85: 400PubMedGoogle Scholar
  541. Kaupp H, Giebel W (1980) Distribution of marked perilymph to the subarachnoidal space. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 229: 245–253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  542. Kecht B (1974) Toxoplasmose und Hörstörungen. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 53: 415–421Google Scholar
  543. Kelemen G (1956) Erythroblastosis fetalis: Pathologic report on the hearing organ of newborn infant. Arch Otolaryngol 63: 392–398Google Scholar
  544. Kelemen G (1966) Hurler’s syndrome and the hearing organ. J Laryngol Otol 80: 791–803PubMedGoogle Scholar
  545. Kellerhals B (1972) Acoustic trauma and cochlear microcirculation. Adv ORL 18: 91–168Google Scholar
  546. Kellerhals B (1977) Die Behandlung der akuten Innenohrschwerhörigkeit (Hörsturz und akustisches Trauma). Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 56: 357–363Google Scholar
  547. Kemp DT (1978) Stimulated acoustic emission from within the human auditory system. J Acoust Soc Am 64: 1386–1391PubMedGoogle Scholar
  548. Kemp DT (1979) Evidence of mechanical nonlinearity and frequency selective wave amplication in the cochlea. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 224: 37–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  549. Kemp DT (1982) Cochlear echoes: Implications for noise-induced hearing loss. In: Hamernik, Henderson, Salvi (eds) New perspectives on noise-induced hearing loss, Raven Press, New York, pp 189–207Google Scholar
  550. Kemper J (1977) Der Hörsturz bei gesundem und vorgeschädigtem Ohr der Gegenseite. Inauguraldissertation Münster; zit n Feldmann 1981Google Scholar
  551. Kerr AG (1980) The effects of blast on the ear. J Laryngol Otol 94: 107–110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  552. Kerr AG, Adams DA (1983) Congenital syphilitic deafness — a long term follow up. Adv ORL 31: 247252Google Scholar
  553. Kerr A, Schuknecht HF (1968) The spiral ganglion in profound deafness. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 65: 586–598Google Scholar
  554. Kessler L (1968) Akuter Hörsturz im Kindesalter. HNO 16: 148–149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  555. Kessler L, Rolfs B, Kessler M, Juntke Ch (1969) Hör-und Sprachstörungen nach Neugeborenen-Bilirubinämie. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 48: 581–590Google Scholar
  556. Kessler L, Tymnik G, Braun HSt (1977) Hereditäre Hörstörungen. JA Barth, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  557. Kessler L, Tymnik G, Haferland Chr (1981) Aktuelle Ergebnisse bei der Untersuchung genetisch determinierter Hörstörungen. HNO-Praxis 6: 260–264Google Scholar
  558. Khanna SM, Leonard DGB (1982) Basilar membrane tuning in the cat cochlea. Science 215: 305–306PubMedGoogle Scholar
  559. Khasanov SA (1982) Hearing function in children with diabetes mellitus. Z Usn Nos Gorlov Bolezn Nr 5, 34–37Google Scholar
  560. Khasanov SA (1982) Hearing function in children with diabetes mellitus. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 129 (1983) Nr 978Google Scholar
  561. Khasanov SA, Popov IA (1982) Glycogen contents in the organ of Corti in experimental diabetes mellitus. Z Usn Nos Gorlov Bolezn Nr 4, 40–43Google Scholar
  562. Khasanov SA, Popov IA (1982) Glycogen contents in the organ of Corti in experimental diabetes mellitus. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 129 (1983) Nr 943Google Scholar
  563. Khasanov SA, Tikhonova IA, Konstantinova NP (1982) Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in patients with acute neurosensory amblycusis. Vestn ORL (Mosk) Nr 4, 27–29Google Scholar
  564. Khasanov SA, Tikhonova IA, Konstantinova NP (1982) Carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in patients with acute neurosensory amblycusis. Zentralbl HalsNas-Ohrenheilk 129 (1983) Nr 941Google Scholar
  565. Kiang NY-S, Moxon EC, Levine RA (1970) Auditory-nerve findings in cats with normal and abnormal cochleas. In: Wolstenholme, Knight (eds) Sensorineural hearing loss. Churchill, London, pp 241–273Google Scholar
  566. Kile JE, Wurzbach WF (1980) Temporary threshold shifts induced by vibratory stimulation. Sound Vibr 14: 26–29Google Scholar
  567. Kilian PL, Schacht J (1977) Phospholipid labling in the noctuid moth ear: a model for biochemical studies of transduction. Les Collques de l’Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Medicale. In: Portmann M, Aran JM (eds) InSERM 5–7 Sept 1977, 68: 167Google Scholar
  568. Kimura RS (1967) Experimental production of endolymphatic hydrops. Internat Sympos Menière’s Disease, Mayo Clin Rochester, MinnGoogle Scholar
  569. Kimura RS, Ota CY, Schuknecht HF, Takahashi T (1976) Electron microscopic cochlear observation in bilateral Menière’s disease. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 85: 791–801PubMedGoogle Scholar
  570. Kimura RS, Perlman HB (1958) Arterial obstruction of the labyrinth. Part I: Cochlear changes. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 67: 5–24Google Scholar
  571. Kimura RS, Schuknecht HF (1965) Membranous hydrops in the inner ear of the guinea pig after obliteration of the endolymphatic sac. Pract Otorhinolaryngol 27: 343–354Google Scholar
  572. Kimura RS, Schuknecht HF, Ota CY, Jones DD (1980) Obliteration of the ductus reuniens. Acta otolaryngol (Stochk) 89: 295–309Google Scholar
  573. King PF (1976) Otic barotrauma. Audiology 15: 279–286PubMedGoogle Scholar
  574. Kirikae J, Nomura Y, Shitara T, Kobayashi T (1962) Sudden deafness due to Buerger’s disease. Arch Otolaryngol 75: 502–505PubMedGoogle Scholar
  575. Kirikae I, Sato T, Shitara T (1964) A study of hearing in advanced age. Laryngoscope 74: 205–220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  576. Kitsera AE, Lyubinets YV (1982) Acoustic vestibular olfactory and gustatory analysers in patient with lung tuberculosis during streptomycin and kanamycin treatment. Z Usn Nos Gorlov Bolezn Nr 5: 37–40Google Scholar
  577. Kitsera AE, Lyubinets YV (1982) Acoustic vestibular olfactory and gustatory analysers in patient with lung tuberculosis during streptomycin and kanamycin treatment. Zbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 129 (1983) Nr 979Google Scholar
  578. Kittel G (1963) Pfaundler-Hurlersche Krankheit oder Gargoylismus unter HNO-ärztlicher Sicht. Laryngol Rhinol Otol 42: 206–217Google Scholar
  579. Kleinfeldt D (1968) Der doppelseitige Hörverlust unklarer Genese. HNO 16: 78–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  580. Kleinfeldt D, Dahl D (1979) Zur Druckbelastung der runden Fenstermembran im Tierversuch. HNOPraxis 4: 193–195Google Scholar
  581. Klemm E, Altmann E (1983) Die Streptokinase-Behandlung des Hörsturzes. HNO-Praxis 8: 209–211Google Scholar
  582. Klemm E, Altmann E, Lange O (1983) Rheologische Probleme der Mikrozirkulation und Konsequenzen medikamentöser Hörsturztherapie. Laryngol Rhinol Otol 62: 62–64Google Scholar
  583. Kley E (1951) Zur Herkunft der Perilymphe. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 30: 486–502Google Scholar
  584. Kley HA (1978) Auswirkungen von steroidaler Kontrazeption auf Organe im HNO-Bereich. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219: 474Google Scholar
  585. Kley HA, Werner D (1980) Akute beiderseitige Ertaubung als Folge einer Basilaristhrombose. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 227: 376–378Google Scholar
  586. Kligerman AB, Solangi KB, Ventry IM et al. (1981) Hearing impairment associated with chronic renale failure. Laryngoscope 91: 583–592PubMedGoogle Scholar
  587. Klinke R, Galley N (1974) Efferent innervation of vestibular and auditory receptors. Physiol Rev 54: 316–374PubMedGoogle Scholar
  588. Klinke R, Göttl KH, Roesch A (1981) Testing strategy for ototoxic side effects. Scand Audiol 14: 95–101Google Scholar
  589. Klockhoff I, Lindblom U (1966) Endolymphatic hydrops revealed by glycerol test. Preliminary report. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 61: 459–462Google Scholar
  590. Klockhoff I, Lyttkens L (1982) Hearing defects of noise trauma type with lack of noise exposure. Scand Audiol 11: 257–260PubMedGoogle Scholar
  591. Knight NJ (1977) Severe sensorineural deafness in children due to perforation of the round window membrane. Lancet íI: 1003–1005Google Scholar
  592. Knight NJ, Phillips MJ (1980) Round window membrane rupture and acquired sensorineural hearing loss in children. Clin Otolaryngol 5: 117–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  593. Knothe J, Flach M, Seidel P (1968) Die Wirkung von Kokain und Tetracain auf die elektrische Aktivität der Meerschweinchencochlea. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 47: 434–341Google Scholar
  594. Knothe J, Flach M, Seidel P (1971) Zur Problematik der Cochlearisschädigung durch lokale Anästhetikumapplikation. Wiss Z Univ Halle 20: 199–202Google Scholar
  595. Koburg E, Maass B (1979) Durchblutung des Innenohres. In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (Hrsg) Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde in Praxis und Klinik, 2. Aufl, Bd 5, Kap 5. G Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  596. Koehn W, Nickol HJ (1983) Zum Hörsturz von über 60 Jahre alten Patienten. Vortrag Vereinig Westdeutsche HNO-Ärzte RecklinghausenGoogle Scholar
  597. Koehn W, Nickol HJ (1983) Hörsturz — zur Altersabhängigkeit der Therapieergebnisse unter Berücksichtigung von Naftidrofuryl (Dusodril®). Vortrag 66. Jahrestg Nordwestdtsch Vereinigg HNO-Ärzte 14.-16. 10. 1983 in BremenGoogle Scholar
  598. König E (1957) Pitch discrimination and age. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 48: 475Google Scholar
  599. Kohonen A, Jauhiainen T, Liewendahl K, Tarkkanen J, Kaimio M (1971) Deafness in experimental hypo-and hyperthyreoidism. Laryngoscope 81: 947–956PubMedGoogle Scholar
  600. Kohonen A, Jauhiainen T, Tarkkanen J (1970) Experimental deafness caused by etacrynic acid. Acta Otolaryngol (Stuttg) 70: 187–189Google Scholar
  601. Koide Y, Hata A, Hando R (1966) Vulnerability of the organ of Corti in poisoning. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 61: 332–344Google Scholar
  602. Koitchev K, Guilhaume A, Cazals Y, Aran JM (1982) Spiral ganglion changes after massive aminoglycoside treatment in the guinea pig. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 94: 431–438Google Scholar
  603. Koizumi S et al. (1980) High frequency sensorineural hearing impairment among senior high-school students. Otolaryngol (Tokyo) 53: 27–32Google Scholar
  604. Koizumi S et al. (1980) High frequency sensorineural hearing impairment among senior high-school students. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 125 (1981) Nr 1917Google Scholar
  605. Komune S, Snow JB (1981) Ototoxicity of kanamycin sulfate and the barriers in the inner ear. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 89: 1013PubMedGoogle Scholar
  606. Konigsmark BW (1966) Unpublished data: zit n Konigsmark und Gorlin 1976, S 292Google Scholar
  607. Konigsmark BW, Gorlin RJ (1976) Genetic and metabolic deafness. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  608. Konigsmark BW, Mengel MC, Berlin CI (1971) Familial low frequency hearing loss. Laryngoscope 81: 759–771PubMedGoogle Scholar
  609. Konishi T (1979) Effects of local application of ototoxic antibiotics on cochlear potentials in guinea pigs. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 88: 41–46Google Scholar
  610. Kothe B, Oeken FW (1983) Hörschäden durch Rauchen? HNO-Praxis 8: 189–192Google Scholar
  611. Kovar M (1973) The inner ear in diabetes mellitus. ORL 35: 42–51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  612. Kozlov MY, Onegova RF, Petrov VS, Sokoloverova M (1976) Diabetes mellitus and hearing impairment. Vestn ORL (Mosk) Nr 5, 21–25Google Scholar
  613. Kozlov MY, Onegova RF, Petrov VS, Sokoloverova M (1976) Diabetes mellitus and hearing impairment. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 118 (1979) Nr 3417Google Scholar
  614. Kramer MB, Wood D (1982) Noise-induced hearing loss in rural schoolchildren. Scand Audiol 11: 279–280PubMedGoogle Scholar
  615. Kramp B, Dahl D (1978) Das Verhalten der Mikrofonpotentiale bei experimentell lebergeschädigten Meerschweinchen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 22: 153Google Scholar
  616. Kramp B, Schwager A (1978) Zum Einfluß chronischer Lebererkrankungen auf das Innenohr. Dtsch Z Verdau Stoffwechselkr 38: 161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  617. Krauer, Pfaltz (1981) Zur Pathogenese des rezidivierenden Hörsturzes. HNO 29:38 (Tagungsbericht)Google Scholar
  618. Krmpotic-Nemanic J (1971) A new concept of the pathogenesis of presbyacusis. Arch Otolaryngol 93: 161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  619. Krönig B, Zschiedrich H (1979) Variabilität des Bludrucks: Bedeutung für Diagnostik und Therapie Hochdruckkranker. Nieren-Hochdruckkrankh 4: 131Google Scholar
  620. Krüger B (1980) Das Sprachgehör im Alter. Z Gerontol 13: 120–148PubMedGoogle Scholar
  621. Krüger B, Bumm P, Lang E (1981) Sprachaudiometrie im Alter. Versuch einer Trennung von primärer und sekundärer Presbyakusis. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 130–134Google Scholar
  622. Kryter KD (1970) The effects of noise on man. Academic Press, New York LondonGoogle Scholar
  623. Kubo M, Shida S (1973) Effects of some antibiotics on the acoustic susceptibility of peripheral of peripheral auditory organ. Internat Congr on Noise as a Public Health Problem Zagreb/JugoslawienGoogle Scholar
  624. Kuhl KD, Lotz P, Haberland EJ (1979) Kritische Betrachtungen zur Innenohrtherapie nach tierexperimenteller Überprüfung. HNO-Praxis 4: 187–192Google Scholar
  625. Kumagami H, Miyazaki M (1983) Chronological changes of electrocochleogram in experimental endolymphatic hydrops. Special reference with AP outout potential and hair cell cilia. ORL 45: 143153Google Scholar
  626. Kumpf W (1970) Aspekte der Altersschwerhörigkeit. Z Allgemeinmed/Landarzt 16: 821Google Scholar
  627. Kumpf W, Wandhöfer A (1972) Zum Hörsturz bei vorgeschädigtem Innenohr der Gegenseite. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 51: 838–841Google Scholar
  628. Kundell SP, Ochs HD (1980) Cogan syndrome in childhood. J Pediatr 97: 96–98PubMedGoogle Scholar
  629. Kusakari J, Kambayashi J, Ise I, Kawamoto K (1978) Reduction of the endocochlear potential by the new “loop” diuretic, Bumetanide. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 86: 336–341Google Scholar
