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Geomicrobiology and Geochemistry of the “Nari-Lime-Crust” (Israel)

  • Wolfgang E. Krumbein

Abstract

Two samples of Nari-lime-crust and underlying substrate (Turonian limestone) from Israel were investigated microbiologically and geochemically. After determination of quantitative values for certain groups of microorganisms, laboratory experiments on the isolated flora were caried out. We obtained the following results:
  1. (1)

    The Nari-lime-crust contains a well-developed microflora consisting of large amounts of autotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria, fungi, actinomycetae, green and blue-green algae. The floral association was dominated by the algae.

     
  2. (2)

    The numbers of organisms per gram dry weight differed by about 3 exponents from limestone to lime-crust.

     
  3. (3)

    Biological cycles (nitrogen, sulfur, carbon) were not as well and homogeneously developed as compared to normal soils. Biochemical reactions may well influence the geochemistry of the Nari-crust.

     
  4. (4)

    During culture experiments with the isolated flora, recrystallized grains of calcite in the order of 20 to 110 μ were observed in bacterial aggregates. Within the sterile controls no recrystallisation was shown to occur.

     
  5. (5)

    The above mentioned recrystallisation lead to calcitic crusts on limestones and other surfaces.

     

Keywords

Soil Extract Underlying Substrate Iron Citrate Desert Varnish Mediterranean Climatic Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang E. Krumbein
    • 1
  1. 1.Geologisches InstitutUniversität WürzburgGermany

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