Details concerning the indication of surgery of the external nose and on the septum in children have already been given in respective chapters, such as those about septum surgery, nasal fractures, and nasal malformations. In the section about harelip nose there was also information concerning additional surgery for infants and children. Basically, surgery on the nose can be done from earliest childhood, but the indication for this is essentially dependent upon the functional necessity of the surgery. Because of the results of a nasal obstruction, surgical creation of unimpaired nasal breathing in infants and small children is a particularly important therapeutic measure. Performing such surgery early enough and at the appropriate time protects the organism from serious physical and mental damage. A list of all disadvantageous results of congenitally or traumatically caused obstruction of nasal breathing in infancy and childhood is to be found in a compilation by Neuberger and elsewhere.
KeywordsNasal Bone Cartilage Graft Septal Cartilage Nasal Dorsum Lateral Nasal Wall
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