  630. Lamm H (1980) Die Wirkung von hyperbarem Sauerstoff auf das Innenohr. Experimentelle Untersuchungen am Meerschweinchen und deren klinische Aspekte. In: Gerstenbrand, Lorenzoni, Seemann (Hrsg) Tauchmedizin. Schlütersche Verlagsanstalt, HannoverGoogle Scholar
  631. Lamm H, Klimpel L (1971) Hyperbare Sauerstofftherapie bei Innenohr-und Vestibularisstörungen, HNO 19: 263Google Scholar
  632. Lamm H, Lehnhardt E, Alm W (1978) Die Wirkung von hyperbarem Sauerstoff (OHP) auf die normale Innenohrfunktion des Meerschweinchens. Simultane Ableitungen von Mikrofonpotentialen und Nervenaktionspotentialen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219: 397Google Scholar
  633. Lamm H, Lehnhardt E, Lamm K (1984) Instrumental perforation of the round window. Animal experiments using cochleography and ERA. Arch Otorhinolaryngol (im Druck)Google Scholar
  634. Lamore PJJ, Rodenburg N (1980) Significance of the SISI test and its relation to recruitment. Audiology 19: 75–85PubMedGoogle Scholar
  635. Lang HP (1970) Das Verhalten der chronischen Lärmschwerhörigkeit nach beendeter Lärmexposition. Inaugural-Dissertation Frankfurt/MainGoogle Scholar
  636. Larsen HC, Angelborg C, Hultcrantz E (1981) Effect of ethanol and cochlear blood flow. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 233: 19–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  637. Larsen HC, Angelborg C, Hultcrantz E (1982) The effect of uraea and mannitol on cochlear blood flow. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 94: 249–252Google Scholar
  638. Lawrence M (1966) Effects of interference with terminal blood supply on organ of Corti. Laryngoscope 76: 1318–1337PubMedGoogle Scholar
  639. Lawrence M (1970) Circulation of the capillaries of the basilar membrane. Laryngoscope 80: 1364–1375PubMedGoogle Scholar
  640. Lawrence M (1974) Direct visualization of living organg of Corti and studies of its extracellular fluids. Laryngoscope 84: 1767PubMedGoogle Scholar
  641. Lawrence M (1980) The flow of endolymph — An unified concept. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 13: 577–583PubMedGoogle Scholar
  642. Lawrence M, Nuttall AL, Clapper MP (1974) Electrical potentials and fluid boundaries within the organ of Corti. J Acoust Soc Am 55: 122–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  643. Lawrence W Jr, Kuehn P, Masle ET (1961) An abdominal tourniquet for regional chemotherapy. J Surg Res 1: 142–151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  644. Lehnhardt E (1958) Plötzliche Hörstörungen, auf beiden Seiten gleichzeitig oder nacheinander aufgetreten. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 37: 1Google Scholar
  645. Lehnhardt E (1962) Zur einseitigen Taubheit im Kindesalter. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 180: 230Google Scholar
  646. Lehnhardt E (1965) Berufsschäden des Ohres. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 185: 11, 465Google Scholar
  647. Lehnhardt E (1966) Die c5-Senke; ihre Deutung auf Grund allgemeingültiger physiologischer Vorstellungen. HNO 14: 45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  648. Lehnhardt E (1967) Familiär-progrediente Schwerhörigkeit und subklinische Jodstoffwechselstörung. Laryngol Rhinol Otol 46: 260Google Scholar
  649. Lehnhardt E (1970) Zur Ototoxizität der Antibiotika. HNO 18: 97–101PubMedGoogle Scholar
  650. Lehnhardt E (1973) Das audiologische Bild der psychogenen Schwerhörigkeit. Arch Klin Exp OhrNas-Kehlk-Heilk 205: 226Google Scholar
  651. Lehnhardt E (1974) Zur Abgrenzung der psychogenen Hörstörung von der aggravierten Schwerhörigkeit. HNO 22: 134–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  652. Lehnhardt E (1975) Hörstörungen bei Multipler Sklerose. HNO 23: 101–108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  653. Lehnhardt E (1976) Das untere Dynamikplateau der Stapediusreflexschwelle; ein Beitrag zur Duplizitätstheorie der Haarzellen. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 213: 471–473Google Scholar
  654. Lehnhardt E (1976) Menière-Krankheit und Hörsturz. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 212: 51–362Google Scholar
  655. Lehnhardt E (1977) Granuloma gangraenescens und Wegenersche Granulomatose. In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (Hrsg) Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde in Praxis und Klinik, 2. Aufl, Bd 1, Kap 18. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  656. Lehnhardt E (1977) Audiometrische Abgrenzung der Altersschwerhörigkeit von der Lärmschädigung des Gehörs. Forschungsbericht Süddeutsche Eisen-und Stahl-Berufsgenossenschaft MainzGoogle Scholar
  657. Lehnhardt E (1978) Zur Fragwürdigkeit des Begriffs „Altersschwerhörigkeit“. HNO 26: 406–413PubMedGoogle Scholar
  658. Lehnhardt E (1978) Praktische Audiometrie. Lehrbuch und synaptischer Atlas, 5. Aufl. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  659. Lehnhardt E (1979) Pathophysiologie der Schalleitung einschließlich Ohrtrompete. In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (Hrsg) HNO-Heilkunde in Praxis und Klinik, 2. Aufl, Bd 6, Kap 1. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  660. Lehnhardt E (1981) The sound-intensity related behaviour of the brain stem response P6 in different forms of hearing disorders. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 232: 203–213PubMedGoogle Scholar
  661. Lehnhardt, E, Battmer RD, Becker D (1977) Zum diagnostischen Wert der ipsilateral ausgelösten Impedanzänderung des Trommelfells. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 56: 683–693Google Scholar
  662. Lehnhardt E, Hesch RD (1980) Über verschiedene Typen der Innenohrschwerhörigkeit. Kritisches zur Therapie. HNO 28: 73–79Google Scholar
  663. Lehnhardt E, Schmidt W, Franke KD (1982) Aspekts in diagnostics of central neural hearing disorders. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 234: 73–95PubMedGoogle Scholar
  664. Leiber B, Olbrich G (1966) Die klinischen Syndrome, 4. Aufl. Urban and Schwarzenberg, München Berl in WienGoogle Scholar
  665. Lemieux G, Neemeh JA (1967) Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and nephritis. Can Med Assoc J 97: 1193–1198PubMedGoogle Scholar
  666. Lenarz Th, Gülzow J (1983) Akustisches Innenohrtrauma bei Impedanzmessung. Akutes Schalltrauma? Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 62: 58–61Google Scholar
  667. Lenz H, Sluga E, Bernheimner H et al. (1979) Refsum-Krankheit und ihr Verlauf bei diätetischer Behandlung durch 2,5 Jahre. Klinik, biochemische und neuropathologische Daten. Nervenarzt 50: 52–60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  668. Leon P, Bonilla JA, Sanchez JR et al (1981) Low frequency hereditary deafness in man with childhood onset. Am J Hum Genet 33: 209–214PubMedGoogle Scholar
  669. Lerner SA, Matz GJ (1979) Suggestions for monitoring during treatment with aminoglykoside antibiotics. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 87: 222–228PubMedGoogle Scholar
  670. Levine MA, Downs RW, Moses AM et al. (1983) Resistance to multiple hormones in patients with pseudohypoparathyroidism. Association with deficient activity of guanine nucleotide regulatory protein. Am J Med 74: 545–556PubMedGoogle Scholar
  671. Liberfarb RM, Hirose T, Holmes LB (1981) The Wagner-Stickler syndrome: a study of 22 families. J Petiatr 99: 394–399Google Scholar
  672. Likourinas M, Dacou-Voutetakis C, Morfis G et al. (1980) Complexe syndrome in a young girl: Wolfram’s syndrome? Eur Urol 6: 124–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  673. Lindquist NG (1973) Accumulation of drugs on melanin. Acta Radiol (Stockh) 321Google Scholar
  674. Lindsay JR (1968) Histopathology of Menière’s disease as observed by light microscopy. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1: 319–329Google Scholar
  675. Lindsay J (1973) Histopathology of deafness due to postnatal virus disease. Arch Otolaryngol 98: 258–264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  676. Lindsay JR (1973) Profound childhood deafness. Inner ear pathology. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 82: 5–121Google Scholar
  677. Livan M (1961) Contributo alla conoscenza delle sordità erediarie. Arch Ital Otol 72: 331–339Google Scholar
  678. Lloyd-Mosty RH, Lord IJ (1971) Ototoxicity of intravenous furosemid. Lancet II: 1156Google Scholar
  679. Loeb H, Tondeur M, Toppet M, Cremer N (1969) Clinical, biochemical, and ultrastructural studies of an untypical form of mucopolisaccharidosis. Acta paediatr Scand 58: 220–228PubMedGoogle Scholar
  680. Löhle E (1980) The influence of a chronic vitamin A deficiency on the acoustic sensory cells and the ganglion spirale cochleae of the rat. An electron microscopic study. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 229: 45–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  681. Löhle E, Schölmerich J, Vuilleumier JP, Köttgen E (1982) Vitamin A-Konzentration im Plasma und das Hörvermögen bei Patienten mit chronischer alkoholischer Leberschädigung. HNO 30: 375–380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  682. Logan ThB, Prazma J, Thomas WG, Fischer ND (1974) Tobramycin-ototoxicity. Arch Otolaryngol 99: 190–193PubMedGoogle Scholar
  683. Longuebray A, Legros M, Bonnenfant JC (1982) Surdités infantiles post-rubéolique. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 31: 115–120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  684. Lowell SH, Paparella MM (1977) Presbycusis: What is it? Laryngoscope 87: 1710–1717PubMedGoogle Scholar
  685. Lucente FE (1971) Aspirin and the otolaryngologist. Arch Otolarnygo194: 443–446Google Scholar
  686. Luetje CM (1979) The CT scan: Pitfalls and posterior fossa cisternography. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 87: 266–267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  687. Lyons GD, Dodson ML, Casey DA, Melancon BB (1978) Round window rupture secondary to acoustic trauma. South Med J 71: 1–73Google Scholar
  688. Lyttkens L, Larsson B, Göller H, Englesson S, Stahle J (1979) Melanin capacity to accumulate drugs in the internal ear. A study on lidocaine, bupivacaine and chlorpromazine. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 88: 61–73Google Scholar
  689. Maass B (1982) Innenohrdurchblutung. Anatomisch-funktionelle Betrachtungen. HNO 30: 355–364PubMedGoogle Scholar
  690. Maass B, Baumgärtl H, Lübbers DW (1977) Wirkung einer oberen zervikalen Sympathektomie auf den cochleären Sauerstoffpartialdruck (PO2) unter den Bedingungen einer hämorrhagischen Hypotension. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 216: 519–520Google Scholar
  691. Maass B, Baumgärtl H, Lübbers DW (1979) Wirkung einer Sympathektomie auf den Sauerstoffpartial-druck (PO2) in der Cochlea unter hämorrhagischer Hypotension. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 58: 665–670Google Scholar
  692. Maass B, Ludwig D (1983) Wasserstoff-Clearance-Messungen an der Cochlea-Basis unter akuter Schallbelastung. Arch Otorhinolaryngol Suppl II /1983: 163–166Google Scholar
  693. Märtensson B (1960) Dominant hereditary nerve deafness. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 52: 270Google Scholar
  694. Mahajan SL, Ikeda Y, Myers TJ, Baldini G (1981) Acute acoustic nerve palsy associated with vincristine therapy. Cancer 47: 2404–2406PubMedGoogle Scholar
  695. Maher JF, Schreiner GE (1965) Studies on ethacrynic acid in patients with refractory edema. Ann Intern Med 62: 15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  696. Makishima K (1978) Arteriolar sclerosis as a cause of presbycusis. Arch Otolaryngol 98: 322–326Google Scholar
  697. Makishima K, Tanaka K (1971) Pathological changes of the inner ear and central auditory pathway in diabetics. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 80: 218, 228Google Scholar
  698. Mangabeira-Albernaz PL, Fukuda Y, Chammas F (1981) The Mondini dysplasia. A clinical study. ORL 43: 131–152Google Scholar
  699. Mangabeira-Albernaz PL, Fukuda A, Malaasi-Gananca M (1980) Menières disease. ORL 42: 91–100PubMedGoogle Scholar
  700. Marangoni F, Barbara M, Fabiani M, Filippo R (1983) Valutazione della funzione uditiva dell’ipotireodismo congenito. Vortrag 2. Internat. Sympos. on Audiological Medicine 10.-13. April 1983Google Scholar
  701. Marco J, Lasala FE (1964) Toxicos laberinticos mucopolisacaridos cocleovestibulares. Acta Oto-Rino-Laring Ibero-Amer 15: 240–248Google Scholar
  702. Marcus RE, Small H, Emnuel P (1963) Ototoxic medication in premature children. Arch Otolaryngol 77: 198–204PubMedGoogle Scholar
  703. Marget W (1977) Infektionskrankheiten. In: Wiskott, Betke, Künzer (eds) Lehrbuch der Kinderheilkunde. G. Thieme, Stuttgart, pp 17.-17. 106Google Scholar
  704. Margolis RH, Goldberg SM (1980) Auditory frequency selectivity in normal and presbyacusis subjects. J Speech Hear Res 23: 603–613PubMedGoogle Scholar
  705. Marks SC, Schacht J (1981) Effect of ototoxic diuretics on cochlear Na+/Ka+ATPase and adenylate cyclase. Scand Audiol 14: 131–138Google Scholar
  706. Marshak G (1972) The inner ear in experimental diabetes mellitus. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 300: 7–17Google Scholar
  707. Marshak G, Anderson CV (1968) Békésy audiometry with juvenile onset diabetics. J Audit Res 8: 323–330Google Scholar
  708. Marshall L (1980) Auditory processing in aging listeners. J Speech Hear Disord 46: 226–240Google Scholar
  709. Martin FN, Brunette GW (1980) Loudness and the acoustic reflex. Ear Hear 1: 106–108PubMedGoogle Scholar
  710. Martin H, Martin C (1980) Ototoxicité des gouttes auriculaires. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 29:19–32, 35–37Google Scholar
  711. Martin H, Martin C (1982) Presbyacousie et presbyacousie acélerée. Bull Audiophonol (Besancon) 15: 247–253Google Scholar
  712. Maserit A, Sevens S, Nes M de (1978) “Variant” angina: one aspect of a continous spectrum of vaso-spastic myocardial ischemia: pathogenic mechanism estimated incidence and clinics and coronary arteriographic findings in 138 patients. Am J Cardiol 42: 1019Google Scholar
  713. Matsumoto I, Morizono T, Paparella MM (1980) Hearing loss following potassium cromate: Two case reports. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 88: 625–629Google Scholar
  714. Matthias R (1983) Mikrozirkulationsmodulatoren in der Cochlea des Meerschweinchens. Arch Otorhinolaryngol Suppl II /1983: 361–362Google Scholar
  715. Matthias R, Handrock M (1980) Zu Wirkung ototoxischer Substanzen bei intratympanaler Applikation. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 227: 417–420Google Scholar
  716. Mattox DE (1980) Medical management of sudden hearing loss. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 88: 111–113PubMedGoogle Scholar
  717. Mattox DE, Simmons SB (1977) Natural history of sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 86: 463–480PubMedGoogle Scholar
  718. Matz GJ (1976) The ototoxic effects of ethacrynic acid in man and animals. Laryngoscope 86: 1065–1086PubMedGoogle Scholar
  719. Matz GJ, Beal DD, Krames L (1969) Ototoxicity of ethacrynic acid. Arch Otolaryngol 90: 60Google Scholar
  720. Matz GJ, Naunton RF (1968) Ototoxicity of chloroquine. Arch Otolaryngol 88: 370–378PubMedGoogle Scholar
  721. Matzker J (1957) Beruht die Altersschwerhörigkeit auf peripheren oder zentralen Veränderungen? Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 171: 371–373Google Scholar
  722. Matzker J (1958) Ein binauraler Hörsynthesetest zum Nachweis zerebraler Hörstörungen. G. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  723. Matzker J (1959) Two new methods for the assessment of central auditory functions in cases of brain diseases. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 68: 1185Google Scholar
  724. Matzker J, Ruckes J (1957) Die Diagnostik morphologisch nachweisbarer Hirnstammerkrankungen durch einen neuartigen Test. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 82: 2187PubMedGoogle Scholar
  725. Maxwell ON (1963) Hearing loss in uveitis. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 78: 138–142Google Scholar
  726. McCabe BF (1979) Autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 88: 585–589PubMedGoogle Scholar
  727. McClure JA, Lycett P (1980) Effect of round window removal on auditory tresholds in cats. J Otolaryngo19: 215–221Google Scholar
  728. McGill TJ (1978) Infection of the temporal bone. Arch Otolaryngol 104: 140–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  729. McKusik VA (1978) Mendelian Inheritance in Man, 5. Aufl. John Hopkins Univ Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  730. Mees K (1983) Ultrastructural localization of K+-dependent Ouabain-sensitive NPPase (Na-K-ATPase) in the guinea pig inner ear. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 95: 277–289Google Scholar
  731. Mees K (1983) Ultrastrukturelle Lokalisation der Adenylzyklase in der lateralen Schneckenwand. Arch Otorhinolaryngol Suppl II /1983: 167–168Google Scholar
  732. Megighian D (1982) Flucturant hearing loss: Pathogenic and clinical considerations. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 236: 81–86PubMedGoogle Scholar
  733. Meinecke P (1982) Das Waardenburg-Syndrom Typ I. Autosomal dominant erbliche Kombination multipler fazialer Anomalien mit Innenohrschwerhörigkeit. Klin Paediatr 194: 112–116Google Scholar
  734. Mendelsohn M, Katzenberg J (1972) The effect of kanamycin on the cation content of the endolymph. Laryngoscope 82: 397–403PubMedGoogle Scholar
  735. Ménégaux A, Pailler JP (1981) Estimation des troubles de l’audition dans la sénescence. Bull Audiophonol (Besancon) 13: 29–36Google Scholar
  736. Mengel MC, Konigsmark BW, Berlin CI, McKusik VA (1967) Recessive early onset neural deafness. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 64: 313Google Scholar
  737. Menser MA, Forrest JM (1974) Rubella — high incidence of defects in children considered normal at birth. Med J Aust 1: 123–126PubMedGoogle Scholar
  738. Mercke U, Nordenfeldt E, Sjöholm A (1980) Die Rolle einer Virusinfektion beim Hörsturz. HNO 28: 125–127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  739. Meriwether WD, Mangi RJ, Serpick AA (1971) Deafness following standard intravenous dose of ethacrynic acid. JAMA 216: 795PubMedGoogle Scholar
  740. Meurman OH (1953) Studies on the difference limen of intensity and frequence in presbyacusis. Proc 1st Internat Congr Audiol Leiden, pp 59–63Google Scholar
  741. Meyer C, Biedermann M (1980) Immediate alterations in the impulse noise exposed organ of Corti of the guinea pig. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 90: 250–256Google Scholar
  742. Meyer zum Gottesberge A (1948) Zur Physiologie der Haarzellen. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 155: 308Google Scholar
  743. Meyer zum Gottesberge A (1960) Die Pathologie der C5-Senke. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 51: 250Google Scholar
  744. Meyer zum Gottesberge A, Stupp HF (1969) Streptomycinspiegel in der Perilymphe des Menschen. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 67: 171–176Google Scholar
  745. Meyer zum Gottesberge A, Stupp HF (1972) Akute beiderseitige Ertaubung bei Insuffizienz der A. basilaris. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 202: 578–581Google Scholar
  746. Meyerhoff WL (1979) “How I do it.” Otology and neurology: A specific issue and its solution. The management of sudden deafness. Laryngoscope 89: 1867–1868PubMedGoogle Scholar
  747. Meyerhoff WL, Paparella MM, Gudbrandsson FK (1981) Clinical evaluation of Menière’s disease. Laryngoscope 91: 1663–1668PubMedGoogle Scholar
  748. Meyerhoff WL, Paparella MM, Oda M, Shea D (1979) Myotic infections of the inner ear. Laryngoscope 89: 1725–1734PubMedGoogle Scholar
  749. Miayamoto T (1931) Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die Schädigung des Gehörorgans durch Gifteinwirkung. Arb Med Univ Okayama 2: 3Google Scholar
  750. Miller GW, Joseph DJ, Cozad RL, McCabe BF (1970) Alport’s syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol 92: 418–432Google Scholar
  751. Miller MH, Doyle TJ, Geier SR (1981) Acoustic neuroma in a population of noise exposed workers. Laryngoscope 91: 363–371PubMedGoogle Scholar
  752. Milne JS (1977) A longitudinal study of hearing loss in older people. Brit J Audiol 11: 7–14Google Scholar
  753. Milne JS, Lauder IJ (1975) Pure tone audiometry in older people. Brit J Audiol 9: 50–58Google Scholar
  754. Milutinovic PS, Stanbury JB, Wicken JV, Jones EW (1969) Thyroid function in a family with the Pendred syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 29: 962–969PubMedGoogle Scholar
  755. Miriszlai E (1981) Experimental round window membrane ruptures. Acta Paediatr Acad Sci Hung 22: 77–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  756. Misawa T (1981) Two cases of sudden deafness in diabetics. Otorhinolaryngol (Tokyo) 24, Nr. 5; ref Zentralbi Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 28 Nr. 2680Google Scholar
  757. Mitschke H (1978) Der Hörsturz, eine mögliche zentrale Manifestation der Zytomegalievirus-Infektion Erwachsener. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 57: 876–881Google Scholar
  758. Mitschke H (1978) Oto-rhino-laryngologische Aspekte der fortgeschrittenen Niereninsuffizienz. Wien KIM Wochenschr 90 8: 1–14Google Scholar
  759. Mitschke H, Schmidt P, Zazgornik J, Kopsa H, Pils P (1977) Effect of renal transplantation on uremic deafness: a long-term study. Audiology 16: 530–534PubMedGoogle Scholar
  760. Miyamoto H, Morgenstern C (1979) Potassium level in endolymphatic sac of guinea pigs in vivo. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 222: 77–78PubMedGoogle Scholar
  761. Miyamoto H, Morgenstern C (1980) Role of electrolytes in different parts of the endolymphatic sac. Internat Menière-Symposium 12.-14.5. DüsseldorfGoogle Scholar
  762. Miyamoto RT, House WF, Brackmann DE (1980) Neurootolotic manifestations of the osteopetroses. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 210–214PubMedGoogle Scholar
  763. Moller MB (1981) Hearing in 70 and 75 year old people: Results from a cross sectional and longitudinal population study. Am J Audiol 2: 22–29Google Scholar
  764. Mörl Ch, Martusch M, Mörl H (1971) Die Therapie des akuten Hörsturzes mit intraarteriellen Dauerinfusionen. Vorläufige Mitteilung. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 50: 723–729Google Scholar
  765. Moffat DA (1979) Transtympanic electrocochleography in Menière’s disease: Variation in the amplitude of the summating potential related to clinical status. Brit J Audiol 13: 149–152Google Scholar
  766. Moffat DA, Gibson WPR, Ramsden RT, Morrison AW, Booth JB (1978) Transtympanic electrocochleography during glycerol dehydration. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 85: 158–166Google Scholar
  767. Mohr J, Mageroy K (1962) Sex-linked deafness of a possibly new type. Acta Genet (Basel) 10: 54–62Google Scholar
  768. Molinari G (1978) Effetto dei gangliosidi di corteccia cerebrale sull’attività elettrica della coclea di cavia trattata con ouabaina. Nuovo Arch Ital Otol 6: 293–298Google Scholar
  769. Molvaer OI, Natrud E, Eidsvik S (1978) Diving injuries to the inner ear. Arch Otolaryngol 221: 285–288Google Scholar
  770. Moore DC, Best GF (1980) A sensorineural component in chronic otitis media. Laryngoscope 90: 1360–1366PubMedGoogle Scholar
  771. Moreira-Filho CA, Neustein I (1979) A presumptive new variant of Norrie’s disease. J Med Genet 16: 125–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  772. Moretti A, Arcari G, Pegrassi L (1979) Übersicht über pharmakologische Studien mit Nicerogolin. Arzneim Forsch 29: 1223–1227Google Scholar
  773. Moretto G (1958) Ricerche sperimentali sulla possibilità di prevenire l’effetto tossico dell’andride. Minerva Otorinolaring 8: 190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  774. Morgans ME, Trotter WR (1958) Association of congenital deafness with goitre; the nature of thyreoid defect. Lancet I: 607–609Google Scholar
  775. Morgenstein KM, Manance ED (1969) Temporal bone histopathology in sickle cells disease. Laryngoscope 79: 2172–2180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  776. Morgenstern C (1980) Oxygen supply of the middle ear mucosa under normal conditions and after Eustachian tube occlusion. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 89: 68–76Google Scholar
  777. Morgenstern C, Amano H, Orsuslakova A (1982) Ion transport in the endolymphatic space. Am J. Otolaryngol 13: 323–327Google Scholar
  778. Morgenstern C, Arnold W (1981) Fluktuierendes Gehör–Eine Analyse wechselnder Schallempfindungsschwerhörigkeiten. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 60: 592–596Google Scholar
  779. Morgenstern C, Kessler M (1978) Oxygen consumption and oxygen distribution in the inner ear. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 220: 159–162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  780. Morgenstern C, Lamprecht C, Otterbach J (1983) Das Frequenz-Unterscheidungsvermögen des menschlichen Ohres bei akuten Änderungen des Endolymphraumes. Arch Otorhinolaryngol Suppl 11 /1983: 227–228Google Scholar
  781. Morgenstern C, Laskawi R, Juhn SK (1982) Die Wirkung einer alpha-adrenergen Rezeptorblockade auf die Funktionen des Innenohres. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 234: 313–320PubMedGoogle Scholar
  782. Morgenstern C, Lemp C, Lamprecht J (1983) Die Bedeutung des Glyceroltests für die Diagnose unklarer Schallempfindungsstörungen. Tagungsbericht Vereinigung Westdeutscher HNO-Ärzte 1983. HNO 32 (1984) (im Druck)Google Scholar
  783. Morgenstern C, Lessmann FJ, Amano H, Orsulakova A, Juhn SK (1981) Inner ear effects of a new loop diuretic ( Ozolinon ). Scand Audiol Suppl 14: 111–118Google Scholar
  784. Morgenstern C, Miyamoto H (1979) DC potential and K+ activity in experimental endolymphatic hydrops. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 222: 273–274PubMedGoogle Scholar
  785. Morgenstern C, Seetz J, Jesdinsky J, Vosteen K-H (1983) Zur Therapie des akuten Hörverlustes. HNO 31: 128–131PubMedGoogle Scholar
  786. Mori N, Matsunaga T, Asai H (1980) Clinical application of non invasive electrocochleography. Auris Nasus Larynx 7: 111–123PubMedGoogle Scholar
  787. Morimitsu T, Hirashima N, Yasuda K (1975) Amidotrizoate therapy for sudden deafness. J OtoRhino-Laryngol Soc Jap 78: 591Google Scholar
  788. Morizono T, Paparella M (1978) Hypercholesterolemia and auditory dysfunction. Ann Otol 87: 804Google Scholar
  789. Morris TMO (1969) Deafness following acute carbon monoxide poisoning. J Laryngol Otol 83: 1219–1225PubMedGoogle Scholar
  790. Morrissey-Walsh E, Barry RGG (1980) Familial diabetes mellitus and optic atrophy. I Med J 73: 211–212Google Scholar
  791. Morrison A, Moffat DA, O’Connor AF (1980) Clinical usefulness of electrocochleography in Menière’s disease: An analysis of dehydrating agents. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 13: 703–721PubMedGoogle Scholar
  792. Morse MJ, Lirenman DS, Johnson HW et al. (1981) The association of renal pelviocaliceal dysmorphism and sensorineural deafness: A new syndrome. J Urol 125: 625–627PubMedGoogle Scholar
  793. Moser F, Winkler U (1971) Unterbindung der A. carotis externa bei akutem Hörsturz. Wiss Z Univ Halle 20: 38–41Google Scholar
  794. Moser HW, Braine H, Pyeritz RE et al. (1980) Therapeutic trial of plasmaphereses in Refsum disease and in fabry disease. Birth Defects 16: 491–497PubMedGoogle Scholar
  795. Mozzo W, Santoni P, Calvelli C (1978) La nefrosi cronica come causa di perdità auditiva neurosensorale. Studio clinico sperimentale. Nuovo Arch Ital Otol 6: 307–335Google Scholar
  796. Muckle TJ, Wells M (1962) Urticaria, deafness, and amyloidosis: A new heredo-familial syndrome. Q J Med 31: 235–248Google Scholar
  797. Müller O (1937) Die feinsten Blutgefäße des Menschen. Enke, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  798. Winker G (1977) Knochenleitungsveränderungen beim Sero-Mukotympanon. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg)56: 591–594Google Scholar
  799. Mulch G, Handrock M (1979) „Hörsturz beidseits“ nach akuter Heroinintoxikation. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 58: 435–437Google Scholar
  800. Murakami Y (1979) Routes of viral infection into the inner ear. ORL Tokyo 22 Nr 6, Abst 2–3Google Scholar
  801. Murakami Y (1979) Routes of viral infection into the inner ear. Zentralbi Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 124 (980/81) Nr 5451Google Scholar
  802. Myers EN, Stool S (1968) Cytomegalic inclusion disease of the inner ear. Laryngoscope 78; 1904–1915PubMedGoogle Scholar
  803. Myers RM, Bernstein JM (1965) Salicylate ototoxicity. A clinical and experimental study. Arch Otolaryngol 82: 483–493Google Scholar
  804. Nadol JB, Burgess B (1982) Cochleosaccular degeneration of the inner ear and progressive cataracts inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Laryngoscope 92: 1028–1037PubMedGoogle Scholar
  805. Nagahara K, Fisch U, Yagi N (1983) Perilymph oxygenation in sudden and progressive hearing loss. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 96: 57–68Google Scholar
  806. Nagi NA (1979) Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy and deafness. A clinical and genetic study. Postgrad Med J 55: 377–380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  807. Nakai Y (1971) Electronmicroscopic study of the inner ear after ethacrynic acid intoxication. Pract Oto-Rhino-Laryngolog (Basel) 33: 366–376Google Scholar
  808. Nakai Y (1977) Combined effect of 3’4’dideoxykanamycin B and potent diuretics on cochlea. (A scanning and transmission electron microscopic evaluation.) Laryngoscope 87: 1548PubMedGoogle Scholar
  809. Nakai Y, Chang KC, Onashi K, Marisako N (1983) Ototoxic effect of an aminoglycoside drug on an immature ear. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 393: 1–5Google Scholar
  810. Nakai Y, Konishi K, Chang KC et al. (1982) Ototoxicity of the anticancer drug cisplatin. An experimental study. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 93: 227–232Google Scholar
  811. Nakai Y, Morimoto A, Chang KC et al. (1980) Inner ear damage induced by bacterial endotoxin. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 229: 209–220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  812. Nakai Y, Yamane H, Minowa K et al. (1982) Application of loop diuretics for treatment of sensori-neural hearing impairment. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 94: 37–43Google Scholar
  813. Nakai Y, Zushi K, Chang KC et al. (1981) An experimental study on the progressiveness of cochlear damage by aminoglykoside drug. Acta Otorhinolaryngol (Stockh) 91: 199–206Google Scholar
  814. Nance WE (1971) Genetic counseling for the hearing impaired. Audiology 10: 222–233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  815. Nance WE (1980) The genetic analysis of profound prelingual deafness. Birth Defects 16: 263–269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  816. Nance WE, Setleff R, McLeod A et al. (1971) X-linked mixed deafness with congenital fixation of the stapedial footplate and perilymph gusher. Birth Defects 7: 64–69Google Scholar
  817. Nance WE, Sweeney A (1971) Evidence for autosomal recessive inheritance of the syndrome of renal tubular acidosis and deafness. Birth Defects 7: (4) 70–72Google Scholar
  818. Nassuphis P (1951) Die Wirkung des Atoxyls auf das Innenohr. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 157: 594Google Scholar
  819. Natali R, Puyat PM, Rachinel J et al. (1980) Rupture de la fenêtre ronde d’origine traumatique au de-cours d’une plongée en apnee. Ann Oto-Laryngol (Paris) 97: 883–887Google Scholar
  820. National Center for Vital Health Statistics 1967, 1968; zit n Konigsmark u Gorlin (1976)Google Scholar
  821. Nedzelski JM, Barber HO (1976) Round window fistula. J Otolaryngol 5: 379–385PubMedGoogle Scholar
  822. Neveling R (1967) Die akute Ertaubung. Kölner Universitäts-VerlagGoogle Scholar
  823. Niemeyer W (1971) Relations between the discomfort level and the reflex threshold of the middle ear muscles. Audiology 10: 172–176PubMedGoogle Scholar
  824. Niemeyer W, Sesterhenn G (1974) Calculating the hearing threshold from the stapedius reflex threshold for different sound stimuli. Audiology 13: 421PubMedGoogle Scholar
  825. Nilsson LR, Borgfors N, Gamstorp J, Holst H, Lidén G (1964) Nonendemic goitre and deafness. Acta Paediatr Scand 53: 117–131Google Scholar
  826. Nishida HJ (1977) Electrocochleographic study of sudden deafness. Otolaryngol (Tokyo) 49: 93–104Google Scholar
  827. Nomura Y (1982) A study of the round window. Univ of Tokyo PressGoogle Scholar
  828. Nomura Y, Kitamura K (1979) Abrupt (sharp cut) type sensorineural hearing loss. A human temporal bone study. Auris Nasus Larynx 6: 13–21Google Scholar
  829. Nomura Y, Okuno T, Kawataba I (1983) The round window membrane. Adv Oto-Rhino-Laryngol 31: 50–58Google Scholar
  830. Nomura Y, Tsuchida M, Mori S, Sakurai T (1982) Deafness in cryoglobulinemia. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 91: 250–255PubMedGoogle Scholar
  831. Norre ME, Jessurun EL (1980) Glycerol test and fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss. Acta otorhinolaryngol Belg 34: 262–269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  832. Novotny GM (1980) “Cochlear bends”. J Laryngol Rhinol Otol 9: 395–398Google Scholar
  833. Novotny 0 (1975) Altersfaktor bei Gehörmiidigkeit bei professioneller Schwerhörigkeit durch Lärm. Cesk Otolaryngol 24: 5Google Scholar
  834. Nowinski GJ (1977) Presbyacusis among the population of the Tenere desert. Centr Afr Med 23: 124–126Google Scholar
  835. Nutall L, Lawrence M (1979) Intracellular potential changes of Corti’s organ with anoxia. Arch Otolaryngol 105: 574–578Google Scholar
  836. Oda M, Preciado MC, Quick CA et al. (1974) Labyrinthine pathology of chronic renal failure patients treated with hemodialysis and kidney transplantation. Laryngoscope 84: 1489–1506PubMedGoogle Scholar
  837. Öckermann PA (1967) A generalized storage disorder resembling Hurler’s syndrome. Lancet 11: 239–241Google Scholar
  838. Ödkvist LM, Bergholtz LM, Ählfeldct H, Andersson B, Edling CH, Strand E (1982) Otoneurological and audiological findings in workers exposed to industrial solvents. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 386: 249–251Google Scholar
  839. Ohlsson L (1963) Congenital renal disease, deafness and myopia in one family. Acta Med Scand 174: 77PubMedGoogle Scholar
  840. Ohtani I, Ohtsuki K, Aikawa T, Ornata T, O-Uchi J, Saito T (1982 a) Individual variation and mechanism of kanamycin ototoxicity in rabbits. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 94: 413–419Google Scholar
  841. Ohtani I, Ohtsuki K, Aikawa T, Sato Y, O-Uchi J, Saito T (1982b) Evalution of ototoxicity of aminoglycoside antibiotics in rabbits. Auris Nasus Larynx 9: 67–74PubMedGoogle Scholar
  842. Oosterveld WJ (1981) Ziekte van Ménière: een oderzoek bij 457 patienten. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 125: 582–585PubMedGoogle Scholar
  843. Opitz H, Schmidt F (1967) Handbuch der Kinderheilkunde, Bd VI, S 309 ff. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  844. Orchik DJ, Dunn JS (1977) Sickle cell anemia and sudden deafness. Arch Otolaryngol 103: 369–370PubMedGoogle Scholar
  845. Orsulakova A, Schacht J (1982) A biochemical mechanism of the ototoxic interaction between neomycin and ethacryn acid. Acta Otolaryngol 93: 43–48PubMedGoogle Scholar
  846. Osterhammel D (1979) High-frequency audiometry and noise-induced hearing loss. Scand Audiol 8: 85–90PubMedGoogle Scholar
  847. Osterhammel D (1980) High frequency audiometry. Clinical aspects. Scand Audiol 9: 249–256PubMedGoogle Scholar
  848. Osterhammel D, Christau B (1982) High frequency audiometry and stapedius muscle reflex thresholds in juvenile diabetics. Scand Audiol 9: 13–18Google Scholar
  849. Osterhammel D, Osterhammel P (1979) High frequency audiometry. Age and sex variations. Scand Audiol 8: 73–81Google Scholar
  850. Ott, Felten v (1981) Therapieresultate der Oxycarboninhalation beim Knalltrauma. HNO 29: 39–39 (Tagungsbericht)Google Scholar
  851. Oudot J, Martin H (1979) Approches d’ une étude plus aprofondie de la micro-angiopathie. J Franc ORL 28: 303–306Google Scholar
  852. Oudot J, Martin H (1980) Role des plaquettes dans la pathologie de l’audition. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 29: 315–320PubMedGoogle Scholar
  853. Qudot J, Pignat JC, Martin H (1979) Intoxication aigue à l’aspirine et surdité. A propos de 1 cas. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 28: 687–693Google Scholar
  854. Pagani JJ, Thomson JW, Hanafee WN (1980) Pitfalls in the radiographic diagnosis of the internal auditory canal. Laryngoscope 90: 322–325PubMedGoogle Scholar
  855. Paloheimo S, Thalmann R (1977) Influence of „loop“ diuretics upon Na+K+-ATPase and adenylate cyclase of the stria vascularis. Arch Otorhinolaryngol (NY) 217: 347–359Google Scholar
  856. Palva T, Dammert K (1969) Human cochlear aquaeduct. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 246: 1–58Google Scholar
  857. Palva T, Raunio P, Karma P, Ylikoski J (1979) Fluid pathways in temporal bones. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 87: 210–316Google Scholar
  858. Pang LQ (1974) Sudden sensorineural loss following diving and treatment by recompression: Report of two cases. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 436–443. Zit. n. Novotny (1980)Google Scholar
  859. Panning B, Mehler D, Lehnhardt E (1983) Transient low-frequency hypoacousia after spinal anaesthesia. Lancet I: 582Google Scholar
  860. Paparella MM (1978) Differential diagnosis of hearing loss. Laryngoscope 88: 1710–1717Google Scholar
  861. Paparella MM (1980) Mondini’s deafness. A review of histopathology. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 67, Nr 2, Part 3, 1–10Google Scholar
  862. Paparella MM, Goycoolea MV, Meyerhoff WL, Shea D (1979) Endolymphatic hydrops and otitis media. Laryngoscope 89: 43–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  863. Pappas DG, Mundy MR (1982) Sensorineural hearing loss: infectious agents. Laryngoscope 92: 752–754PubMedGoogle Scholar
  864. Parker FI, James GWL (1978) The effect of various topical antibiotic and antibacterial agents on the middle and inner ear of guinea pigs. J Pharmacol 30: 236Google Scholar
  865. Parker A, Elberling C, Warburg M (1978) Electrophysiological study of Norrie’s disease. An X-linked recessive trait with hearing loss. Audiology 17: 293–298Google Scholar
  866. Parving A, Johnsen NJ, Holm-Jensen S (1978) Dominantly inherited low-frequency hearing loss. Audiology 17: 165–172PubMedGoogle Scholar
  867. Parving A, Parving HH, Lyngsoe J (1983) Hearing sensitivity in patients with myxoedema before and after treatment with L-thyroxine. Acta Otolaryngol(Stockh)95: 315–321Google Scholar
  868. Parving A, Warburg M (1977) Audiological findings in Norrie’s disease. Audiology 16: 124–131PubMedGoogle Scholar
  869. Passwell JH, David R, Boichis H, Herzfeld S (1981) Hereditary nephritis with associated defects in proximal renal tubular function. J Pediatr 98: 85–87PubMedGoogle Scholar
  870. Patterson JH, Burdick CK, Mozo BT, Camp RT Jr (1977) Temporary threshold shift in man resulting from four-hour exposure to octave bands of noise centered at 63 and 1,000 Hz. J Acoust Soc Am 62: 595 (A)Google Scholar
  871. Paulsen K, Hundhausen Th (1971) Hörschäden durch Boxen. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 50: 297–324Google Scholar
  872. Paulson OB, Strandgaard S (1978) Physiologie and Pathophysiologie der Hirndurchblutung. Pharmakotherapie 1: 121–128Google Scholar
  873. Pausch J, Jäckle B, Schmidt D, Mann W (1982) Systemerkrankung mit enger Beziehung zum CoganI-Syndrom. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 107: 1143–1147PubMedGoogle Scholar
  874. Pearlman RC (1982) Presbycusis: The need for a clinical definition. Am J Otol 3: 183–186PubMedGoogle Scholar
  875. Pearson JCG (1977) Prediction of presbyacusis. J Soc Occup Med 27: 125–133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  876. Peckham CS (1972) Clinical and laboratory study of children exposed in utero to maternal rubella. Arch Dis Childh 47: 571–577PubMedGoogle Scholar
  877. Peckham CS, Martin JAM, Marshall WS, Dudgeon JA (1979) Congenital rubella deafness: a preventable disease. Lancet I /8110: 258–261Google Scholar
  878. Pedersen CB (1974) Brief-tone audiometry in persons treated with salicylate. Audiology 13: 311–319PubMedGoogle Scholar
  879. Pedersen U, Elbrond 0 (1979) Surgical findings and results of stapedectomy in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. J Laryngol Otol 93: 1229–1233Google Scholar
  880. Pellegrini A (1966) Aetiology of deafness in children. Proc 8. Internat Congr Tokyo, pp 410–411Google Scholar
  881. Pendred V (1896) Deafmutism and goitre. Lancet II: 532Google Scholar
  882. Pérez-Garrigues H, Garcia-Ibanez JL, Fernández-Moscoso A (1982) Malfomaciones de oido interno tipo Mondini. A proposito de un caso. Acta ORL esp 33: 315–321Google Scholar
  883. Pérez-Garrigues H, Garcia-Ibanez JL, Fernández-Moscoso A (1982) Malfomaciones de oido interno tipo Mondini. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 129 (1983) Nr 1549Google Scholar
  884. Perin D, Jungers P, Grunfeld JP (1980) Perimacular changes in Alport’s syndrome. Clin Nephrol 13: 163–167Google Scholar
  885. Petmezakis J, Anagnostakis D, Georgopoulos G, Matsaniotis N (1980) Lärmschädigungsaspekte bei Frühgeborenen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 223: 477Google Scholar
  886. Peytral C, Henin JM, Vacher SA et al. (1981) Ototoxicité du cisplatinum. Ann Oto-Laryngol (Paris) 98: 85–88Google Scholar
  887. Pfalz R (1983) Efferentes, auditorisches System: Evidenz für seine Mitwirkung bei Adaptation, Habituation, Ermüdung? Vortrag Arbeitstagung 1983 der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Audiologen und Neurootologen, 17.-19.3.1983 in MünsterGoogle Scholar
  888. Pfander F (1975) Das Knalltrauma. Analyse, Vorbeugung, Diagnose, Behandlung, Prognose und Begutachtung. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  889. Pfander F (1978) Wird die lärmbedingte Hörgefährdung bei gleichzeitiger Vibration im Infraschallgebiet verstärkt? Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219: 411–412Google Scholar
  890. Pfeiffer RA, Jünemann G, Polster J, Bauer H (1973) Epiphysal dysplasia of the femoral head, severe myopia, and perceptive hearing loss in three brothers. Clin Genet 4: 141–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  891. Pietersen E, Carlsen BH (1966) Hearing impairment as the initial sign of polyarteritis nodosa. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 61: 189–195Google Scholar
  892. Pillsbury HC (1981) Metabolic causes of hearing loss and vertigo. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 14: 347–354PubMedGoogle Scholar
  893. Pillsbury HC, Shea JJ (1979) Luetic hydrops: Diagnosis and therapy. Laryngoscope 89: 1135–1144Google Scholar
  894. Pirsig W, Rollin H (1969) Akute Ertaubung nach Gentamycinbehandlung bei Anurie. HNO 17: 274–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  895. Plasse HM, Spencer FC, Mittleman M et al. (1980) Unilateral sudden loss of hearing. An unusual complication of cardiac operation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 79: 822–826PubMedGoogle Scholar
  896. Plath P (1974) Differentialdiagnose zur Abgrenzung der Lärmschwerhörigkeit von anderen Hörfunktionsstörungen. Arbeitsmed Tgg über die berufliche Lärmschwerhörigkeit Bad Reichenhall 30./ 31.5.; Schriftenreihe des Hauptverbandes der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften eVGoogle Scholar
  897. Plath P (1975) Hörschäden als Symptom von Funktionsstörungen des Kreislaufs. Therapiewoche, pp 4748–4753Google Scholar
  898. Plath P (1980) Passagere Taubheit bei Enzephalomyelitis disseminata. HNO 27: 348–350Google Scholar
  899. Plath P (1982) Beziehungen zwischen Gehör und Sprachverständnis im Alter. Audiophonol (Besancon) 15: 261–265Google Scholar
  900. Plath P (1983) Sensorineurale Schwerhörigkeit bei Funktionsstörungen des Mittelohres. Arch Otorhinolaryngol Suppl 11 /1984: 222–224Google Scholar
  901. Plester D (1962) Audiometrische Untersuchungen bei einem Naturvolk. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 180: 765–771Google Scholar
  902. Plester D (1978) Die einseitige Hörstörung. Arch Otorhinolaryngol (NY) 219: 451–464Google Scholar
  903. Plochl E, Tasser C (1980) Untersuchungen an 104 Kindern eines Institutes für Hörbehinderte. Pädiatr Padol 15: 375–384PubMedGoogle Scholar
  904. Podvinec S, Stefanovic P (1966) Surdité par la streptomycine et prédisposition familiale. J Fr Otorhinolaryngol 15: 61–67Google Scholar
  905. Pollard TJ, Smith CA, Brummett R (1981) The effects of low dose ethacrynic acid on the guinea pig with special reference to normal variations in the stria vascularis. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 92: 249–258Google Scholar
  906. Praml GJ, Sonnabend E (1980) Lärmschwerhörigkeit durch Dentalturbinen. Dtsch Zahnärztl Z 35: 400–406PubMedGoogle Scholar
  907. Pratt H, Sohmer H, Barazani N (1978) Surface-recorded cochlear microphonic potentials during temporary threshold shifts in man. Audiology 17: 204–212PubMedGoogle Scholar
  908. Prazié M, Salaj H (1975) Ototoxicity in children caused by streptomycin. Audiology 14: 173–176Google Scholar
  909. Prazié M, Salaj B, Subotié R (1964) Familial sensitivity to streptomycin. J Laryngol Otol 78: 1037–1043Google Scholar
  910. Prazma J (1981) Effect of glycerol on cochlea microcirculation. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 92: 459–461Google Scholar
  911. Prazma J, Thomas WG, Fischer ND, Preslar MJ (1972) Ototoxicity of ethacrynic acid. Arch Otolaryngol 16: 448Google Scholar
  912. Precerutti G (1968) Considerazioni di genetica su alcune di ipoacusia ereditaria semplice. Minerva Otorinolaringol (Torino) 18: 176Google Scholar
  913. Probst R (1983) Otoneurologische Befunde bei Wernicke-Korsakoff-Syndrom. HNO 31: 123–127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  914. Pruszewicz A, Kruk-Zagajewska A, Szyfter W, Smolinska K (1983) Lipid levels in patients with sudden deafness of unknown aetiology. Audiology 22: 63–72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  915. Pruszewicz A, Obrebowski A, Swindzinski Pet al. (1980) Cochleare Gehörbeschädigungen bei Kindern mit serologischer Unverträglichkeit. Folia Phoniatr (Basel) 32: 274–284Google Scholar
  916. Pullen FW (1972) Round window membrane rupture: A cause of sudden deaf ness. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 76: 1444PubMedGoogle Scholar
  917. Pullen FW, Rosenberg GJ, Cazeba CH (1979) Sudden hearing loss in divers and fliers. Laryngoscope 89: 1373–1377PubMedGoogle Scholar
  918. Purriel B, Drets M, Pascale E et al. (1973) Familial hereditary nephropathy (Alport’s syndrome). Ann J Med Assoc 49: 1469–1482Google Scholar
  919. Pyykkö J, Stark J (1982) Vibration syndrome in the etiology of occupational hearing loss. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 386: 296–300Google Scholar
  920. Quante M (1973) Die Wirkung von Lärm und ototoxischen Substanzen auf vorgeschädigte Ohren. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 205: 266–269Google Scholar
  921. Quaranta A, Amoroso C, Violante F (1980) Studio eziopatogenetico delle sordità improvvise idiopatiche. Minerva Otorinolaringol 39: 157–160Google Scholar
  922. Quick CA, Duvall AJ (1970) Early changes in the cochlear duct from ethacrynic acid: An electronmicroscopic evaluation. Laryngoscope 80: 954Google Scholar
  923. Quick CA, Fish A, Brown C (1973) The relationship between cochlea and kidney. Laryngoscope 83: 1469–1482PubMedGoogle Scholar
  924. Radecke H (1984) Klinische und biochemische Befunde beim Pseudohypoparathyreoidismus. Dissertation Hannover (in Vorbereitung)Google Scholar
  925. Radii HJ (1980) Hörsturz bei Kindern. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 227: 373–376Google Scholar
  926. Rahm WE, Strother WF, Crump JF, Parker DeE (1962) The effects of anaesthetics upon the ear. IV. Lidocain hydrochloride. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 71: 116–123Google Scholar
  927. Rake M, Saunders M (1966) Refsum’s disease. A disorder of lipid metabolism. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr 29: 417–422Google Scholar
  928. Ramsden RT, Wilson P, Gibson WPR (1980) Immediate effects of intravenous tobramycin and gentamycin on human cochlear function. J Laryng Otol 94: 521–531Google Scholar
  929. Ranke OF (1953) Das Wesen des Rekruitment. Vortrag. 1. Deutscher Audiologenkursus, Freiburg 5.9.10., p 37Google Scholar
  930. Ransome J, Ballantyne JC, Shaldon S, Bosher SK, Hallpike CS (1966) Perceptive deafness in subject with renale failure treated with haemodialysis and polybrene. J Laryng Otol 80: 651–677Google Scholar
  931. Rauch S (1964) Biochemie des Hörorgans. Thieme, Stuttgart, pp 224–226, 278–386Google Scholar
  932. Redell RC, Lebo CP (1972) Ototraumatic effects of hard rock music. Calif Med 116: 1–4Google Scholar
  933. Refetoff A, DeWind LT, DeGroot LJ (1967) Familial syndrome combining deaf-mutism, stippled epiphyses, goyter and abnormally high PBI: Possible target organ refractoriness to thyroid hormone. J Clin Endocrinol 27: 279–294Google Scholar
  934. Refsum S (1945) Heredoataxia hemerologia polyneuriformis–et tidligere ikke beskrevet familiaert Syndrom? Nord Med 28: 2682–2685Google Scholar
  935. Refsum S (1946) Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis: A familial syndrome not hitherto described. A contribution to the clinical study of the hereditary disease of the nervous system. Acta Psychiatr Scand 38Google Scholar
  936. Refsum S (1977) Heredopathia atactica polyneuritiformis phytanic acid storage disease (Refsum’s disease) with particular reference to ophthalmological disturbances. Metab Ophthalmol 22: 73–79Google Scholar
  937. Reiter D, Konkle DF, Myers AR et al. (1980) Middle ear immittance in rheumatoid arthritis. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 114–177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  938. Rejtö K, Pàlfalvi L, Komora V (1982) Pure-tone and speech intelligibility disturbances in patients with ototoxic disorders. Audiology 2: 159–176Google Scholar
  939. Rempt E (1970) Gehörschäden bei Kanamycinlangzeittherapie. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 49: 504–509Google Scholar
  940. Renou G, Sénéchal G, Sterks JM (1978) Surdité bilatérale due à la Framycétine utilisée par voie locale. Ann Otolaryngol (Paris) 95: 691–694Google Scholar
  941. Reynier JP de (1964) Les surdités brusques chez l’enfant. Pract Oto-Rhino-Laryngol 26: 63–70Google Scholar
  942. Reynier JP de (1979) La surdité de l’enfant. Cah ORL Chir Cervico-Fac 14: 25–37Google Scholar
  943. Riedner ED, Leven LS, Holliday MJ (1980) Hearing patterns in dominant osteogenesis imperfecta. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 737–740PubMedGoogle Scholar
  944. Rietema SJ (1979) The clinical significance of electrocochleography. Thesis, Leiden 1979. Zit n. Hoke u. Lütkenhöner (1981)Google Scholar
  945. Ristow W (1968) Zur Behandlung der Meniére-Krankheit mittels temporärer Labyrinthanästhesie. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 47: 441–447Google Scholar
  946. Ristow W (1980) Innenohr-Funktionsstörungen durch Tauchen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 223: 258Google Scholar
  947. Ristow W, Röser D, Juraske P (1978) Zur Behandlung and Prognose der akuten Innenohrstörungen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219: 336–367Google Scholar
  948. Ritter K (1975) Angioarchitektur der GefäBstrombahn der Cochlea. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 210: 266Google Scholar
  949. Ritter K (1978) Die Gefäße des Innenohres. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219:155–177; 309–310Google Scholar
  950. Rizvi SS, Gibbin KP (1979) Effect of transverse temporal bone fracture on the fluid compartment of the inner ear. Ann Otol Laryngol 88: 741–748Google Scholar
  951. Rizvi SS, Holmes RA (1980) Hearing loss from hemodialysis. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 751–756PubMedGoogle Scholar
  952. Roach RE (1973) Response of the diabetic to Békésy audiometry. Arch Otolaryngol 98: 349–353PubMedGoogle Scholar
  953. Robertson D (1974) Cochlear neurons frequency selectivity altered by perilymph removal. Science 186: 153–155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  954. Robin PE (1981) Deafness and diabetes. Clin Otolaryngol 6: 309PubMedGoogle Scholar
  955. Robinson DW (ed) (1971) Occupational Hearing Loss. Academic Press, London New YorkGoogle Scholar
  956. Robinson DW, Sutton GJ (1979) Age effect in hearing–a comparative analysis of published threshold data. Audiology 18: 320–334PubMedGoogle Scholar
  957. Rösler G, Anderson H (1978) Maximum steepness of slopes in hearing threshold courves. Audiology 17: 299–316PubMedGoogle Scholar
  958. Ronis ML, Roser CL, Ronis BJ (1966) Otologic manifestations of Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia. Laryngoscope 76: 513–523Google Scholar
  959. Rosen S, Bergmann M, Plester D, El-Mofty A, Satti MH (1962) Presbycusis study of a relatively noise-free population in the Sudan. Ann Otol Laryngol 71: 727–743Google Scholar
  960. Rosen S, Olin P (1965) Hearing loss and coronary heart disease. Arch Otolaryngol 82: 236–243PubMedGoogle Scholar
  961. Rosen S, Olin P, Rosen H (1970) Dietary prevention in hearing loss. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 70: 242Google Scholar
  962. Rosenhall U, Kankkunen A (1981) Hearing alterations following meningitis. 2. Variable hearing. Ear Hear 2: 170–176Google Scholar
  963. Rossi M, Ferlito A, Polidoro F (1980) Maternal rubella and hearing impairment in children: Considerations in 66 cases. J Laryng Otol 94: 281–289Google Scholar
  964. Rowson KHK, Hinchcliffe R, Gable DR (1975) A virological and epidemiological study of patient with acute hearing loss. Lancet 471–473Google Scholar
  965. Rubinstein M, Muchnik C, Hildesheimer M, Shartov W (1977) In: Inner Ear Biology. INSERM, BordeauxGoogle Scholar
  966. Rüedi L (1954) Actions of vitamin A on the human and animal ear. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 44: 502Google Scholar
  967. Rüedi L, Furrer W (1946) Das akustische Trauma. Pract Oto-Rhinol-Laryngol (Basel) 8: 177Google Scholar
  968. Rumpelt HJ, Langer KH, Schärer K, Straub E, Thoenes W (1974) Split et extremely thin glomerular basement membranes in hereditary nephropathy ( Alport’s syndrome ). Virchows Arch Path Anat 364: 225Google Scholar
  969. Russell NJ, Fox KE, Brummett RE (1979) Ototoxic effects of the interaction between kanamycin and ethacrine acid. Cochlear ultrastructure correlated with cochlear potentials and kanamycin levels. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 88: 369–381Google Scholar
  970. Russell IJ, Sellick PM (1978) Intracellular studies of hair cells in the mammalian cochlea. J Physiol 284: 261–290PubMedGoogle Scholar
  971. Russolo M, Poli P (1980) Acute idiopathic auditory failure: Prognosis. A review of 65 cases. Audiology 19: 422–433PubMedGoogle Scholar
  972. Ryan A, Dallos P (1975) Effect of absence of cochlear outer hair cells on behavorial auditory threshold. Nature 253: 44–45PubMedGoogle Scholar
  973. Ryan AF, Wicham MG, Bone RC (1979) Element content of intracochlear fluids, outer hair cells, and stria vascularis as determined by energydispersive roentgen ray analysis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 87: 659–665PubMedGoogle Scholar
  974. Rybak LP (1981) Cis-platinum associated hearing loss. J Laryngol Otol 95: 745–747PubMedGoogle Scholar
  975. Rybak LP (1982) Pathophysiology of furosemide ototoxicity. J Otolaryngol 11: 127–133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  976. Rybak LP, Green TP, Juhn SK, Morizono T, Mirkin BL (1979) Elimination kinetics of furosemide in perilymph and serum of chinchilla. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 88: 382–387Google Scholar
  977. Saigal S, Lunyk O, Larke RPB, Chernesky MA (1982) The outcome in children with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Am J Dis Child 135: 896–901Google Scholar
  978. Saito HR, Daly JF (1971) Quantitative analysis of acid mucopolysaccharides in the normal and kanamycin intoxicated cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 71: 22–26Google Scholar
  979. Salami A, Mora E, Brera S, Stura M (1983) Influenza delle turbe del metabolismo tireoideo sulla via acustica. Vortrag 2. Internat. Sympos on Audiological Medicine, Sirmione 10–13 AprilGoogle Scholar
  980. Salt AN, Stopp PE (1979) The effect of cerebrospinal fluid pressure on perilymphatic flow in the opened cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 88: 198–202Google Scholar
  981. Sanders JW, Bess FH (1981) Special auditory testing: Review and update. Am J Otol 3: 172–176Google Scholar
  982. Sando I, Egami T (1977) Inner ear hemorrhage and endolymphatic hydrops in a leukemic patient with sudden hearing loss. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 86: 518–524PubMedGoogle Scholar
  983. Sando I, Harada T, Loehr A, Sobel JH (1977) Sudden deafness: Histopathological correlation in temporal bone. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 86: 269–279Google Scholar
  984. Sato K (1983) Ototoxicity of aminoglycoside antibiotics in animal study. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 29: 145–150PubMedGoogle Scholar
  985. Sauer RC, Kammerle A (1981) Reporting results in Menière’s disease. The prospective of the clinical audiologist. Am J Otol 2: 211–215Google Scholar
  986. Savastano M, Molinari G, Aporti F et al. (1982) ERA in congenital and alloxan induced diabetic mice. Effect of gangliosides treatment. Riv Ital ORL Audiol Foniat 2: 115–121Google Scholar
  987. Savastano M, Molinari G, Aporti F et al. (1982) ERA in congenital and alloxan induced diabetic mice. Zentralbl Hals-NasOhrenheilk 129 (198) No 408Google Scholar
  988. Saxén A (1952) Inner ear in presbyacusis. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 41: 213–227Google Scholar
  989. Schachern PA, Paparella MM, Goycoolea M, Goldenberg B, Schlievert P (1981) The round window membrane following application of staphylococcal exotoxin: An electron microscopic study. Laryngoscope 91: 2007–2017Google Scholar
  990. Schacht J (1979) Isolation of an aminoglycoside receptor from guinea pig inner ear tissues and kidney: Arch Otorhinolaryngol 224: 129–134PubMedGoogle Scholar
  991. Schätzle W (1971) Histochemie des Innenohres. Urban and Schwarzenberg, München Berl in WienGoogle Scholar
  992. Schätzle W, Haubrich J (1967) Histochemische Veränderungen der Meerschweinchencochlea bei experimenteller Hypothyreose. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 188: 224–231Google Scholar
  993. Schätzle B, Schnieder EA (1979) Stoffwechsel der Kochlea. In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (Hrsg) Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde in Praxis und Klinik, 2. Aufl Bd 5, Kap 6. G. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  994. Schätzle W, Westernhagen B v (1970) Experimentelle Untersuchungen zum Einfluß des Endotoxinschocks auf das Innenohr. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 196: 172–177Google Scholar
  995. Scheie HG, Hambrick GW Jr, Barness LA (1962) A newly recognized forme fruste of Hurler’s disease (Gargoylism). Am J Ophthalmol 53: 753–769PubMedGoogle Scholar
  996. Schindler O (1962) L’addattamento uditivo nell’età senile. Minerva Otorinolaringol (Torino) 12: 532Google Scholar
  997. Schmidt CL, Stange G (1976) Die Aktivität motorischer Einheiten des M. splenicus capitis bei peripheren vestibulären Läsionen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 214: 175–180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  998. Schmidt CL, Stange G (1977) Akuter Hörsturz nach Dialyse. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 216: 645–646Google Scholar
  999. Schmidt PH (1967) Presbyacusis. Audiology 1Google Scholar
  1000. Schmidt PH (1976) Electrocochleographic diagnosis. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 212: 315–320PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1001. Schmidt PH (1981) Low-tone perceptive hearing loss. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 91: 463–468Google Scholar
  1002. Schneider WJ, Becker EL (1966) Acute tansient hearing loss after ethacrynic acid therap. Arch Intern Med 117: 715–717PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1003. Schnieder EA (1973) Innenohr-und Hirndurchblutung. Über die Wirkung gefäßerweiternder Mittel auf die Hirndurchblutung. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 52: 186–195Google Scholar
  1004. Schönenberger U, Streit CH, Hoigne R (1981) Nephro-und Ototoxizität von Aminoglykosid-Antibiotika unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Genatmycin. Schweiz Rundsch Med (Praxis) 70: 169Google Scholar
  1005. Scholtz H, Barolin GS (1981) Abnormales Zellbild bei normaler Zellzahl im Liquor cerebrospinalis. Wien Klin Wochenschr 93: 398–400Google Scholar
  1006. Schorn K (1981) Difference limen for intensity in patients with sudden deafness and other inner ear disorders. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 27: 100–109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1007. Schreiber K (1979) Renale tubuläre Azidose. In: Schreiber K (Hrsg) Die angeborenen Stoffwechselanomalien, 2. Aufl, S 271 ff. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  1008. Schüssler U, Handrock M, Matthias R (1982) Die Ruptur der runden Fenstermembran–eine Ursache des akuten Hörsturzes. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 61: 207–210Google Scholar
  1009. Schuknecht HF (1964) The pathology of several disorders of the inner ear which cause vertigo. Sth med J 57: 1161–1167Google Scholar
  1010. Schuknecht HF (1968) Pathology of Menière’s disease. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1: 331–337Google Scholar
  1011. Schuknecht HF (1974) Pathology of the Ear. Harvard Univ Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  1012. Schuknecht HF (1979) Cochlear otosclerosis. A continuing fantasy. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 222: 79–84PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1013. Schuknecht HF (1982) Cochleosacculotomy for Menière’s disease: Theory, technique and results. Laryngoscope 92: 854–858Google Scholar
  1014. Schuknecht HF, Benitez JT, Beekhuis J (1962) Further observations on the pathology of Menière’s disease. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 71: 1039PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1015. Schuknecht HF, Churchill JA, Doran R (1959) The localization of acetylcholine in the cochlea. Arch Otolaryngol 69: 549–559Google Scholar
  1016. Schuknecht HF, Igarashi M, Chasin WD (1965) Inner ear hemorrhage in leukemia. A case report. Laryngoscope 75: 662–668Google Scholar
  1017. Schuknecht HF, Kimura RS, Naufal PM (1973) The pathology of sudden deafness. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 76: 75–97Google Scholar
  1018. Schuknecht HF, Northrop C, Igarashi M (1968) Cochlear pathology after destruction of the endolymphatic sac in the cat. Acta Otorhinolaryngol (Stockh) 65: 479–487Google Scholar
  1019. Schuknecht HF, Richter E (1980) Apical lesions of the cochlea in idiopathic hydrops and other disorders: pathophysiological implications. ORL (Basel) 42: 46–76Google Scholar
  1020. Schuknecht HF, Woellner RC (1955) Experimental and clinical study of deafness from lesions of cochlear nerve. J Laryngol Otol 69: 75–97PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1021. Schultz-Coulon HJ (1973) Über die Bedeutung des Umweltgeräusches für den Hochtonschwerhörigen. HNO 21: 26–32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1022. Schultz-Coulon HJ (1983) Das Hören in fortgeschrittenem Alter. Vortrag Jahrestagung 1983 der Vereinigung Westdtsch HNO-Ärzte RecklinghausenGoogle Scholar
  1023. Schwandt P (1980) Hyperlipoproteinämien, Diät and Medikamente. In: Schwandt P (Hrsg) Fettstoffwechselstörungen. MMW Medizin Verlag München, S 7 ffGoogle Scholar
  1024. Schwetz F, Doppler U, Schewczik R, Welleschick B (1980) The critical intensity for occupational noise. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 89: 358–361Google Scholar
  1025. Seinsch W, Matthias R, Handrock M (1982) Haben Hyper-oder Hypovitaminosen (A and D) einen Einfluß auf die Funktion des Innenohres? Arch Otorhinolaryngo1235: 590–592Google Scholar
  1026. Sekula J, Wlodyka J (1979) Perilymphatic fistulas. J Otolaryngol 33:469–474; ref Zentralbl Hals-NasOhrenheilk 124 (1980) Nr 4620Google Scholar
  1027. Sekula J, Wlodyka J (1982) The round window in acute hearing loss. Audiology 21: 55–60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1028. Sellick PM, Johnstone BM (1975) Production and role of inner ear fluid. Neurobiol 5: 337–362Google Scholar
  1029. Sellick PM, Russell IJ (1980) The response of inner hair cells to basilar membrane velocity during low frequency auditory stimulation in the guinea pig cochlea. Hearing Res 2: 439–445Google Scholar
  1030. Serjeant GR, Norman W, Todd GB (1975) The internal auditory canal and sensorineural hearing loss in homozygous sickle cell disease. J Laryngol Otol 89: 453–455PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1031. Shaia FT, Sheehy JL (1976) Sudden sensori-neural hearing impairment: a report of 1.220 cases. Laryngoscope 86: 389–397PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1032. Shapiro MJ, Purn JM, Rakin C (1981) A study of the effects of cardiopulmonary bypass surgery on auditory function. Laryngoscope 91: 2046–2052PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1033. Sharp M, Orchik DJ (1978) Auditory function in sickle cell anemia. Arch Otolaryngol 104: 322–324PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1034. Shea J (1979) Eversion of the lining of the vestibule. Laryngoscope 84: 1122–1134Google Scholar
  1035. Shea JJ, Kitabchi AE (1973) Management of fluctuant hearing loss. Arch Otolaryngol 97: 118–124PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1036. Sheehy JL (1976) Treatable sensori-neural hearing impairment. J Otolaryngol Soc Aust 4: 3–7Google Scholar
  1037. Sheehy JL, Robinson JV, Bush JE (1980) Intravenous histamine in otologic practice. Side effects in 2,347 administrations. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 159–160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1038. Shneerson JM, Chattopadhyay B, Murphy MFG, Fawcett IM (1980) Permanent perceptive deafness due to streptococcus suis type II infection. J Laryngol Otol 94: 425–427PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1039. Sieger A, White NH, Skinner MW, Spector GJ (1983) Auditory function in children with diabetes mellitus. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 92: 237–241PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1040. Silman F, Gelfand SA (1979) Prediction of hearing levels from acoustic reflex thresholds in persons with high-frequency hearing losses. J Speech Hear Res 22: 697–707PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1041. Silverstein H, Bernstein JM, Davies D (1967) Salicylate ototoxicity; a biochemical and electrophysiological study. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 76: 118–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1042. Silverstein H, Yules RB (1971) The effect of diuretics on cochlear potentials and inner ear fluids. Laryngoscope 83: 873Google Scholar
  1043. Simmons FB (1968) Theory of membrane breaks in sudden hearing loss. Arch Otolaryngol 88: 541–548Google Scholar
  1044. Simmons FB (1980) Patterns of deafness in newborn. Laryngoscope 90: 448–453PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1045. Simmons FB, Burton RD, Beatty D (1962) Round window injury: auditory behavioural and electro- physiological consequences in the cat. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 66: 715–722PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1046. Simon H, Orive B, Zamora I, Medizabal S (1979) The acidification defect in the syndrome of renal tubular acidoses with nerve deafness. Acta Pädiatr Scand 68: 291–295Google Scholar
  1047. Sittoni V, Bonanni C, Crosara C, Colletti V, Maschio G, Lupo A (1983) Audiometric evaluation in patients with severe renal disease before and after haemodialysis. Vortrag 2. Internat Sympos on Audiological Medicine, Sirmione 10–14 AprilGoogle Scholar
  1048. Skinner BA, Greist MC, Norins AL (1981) The keratitis, ichthyosis, and deafness ( KID) syndrome. Arch Dermatol 117: 285–289Google Scholar
  1049. Smith BM, Myers MG (1979) The penetration of gentamicin and neomycin into perilymph across the round window membrane. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 87: 888–891PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1050. Smith CA (1957) Capillary areas of the membranous labyrinth. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 66: 521PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1051. Smith FR, Goodman DS (1971) The effects of diseases of the liver, thyroid, and kidneys on the transport of vitamin A in human plasma. J Clin Invest 50: 2426–2436PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1052. Smith FR, Goodman SD, Zaklama MS, Gabr MK, El Magaghy S, Patwardhan VN (1973) Serum vitamin A, retinol-binding protein, and prealbumin concentrations in protein-calorie malnutrition. I. A functional defect in hepatic retinol release. Am J Clin Nutr 26: 973–981Google Scholar
  1053. Smith KE, Spaulding JS (1972) Ototoxic reaction to propylthiouracil. Arch Otolaryngol 96: 369–370Google Scholar
  1054. Smyth GDL, Hassard TH (1976) Eighteen years of experiences in stapedectomy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 49 1–36Google Scholar
  1055. Snow JB, Komune S (1981) Ototoxicity of kanamycin sulfate and the barriers in the inner ear. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 89: 1013–1018PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1056. Snow JB Jr, Suga F (1973) Labyrinthine vasodilatators. Arch Otolaryngol 97: 365–370PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1057. Sohar E (1956) Renal disease, inner ear deafness, and ocular changes; new heredofamilial syndrome. Arch Int Med 97: 627–630Google Scholar
  1058. Soldatov JB, Khrappo NS (1979) Fluctuating hypoacusis. Z usn os vorlev boezn Nr 2, 1–6; ref Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 122 (1980) Nr 1290Google Scholar
  1059. Speaks CH, Nelson D, Ward WD (1970) Hearing loss in rock-and-roll musicians. J Occup Med 12: 216–219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1060. Spears GS, Whitworth JM, Konigsmark BW (1970) Hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness. Am J Med 49: 52–63Google Scholar
  1061. Spiter B, Ventry JM (1980) Central auditory dysfunction among alcoholics. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 224Google Scholar
  1062. Spoendlin H (1975) Neuroanatomical basis of cochlear coding mechanisms. Audiology 14: 383–407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1063. Spoendlin H (1979) Anatomisch-pathologische Aspekte der Elektrostimulation des ertaubten Innenohres. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 223: 1–75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1064. Spoendlin H (1980) Akustisches Trauma. In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (Hrsg) HNO-Heilkunde in Praxis und Klinik, 2. Aufl, Bd 6, Kap 42. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  1065. Spoor A (1967) Presbycusis values in relation to noise induced hearing loss. Audiology 6: 48–57Google Scholar
  1066. Spranger J, Gehler J, Cantz M (1976) The radiographic features of mannosidosis. Radiology 119: 401–407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1067. Spreng M (1982) Auswirkungen des Lärms auf das Hören. Audiolog Akustik 21:66–75, 94–113Google Scholar
  1068. Stagno S, Reynolds DW, Amos CS, Dahle AJ, McCollister FP, Mohindra I, Ermicilla R, Alford CA (1977) Auditory and visual defects resulting from symptomatic and subclinical congenital cytomegalovirus and toxoplasma infections. Pediatrics 59: 669–678PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1069. Stahle J, Wilbrand HF (1983) The temporal bone in patients with Menière’s disease. Acta Otolaryngol 95: 81–94PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1070. Stange F, Neveling R (1980) Hörsturz. In: Berendes, Link, Zöllner (Hrsg) Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde in Praxis und Klinik, 2. Aufl, Bd 6, Kap 45. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  1071. Stebbins WC, Hawkins JE, Johnsson LG, Moody DB (1979) Hearing thresholds with outer and inner hair cell loss. Am J Otolaryngol 1, Fall 1, 15–27Google Scholar
  1072. Steele MW (1981) Genetics of congenital deafness. Pediatr Clin North Am 28: 973–980PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1073. Stehr K, Epp C, Spiess H (1975) Erste Ergebnisse mit einer kombinierten Lebendimpfung gegen Masern, Mumps und Röteln. Monatschr Kinderheilk 123: 410–412Google Scholar
  1074. Steinert R, Spath JA jr. (1984) Kochleapotentiale und Mangeldurchblutung. HNO 32 (im Druck, Heft 4)Google Scholar
  1075. Steinert R, Mester W (1982) Welchen Einfluß hat die Unterbindung der großen Halsschlagader auf die Kochleapotentiale? Laryngol Rhinol Otol 61: 477–480Google Scholar
  1076. Stephens SDG (1970) Temporary threshold shift in myxoedema. J Laryngol Otol 84: 317PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1077. Stephens SDG, Luxon L, Hinchcliffe R (1982) Immunological disorders and auditory lesions. Audiology 21: 128–148PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1078. Sterkers JM, Renou CG (1979) Neurotonie et troubles otologiques. Ann Otolaryngol (Paris) 96: 281–290Google Scholar
  1079. Sterkes JM, Vignaud J, Ponsot G et al. (1980) Syndrome de Mondini. Mèningites récidivantes. Cure chirurgicale. Ann Otolaryngol (Paris) 97: 559–568Google Scholar
  1080. Stevenson PW (1975) Responses to speech audiometry and phonemic discrimination patterns in the elderly. Audiology 14: 185–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1081. Strauss M, Davis GL (1973) Viral disease of the labyrinth. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 82: 577–594PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1082. Strauß P, Chüden H (1974) Ist das Gehör Jugendlicher durch Diskolärm gefährdet? Klinikarzt 3: 77–82Google Scholar
  1083. Strauß P, Herrig M, Rick W, Faßbender-Balg S (1982) Der Einfluß des Diabetes mellitus auf das Hörorgan. A. Experimenteller Streptozotocin-Diabetes bei der Ratte. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 61: 319–324Google Scholar
  1084. Strauß P, Kunkel A (1977) Grenzstrang-und Infusionsbehandlung beim Hörsturz. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 56: 366–371Google Scholar
  1085. Strauß P, Schmittner S (1982) Innenohr und Diabetes mellitus vom Erwachsenentyp. Vergleich eines Tiermodells mit klinischen Beobachtungen. HNO 30: 116 (Tagungsbericht)Google Scholar
  1086. Strauß P, Schmittner S, Rick W, Faßbender-Balg S (1982) Der Einfluß des Diabetes mellitus auf das Hörorgan. B. Spontaner Diabetes bei der Maus. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 61: 325–330Google Scholar
  1087. Strauß P, Schneider K, Terriulo V, Sachsse B (1982) Der Einfluß des Diabetes mellitus auf das Hörorgan. C. Juveniler Diabetes und Diabetes mellitus vom Erwachsenentyp beim Menschen. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 61: 331–338Google Scholar
  1088. Strauß P, Strahl M (1976) Spätergebnisse nach über 15 Jahren Stapedektomie. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 55: 761–764Google Scholar
  1089. Strohm M (1980) Erfahrungen mit der Gabe von Urografin bei Innenohrschwerhörigkeit. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 59: 159–162Google Scholar
  1090. Strohm M (1982) Verletzungen der Membran des runden Fensters. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 61: 297–301Google Scholar
  1091. Strother WS, Parker DE, Rahm W, Crump JF (1964) The effect of anaesthetics upon the ear. V. Cochlear potentials and behaviour thresholds. Ann Otol Rhino] Laryngol 73: 141–152Google Scholar
  1092. Stroud MH, Calcaterra TC (1970) Spontaneous perilymph fistulas. Laryngoscope 80: 479–487PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1093. Strubinski A, Malicka K (1966) Localization of changes in the organ of hearing in diabetics. Otolaryngol Pol 20: 443–448PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1094. Strubinski A, Malicka K (1966) Localization of changes in the organ of hearing in diabetics. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 93: 374 (1967)Google Scholar
  1095. Stupp HF (1970) Untersuchung der Antibiotikaspiegel in den Innenohrflüssigkeiten und ihre Bedeutung für die spezifische Ototoxizität der Aminoglykosidantibiotika. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 262: 5–78Google Scholar
  1096. Stupp H, Küpper K, Lagler F, Sous H, Quante M (1973) Inner ear concentrations and ototoxicity of different antibiotics in local and systemic application. Audiology 12: 350–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1097. Subotie R (1976) Histopathological findings in the inner ear caused by measles. J Laryngol Otol 90: 174–181Google Scholar
  1098. Suga F, Lindsay JR (1976) Histopathological observations of presbycusis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 85: 169–184PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1099. Sulkowsky WJ (1980) Industrial Noise Pollution and Hearing Impairment. Problems of Prevention, Diagnosis, and Certification Criteria. Available from the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161; Copyrigth 1980 by WJ SulkowskiGoogle Scholar
  1100. Sutherland HC, Gasaway DC (1978) Current hearing treshold levels for noise-exposed US Air Force personnel: one year’s reportings. SAM-Tr 78–39, Dec 1978; zit n Chung et al. 1983Google Scholar
  1101. Suzuki M (1982) The effect of artery ligation and asphyxia on auditory evoked brain stem response. Auris Nasus Larynx (Tokyo) 9: 119–131Google Scholar
  1102. Svatkoc LG, Kovgalyuk (1979) Audiometric studies in widened frequency range in patients with tuberculosis treated with antibiotics of the aminoglycoside group. Vestn ORL (Mosk) Nr. 5, 29–31Google Scholar
  1103. Svatkoc LG, Kovgalyuk (1979) Audiometric studies in widened frequency range in patients with tuberculosis treated with antibiotics of the aminoglycoside group. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 123: (1980) Nr 2941Google Scholar
  1104. Sweeney PJ, Douglas JF, McCavert M (1979) Muckle-Wells syndrome — first Irish case. J Ir Coll Physicians Surg 9: 68Google Scholar
  1105. Sykora GF, Kaufman B, Katz RL (1980) Congenital defects of the inner ear in association with meningitis. Radiology 135: 379–382PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1106. Tanaka K et al. (1983) A case of the traumatic inner ear damage. Otolaryngol (Tokyo) 55:121–125; ref Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 129:Nr 3221Google Scholar
  1107. Tanaka K, Motomura S (1981) Permeability of the labyrinthine windows in guinea pigs. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 233: 67–75PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1108. Tato JM, Rainville MJ (1976) Utilisation du réflexe stapédien pour l’adaptation des prothèses auditives. Audiology 15: 428–432PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1109. Taylor IG (1980) The prevention of sensori-neural deafness. J Laryngol Otol 94: 1327–1343PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1110. Taylor IG, Irwin J (1978) Some audiological aspects of diabetes mellitus. J Laryngol Otol 92: 99–113PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1111. Terkildsen K, Osterhammel P, Bretlau B (1973) Acoustic middle ear muscle reflexes in patients with otosclerosis. Arch Otolaryngol 98: 152PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1112. Terrahe K (1979) Schwindel and Gleichgewichtsstörungen beim oberen Zervikalsyndrom. Therapiewoche 1392Google Scholar
  1113. Thalmann I, Kobayashi T, Thalmann R (1982) Arguments against a mediating role of the adenylate cyclase: Cyclic AMP system in the ototoxic action of loop diuretics. Laryngoscope 92: 589–593Google Scholar
  1114. Thalmann R (1981) Effects of loop diuretics, mercurials, and other diuretic substances upon the physiological chemistry of the cochlea. Scand Audiol 14: 119–129Google Scholar
  1115. Thalmann R, Ise I, Bohne BA, Thalmann I (1977) Action of “loop” diuretics and mercurials upon the cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 83: 221–232Google Scholar
  1116. Thalmann R, Miyoshi T, Kusukari J, Thalmann I (1973) Quantitative approaches to the ototoxicity problem. Audiology 12: 364–382PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1117. Theisen JM, Mann W, Ino T et al. (1980) Anmerkung zur Infusiontherapie beim akuten Hörsturz. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 223: 241–243Google Scholar
  1118. Thomas JE, Cody DTR (1981) Neurologic perspectives of otosclerosis. Mayo Clin Proc 56: 17–21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1119. Thompson P, Wood RP, Bergstrom L (1980) Erythromycin ototoxicity. J Otolaryngol 9: 60–62PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1120. Thomsen J, Vesterhauge S (1979) A critical evaluation of the glycerol test in Menière’s disease. Adv Otorhinolaryngol 25: 49–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1121. Thomson AJ, Searles M, Russell G (1977) Quality of survival after severe birth asphyxia. Arch Dis Child 52: 620–626PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1122. Thould AK, Scowen EF (1964) The syndrome of congenital deafness and simple goiter. J Endocrinol 30: 69–77PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1123. Thuemler R, Atzpodien W, Kremer GJ, Haferkamp G (1977) Refsum-Syndrom (Heredopathia atactica polyneuritisformis). Klinik, Diagnostik and diätetische Behandlung. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 102: 1454–1457Google Scholar
  1124. Tiedemann R (1978) Totaler beidseitiger Innenohrverschluß nach Gentamycin. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 219: 434–435Google Scholar
  1125. Tjernström Ö, Denneberg T, Harris S, Nordström L, Toremalm NG (1982) Ototoxicity of Netilmycin. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 94: 421–429Google Scholar
  1126. Todd GB, Serjeant GR, Larson MR (1973) Sensori-neural hearing loss in Jamaicans with SS disease. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 76: 268–272Google Scholar
  1127. Tonkin JP, Fagan P (1975) Rupture of the round window membrane. J Laryngol Otol 89: 733–756PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1128. Tonndorf J (1968) Pathophysiology of hearing loss in Menière’s disease. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1: 375–388Google Scholar
  1129. Tonndorf J (1976) Endolymphatic hydrops: Mechanical causes of hearing loss. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 212: 293–299PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1130. Tonndorf J (1979) A rational approach to the traveling wave phenomen. Am J Otolaryngol 1: 83–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1131. Tonndorf J (1981) Stereociliary dysfunction, a cause of sensory hearing loss, recruitment, poor speech discrimination and tinnitus. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 91: 469–479Google Scholar
  1132. Townsend TH, Bes FH (1980) Effects of age and sensorineural hearing loss on word recognition. Scand Audiol 9: 245–248PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1133. Tran Ba Huy P, Manuel C, Meulemans A (1979) Pharmacokinetics of gentamicin in perilymph and endolymph studied in the rat by radioimmunassay. Arch Otorhinolaryngol (NY) 224: 135–136Google Scholar
  1134. Tran Ba Huy P, Meulemans A, Manuel Ch et al. (1981) Critical appraisal of the experimental studies on the ototoxic interaction between ethacrynic acid and aminoglycoside antibiotics. A pharmacokinetical study. Scand Audiol 14: 225–232Google Scholar
  1135. Tsuiki T, Murai S (1971) Familian incidence of streptomycin hearing loss and hereditary weakness of the cochlea. Audiology 10: 315–322PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1136. Tumarkin A (1957) On Menière’s syndrome. Proc Roy Soc Med 54: 907Google Scholar
  1137. Turner G (1970) A second family with renal, vaginal, and middle ear anormalities. J Pediatr 76: 641PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1138. Turner JS Jr (1970) Hereditary hearing loss with nephropathy (Alport’s syndrome). Acta Otolaryngol 271: 7–33Google Scholar
  1139. Uddman R, Ninoyu O, Sundler F (1982) Adrenergic and peptidergic innervation of cochlear blood vessels. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 236: 7–14PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1140. Ulehlovâ L (1982) Stria vascularis in acoustic trauma. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 237: 133–138Google Scholar
  1141. Ulrich K (1926) Verletzungen des Gehörorgans bei Schädelbasisfrakturen. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 6: 1–50Google Scholar
  1142. Upfold LJ (1970) Deafness following rubella in pregnancy. Med J Aust 1: 420–424PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1143. Urban GE (1973) Reversible sensori-neural hearing loss associated with sickle cell crises. Laryngoscope 83: 633–638PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1144. Vanderbilt University Hereditary Deafness Study Group (1968) Dominantly inherited low-frequency hearing loss. Arch Otolaryngol 88: 242–250Google Scholar
  1145. Veltri RW, Wilson WR, Sprinkle PM et al. (1981) The implication of viruses in idiopathic sudden hearing loss: primary infection of reactivation of latent viruses? Otolaryngol 89: 137–141Google Scholar
  1146. Venkateswaren PS (1971) Transient deafness from high doses of furosemid. Brit Med J 4: 113Google Scholar
  1147. Ventura FP (1978) Counselling the hearing-impaired geriatric patient. Patient Couns Health Educ 1: 22–25PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1148. Vertes D, Axelsson A, Miller J, Lidén G (1979) Some vascular effects of noise exposure in the chinchilla cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 88: 47–55Google Scholar
  1149. Vick HP (1981) Beitrag zur Koinzidenz von pathologischen Augenhintergrundspigmentierungen und Taubheit. HNO-Praxis 6: 282–288Google Scholar
  1150. Vick HP, Eichler J, Vick U (1979) Beitrag zu Befunden und Ätiologie der Makuladystrophie bei hochgradig hörgeschädigten Kindern ( Syndrom nach Diallinas-Amalric ). Folia Ophthalmol (Jena) 4: 105–108Google Scholar
  1151. Villar J, Garza C, Bosch J (1981) Resultados en el tratamiento de la sordera brusca. Acta ORL Esp 32: 329–331Google Scholar
  1152. Virgiliis S de, Argiolu F, Sanna G et al. (1979) Auditory involvement in thalassemia major. Acta Haematol 61: 209–215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1153. Virolainen E, Puhakka H, Rahko T (1980) The cochlear component in operated otosclerosis after a mean period of 16 years. A follow-up study. Audiology 19: 101–104Google Scholar
  1154. Visencio LH, Gerber SE (1979) Effect of hemodialysis on pure-tone thresholds and blood chemistry. J Speech Res 22: 756–764Google Scholar
  1155. Vogt K, Bödefeld R (1982) Untersuchungen zur Druckfestigkeit der Innenohrfenster. HNO-Praxis (Leipzig) 7: 187–190Google Scholar
  1156. Vos JA de (1963) Deafness in hypothyreoidism. J Laryngol Otol 77: 390–414Google Scholar
  1157. Vosteen KH (1976) Die Produktion von Endo-und Perilymphe und die Durchlässigkeit der Innenohrmembranen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 212: 219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1158. Walter B, Blegvad B (1981) Identification of wave I by means of atraumatic ear canal electrode. Scand Audiol 13: 63–64Google Scholar
  1159. Waltzman SB, Cooper JS (1981) Nature and incidence of misonidazoleproduced ototoxicity. Arch Otolaryngol 107: 52–54PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1160. Wandhöfer A (1971) Der einseitige akute Hörverlust im Vergleich mit dem konsekutiven Hörverlust des zweiten Ohres. Inauguraldiss. Münster 1971; zit n Feldmann 1981Google Scholar
  1161. Wandhöfer A (1979) Der Hörsturz. Akt Neuro16: 13–26Google Scholar
  1162. Ward PH, Honrubia V (1969) The effects of local anesthetics on the cochlea of the guinea pig. Laryngoscope 79: 1605–1617PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1163. Watanabe Y (1963) Influence of diamox upon inner ear and histochemical study of carbonic anhydrase. J Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Soc Japan 66: 657–670Google Scholar
  1164. Watanuki K, Kashiwazaki H, Kawamoto K, Katagiti S (1968) The effects of kanamycin intoxication on the RNA metabolism in the cells of Reissners membrane. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 192: 369375Google Scholar
  1165. Weber I (1960) Ein Beitrag zu den kryptogenen Hörstörungen des Innenohres. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 39: 589–595Google Scholar
  1166. Wedel H v (1979) Untersuchungen zum zeitlichen Auflösungsvermögen beim dichotischen Hören. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 222: 133–144Google Scholar
  1167. Wedel H v, Opitz HJ (1980) The time resolution of changes in short duration signal changes — psychoacoustical and electrophysiological studies. Hear Res 2: 387–395Google Scholar
  1168. Wedel H y, Tegtmeier W (1980) Der Einfluß der Presbyakusis auf das soziale Hörvermögen. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 223: 399–402Google Scholar
  1169. Wegener F (1967) Die pneumogene allgemeine Granulomatose — sog. Wegenersche Granulomatose. In: Staemmler, Kaufmann (Hrsg) Lehrbuch der speziellen pathologischen Anatomie. de Gryuter, Berlin, Ergänzungsband I/1, S 225–299Google Scholar
  1170. Weidauer H (1971) Fermenthistochemische Untersuchungen am Innenohr des Meerschweinchens nach Applikation von Aminobenzol. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 199: 590–595Google Scholar
  1171. Weidauer H (1972) Fermenthistochemische Veränderungen am Innenohr des Meerschweinchens nach Nitrobenzol. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 202: 681–686Google Scholar
  1172. Weidauer H (1974) Histochemische Veränderungen am Innenohr des Meerschweinchens nach Schwefelkohlenstoffexposition. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 207: 462Google Scholar
  1173. Weidauer H (1975) Hör-und Gleichgewichtsstörungen durch gewerbliche Intoxikationen. Dtsch Ärztebl 72: 747–749Google Scholar
  1174. Weidauer H, Arnold W (1976) Strukturelle Veränderungen am Hörorgan beim Alport-Syndrom. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 55: 6–16Google Scholar
  1175. Weidauer H, Arnold W, Seelig HP (1977) Nachweis von Basalmembran-Antikörpern im Innenohr bei experimenteller Masugi-Nephritis. Laryng Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 56: 500–507Google Scholar
  1176. Weidauer H, Bröker HJ, Grusendorf M et al. (1981) Ein unbekanntes hereditäres Syndrom: Innenohrschwerhörigkeit, Hypokalzämie, Vitiligo. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 231: 677–679Google Scholar
  1177. Weidauer H, Lenarz Th (1982) Verhalten des Stapediusreflexes bei akustischer Langzeitstimulation. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 61: 674–677Google Scholar
  1178. Weidauer H, Lenarz Th (1984) Das Kearns-Sayre-Syndrom aus hals-nasen-ohrenärztlicher Sicht. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 62 (im Druck)Google Scholar
  1179. Weidauer H, Tenner A (1973) Hörsturz beiderseits in Verbindung mit doppelseitigem transitorischen Astarterienverschluß des Auges. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 52: 121–128Google Scholar
  1180. Weinaug P (1982) Untersuchungen zur Spontanremission beim akuten Hörsturz. HNO-Praxis (Leipzig) 7: 86–93Google Scholar
  1181. Weinaug P (1984) Die Spontanremission beim Hörsturz. HNO 32 (im Druck)Google Scholar
  1182. Welleschik B, Körpert K (1980) Ist das Lärmschwerhörigkeitsrisiko für Männer größer als für Frauen? Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 59: 681–689Google Scholar
  1183. Westernhagen B v (1968) Histochemische Untersuchungen zur Wirkung der Salicylsäure auf das Innenohr. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 190: 86Google Scholar
  1184. Westmore GA, Everdsen ID (1981) Noise-induced hearing loss and orchestral musicians. Arch Otolaryngol 107: 761–764PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1185. Wetmore SJ, Abramson M (1979) Bullous myringitis with sensorineural hearing loss. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 87: 66–70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1186. Wigand ME, Heidland A (1970) Akute, reversible Hörverlust durch rasche, hochdosierte Furosemidinfusionen bei terminaler Niereninsuffizienz. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 196: 314–319Google Scholar
  1187. Wigand ME, Meents O, Hennemann H, Heidland A (1982) Kochleo-vestibuläre Störungen bei Urämie in Beziehung zum Elektrolytstoffwechsel und Glomeruluminfiltrat. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 102: 477–482Google Scholar
  1188. Wilke H, Großgerge H, Haubold E et al. (1977) Häufigkeit und Verteilung von Risikofaktoren beim Hörsturz. Fortschr Med 95: 1757–1764PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1189. Willemse C (1952) Protection contre la surdité professionelle - Role de la vitamine A. Acta Med Belg 6: 319Google Scholar
  1190. Wilmes E, Deinhardt F (1983) Virale Krankheiten im HNO-Bereich. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 1: 1–112Google Scholar
  1191. Wilmes EH, Roggendorf M (1979) Zur Virusätiologie des Hörsturzes. (Serologische Untersuchungen.) Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 58: 817–821Google Scholar
  1192. Wilson KS, Juhn SK (1970) The effect of ethacrynic acid on perilymph Na and K + (preliminary report). Pract Oto-Rhino-Laryng (Basel) 32: 279–287Google Scholar
  1193. Wilson WR, Byl FM, Laird N et al. (1980) The efficacy of steroids in the treatment of idiopathic sudden hearing loss. A double-blind clinical study. Arch Otolaryngol 106: 772–776PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1194. Wilson WR, Laird N, Moo-Young G et al. (1982) The relationship of idiopathic sudden hearing loss to diabetes mellitus. Laryngoscope 92: 155–160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1195. Windle-Taylor PC, Emery PJ, Phelps PD (1981) Ear deformities associated with the Klippel-Feil syndrome. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 90: 210–216PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1196. Witter HL, Deka RC, Lipscomb DM et al. (1980) Effects of prestimulatory carbogen inhalation on noise-induced temporary threshold shift in humans and chinchilla. Am J Otol 1: 227–232PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1197. Wittmaack K (1936) Betrachtungen über die Erkrankungen des Innenohres auf der Grundlage der Tonuslehre. Arch Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 141: 25Google Scholar
  1198. Wittmaack K (1903) Der Angriffspunkt des Chinins im Nervensystem des Gehörorganes. Arch Ges Physiol 95: 234Google Scholar
  1199. Wittmaack K (1956) Die Ortho-und Pathobiologie des Labyrinths. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  1200. Wlodyka J (1978) Studies on cochlear aquaeduct patency. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 87: 22–28PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1201. Wolff D, Bernhard WG, Tsutsumi S, Ross IS, Nussbaum HE (1965) The pathology of Cogan’s syndrome causing profound deafness. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 74: 507–520PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1202. Wolfowitz B (1979) Spontaneous CSF otorrhea simulating serous otitis. Arch Otolaryngol 105: 496–499PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1203. Wolfram DJ, Wagene HP (1938) Diabetes mellitus and simple optic atrophy among siblings: Report of four cases. Proc Mayo Clin 13: 715–718Google Scholar
  1204. Wright ChG, Schaefer StD (1982) Inner ear histopathology in patients treated with cis-platinum. Laryngoscope 92: 1408–1413PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1205. Wurtle P (1981) Traumatic rupture of the eardrum with round window fistula. J Otolaryng 10: 309–312Google Scholar
  1206. Yamada O, Kodra K, Yagi T (1979) Cochlear processes affecting wave V latency of the auditory evoked brain stem response. A study of patients with sensory hearing loss. Scand Audiol 8: 67–70Google Scholar
  1207. Yamakawa K (1929) Die Wirkung der arsenigen Säure auf das Ohr. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-Nas-Kehlk-Heilk 123: 238–296Google Scholar
  1208. Yassin A, Badry A, Fatt-Hi A (1970) The relationship between electrolyte balance and cochlear balances in cases of renal failure. J Laryngol Otol 84: 429–436PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1209. Yoo TJ, Stuart J, Kang AH, Cremer M, Townes A (1982) Collagen-induced autoimmune sensori-neural hearing loss, vestibular dysfunction and otosclerosis in rodents. In: Abstracts of the fifth midwinter research meeting, January 18–21. St. Petersburg Beach, FloridaGoogle Scholar
  1210. Yoshie N (1968) Auditory nerve action potential responses to clicks in man. Laryngoscope 78: 198–215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1211. Young NJA, Hitchings RA, Sehmi K, Bird AC (1979) Stickler’s syndrome and neovascular glaucoma. Br J Ophthalmol 63: 826–831PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1212. Young WG Jr, Lesage AM, Dillon ME, Lee JM, Collaway HA Jr, Reeves JW (1961) Chemotherapy of intrathoracic neoplasms employing different pelvic perfusion hypothermia. Ann Surg 154: 372381Google Scholar
  1213. Zadory K, Palfalvi L, Bacsa L et al. (1982) Computer evaluation of acute hearing impairment. Fül-Orr-Gége-Gyóyâszat 28: 92–97Google Scholar
  1214. Zadory K, Palfalvi L, Bacsa L et al. (1982) Computer evaluation of acute hearing impairment. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 129 (1983) Nr 399Google Scholar
  1215. Zajtchuk JT, Falor WH, Rhodes MF (1979) Hypercoagulability as a cause of sudden neurosensory hearing loss. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 87: 268–273PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1216. Zangemeister HE (1953) In: Kietz H, Zangemeister HE (Hrsg) Einführung in die Audiometric. Verlag angewandte Wissenschaften, WiesbadenGoogle Scholar
  1217. Zechner G (1973) Zur Pathohistologie des Ductus und Saccus endolymphaticus. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 75: 232–238Google Scholar
  1218. Zechner G (1974) Die Innenohrflüssigkeiten und ihre Bedeutung für die Funktion der Sinnesorgane. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 207: 539–542Google Scholar
  1219. Zechner G (1976) Pathohistologie des Ductus und Saccus endolymphaticus beim Innenohrhydrops. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 212: 277–286PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1220. Zechner G (1977) Kapselotosklerose und Innenohrstrukturen (Morphologische Befunde). Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 56: 57–63Google Scholar
  1221. Zechner G (1980) Zum Cogan-Syndrom. Acta Otolaryngol (Stockh) 89: 310–316Google Scholar
  1222. Zechner G (1980) Innenohrhydrops als Folge gestörter Endolymphzirkulation. Laryngol Rhinol Otol (Stuttg) 59: 829–833Google Scholar
  1223. Zechner G (1980) Pathohistology by endolymphatic hydrops in man: Morphological details on disturbed longitudinal endolymph circulation. In: Menière’s disease. Pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Internat. Sympos. Düsseldorf Mai 1980, Verlag G. Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  1224. Zechner G, Altmann (1968) The temporal bone in Hunter’s syndrome (gargoylism) Arch Klin Exp OhrNas-Kehlk-Heilk 192: 137–144Google Scholar
  1225. Zenner HP, Zenner B (1979) Vasopressin and isoproterenol activate adenylate cyclase in the guinea pig inner ear. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 222: 275–283PubMedGoogle Scholar
  1226. Ziemski Z, Jankowski V (1972) Ototoxicity of sodium salicylate. Otolaryngol Pol 26:391–392; ref. Zentralbl Hals-Nas-Ohrenheilk 107 (1973) Nr 1886Google Scholar
  1227. Zwicker E, Schorn K (1978) Psychoacoustical tuning curves in audiology. Audiology 127: 120–140Google Scholar
  1228. Zwislocki JJ (1975) Phase opposition between inner and outer hair cells and auditory sound analysis. Audiology 14: 443–455PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Lehnhardt
    • 1
  1. 1.Hals-Nasen-OhrenklinikMedizinischen Hochschule HannoverHannoverGermany

Personalised recommendations